would have done. You may be in his eyes a hero or a martyr, without undergoing the labours of the one, or the sufferings of the other. His inspection, therefore, opens a much wider field for praise than what the world ca'n afford you; and for praise, too, certainly far more illuftrious in the eye of reason. Every real ariist studies to approve himself to such as are knowing in his art. To their judgment he appeals. On their approbation he rests his character, and not on the praise of the unskilled and rude. In the highest art of all, that of life and conduct, shall the opinions of ignorant men come into the most diftant competition with his approbation who is the searcher of all hearts, and the standard of all perfection ?- The testimony of his praise is not indeed, as yet, openly bestowed. But though the voice of the Almighty found not in your ears, yet by conscience, his facred vicegerent, it is capable of being conveyed to your heart. The softest whisper of divine approbation is fweeter to the soul of a virtuous man, than the loudest shours of that tumultuary applause which proceeds from the world.

“ Consider, farther, how rarrow and circumscribed in its limits that fame is which the vain-glorious man so eagerly parfues. In order to shew him this, I shall not bid him reflect that it is confined to a small district of the earth; and that when he looks a little beyond the region which he inhabits, he will find himself as much unknown as the most obscure person around him. I fall not defire him to consider, that in the gulph of oblivion, where all human memorials are swallowed up, his name and fame must foon be inevitably loft. He may imagine that ample honours remain to gratify ambition, though his reputation extend not over the whole globe, nor last till the end of time. But let him calmly reflect, that within the narrow boundaries of that country to which he belongs, and during that small portion of time which his life fills up, his reputation, great as he may fancy it to be, occupies no more than an inconsiderable corner. Let him think what multitudes of those among whom he dwells are totally ignorant of his name and character; how many imagine themselves too important to regard him, how many are too much occupied with their own wants and pursuits to pay him the least attention; and where his reputation is in any degree fpread, how often it

to abate it: Having attended to these circumstances, he will find fufficient materials for humiliation in the midst of the highest applause.From all these confiderations it clearly appears, that though the eíteem of our fellow-creatures be pleasing, and the pursuit of it, in a moderate degree, be fair and lawful, yet that it affords no such object to desire as entitles it to be a ruling principle.

" In the second place, an excessive love of praise never fails to undermine the regard due to conscience, and to corrupt the heart. It turns off the eye of the mind from the ends which it ought chiefly to keep in view; and sets up a false light for its guide. Its


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influence is the more dangerous, as the colour which it affumes is often fair; and its garb and appearance are nearly allied to that of virtue. "The love of glory, I before admitted, may give birth to actions which are both fplendid and useful. At a diftance they strike the eye with uncommon brightness; but 'on a nearer and stricter survey, their lustre is often tarnished.

They are found to want that facred and venerable dignity which characterizes true virtue. Little passions and felfiih interests entered into the motives of those who performed them. They were jealous of a competitor. They fought to humble a rival. They looked round for spectators to admire them. nimity, generosity, and courage, to public view. But the ignoble source whence these seeming virtues take their rise, is hidden. Without, appears the hero; within, is found the man of dust and clay. Consult such as have been intimately connected with the followers of renown'; and seldom or never will you find that they held them in the fame esteem with those who viewed them from afar, There is nothing except fimplicity of attention, and purity of principle, that can stand the test of near approach and Strict examination.

" But fuppofing the virtue of vain-glorious men not to be always false, it certainly cannot be depended upon as firm or sure. Constancy and steadiness are to be looked for from him only whose conduct is regulated by a sense of what is right; whose praise is not of men, but of God; whose motive to discharge his duiy is always the same. Change, as much as you please, the fituation of such a man ; let' applause or let censure be his lot; let the public voice, which this day has extolled him, to-morrow as loudly decry him; on the tenour of his behaviour these changes produce no effect. He moves in a higher sphere. As the sun in his orbit is not interrupted by the mists and storms of the atmosphere below, so, regardless of the opinions of men, through bonour and dishonour, through good report and bad report, he pursues the path which conscience has marked out. Whereas the apparent virtues of that man whose eye is fixed on the world, are precarious and temporary. Supported only by circumstances, occalions, and particular regards, they fluctuate and fall with these. Excited by public admiration, they disappear when it is withdrawn ; like those exhalations which, raised by hear from the earth, glitter in the air with momentary splendour, and then fall back to the ground from whence they sprung.

" The intemperate love of praise not only weakens the true principles of probity, by fubftituting inferior motives in their Itead, but frequently also impels men to actions which are di. rectly criminal. It obliges them to follow the current of popular opinion whithersoever it may carry them; and hence Shiptureck is often made both of faith and of a good conscience. According as circumstances lead them to court the acclamations of the multi. tude, or to pursue the applause of the great, vices of different


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kinds will stain their character. In one situation they will make hypocritical professions of religion. In another, they will be alhamed of their Redeemer, and of his words. They will be afraid to appear in their own form, or to utter their genuine fenti, ments. Their whole character will become fictitious ; opinions will be affumed, speech and behaviour modelled, and even the counte, nance formed, as prevailing taste exacts. From one who has submitted to such prostitution for the sake of praise, you can no longer expect fidelity or attachment on any trying occation. In private life, he will be a cimorous and treacherous friend. In public conduct, he will be fupple and versatile; ready to desert the cause which he had espoused, and to veer with every shifting wind of popular favour. in fine, all becomes unsound' and hollow in that heart where, instead of regard to the divine approbation, there reigns the fovereign desire of pleasing men."

Sermons, By Colin Milne, L. L. D. Reflor of North Chapel,

in Suflex ; LeElurer of St. Paul's, Deptford, and one of the Preachers at the London lying-in Hospital. Svo. 5s. boards, Cadell,

The Doctor, in order to apologize for the great length of his fermons, and to avoid the imputation of designed Plagiarifm, hath with all humility and submiffion prefixed the following advertisement :

* Few of the following sermons were delivered in exactly the same form in which they are now offered to the public. The time usually allotted for instructions from the pulpit seldom permitted the author to exhaust his subject in a single discourse. When the intreaties, therefore, of some partial friends had persuaded him to fubmit the least incorrect of his compositions to the inspection of the public, he judged he should be guilty of no great impropriety, by incorporating several discourses upon the famie subject into one or two, which, though thereby rendered longer than lermons ge, nerally are, might, yet, be imagined, by conjoining the several arguments employed, and placing them before the reader in one trong point of view, gain, perhaps, in point of energy and effect, what they lost in elegance and neatness. He has, occasionally, through the volume, particularly in the third, seventh, and ninth Terinons, availed himself of the beft and most approved models of pulpit eloquence, both English and French. Interimixed with the moit exquisite beauties of composition, there runs a vein of fervent, unaffected piery, through all the writings of a Maffillon, a Bour, dalone, a Boffner, a Saurin, a Chemipais, a Neuville, often interrupted, however, by the absurdities of popular fuperftition, or involved in the dust of metaphysical subtleties and polemical acri. mony. In the course of these sermons, he owns, he has more than once been tempted to endeavour to disencumber that rich vein of part of the surrounding impurities, and to clothe a few of those beauties, however inelegantly, in an English dress. Whether the fincerity of an acknowledgment, which, he confelles, notwithstanding, it would have been highly difingenuous to have suppressed, justly entitles him to expect, that the strict severity of criticism will be somewhat relaxed towards this his first eflay ; or, how far he has been successful in the difficule undertaking of uniting the sentiments of others with his own, without destroying the uniformity of the whole, the author pretends not to determine. The work, such as it is, he leaves on the candour and indulgence of the public. It is theirs to decide. It is his with all respect and humility to resign himself to their decision."


The work before us, such as it is!' consists of nine Sermons on the following subjects. On the Consolations of Ami&ion.-On Death-On the Nature and Extent of Christian Charity-The Chriftian Patriot-On the Deceitfulness of Sin-Piety the best Principle and firmest Support of Virtue- The Concessions of the Enemies of the Gospel a Proof of its Truth.

In this volume, the Doctor displays but few marks of a refined genius. We perceive a great inequality of language, and his strange transpositions are harsh and grating to a delicate ear.-A studied affectation pervades almost the whole performance. He plays a little about the heart, and tickles it as it were, but this effect is only momentary, it leaves no lasting impression, This is an essential of the mock-pathos.

The Doctor, when he has started a thought, that is really and intrinsically beautiful, eagerly runs it down, and by that means fatigues his readers with a tedious repetition of particulars, which indicates a genius fond of trifles. However, to give the Doctor his due, he has some fine striking passages; but they are too few to counterbalance those that are trifling and futile.

The fituation of the finner, labouring under the disappointments of life, and that of the Christian in the same circumstances, is not badly illustrated in the following contraft.

“ The injustice of the world, fo afflictiog to those who live only by its smiles, when they see themselves forgotten, neglected, and sacrificed to unworthy competitors, is a new source of peace and consolatory reflections to the Christian, who has learned in the Ichool of the meek and patient Jesus to despise the world, and to seek his happiness in the consciousness of integrity, and the fear of God, I said, amieling to those who live only by its smiles. Whither, in effect, fhall the finner betake himself, who, after hav. ing for frivolous hopes, and promises never intended to be fulfilled, submitted to every meanness of flattery, servility and vile fubjec. tion, which the pride or caprice of his patron could exact, fees, on a sudden, his most fanguine expectations defeated, and the gates of elevation and fortune shut against him, when he thought to have entered them in triumph; sees himself frustrated of preferment, which his afliduities had merited, which in imagination he already enjoyed; and which is now forcibly wrested from his grasp ; threatened, if he murmurs, to lose what he actually poffefses; obliged to bend before his happier rivals, and to depend perhaps on thofe whom he thought not worthy formerly to receive his commands ? This is a mortifying fituation ; yet in the intercourse of the world, not more mortifying than common. In circumstances so distressful, how shall the finner have consolation, or where shall he derive it? Shall he court retirement, and there revenge himself by perpetual complaints of the injustice of men? Those complaints will only fefter the wound, and retirement furnish means of indulge ing them. Shall he comfort himself by the example of those many, who have been equally buoyed up with hopes, and been equally disappointed ? But our misfortunes in our own estimation, always exceed the misfortunes of other men Shall he then have recourse to a vain philofophy, and entrench himself in his pretended fortitute and strength of mind? But it is religion alone which imparts real fortitude, and Christian philosophy which can only alleviate his anguish. Shall he bạnish from his remembrance the blow's which his ambition has sustained, by deadening and stupi. fying his faculties with the low and infamous pleasures of sensuality; pleasures which disgrace the man and assimilate him to the beaftBut the heart, in changing its paffion, only changes its punishment. In a word, the finner, when unfortunate, is unfortunate without resource; and the man of the world every thing fails, when the world itself has failed him.

“ It is not thus with the Christian. Vilt him with disappointments ever so great, place him in a situation the most mortifying to his hopes, and even his deserts; a situation where those deserts are overlooked, unfeit, perhaps unknown, and where delicacy of fena timent, and gentleness of manpers are daily insulted, and suffer the most cruel martyrdom from the shafts of insensibility, vulga. sity, rudeness, and “ low-ininded prida.” From religion he de: rives consolation. This reminds him, that he serves a more equi. table master, who can neither be deceived nor prepoflessed, who sees us as we are, not as we appear to men, and decides of our destiny, not by the splendor of actions, but by the rectitude and honeity of intentions: a master whose ingratitude he needs not to apprehend; and who, far from forgetting our labours and fervices, neglects not even our defires, but regiiters our wishes for the honour and welfare of men, as if actually realized. With such confolations and fuch supports, how light, in his estimation, feem all the discouragements of virtue! How he congratulates himself on the shelter which religion hath procured him! and how un.


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