Aristotle: A Chapter from the History of Science, Including Analyses of Aristotle's Scientific Writings

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Smith, Elder and Company, 1864 - 404 oldal
 

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97. oldal - All these things being considered, it seems probable to me that God in the beginning formed matter in solid, massy, hard, impenetrable, moveable particles, of such sizes and figures, and with such other properties and in such proportion to space as most conduced to the end for which he formed them...
66. oldal - Even the writers who have incurred most reasonable suspicion as to the drift of their teaching, give nevertheless constant witness to what may be called the purely mental quality of the ultimate results of physical inquiry. It has been said with perfect truth that " the fundamental ideas of modern Science are as transcendental as any of the axioms in ancient philosophy.
93. oldal - I do not here consider. What I call attraction may be performed by impulse, or by some other means unknown to me. I use that Word here to signify only in general any Force by which Bodies tend towards one another, whatsoever be the Cause.
18. oldal - ... logic, and poetry (though Plato spoke against the art) seem to live in the intellect and fancy of the great Bishop of Hippo, elevated, and purified, and rectified by Christianity. Then see S. Augustine himself. What Sir W. Hamilton said of Aristotle can truly, in a modified sense, be said of him : — " His seal is upon all the sciences, and his speculations have, mediately or immediately, determined those of all subsequent thinkers.
157. oldal - Lewes,2 on the contrary, tells us " on a superficial examination, therefore, he [Aristotle] will seem to have given tolerable descriptions ; especially if approached with that disposition to discover marvels which unconsciously determines us in our study of eminent writers. But a more unbiassed and impartial criticism will disclose that he has given no single anatomical description of the least value. All that he knew may have been known, and probably was known, without dissection. ... I do not assert...
19. oldal - Hippias are no longer lounging upon their couches in the midst of groups of admiring pupils ; we have no walks along the walls of the city; no readings beside the Ilissus ; no lively symposia, giving occasion to high discourses about love ; no Critias recalling the stories he had heard in the days of his youth, before he became a tyrant of ancient and glorious republics ; above all no Socrates forming a centre to these various groups, while yet he stands out clear and distinct in his individual character,...
13. oldal - ... court, and take charge of the Prince's education. This was the greatest honor which a king could then bestow upon a man of learning. Aristotle accepted the invitation. He was received at court with the greatest honor, and Alexander became tenderly attached to his instructor. He said once that he honored Aristotle no less than his own father ; for if to the one he owed his life, he owed to the other that which made life worth having. Centuries after the death of Aristotle there still existed the...
88. oldal - And the next step in philosophizing necessarily was to make those vague abstractions more clear and fixed, so that the logical faculty should be able to employ them securely and coherently. But there were two ways of making this attempt; the one, by examining the words only, and the thoughts which they call up ; the other, by attending to the facts and things which bring these abstract terms into use. The Greeks followed the verbal or notional course, and failed...
84. oldal - inversely as the square of the distance and directly as the mass,' and Attraction is left standing — a mere
112. oldal - We must not accept a general principle from logic only, but must prove its application to each fact; for it is in facts that we must seek general principles, and these must always accord with facts...

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