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Nicolaitans, Hippolytus wrote against them, i. 496

Onesimus knew St. Paul before he came to him at Rome,
Nicolas, one of the seven deacons, divers opinions concern iii. 351
ing him, i. 497

Onesiphorus, at what time he came to St. Paul at Romo,
Nicolas of Damascus, bis character, and his embassy to iii. 305

Augustus, i. 152, 156; was intimate with Herode 157, Ophians, or Ophites, an account of them from Irenæus.
162 ; magnified the success of his embassy, 191

Theodoret, Epiphanius, and others, iv. 655; Origen's.
Nitocris, her good character, iv. 224

account of them, with observations, 656, 657 ; can scarce
Noah, (The precepts of) v. 495 ; observations upon them, be considered as Christian heretics, 657
495 to 498

Optatus, of Milevi, his tine and character, and testimony to
Noetus, his time, history, and opioions, i. 581 to 586 ; many the scriptures, ii. 491, 492; was of opinion that every

of the same sentiment, 583 to 585 ; the holy scriptures man is born with an unclean spirit, i. 570, 571.

received by them, 585, 536; for his time see also ii. 59 Oracle, a fictitious heathen oracle in 398, foretelling the
Nonnus, his paraphrase of St. John's gospel, iii. 5

period of the Christian religion, iv. 476
Noris, (Cardinal) quoted and commended, i. 19

Order of Heretics, iv. 511; in Irenæus, Epipbanius, Philas--
Novatianism, it's rise, and the concern which Dionysius of t er, and Augustine, 534, 583
Alexandria had with it, i. 613

Orilasius, physician 10 Julian, his bistory and works, iv..
Novations, condemned second marriages, ii. 49; baptized 386, 387

such as came to them from tbe Catholics, 50 ; their ORIGEN, see the contents of his chapter, i. 519; went to
respect for martyrs, ibid. ; their sufferings from the Arians, Rome, 521; allowed bis homilies to be taken down in
54; numerous in several countries, 55; favoured by Fa writing, 524 ; lis confessions and sufferings, ibid. ; see also,
bius, Bp of Antioch, and Marcian, Bp of Arles, 52 ; how iv. 192 ; his . quotations of Phlegon, 59, 60, 61;, what
treated by Constantine, 53 ; by Julian, 54; by Theo Porphyry says of him, 213; the number of his works,
dosius, ibid; by Cyril of Alexandria, 57 ; by Innocent i. 524, 525; what of them now extant, 525, 526; testi-
and Celestinus of Rome, ibid.; texts of scripture alleged by monies to him, 526, 527; his character, 528; select
them as favouring their sentiment, concerning the treat passages from him, 528 to 531 ; his testimony to the scrip-
ment of great sinners, 63; their sentiments concerning tures, 532 to 575, and to our Saviour's unblemished cha-
the holy scriptures, 65. Eminent men among them, whose racter, in his works against Celsus, ill. 554 ;. refers to a.
names may be found at the proper places in this Index : passage in Josephus concerning John the Baptist, 534,
Allabius, Acesius, Agelius, Chrysanthus, Euselius, Leontius, 535; how he quotes Josephus, as ascribing the destruction
Marcion, Mark, Paul, Rusticola, Sisiunius, Sympronian, of Jerusalem to the sin of the Jews in putting James to
Theopemplus. That Socrates and Sozomen were not death, 538; did not receive any books as sacred scriptures,
Novatians, 57

beside those in the present canon, i. 549 to 562, and 574 ;
Novatus, or Novatianus, presbyter of Rome, ii. 133; recke his work against Celsus much esteemed, iv. . 216, 255;

oned among those called Heretics, i. 527, 626; his quoted, 527, V. 335, 392, 393 ; his Greek text amended in
episcopal ordination, ii. 42; Cornelius's account of it, two places, i. 541, 572, note "; commended by Anatolius,
43, 44; remarks upon that account, 44 to 47; the first ii. 78; Victorinos of Pettaw made use of his commentaries
antipope, 41; sends letters and deputies to foreign churches, upon the scriptures, 94 ; an edition of his Septuagint by
ibid. ; the time of their arrival at Carthage, 52 ; he is said Pamphilus and Eusebius, 111, 121; his commentaries
to have suffered martyrdom, 47 ;. his peculiar opinion transcribed by Pamphilus, 117; Methodius and others his
concerning the treatment of such as had lapsed, i. 613 ; adversaries, 102; his great eminence, 122, 123 ; how
ii. 48; the time of his taking up that opinion; ii. 50 to 52 ; commended by Jerom, in the early part of his life, and
said to be orthodox upon the Trinity, 49, 54; his works, how he spake of him afterwards, 536, 537 ; his peculiar
57; the time of writing his treatise of the Trinity, or of opinions, 537 to 539 ; his catalogue of the books of the Old
the rule of faith, 58; his character, 60, 61; his tes Testament recited, 545 ;. bis opinions, and his works con-
timony to the scriptures of the New Testament, 61 to 65; demned by a Synod at Alexandria, 623, 624; some
that his name was Novatus, and not Novatian, 43, 68, 69, account of his Tetrapla and Hexapla, i. 447 ; his account
132 to 135

of the Heretics, Apelles, iv. 645; the Basilidians, 554,
Novatus, presbyter at Cartliage, said to be the chief author of 555; Elcesaites, 682; and Ophians, 656, 657; what

the schism at Rome, but without reason, ii. 51, 52, Porphyry writes of his having been educated in the heathen
134, 135

principles confited, i. 519, 520 ; iv. 213
Numenius, a Pyı bagorean philosopher, was well acquainted Another Origen, i. 520

with the books of Moses and the prophets, and has allego. Origenists, an obscure sect mentioned by Epiphanius, i. 589
rized some parts of them ; but his time is uncertain, and Originai sin, v. 457, 458; vot mentioned by Titus of Bostra,
he has not referred to any books of the New Testament, in his arguments with the Manichees, ii. 147; asserted by
iv. 205 to 207

Gregory, Bp of Rome, iji. 72
Nye, (Stephen) mistakes of his concerning the Manichees, Orosius, his menoir concerning the Priscillianists, ii. 511,
ii. 177, 222

512 ; his wrong account of the origin of: Trajan's perse-
cution, iv. 31; his account of the treatment given to

Gentile people by Christian magistrates, 437, 493

Earl of Orrery, his Translation of Pliny's epistles quoted,
Oath taken by the Jews to Cæsar and Herod, i. 153 ; was the iv. 26, 28, 29

same with St. Luke's enrolment, 153 to 156, 158, 159 Orthodoxy, Christians more orthodox in later ages than in the
Obodas, king of Aralia, differences between him and Herod, primitive times, ii. 50, 82, 105, 278
i. 151 ; succeeded by Aretas, ibid.

Ossens, nearly the same as the Elcesaites, which see. Called.
Oecumenius, his time and works, and testimony to the scrip- also Sampsæans, iv. 683, 684
tures, iii. 83 to 85

Ouen, (Dr. J.) quoted, v. 376, note a 472 .
Olympiodorus, author of a Roman history, his time, work,

and extracts from it, and its character, iv. 395, 397
Olympius, some time prime minister to Honorius, his cha-
racter from Zosimus, iv. 411

Pacatus, his panegyric quoted, ü. 503, 507
Clympius, a learned and zealous Gentile at Alexandria, Pacian, Bp of Barcelona, his time and works, and testi.
iv 470 to 47.2

mony to the scriptures, ii. 490, 49!

Pagi, (Ant.) commended, i. 94 ; bis judgment, upon the

Constitutions, ii. 424 ; upon ihe Christianity of Philip,

i. 190
Palestine, a description of that country, iii. 388, 389
Palladius, author of The Lausiac history, his character of

Jerom, and reflections upon him, ii. 534, 535
Palladius, author of a dialogue of the life of Chrysostom,

his time, and testimony to ibe scriptures, iii. 4, 5
Palmas, Bp in Pontus, and writer in the second century,

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PAMPHILUS, preslyter at Casarea, his friendship with Euse-

bius, ii. 116; his life written by Eusebius, 118; a library
erected by him at Cæsarea, 116, 120; which was de-
stroyed before the middle of the seventh century, 122;
said to have set up a scliool or academy at Cæsarea, ibid.;
his apology for Origen, 117, 122 ; bis edition of the
Seventy, 121 ; said to have composed summary contents
of the book of ihe Acts, 1 23 ; probably received the epistle
to the Hebrews, 121; lis affection for the scriptures,
which he encouraged men and women of every condition
to read, 119, 123, 124; his martyrdoni, 117, 118; his
excellent character, 118, 119, 124; Remarks upon

spurious Acts of his passion, 124, 125
Pan, a fabulous story concerning his death, in the time of

the emperor Tiberius, iji. 606, 607
Pandects, whether there are now in them any laws against

the Christians, iv. 180
Pantænus, master of the catechetical school at Alexandria,

his history, and testimony to the scriptures, i. 390, 391;

commended by Alexander, Bp of Jerusalem, 493
Papias Bp of Hieropolis, bis history, character, work and

testimony to the books of the New Testament, i. 336

to 341
Papinian, an observation upon his conduct, iv. 170, 171
Parker, (S.) bis Observations upon Philostratus's Lise of
· Apollonius Tyanæus, iv. 269, 271 to 275
Parmenian, Bp of the Donatists at Carthage, author of a

writing against the Catholics, answered by Optatus,

ii. 299
Passovers, how many in our Saviour's ministry, ir. 242, 243
Parriarchs, (The) how reviled by the Manichees, ii. 210
Patrick, (Bp) quoted, v. 386, 398, 424
Patripassions, the Sabellians and others so called, i. 583

to 585
Paul (St.) The Arostle, bis history before his conversion,

and his general character, ii. 251, 252, 480 ; the place of
his birth, ii. 555, 556; a Roman citizen, and how he
came to be so, i. 123 to 1 25

The time of his conversion, jii. 251 to 254; his age
at that time, 258 to 259; observations upon his conver-
sion, and the circumstances of things at that time in Judea,
255 to 258; ii. 618; his conversion not the cause of the
rest of the churches in Iudea, i. 55; when he was made
an apostle, vi. 259 to 263 ; received the whole doctrine of
the gospel immediately from heaven, iii. 13

The HISTORY of bis travels and preaching, to his
coming from Damascus to Jerusalem the first time after
bis conversion, iii. 262 to 264; to his being brought to
Antioch by Barnabas, 264 to 266; to bis coming up to
Jerusalem with the contributions of the Christians at
Antioch, 266 to 268; to his coming to the council at
Jerusalem about the year 49, 268 to 271; to bis coming
to Jerusalem A. D. 58, when he was apprehended and
imprisoned, 272 to 279; his vow, i. 114; his imprison-
ment and prosecution in Judea, 37 to 39; the manner of
his imprisonment, 126 10 128; sent to Rome a prisoner
that he might not be soon expelled as a Jew, ii. 611; bis
HISTORY, to the end of his imprisonment at Rome, iii.
279 to 281 ; to the time of his death, 281 to 284 ; the
time of his imprisonment at Rome, ji. 556; of his mar-
tyrdom, ibid. ; was bebeaded at Rome, A. D. 64 or 65,
.. 426, 482 ; iii. 283, 284; came with Peter frona Corinth,

from whence they went to Rome, and suffered martyrdom
about the same time, i. 352, 353; in Nero's general per.
secution, ij. 622 ; iii. 15, 35, 40, 76

Whether he really blamed Peter for his conduct, men-
tioned Gal. 2, iv. 232 ; v. 519 to 521 ; wrought miracles
at Athens and at Rome, though not related by St. Luke,
iii. 211; uncertain whether he ever went into Spain,
iii. 232 ; there is no good reason to believe that he ever
was in Spain or Britain, 281. St. Paul much commended
by Origen, i. 535; Chrysostom, ii. 602, 613; Isidore,
iii. 8; Theodoret, 12, 13; Cassian, 18; Cosmas, 52;
Gregory, 70 ; his eloquence celebrated by Photius, though
he has many elliptical expressions, 83 ; character of his
style, by Irenæus, i. 369; by Origen, 532, 573 ; by
Jerom, ii. 570 to 571; vindicated against the reflections
of Porphyry, iv. 229 to 234; he was rejected by the
Ebionites, or some of them, i. 472 ; iii. 483; but re.
ceived by other Jewish believers, called Nazarenes, 484,
485; how treated by the author of the Recognitions,
i. 470, 471, 472

His fourteen epistles, their chronology, iii. 285 to 291;
all received by Origen, i. 533, 535 to 538, 574; were in
the library at Cæsarea, ii., 121; received by Archelaus
and Mani, 139; the Manichees, 213, 215; the Paulicians,
238, 239; generally received in the time of Eusebius,
369, 370, 381, 395; received by Athanasius, 400, 401;
in the Synopsis ascribed to him, 404; by Cyril of Jerusa.
lem, 410; Epipbanius, 417; the author of the Apostolical
Constitutions, 438; Gregory Nazianzen, 470; Amphi-
locbius, 473 ; Ebedjesu, 488; Theodore, Bp of Mopso-
estia, who also wrote Commentaries upon them, 527.
Commentaries likewise were written upon them, by
C. M, Victorinus, 453 ; and Diodorus of Tarsus, 517;
Teceived by Jerom, 548, 549, 556; the council of Carthage,
575; Rufinus, 573 ; Augustine, 578, 585; Chrysostom,
601, 602; Severian, Bp of Gabala, 620; Innocent of
Rome, 628; Paulinus of Nola, 629; Theodoret, iï. 11;
Cosmas, 51, 52; Euthalius, 39, who also published an
edirion of them, 38 ; are in the Alexandrine M. S. 45, 46;
received by Isidore of Seville, 74; a Commentary on them
by Sedulius, 32, and as is supposed by Primasius, 33;
received by Cassiodorus, 61; Oecumenius, 84; Theophy-
lact, 86

His epistle to the Romans and several other of bis
epistles referred to by Clement of Rome, i, 296 to 300;
his first epistle to the Corinthians quoted by the same
Clement, 293 ; and by Hermas, 414; his epistle to the
Ephesians quoted by Ignatius, 316, 318 to 320; his first
epistle to the Corinthians, and his epistles to the Philip.
pians and the Thessalonians, quoted by Polycarp, 327,
328, 329; several of his epistles referred to by Hermas,
308, 309; by Ignatius, 318 to 321 ; by Polycarp, 329 to
331 ; see 336; by Justin M. 346 to 347; see 349 ; by the
author of the epistle to Diognetus, 349 to 351; by the
martyrs at Lyons, 361, 362 ; by Athenagoras, 379 to 381;
by Theophilus of Antioch, 385 to 388 ; twelve or thirteen -
of his epistles received and quoted by Irenæus, 368 to
369; see 371, 372; all received and quoted by Clement
of Alexandria, except the epistle to Philemon, 400, 401;
all received by Tertullian, except the epistle to the He-
brews, 422 to 424, 427, 428; bow many were received by
Tatian, 353 to 355; the author of the Testaments of the
twelve patriarchs, appears to have received the book of
the Acts, and St. Paul's epistles, 403, 464; all rebearsed
by Caius, except that to the Hebrews, 481 ; several of
his epistles quoted by Firmilian, 576, 577; all quoted by
Cyprian, except the epistle to Philemon, and that to the
Hebrews, which he did not receive, ži, 20 to 24, 30; se-
veral of his epistles quoted by Novatus, 62, 63 ; by Com-
modian, 73 ; Anatolios, 78; the author of the poem
against the Marcionites, 93; Victorinus, 96; Methodius,
105; whether the epistle to the Hebrews was received

By Eusebius, 372, 373, 381, 382; it was doubted of by ter's correspondence with Dr. Lardner, i. p. XXXV to
some, particularly the church of the Romans, 370, 473 ; *xxvii. A general account of the heathen persecutions,
jii. 74; whether written in Hebrew, ii. 391, 392; a com. ii. 623; the number of heathen persecutions of the
mentary upon thirteen of the epistles by Pelagius, 630 ; Christiavs, iv. 298, 299
when first divided into sections and chapters, 39, 43 · PERSIA, the gospel first preached there by the apostle Thad-

The order of his epistles in point of time, ii. 606, iii. deus, iii. 55 i many churches there, ibid.; the cruelty of
11, 39, 46, 47, 52, 58, 61

a persecution endured there by the Christians, and the
A forged book entided The Travels of Paul and Thecla, happy alteration made in the manners of those of them,
rejected and condemned, i. 435 ; an apocryphal book who embraced the Christian religion, 15; the Christian
called Acts of Paul, quoted by Origen, but not received religion preached there before the time of Mani, ii. 234 ;:
by him as of authority, 555

before the council of Nice, 348 ; before the time of Euse-
Paul's Revelation, rejected by Sozomen and the ancients, bius, 365; the time of a persecution there, 346
ii. 388

Pestilence in the Roman empire, and the time of it, ii. 6
Paul of Concordia, a Letter of Jerom to him, ii. 443; told Petuvius quoted, ii. 422 note , 432, 433, 434

Jerom that Cyprian used to call Tertullian his master, Peter (ST.) TAB APOSTLE, his history to the time of our
i. 417

Saviour's ascension, iii. 388 to 392 ; he and his brother
Paul of Samosata, Bp of Antioch, his history, i. 620 to 623;. Andrew said to have been the first two disciples called by

favoured by Zenobia, 623 ; his opinions, 623, 625 to 628 ; Christ, 6. His history to the council at Jerusalem, 392 to
bad a considerable number of proselytes, 627; scriptures 403 ; after which he goes to Antioch, where he is reproved
received by him, 628; his works, ibid. ; his character, by St. Paul for dissimulation, 403, 404, iv. 231, 232 ; his
ibid. ; said to have judaized, 626

travels to the time of his coming to Rome, 404 to 406; said
Paul, a Novatian Bp at Constantinople, ii. 56

to be at Rome in the time of Claudius, 76; his history from
Paul, a learned Persian, ii. 59

Jerom, ii. 560; preached to the Jews in Pontus and Bithynia
Paula, Jerom's friend, how commended by Possidonius, ii. 535 according to Eusebius, ii. 371;, was often in those coun-
Paulianists, their baptism, i. 627, 628 ; their continuance, tries according to Epiphanius, 419; the time of his death,
ibid.

iii. 406; the manner of his death, 408, 409; was at Rome
Pavlicians, their history and time,'ii. 238; reduced their aod suffered martyrdom there, 409 to 416; came to Rome

sect to six churches, 558; changed their first names for in 63 or 64, and suffered martyrdom in 64 or 65, p. 154,
others, ibid.; how they called their ministers, 238; their 284,404 to 406; suffered martyrdom at Rome together with
testimony to the scriptures, 238, 239

Paul, in the time of Nero according to Eusebius and
Paulinus, Bp of Nola, his time and works, and testimony to Dionysius of Corinth, i. 353 ; according to Tertullian,
the scriptures, ii. 629, 630

426 ; and Caius, 482 ; and Theodoret, iii. 15; was at
Pausanias, bis testimony to the destruction of Jerusalem by Antioch, afterwards in Pontus, and at Rome in the time
a Roman emperor, iii. 532

of Claudius, and suffered martyrdom with Paul in Nero's
Peace (the) of the churches in Judea. See Rest

general persecution, ii. 622 ; iii. 15, 35, 76; in the last
Pearson, (Bp) a remark of his upon Clement of Rome, i. year of Nero, 79; the place of his interment, ii. 560

294 ; upon Ignatius, 323 ; his opinion concerning the Concerning bis episcopate at Antioch, iii. 407; said to
time of Polycarp's martyrdom, 326; concerning the Con have been bishop of Rome twenty-five years, ibid.; Rome
stitutions, 456; quoted, iii. 600, 606; v. 374.note, 429; Peter's province, according to Ephrem, ii. 487 ; his chil-
censured, iii. 316; quoted and commended, 345, and dren, iii. 407; bis wife's martyrdom, 408 ; his absconding
elsewhere

at Rome, ibid. ; the manner of his crucifixion, 408, 409;
Pierce, (J.) quoted, iii. 349, 357; V. 374 note, 378 note, 391;. the prerogatives of this apostle, 391 to 393; miracles
393; with disapprobation, 313 to 315

wrought at Jerusalem by his shadow passing by, 393, 394;
Pelagius, his time and works, and testimony to the scriptures, much commended, iii. 12; his preeminence, 35, 36, 70,

ii. 630 to 632; sometimes.confutes the Manichees, ii. 148; 83 ; he and the apostle Paul are expressly nientioned by
quoted, v. 392, 416, 428

Hierocles, iv. 255, 257, 261
Pelagianism, how described by Cassian, iii. 18; how treated His TWO EPISTLES, their genuineness shewn from
by Vincentius Lirinensis, 24

testimony and internal characters, iii. 414 to 416; to
Peregrinus, called also Proleus, said by Lucian to have been whom they were sent, 416 to 419; whether sent to Jews

some while among the Christians, and afterwards to have or Gentiles, ii. 478, 560, 587, 626; iii. 23, 59, 61, 62,
parted from them, iii. 150; his death mentioned by seve 71, 79, 84; the place where they were written, 419 10
ral ancient writers, 151 ,

423 ; the first epistle written at Rome, ii. 626 ; iii. 43, 90;
Perennis desired Apollonius to plead before the Roman at Babylon in Persia, iii. 53, 55; the time when they were
senate, i. 444

written, 423. Remarks on i Pet. v. 13, iii. 424, 425
Perizonius, his interpretation of Luke ii. 1, 2. represented . His first epistle seems to be referred to by Clement of
and considered, i. 165 to 171

Rome, i. 302 ; referred to by Polycarp several times, 331,
Perpetua, a martyr, i. 578; with Felicitas in the time of 332 ; by the martyrs at Lyons, 362 ; received by Theo-
Severus, iii. 167

philus of Antioch, 385, 388, 389; quoted by Papias, 340,
Persecution, or force and compulsion in things of religion, 341 ; Irenæus, 570; Clement of Alexandria, 403 ; Ter-

condemned by our blessed Saviour, iv. 497 ; by the Abp tullian, 429; universally received in Origen's time, 532;
of Canterbury, 498; by Tertullian, Lactantius, Athanasius, quoted or referred to by Victorinus, ii. 97; Methodius,
Constantine, Jovian, Valentinian, Julian, Themistius, Li 106; universally received, 369, 383
banius, Ammianus Marcellinus, 498,499 ; by De Maus Both his epistles received by Athanasius, ii. 400, 401;
sac, a learned Dominican, v. 332; every degree of it may Cyril of Jerusalen), 410; the council of Laodicea, 415;
fill our minds with borror, iv. 294 ; arguments against it Epiphanius, 417, 419; Innocent, Bp of Rome, 628; Pe.
in Lactantius, and that Christians did not persecute, ii. Jagius, 631; Cyril of Alexandria, iii. 9; Prosper, 21; Sal-
273 to 275; condemned by Athanasius, 399, by the vian, 36; Gregory, Bp of Rome, 70,71; the author
Christian religion, 471; all persecution condemned by of the Imperfect Work, 66
Sulpicius Severus, ii. 623, 624; makes heresies spread The second epistle seems to be referred to by Clement
faster than otherwise they would, ibid.; how defined by of Rome, i. 302; quoted by the author of Questiones et
Socrates, ii. 93. On the subject of prosecuting the writers R. 343 ; by Adamantius, ii. 407; generally received at
against Christianity, see Dr. Waddington, Bp of Chiches. Alexandria, 478 ; quoted by Ambrose, 495 ; by the author
of the Commentary upon thirteen of St. Paul's epistles, Philip, said to be the apostle, lived and died at Hierapolis in
521; received by Jerom, 560

Phrygia, and wrought miracles there, and his daughters
The second epistle not quoted by Papias, i. 310; nor prophesied, i. 335, 336, 337; V. 401
by Irenæus, 370, 372; nor Tertullian, 429, 430 ; doubted Philip: Bp of Gortyna in Crete, i. 439
of in the time of Origen, 532; bow quoted by him, 539, Philito the emperor, whether he was a Christian, iv. 188
540 ; whether received by Firmilian, 577, ii. 25; not to 191
quoted by Cyprian, 25; whether referred to by Novatus, Philippi, oratory there, by the river's side, i. 61
64; or Methodius, 107; not universally received in the Philippians, (the epistle to the) when and where written, ü.
time of Eusebius, 369, 383 ; doubted of by some in the 321, 322
time of Didymus, 478 ; not received by the churches of Philippus Sidetes, his account of Athenagoras and Pantænus,
Syria, 488 to 490; not received by Chrysostom, 602, 607; i. 377, 390
doubted of by some, iii. 59, 71, 74; because of the dif- Philo, the Jew, says, that Pilate dedicated shields at Jerusa-
ference of the style, ii. 560; ii. 74

lem, i. 185; speaks of four sons of Herod living in the
Both his epistles probably received by the Manichees, time of Pilate, 214; mentioned by Anatolius, ii. 78; his
ij. 216 ; both rejected by the Paulicians, 289. See Catho divisions of the books of the Old Testament, 544
lic epistles

Philopatris, a Dialogue so called, its age, and extracts from
The Gospel, Acts, Preaching, Judgment, Revelation, it, with remarks, iv. 153 to 155
and other books ascribed to Peier, rejected by Jerom, ii. Philoromus, receiver-general at Alexandria, and martyr in
560, 574 See Acls, Gospel

Dioclesian's persecution, ii. 126
Peter's Preaching, or Preaching of Peter and Paul, how Philosophers, their timorousness in declaring the truth. ü.

quoted by Clement of Alexandria, i. 408, 409 ; when 597; their credulity, and that they did little to improve
written, 410 note a ; quoted by Heracleon, and rejected the sentiments of mankind, iv. 271
by Origen, 554, 555 ; called likewise by him, Doctrine of Philostorgius, his time and writings, and testimony to the
Peter, 554 ; censured by the author of Relaptizing, ii. 39; scriptures, ii. 318, 319; his character, III
how quoted by Lactantius, with remarks, 291, rejected Philostratus, bis testimony to the destruction of Jerusalem
in Eusebius, 370, 387; and Jerom, 560; that it was not by Tilus, iii, 530, 533 ; his Life of Apollonius Tyanæus,
received as a canonical book by Clement of Alexandria, with remarks, and that he did not aim to set up Apolloujus
see i. 555

as a corrival with our Saviour, though Hierocles and
Peter's Revelation; short notes written upon it by Clement other heathens afterwards made that use of it, iv. 260 to

of Alexandria, i. 394 ; how quoted by him, 410; rejected 271, 271 to 275
by Eusebius and the ancients, ii. .370, 388; and by Phlegon, his time and works, iv. 58; supposed to speak of
Jerom, 560

our Saviour's foreknowledge, ibid.; was credulous, ibid. ;
Peter, Bp of Alexandria, his history, works, and testimony a passage in which he is supposed to speak of the miracu.
to the scriptures, ii. 127 to 129

lous darkness at the time of our Saviour's passion, with
Peter of Sicily, his work against the Manichees, and his notes and observations, 59 to 68; how quoted by Dr,
time, ii. 153

· Clarke and Grotius, 60
Petilian, a Donatist bishop, ii. 300

Photinus, bis history, ii. 443, 444; opinions, 444 to 446 ;
Petronius, president of Syria, ordered by Caligula to erect writings, 446; character, ibid. ; scriptures received by

his statue at Jerusalem, i. 49, 54; his precept to the ma him, ibid.; the continuance of his sect, 447
gistrates of Doris in favour of the Jews, g6

Photinians, sometimes called Bonosiacs, or Bonosians, ii. 447;
Pfaff (C. M. Fragments of Irenæus published by him, and not allowed to hold religious assemblies, ilid.; mentioned
remarks upon them, i. 375; quoted, iii. 465

by Augustine as iu being in his time, i. 627
PHARISBES ; their principles and practices, i. 66 to 68; their Photius, his character of the epistle of Clement of Rome, i.

power under Alexandra, 66 ; that title appropriated to 290 notea; bis censure of Irenæus, 365 ; of Clement of
men of substance and learning, 69, 119; six thousand of Alexandria, 394 ; his account of the genuine and supposi-
them refuse to swear to Cæsar and Herod, 119, 153; titious writings of Clement of Rome, 473; bis time, and
their great authority among the Jews, 119, 153

books against the Manichees, ii. 153 ; his manner of
Phedimus, Bp of Amasea, ordains Gregory Thaumaturgus, treating them, 148; his time, and testimony to the scrip-
i. 593

tures, iji. 81 to 83; quoted and commended, v. 10
Pheroras, inquiries into the occasion of his death, i. 187 Pierius, preslyler of Alexandria, fragments supposed to be
Pheroras's wife misrepresented by Josephus, i. 155

bis, though ascribed to Clement Apolliparius, i. 441 ; his
Philaster, Ep of Brescia, what he says of some catholics history, ii. 84 to 86; said to have been a catechist, 85;

oinitting to read publicly the epistle to the Hebrews, ii. 64; bow he speaks of the Trinity, 86; his copies of the Bible,
his time and work, and testimony to the scripturess, 522, 81; his character, 84, 86
523 ; his article concerning the Abstinents, with remarks, Piety, the virtue and benefit of early, a sermon, v. 106
516, 517; he wrote a long treatise of heresies, and yet Pilate, (Pontius) his unjust government in Judea, i. 43 ;
has not been reckoned orthodox by all, iv. 513 ; he thought stood in fear of the Jews, 43, 52; was in Judea at the
that the soul was created before the body, and that the commencement of John the Baptist's ministry, 202; at
doctrine of the Millennium is a heresy, ibid.; his account Jerusalem at the time of our Saviour's crucifixion, 79, 82;
of the Heretics, Apelles, 643, Cerdon, 587, Cerinthus, his wife in Judea, 8o; the duration of his government,
570, Leucius, 626; the Montanists, 675

48, 49, 202; when he came into Judea, and wben re-
Phileas, Bp of Thmuis in Egypt, aud martyr, ii. 126, 127 moved, 202, 203, 204; remarks upon his power in Judea,
Phileleutherus Dubliniensis. See Bentley

86; of what kind his fear mentioned in John xix. 8, 83.
Philemon, converted by St. Paul, iii. 351, 365 ; his character 84; brings Roman ensigns into Jerusalem, 84; dedicates

and station, 323, 324, 365, 366 ; Paul's epistle to him, shields there, 85; would have brought water thither with
when and where written, 323, 324 ; quoted by Origen, the sacred money, ibid. ; his Acts, and Letter to Tiberius,
i. 535; not quoted by Cyprian, ii. 29; received by Mar iii. 599 to 606; made away with himself, i. 205
cion, iv. 617,618; rejected by some, ii. 557

Pilgrimages, disliked by Gregory Nyssen and Jerom, ii. 476
Plrlip, tetrarch of Iturea, in the time of John the Baptist, i. Pin, (E. Du) his character of Novatus, ii. 61; his character

U, 12; married to Salome, Herodias's daughter, 212 of Eusebius's Ecclesiastical. History, 359; of Eusebius
Philip, otherwise called Herod, first husband of Herodias, his himself, 363 ; his judgment concerning the Constitutions,
history, i. 213 ; was a private person, 215

423, 424

Pinylus, Bp of Gnossus in Crete, i. 439

the New Testament objected against by Porphyry, Matt. i..
Pionius, an excellent martyr, learned men are not agreed 11, 12, p. 227; iii. 3, p. 228; ix. 9, p. 227. xiii. 35
about the time of his martyrdom, i. 580

p. 227; xiv. 25, p. 228 ; xxiv. 15, ibid. ; xxvii. 45, ilid.;
Piso, præfect of Syria, i. 176; his delays in going to Rome John vii. 8, 10, p. 229; Acts v. I to 14, p. 230 ; Gal. i..
after his removal, 205

15, 16, ibid. ; ii. 11 to 14, p. 230 to 233. A review of his
Piso (Lucius) when made præfect of Rome, i. 195 to 197 testimony to the books of the Old and New Testament,
Plato quoted, v. 420

234 ; passages concerning Christians and their affairs,
Pliny, the Elder, his time and character, and whether be where also are extracts from a letter of Augustine, with

refers to the blindness inflicted by St. Paul upon Elymas six questions containing difficulties taken from Porphyry,
the sorcerer in Cyprus, iii. 609

234 to 237 ; a work entitled The Philosophy of Oracles,
Pliny, (the Younger) the time of his provincial government, ascribed to him, and shewn to be spurious, ii. 361. iv. 238

iv. 11, 12; his Letter to Trajan concerning the Christians, to 250 ; his Life of Pythagoras, with remarks, and that
13 to 15; rehearsed with notes and observations, 15 to 28; it was not written with a design to compare Pythagoras
Trajan's Rescript rehearsed with notes and observations, with Jesus Christ, 269, 270; his books agaiust the Chris--
29, 30; observations of learned men upon Pliny's Letter tian religion, answered by Methodius, ii. 98, 101, 357,
and Trajan's Rescript, 30 to 33 ; the uses of those epistles,

to 22: the uses of those epistles, and Apollinarius, 456, 457
and general observations upon them, 39 to 43 ; Pliny's Porphyry, servant of Pamphilus, his martyrdom, ii. 124
character and his amiable qualities, 34; was credulous Posidonius, what he said of Jerom, mentioned by Palladius,
and superstitious, 35, 36; his want of equity toward the ii. 535
Christians, 18, 19, 27, 28; perverted many, 18, 21, 22; Posthumian, chief speaker in a dialogue of Sulpicius Severus,
condemned thom without law and authority, 20, 28, 29; ii. 537, 623
examined by torture two Christian women then in years, Potamiæna, a virgin, martyr at Alexandria in the time of
25, 26; was zealous for the honour of the gods and priest. Severus, iv, 166
hood, 27

Pothinus, Bp of Lyons, and predecessor of Irenæus, his age
Plotina, wife of Trajan, commended, iv. 39

and sufferings, i. 360, 363, 364. iv. 87
Plotinus negligent in observing the sacred rites of Gentilism, Potter (J.) his Greek antiquities quoted, iv. 174
iv. 200

Præsens, see Bruttius
Plutarch, his dialogue concerning the cessation of oracles Preleztatus, a Roman of great distinction, an oration in his

quoted, iii. 606, 607 ; whether he knew any tbing of the praise by Himerius, iv. 349; how he jested with Damasus
Christians, or their affairs, iv, 204, 206; his judicious ob Bp.of Rome, 377, 378 ; commended by. Ammianus, 377..
servations upon the fabulous stories common among the See likewise 406, 466
Greeks, 266 ; quoted, iii. 513

Praxagoras, his history of Constantine, and great character
Plutarch, brother of Heraclas, scholar of Origen, and mar of him, iv. 309, 310
tyr, i. 520

Praseas, our knowledge of him chiefly from Tertullian,
Polycarp, Bp of Smyrna, his time and history, from Irenæus, iv, 676; his time and country, ibid. ; was persecuted, and

i. 325, 326; ordained by apostles, 326; his great age and once signed a recantation, 677 ; strenuous asserter of the
martyrdom, ibid. ; wrote several epistles not now extant, divine unity, and believed the general articles of the
ibid. ; in his epistle to the Philippians, his only remaining Christian faith, 677, 678; denied that the Father or the
work, he quotes or refers to the first epistle of St Peter, Divine nature in Jesus suffered, 678, 679; received both
and divers other books of the New Testament, 325, 327 the Old and New Testament, 679, 680.
to 333 : how he is quoted by Irenæus, 374, 375; the Prayer in the name of Christ, a sermon, V. 218; the apostles
Responsiones, ascribed to him, not bis, 327. The relation never prayed, nor mentioned blessings, as given for the
of his martyrdom, with notes and observations, 327 ; iv. sake of Christ, 225, 226
82 to 84; extracts out of it, containing their testimony to Preaching of Paul or Peter, an apocryphal book censured by
the scriptures of the New Testament, i, 333, 334; quoted, the author of a work entitled Of Rebaptizing Heretics,
V. 402

ii. 39
Polycrates, Bp of Ephesus, his history, and testimony to the Preaching of Peter quoted by Lactantius, ii. 291

scriplures, i. 412, 413 ; his story concerning St. John's President, this title used in a general way, i. 171, 209

wearing on bis. forehead a golden plate examined; ii. Presidents of provinces, had power of life and death, i. 42;
- 554, 555

43 ; were supreme judges in all causes in their provinces,
Pompey, the time of his conquest of Judea, and taking Jeru. 46 ; had a council with ibem, 59; their good conduct
salein, and his behaviour there, iü. 492

toward persons of different religions, 101 to 103
Pomponia Græcina, a Roman lady, accused of a foreign su- Prideaux (Dr.) his opinion concerning the survey at the

perstition, (supposed to be Christiarity) in the time of time of our Saviour's nativity considered, i. 138, 139; his
Nero, A.D. 57, iii. 610

remark upon Herod's cruelly, 181; gaoted and com-
Ponticus, a young man, martyr at Lyons, iv. 89

mended, 71, 216 ; his account of the Mishna and Talmudsy
Pontius, deacon at Carthage, his bistory, and testimony to iii. 548 ; his judicious observations-upon Porphyry's expli-
the books of the New Testament, ij. 31:

cations of the book of Daniel, and upon his objections
Pontius Pilate. See Pilate

against that book, iv. 220, 223, 224 ; his judgment upon
Popular preaching, how censured by Jerom, ii. 571

the Sibylline oracles, i. 450 ; quoted, iii. 78. v. 460, 470
PORPHYRY, the philosopher; his time, and history, and works, Priests and Levites, Christian ministers not so called in early

iv. 209, 210 10 213; why he was called Bataneotis, 210; times, ii. 430
he never was a Christian, 211; his books against the Primasius, an African Bp, his. Commentary upon St. Paul's
Christians ordered to be destroyed, IU; 212; what he says epistles quoted, iii. 33
of Bardesanes, i. 442, 444 ; of Ammonius, 503 ; his Primits, Bp of Corinth, i. 357
passage concerning Origen, with remarks, 520, 527. Prince, wheo used absolutely, equivalent to emperor, i. 197
iv. 213, 214; was well acquainted with the scriptures of Principle, meaning of this word, iv. 595 .
the Old and New Testament, 234; his objections against Priscian, governor of Palestine, to whom Libanius writes,
the book of Daniel, 214 to 223 ; remarks upon these ob- ii. 144
jections, and upon the answers to them, 223 to 225 ; pas Priscilliun, his writings, ii. 497 ; history of him, and his
sages, in which he acknowledges the antiquity of Moses, prosecution and death, 498 10 500 ; an apology for him
226;. bis objection against Gen. iii. 5, p. 226. Texts in and his friends, 502 to 511 ; his character, 502, 503-
VOL. V.

4 F

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