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of waist, or mayhap a little bit farder, so it's out of the question for me to wriggle't as little and limberly as such a fine genteel, grey-hound-ham'd son of a gentleman as Sir Andrew. The grin too is, as I just now said, a hard thing to hit off, I can't, for fouļ of me, find out any thing to make a man laugh at getting a woman
to where the thing is one almost nothing at all, I never could do ic fince I was born. Besides, why? I am so cuss'd covered about the gills, that if I could laugh as heartily as Sir Andrew, 'twould not do, for my cheeks are too folidum firmus, if a man chose to be learned, that it's enough to crack one's cheek furniture. I begin to-day to learn to hold my tongue, or else talk about nothing, just as cassion fees fit. Hett gets on aţ a pure size. Sir Andrew is giving her a leetur about airs, and high notions, fan-fluttering hemining, and the like, now in the garden. Gab would do very well if bis larning did not stand in his way. But we shall all be fit to be seen in a short time, before we go back; tho' as to coming near Captain Carlitle, that's impoffible : yet I am sure he never took any pains to be better-most, for every thing he does looks too easy for that same thing with Miss Lucia.
Sermons on the most prevalent Vices. To which are added an Ora
dination Serman, a Synod Sermon, and two Sermons on a future State. By the Rev. David Lamont, Minister of Kirkpatricks Durham, near Dumfries. Crowder, 8vo. ss. 3d,
(Continued from page too.), To be a good preacher is, perhaps, a more difficult, as well as a more useful attainment, than to be a good speaker, either in the senate or at the bar. In the two latter cases the capacity of the hearers is more upon a level with that of the orator, and he may therefore content himself with a greater uniforinity of stile and männer, But in a religious assembly, which is generally composed of all ranks of people from the highest to the lowest, the preacher has a more arduous and complicated task to perform : he muft occasionally address himself to every class and denomination of his audience; he must inform the ignorant, and arouse the llothful ; he must fix the attention of the thoughtless, and inelt the hearts of the obdurate ; hę must convince the incredulous, and confirin the wavering; and, through the whole, he must endeavour, that, while he renders himself perfectly
intelligible intelligible to the meanest of his hearers, he does not incur the contempt and ridicule of the most learned and the most refined.
Mr. Lamont has, in our opinion, shewn himself to be no inconsiderable proficient in these various branches of sacred oratory; nor is he less remarkable for instructing others to preach well, than for preaching well himself : and to give fuch instructions he is certainly entitled ; for (as Pope says, with the variation only of one word)
s6 Those may teach others, who themselves excel." That he is equally entitled and qualified to give such instructions is evident from his ordination sermon, which contains the duty and character of a good preacher, an extract from which we shall now take the liberty of laying before our readers.
" Let no man defpife thee. Titus 2, *. " To make men happy, is the design of goodness; to make men good, is the design of religion ; to make men religious, is the defign of preaching; and to make preaching successful, is the design of a church. Utility, then, is a minister's object, and refpect should be a minister's aim. In him, respect and utility are inseparable ; in him, utility and contempe are incompatible. In this character, to be useful and not respected, is a fuppofition absurd ; in this character, to be useful and despised, is a fuppofition impossible. Where there is no respect to this character; there is no reverence; where there is no reverence, there is no love ; and where there is no love, there is no obediencé. A better advice, therefore, an apostle could not give, a better advice an apostle could not receive, than this in the testimo? Lèt no map despise thee.'
“ A defire of respect is native to the foul ; respect is one of the chief rewards of virtue. Life without respect, is nor life at all, but only its naked skeleton, or rather, if you will, its walking shan dow. It is refpect, and respect alone, which gives life to existence and energy to life.
“ In the expression, Let no man despise thee, there is an uncommon peculiarity. It seems to suppose, that one man's actions should be another man's duty ; that one man should be master
of another man's sentiments. How can I prevent another man's :: defçiling me? There is a latitude in the expression, and through
it is conveyed to us this idea, that though it may nor be in every man's power to ward off the misplaced ridicule of knaves or fools, yet it is certainly in every man's power, by a proper attention to his sentiments, character, and conduct, to prevent each supposable occafion for deserved reproach.
“ Now, to point out those qualifications, which secure a minifter from contempt, shall be the business of this discourfe.
" ist. A minifter should have good fense.
Athly. A minister should be a good man. “ The Chrittian ministry, my brethren, is, in this age of refinement, become an old fashioned and disrespected establishment ; as much regarded as men regard their souls, that is very little; as much despised as men despise religion, that is very much. The bright assemblage, however, of the four qualifications mentioned above, will render a minister, respectable in spite of the world ; but the abfence of any of them will render him contemptible in spite of himself.
“ We begin with the first qualification, which is good fense Good sense is the foundation of future knowledge, and the presage of future respect. The want of it is a radical defects and an insuperable bar against real esteem. Stupidity blocks up the ave. nues to science, and levity evacuates instruction as fast as it imbibes it. Good sense is a qualification ornamental to a man, but a qualification essential to a minister, because his duty is the moft momentous, and his office the most honourable. > " By good sense I do not mean a bright genius, a pregnant fancy, a tenacious memory, or a sparkling wit. Alas! there Shewy and superficial qualities rather attract admiration from the ignorant than respect from the wise. But by good sense I understand a comprehensiveness of thought, a solidity of judgment, and a clear 'conception of things, which is generally what we mean by the term prudence, or common sense. This is a sense not to be acquired by habit, nor picked up at universities, but coeval with the foul, and impressed on its original form.
“ Men, therefore, in the early period of life, should consult their talent, and, if they find it defective, they should stop at once. But if they have not sense enough to discover their want. of sense, their friends should be so civil and obliging to them as to direct their eyes, not to Jerusalem, but fomewhere else; because a minister, destitute of common sense, if there is such a character in life, though adorned with all the embellishments of literature, would be considered as a pedant; though clothed with the garments of a venerable character, would be the object of derision and contempr.
“ Were a man, of this complexion, acquainted with all the languages of the globe, from the original Hebrew to the modern English ; were he instructed in all the fystems of philosophy, from Pythagoras to Locke ; were he versed in all the schemes of divinity, from the first religion of Adam to the present modifica. tions of Christian presbytery ; were he skilled in all the political conftitutions of government, from the foundation of the Assyrian empire by Nimrod, down to the reign of king George the third
and yet withal were a child in common sense; the sum of his character would be, that he is a learned fool.
" Such a man must be despised. A mortal may as well expe& an exemption from death, as a man of this stamp hope for an ex. emption from contempt. As his imprudence has thrust him into an office, for which nature had disqualified him, so his imprudence would push him on to a thousand actions offensive,co men of a just way of thinking. His wild and ungoverned fancy will ever be an overmatch for his feeble judgment, and too much learning would make him mad. So essential an ingredient in the ministerial character is good sense, that a man may as well expect fruit from a barren tree, as respect from a weak judgment.
“ A second preservative against contempt in a minister, is a good education. Natural good sense is, indeed, the folid basis of respect; but learning must be joined to it in a man of a learned profession. The powers of the mind never exert their proper energy, ill once they are matured by study It is the culture of the earth which enriches the soil ; it is the culture of the facula ties which enriches the soul.* Bright improvements in a bright understanding, are like letters of gold on a ftatue of marble. They exhibit an uncommon splendor, and strike the spectator with amazement. Literary accomplishments give a lustre to character ; a luftre, without which a ministerial character inutt be full of darkness.
“It is true, when Chtiftianity was first published to the world, the miraculous effutions of supernatural light superseded the neceffity of human learning; and men were better preachers then without study, than the best of us are now, even with it.
" But as that blessed and memorable æra is long since elapsed, and men attain knowledge by industry, and not by inspiration, human learning is essentially requisite, successfully to illustrate divine truths. i He that is a minister should not be a novice;' he that is a guide should not be blind.
“ And, indeed, there is not a church upon earth, which has more pressing necessity for learning, than the church of Scotland. The ministers of the church of Rome have little use for learning, because they have only to exhort their hearers to be ignorant. The minifters of the church of England have not any urgent need of learning, because, by their external grandeur, they may plaufibly support an internal dullness. But we, who are ministers of a church, destitute of riches, power, pomp, authority, these gaudy outworks of respect, should pay the strictest attention to the culture of the mind; for when once ignorance shakes hands with
* Like the rough diamond, as it leaves the mine,
Only in little breakings thews its light,
THE GENTLE SHEPHERDI
poverty, that moment commences the period of our final diffos Jurion.
" In every age of the world, the regard Thewn to literary merit has been conliderable, and the rewards conferred upon it have been conspicuous. Even in these days, in which we live, amidst numberless faults, we have at least this good quality, that superior merit is ever honoured with superior respect. Whilst our learning flourishes, we bear some resemblance to the liveliness and verdure of the spring; when it decays, our bloom withers, and we resem. ble the sterility and nakedness of winter.
6. It is not enough, then, for a minister to have treasures of knowledge in his closet ; he should have them in his head. When emergent difficulties demand solution, he should recur to himself, not to his books; for a minister Mould be a living library, not a living index.
“A man, therefore, who, starved in the rudiments of erudio tion, and furnished with none but crude and beggarly elements, assumes the character of a public instructor, must be the object of deferved contempt; because he is deftitute of the very effentials of such a character, meddles with things that are too high for hiin, and, to adopt the expression of Dr. South, that learned and witty divine, · strikes his head against a pulpit, when he would
make a much better figure at the tail of a plough.'.
“ But when I speak of a good education, I do not mean that men should cram their heads with a promiscuous jumble of all. the fciences.' This would defeat the very design of education. He who has too much learning, is, for the most part, as uselefs to the world, as he who has too little, and often mises the heart by shooting over the head. He who would know every thing, will in effect know nothing ; at least, nothing to advantage. Great variety of books, like great variety of meats, serve only, first to pamper the appetite, and then to confound it.* A few standard books, read with attention and digested with prudence, form the mind upon a regular system, and form the man a' regular scholar.
“ The sciences, molt intimately connected with the office of a. clergyman, seem to be these, theology, moral philosophy, history, rhetoric."
* Voracious learning, often overfed,
Digests not into sense her motley mcal.