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acquainted, and became a prey to unprincipled men.' How with the arts of gaming he became a prey it is the business of our young author to explain. His plan of publishing an Universal Di&ionary of Arts and Sciences was, we learn, rejected by the booksellers, though he had the promise of articles from Sir Joshua Reynolds, Mr. Garrick and Dr. Johnson; and this he considered to his dying day as one of his greatest misfortunes. If these gentlemen really promised their affiftance, it is a proof that they were either little acquainted with the nature of such an undertaking, or knew nor their man; for his knowledge of Mathematics, a science indifpenfible in such a work, was next to nothing. Among many examples of his deficiency in this respect that might be given, we shall produce but one. Discourfing once with him at the Chapter Coffeehouse, about the causes of the excessive cold experienced towards the Antartick pole, we happened to advance as one cause, that in the course of the year, the sun is about eight days longer in the Northern than in the Southern signs. This affertion he at once pronounced with all the airs of fuperior science to be a palpable absurdity. We referred him to Maupertuis's letter to the King of Prusha for a confirmation of the doctrine. Maupertuis !' said he; 'I know more of the matter than Maupertuis.' We, who did nor then know that he was in treaty with the booksellers, who were present, about the compilation of an Universal Di&tionary of Arts and Sciences, immediately demonstrated the propolition, and directed him and all that were present to the page of Rutherforth's lectures whence the demonftration was taken. His vanity was mortified, and his effrontery confounded. The project of the Dictionary perished in embryo; and we believe that he never ventured afterwards to boast of his mathematical learning before ftrangers. But why should we talk of the inathematical skill of a man who asserts in one of his pieces that the two angels of a triangle are equal to two right angles, or of the absurdities of an author whose merit depends much upon kis absurdities? Like his countryman Swift, he seems to have had some loose water floaring in his head, and to that accident we probably owe the greatest part of the oddities and laughable combinations of ideas to be found in that mass of rubbish left us by both. It is a pity that his head was not diffected, as the operation might have led us to the genuine origin of much Hibernian wit, If this hint be adopted with regard to a certain Irish orator, we shall
Perhaps be able to trace to their fountain head some of his notions of the sublime and beautiful.
The next remarkable occurrence in this great man's life was, to use an Irish idioın, his death. Whether it was that the battle with the bookseller had cracked his skull, or that he had an inclination to thew how little he understood of his profession, he must necds' fwallow à dofe of James's powder; and accordingly he fell a vi&tim to that nauseous and dangerous remedy. But who would not do as much to have a marble monuinent in Westminster Abbey in Poets Corner, adorned with a Latin inscription by Dr. Johnson Oliveri Goldsmith-Hoc Monumentum memoriam coluit, sodalium amor, amicorum fides, lectorum veneratio.' Mark the philosophical precision of making the monument the principal in this sentence, and the ato tachment of his friends and readers the accessory; and you will acknowledge that the poet and his panegyritt deserved a place in Poets Corner; and that Westminster Abby is not prostituted to the vanity of impotent bards and tasteless critics. There are too ways of acquiring literary fame in this metropolis. The first and the most difficult is by really deserving it; and the second is by associating with a knot of booksellers and second-rate authors, who are in pofleflion of Newspapers, Reviews, and Magazines, deal out praise or censure according to their interest, and lead the herd of vulgar readers by dint of impudence and noise. Such was the rise of Goldsmith, and upon such foundation does his reputation now ftand. We do not mean to infinuate that he is totally without merit, as every character is mixt. We only contend that in all his pieces mediocrity. preponderates, and that every now and then you are disgusted with a dash of folly. Mr. Evans certainly will not fubfcribe to this opinion; but we presume the foregoing ftrictures will enable every reader to make a juft estiinate of his critical tafte and skill. If due allowances be made to the partiality of a friend, to whom he had, as the butt of convivial ridicule, often afforded much sport, the following character of him by Mr. Garrick will be found as exact and just as it is picturesque and pleasant.
Jupiter and Mercury, a Fable. “Here, Hermes, says Jove, who with nectar was mellow; Go fetch me some clay-I will make an odd fellow ;
Right and wrong shall be jumbled, --some gold and much
dross, Without cause be he pleas'd, without cause be he cross; Be sure, as I work, to throw in contradictions, A great love of truth, yet a mind turn'd to fiétions; Now mix these ingredients, which, warm’d in the baking, Turn to learning and gaming, religion and raking. With the love of a wench, let his writings be chaste; Tip his tongue with strange matter, his pen with fine taste; That the rake and the poet o'er all may prevail, Set fire to the head, and set fire to the tail : For the joy of each sex, on the world I'll bestow it,
This scholar, rake, Christian, dupe, gamester, and poet : Though a mixture so odd, he shall merit great fame, And among brother mortals—be GOLDSMITH his name; When on earth this strange meteor no more shall
appear, You, Hermes, shall fetch him-to make us sport here.
A Candid Examination of the Reasons for depriving the East India
Company of its Charter contained in the History and Management of the East India Company from its commencement to the present Time, together with Strictures on some of the Self-contradičtions and Historical Errors of Dr. Adam Smith, in his Reafons for the abolition of the said Company. Bewand Sewell, is. 6d.
The author of the history of the East India company has in our opinion clearly proved what he attempted to prove, the injustice of the company to the nabob of Arcot; and neither this author, nor what is more, the directors have pretended to controvert his fačts or conclusions. Whence then this pamphleteer's outcry? - Unlimited power, says the writer of the history of the East India company, may in the hands of a single person be prevented from the degenerating into acts of tyranny by the terrors of ignominy or by personal fears. But a body of men vefted with authority is feldom swayed by restraints of either kind.' Now this possible cale depending upon the verb may, our pamphleteer by exchanging may for must has made the foundation of groundless invečtive against the historian, and of tedious argument to the reader. "Our historian," says he,“having thus given his philosophical reasons why arbitrary power must be just and humane," &c. &c. After the deteétion of such an imposition, who can pay any regard to an author who has built his whole superstructure on so fandy a foundation ? He seems to be equally unfortunate in his attack on Dr. Adam Smith, who has atlerted VOL. XI. Na
that the Portuguese carried on an open free trade to the East Indies for a century with great advantage. To disprove this position the pamphlet appeals to the history of Portuguese Alia, 'prefixed to the English Lusiad, where, he says, the copy of the king's commission to the vicerovs of India evinces it to have been a regal monopoly. For this commission we have searched in vain; but, though we did not find the commission, we found that this is not the only instance of his inaccuracy of quotation. Therefore, till bettef authorities are quoted, he will allow us to entertain our doubts concerning the juftness of the charge against Dr. Smith. In spite of all his quotations, and his painphlet consists of little else, we cannot help agreeing in opinion with the hifto. rian, whom he arraigns, that, if the East India trade was open, and the revenue collected by the king's officers, the controul would be much more immediate and complete ; as there would be no wheel within wheel, no enormous machine to be moved in order to come at delinquents, but the whole would be fimple and uniform. At present the company, which is in many cases deftitute of the necessary powers, muft act first, and then the parliament, in whom the fupreme controul refides, must frequently come to its aid, before any adequate remedy can be applied to some evils. How operose and difficult is this circuitous process ! And yet this aspect of the affair is not the worst. The company afraid of parliamentary interference opposes every enquiry, and screens every delinquent,
The History of a French Louse ; or the Spy of a Nezu Species, in
France and England: containing a Description of the most remarkable Personages in those Kingdoms. Giving a Key to the Chief Events of the Year 1779, and those which are to happen in 1780. Translated from the fourth Edition of the revised and correEled Paris Copy. 8vo. No Price. T. Becket.
Our author has made use of this little animal as a ineans of connecting in one book many fatyrical remarks and anecdotes of a variety of personages, which without some such aid could not be brought together with even the shadow of probability ; we think notwithstanding he might have inade a inore delicate choice. The hero received his birth on the head of a courtezan, from whence he escapes to avoid a drcadful plague which had destroyed most of his kindred ; he shelters himself on the head of a clerk to the parliament of Paris, and thence removes to a countess who carried him
to court where he gets seated on the queen, but soon falls into disgrace. After different adventures hc obtains a lodging on the head of Madame La Chevaliere D'Eon, on whom our hero is very severe; she brings him acquainted with Dr. Franklin.
“6 The day after I had been acquainted with all these fine anec. dotes, my landlady was invited to dine at Paris, with a man of great note, who came from a distant part of the world, and was a. minifter plenipotentiary from a co.siderable people, who had lately raised the standard of rebellion against their mother country. I was rejoiced at this opportunity of seeing so extraordinary a person, whom I had often heard of, and was desirous of knowing more. particularly.
" We arrived at his excellency's house about two o'clock, butt was not able to distinguish him till the end of the repast, so much time was necessarily taken up in emerging from any retreat. However at last I effected it ; and in order the better to observe him, I fastened upon a flower which adorned my fair mistress's hair. By good fortune I found myself placed directly opposite to monsieur ambassador ; and here. I must acknowledge that I was not able to forbear laughing heartily when I contemplated the grotesque figure of this original, who with a vulgar person and a mean appearance,
affected the air and gestures of a fop. A fun-burnt complection, a wrinkled forehead, warts in many places, which might be said to be as graceful in him as the moles that distinguished the sweet face of the. Countess of Barré, With these he had the advantage of a double chin, to which was added a great bulk of nose, and teeth which might have been taken for cloves had they not been set fast in a thick jaw. This, or fomething very like this, is the true picture of his excellency. As for his eyes I could not distinguish them, because of the situation I was in ; and besides a large pair of spectacle hid two-thirds of his face.
6. I observed that the company was very merry ; they laughed much, and threw out many tarcalms againit messieurs the English. I counted only thirteen healths that were drank; and anong thein heard with pleasure those of the king of France and the queen my former mistress, her whom I have always loved more than any other, and whom I shall remember as long as I live,
“ These thirteen healths being drank in quick succession, encreased the liveliness of the guests. My heroine left her feat to place herself close to the matter of the house, to whom the lung some verses of her own composing, which I should not have thought. excellent but for that circumftance; however they were greatly applauded. I plainly observed his excellency expreis his gratitude to his Apollo by an ardent kifs, but without quitting his spectacles ; at the same time he whispered in her ear, Shall it be this evening, my Goddess ?
om ese few words I guessed a little reté à teré was going forward; it was what I wished for, as I Mould have been of the Nn