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THE GENERAL

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.

A NEW EDITION.

VOL. VIII.

Printed by NICHOLS, Son, and BENTLEY,
Red Lion Passage, Fleet Street, London.

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY:

CONTAINING

AN HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL ACCOUNT

OF THE

LIVES AND WRITINGS

OF THE

MOST EMINENT PERSONS

IN EVERY NATION;

PARTICULARLY THE BRITISH AND IRISH;

FROM THE EARLIEST ACCOUNTS TO THE PRESENT TIME.

A NEW EDITION,

REVISED AND ENLARGED BY

ALEXANDER CHALMERS, F. S. A.

VOL. VIII. .

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR J. NICHOLS AND SON; F. C. AND J. RIVINGTON; T. PAYNE S

OTRIDGE AND SON; G. AND W. NICOL ; WILKIE AND ROBINSON; J. WALKER ;
R. LEA ; W. LOWNDES ; WHITE, COCHRANE, AND co. ; J. DEIGHTON;
T. EGERTON ; LACKINGTON, ALLEN, AND CO.; J. CARPENTER; LONGMAN,
HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN; CADELL AND DAVIES; C. LAW; J. BOOKER ;
J. CUTHELL; CLARKE AND SONS ; J. AND A. ARCH; J. HARRIS; BLACK,
PARRY, AND CO.; J. BOOTH; J. MAWMAN; GALE, CURTIS, AND FENNER;
R. H. EVANS ; J. HATCHARD; J. HARDING ; R. BALDWIN; J. MURRAY ; J. JOHN-
KON AND CO. ; E. BENTLEY; AND J. FAULDER,

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A NEW AND GENERAL

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.

CAAB, or CAB-BEN-ZOHAIR, a distinguished Arabian poet, was one of the rabbis among those Arabians who had embraced Judaism. Mahomet, irritated by a satirical poem which Caab bad written against him and his new sect, made war on the Jewish Arabian tribes, in hopes of seizing him and putting him to death. Caab, however, contrived to escape his fury, until Mahomet had made himself master of Arabia, when he had the art to be reconciled to him, turned Mahometan, and altered his poem by inserting the name of Abubeker wherever that of Mahomet occurred; and as these concessions did not seem to effect a complete reconciliation, he wrote a poem in favour of one of his mistresses, which was so successful that Mahomet received him into friendship, and bestowed on bim his own mantle, which the caliph Moavias purchased when be came to the throne, and it became the dress of his suc. cessors on state occasions. Caab is also said to have had a considerable band in drawing up the Alcoran. According to Herbelot he died in the first year of the hegira, or A. C. 622. An edition of his poem in praise of Mahomet was published under the title “ Caab Ben-Zohair carmen panegyricum in laudem Mohammedis, &c.” Leyden, 1748, to, with an eloge by Albert Scultens. '

CABANIS (Peter JOHN GEORGE), a French physician of considerable eminence, the son of Mons. Cabapis, an able agriculturist, was born about 1756 ; and in his youth

I D'Herbelot. Moreri.--Prideaux's Life of Mahomet, p. 103. edit. 4th, 1708, 8vo.

VOL. VIII.

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