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by others, and his time, i. 305; placed in the time of Pope præfect at Alexandria, 256, 257; different from Hierocles
Píus by the author of a poem against the Marcionites, iii. a philosopher at Alexandria, in the fifth century, 257
293; how quoted, by Irenæus, i. 273, 274; Clement of Hierocles of Alexandria, his time, history, and works, with
Alexandria, 406; Tertullian, 434; Origen, 551; not a remarks, iv. 416, 417
canonical book, though genuine, ii. 370, 375, 386; not High priests, did rend their clothes upon extraordinary occa-
receivel as of authority, by Athanasius, 400, 401, 402; sions, 181; mentioned in the plural number, ibid. ; their
by Prosper, iii. 21

sacred vestment, by whom kept at several times, 81, 82;
Hermias, an early author, who wrote against Gentilism, i. 414 see also Vitellius; their succession preserved by Jo-
Hermogenes, a heretic, confuled by Theophilus, Bp of An sephus, 210

tioch, i. 383 ; the account of him from ancient authors, Hilary, deacon of Rome, his history, character, and princi-
iv. 664; of his time and country, 663 ; his opinion con ples, ii. 520; whether author of a Commentary upon
cerning the eternity of matter, 665; he asserted one God, thirteen of St. Paul's epistles, ibid.
666; some other of his opinions, 664, 666; set up no Hilary of Poictiers, his works and testimony to the scriptures,
separate communion, 667; received both the Old and ii. 412, 413

New Testament, 668; no account of his writings, ibid. Hillel and Shammai, their different opinions, i. 70
Herod the Great, an Idumean, i. 9; and yet a Jew, 10, 101; Himerius, sophist and professor of rhetoric at Athens, under

how he obtained the kingdom of Judea, 10, 148; the whom Basil and Gregory Nazianzen studied, iv. 349, 350
manner of his death, 10, 230; was always a dependent Hippolytus, (Bp of Porto) probably author of The Treatise
tributary prince, 148 to 149 ; reduced to a more strict sub of the Universe, ascribed to Caius, and others, i. 489; his
jection to the Romans, 151; several of his cruel actions history and works, 495 to 497 ; what sort of a Bishop he
rehearsed, 180, 181; Augustus's jest upon him for killing was, and whether he was a martyr, 497, 498 ; wrote
his sons, 183, 184 ; who of his children survived him, 214; · against the Valentinians, Marcionites, Nicolaitans, Noë-
several opinions concerning the time of his death, i. tians and all heretics, 495, 496; against the Noëtians, 581,
231 to 233

585, 586; did not receive the epistle to the Hebrews as
Herod Agrippa, his several preferments till he became king Paul's, 497, 502 ; opinions of moderns concerning his re-

of all Judea, i. 14; a zealous Jew, ibid.; his remarkable maining works, 499, 500; his testimony to the scriptures,
death, 14 to 16; his children, 16; his letter to Caligula 501 to 503 ; though he wrote in Greek, he may be reck-
to dissuade him from erecting his statue at Jerusalem, oned among Latins, iii. 330 ; quoted, v. 402, note a
49, 61, 85; how ridiculed at Alexandria, 87, 88; impri- HISTORY of the APOSTLBS and EVANGELISTS, writers of
soned by order of Tiberius, 128; complains to Petronius the New Testament, iii. 138 to 475
of an injury done the Jews in Syria, 98; presents a Hody's (H.) opinion concerning the Hagiographa, ii. 543,
gold chain at Jerusalem, 128; orders Nazarites to be 547 ; quoted, iii. 75, 79, 357, 360
shaved, 116

Hogg's (Mr.) note concerning the Ophians, iv. 657
Herod Antipas, tetrarch of Galilee, in the time of John the HOLY SPIRIT, meaning of it in the Scriptures, v. 215 to 217,

Baptist, and our Saviour, i. 12 ; his marriage with He- 395 to 431, 493, 494. A Letter upon the Personality of
rodias, ibid. ; see also 212; banished by Caligula into the Spirit, v. 473, 474; see also the word Spirit
Gaul, 13; was at Jerusalem at the time of our Saviour's Homoüsian, different sentiments concerning that word, ij. 76
crucifixion, 8o

Homoüsians, called heretics, iii. 63, 64; they persecuted the
Herod king of Chalcis, married his niece Bernice, i. 16; see Arians, and others, ibid.

also 213, note e; had the government of the temple, 18, Honoratus, Augustine's friend, once a heathen, afterwards a
' notes

Manichee, ii. 150, 159.
Herod, son of Herod the Great, by Mariamne the high priest's Hormista of Orosius, iv. 482

daughter, bis history, and that he was otherwise called Hours of the day, computed in the gospel of John, as in the
Philip, and was the first husband of Herodias, i. 212

other gospels, in the Jewish manner, iii. 238; v. 482
Herodians, who they were, i. 70

to 484
Herodias, married Herod the tetrarch, i. 12; her character, Huber, (Z.) commended, i. 56

12, 13; her daughter demands John Baptist's head, 13; Huet, (P. D.) quoted, i. 403 ; his opinion concerning the
who was her first husband, 212, 213

design of Philostratus in writing the life of Apollonius of
Herwaert, (John Geo.) bis interpretation of Luke ii. 2. i. 165. Tyana, iv. 263, 264
Hesychius, Bp in Egypt, bis edition of the Old and New Tess Hunt (Dr.) quoted, v. 413; his funeral sermon, 51; his life
tament, ii. 111, 112, 113; mentioned again, 128

and character, 57 to 63
Heuman, (C. A.) his opinion concerning the bishopric and Hymns to the gods, were sometimes in prose, sometimes in

martyrdom of Hippolytus, i. 498; his edition of Lactan verse, iv. 23
tius commended, ii. 261, 266 ; his opinion concerning Hymns, used in the church, afterwards laid aside, i. 628
the Manichæism of Lactantius considered, 275; his re. Hypalia, her great merit, and the manner of her death, iv.
marks upon a passage of Polycrates Bp of Ephesus, 555; 425, 426
quoted, ii. 258, 279, 362, 568 ; iii. 6, 195, 197, 214, Hypythians, said by Origen to use spurious writings, i. 559
267, 424, 426, 431, 433; his remarks upon Pliny's letter Hyrcanus, higb-priest and prince of Judea, i. 9; put to death
concerning the Christians examined, iv. 19, 21; quoted by Herod, 180

and cominended, 250
Hierax, a learned Christian of Egypt, reckoned a Manichee,

ii. 153; but without reason, 153, 154; his eminence, 154,
155 ; his testimony to the scriptures, 155

Jackson, (J.) his opinion of the time of a work of Novatian,
Hierocles, who wrote against the Christians at the beginning and of Sabellianism, examined, ii. 57 to 59; an answer to

of Dioclesian's persecution, iv. 112 ; an account of his his remarks on the fifth volume of the former edition of
work from Lactantius, 253 to 255 ; from Eusebius, 255, this work, 131 to 135
256; he did not deny the truth of our Saviour's miracles, Jamblichus, his time, and his life of Pythagoras, with re-
but set up Apollonius Tyanæus against him: be was well marks, showing that he did not aim to oppose Pythagoras
acquainted with the books of the Old and New Testament, to our Saviour, iv. 269, 270, another work of his, with
and bears witness to their antiquity and genuineness, and remarks, 270, 271
mentions by Aame St. Peter and St. Paul, 254 to 258; JAMES, ST. son of Zebedee, the first martyr for Christ among
see also 296, 297; guilty of great cruelties when be was the apostles, beheaded by Herod Agrippa, lii. 313 ; said,

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but without reason, to bave planted the gospel in Spain, An account of his book Of Illustrious Men, 432; of some
214, note

other of his works, 534 ; his editions and versions of the
JAMES, (St.) the son of Alpheus, bis history from the New scriptures, and commentaries upon them, 565, 566; his

Testament, whereby it appears that he was an apostle, iii. testimony to the scriptures, 539, &c. select passages, 571,
368 to 370 ; his bistory from ancient writers, 370 to 378; 572 ; once an adairer of Origen, afterwards his enemy,
who he was, and his history from Jerom, ii. 559, 560; he 624; his Latio version of the scriptures quoted by Cassian,
was an apostle according to Epiphanins, 419; Augustine, iii. 17; and Gregory bishop of Rome, 72
587 ; the son of Alpheus, consequently an apostle, in the Jerusalem, when taken by Pompey, iii.492 ; when Titus began
Imperfect Work, ii. 66

to besiege it, 496; when he took it, 492, 496, 523, 524;
Not esteemed to be an apostle by Eusebius, ii. 383; the distresses of the city during the siege, see Famine.
Cyril of Jerusalem, 410; and see the Synopsis, 405 ; The The number who perished in the siege and in Judea, 525,
Constitutions, 438 ; but see 426, 436; Gregory Nyssen, 529, 570; the city afterwards called Ælia, ii. 119
476; said to be one of Christ's seventy disciples in the Jesus: the true time of his nativity, i, 192, 193 ; said to be
Synopsis of Dorotheus, 88

found by the wise men of the East, not in a stable, but in
He presided in the church of Jerusalem after the death a house, iii. 88; the time of the duration of his ministry,
of St. Stephen, iii. 369, 370, 372, 373 ; he presided in i. 200, 231, 232 ; ii. 40, 138, 456, 487; iii. 45, 78, 88;
the council at Jerusalem, 370; his excellent character, the time of his crucifixion, i. 208 ; his age at the time of
370; how he was the Lord's brother, 372, 373, 379 to his baptism, ii. 420; how many passovers in his ministry,
381; according to the Commentary upon St. Paul's ibid. ; his ministry said to continue three years and a
thirteen epistles, ii. 521; according to Pelagius, 631;

half, 379
Theodoret, jji. 12 ; Oecumenius, 84; Theophylact, 87; He wrought no miracles in early life, and disdained
why called the Less, iii. 383 ; called also the Just, 384; case and luxury, ii. 487, 612; Remarks upon bis three,
other marks of respect for bim, ibid.

miracles of raising the dead, 487; A Vindication of these
His martyrdom in the temple, with the manner and in answer to Woolston's objections, v. 332 to 370; owing
time of his death, iii. 374 to 379; thirty years after our to modesty that he said of Jairus's daughter, she sleeps, ii.
Lord's ascension according to Btde, 79; the account of 627; was a philosopher and truly religious, 365 ; called
his death, 543 ; the paragraph concerning him in Josephus the first martyr, 471; by some said to have cleansed the
not genuine, 542, 543 ; see i. 45

temple twice, by others but once, ibid.; all bis miracles
His Epistle : Ils genuineness, iii. 385, 386; when healing and beneficial, iii. 55; he said and did many things
written, 386, 387; to whom, 84, 386 to 388

not recorded in the gospeis, ii. 627 ; iii. 88; bis miracles
It seems to be referred to by Clement of Rome, i. 301 ; true and certain, and well attested, 578, 579; his predic-
by Hermas, 309, 310; how quoted by Origen, 538, 539,

tions of the calamities coming on the Jews, 496; Proofs of
541; whether referred to by Commodian, ii. 73 ; received his resurrection, ii. 477 ; the evidence of it increased by
by tbe Paulicians, ibid. ; quoted by the younger Arno the scrupulousness of Thomas, 503 ; the ends of bis mi-
bius as written by James the apostle, 257; seenis to be nistry and death, 598, 599; he did not use force, 599;
referred to by Lactantius, 288 ; received by Athanasius, bis character by Palladius, iij. 5 .
400, 401; Cyril of Jerusalem, 400; the council of Lao-

He had a human soul and body, v. 373, &c; according
dicea, 415 ; Epiphanius, 417, 418; supposed to be refer to the ancient catholic Christians, 393, 394 ; was not an
red to in the Constitutions, 438; received by Gregory angel, 425, 426;. is the Messiah, iii. 593; why called
Nazianzen, 470; Ampbilochius, 473; the Syrian churches, Christ, ij. 612; his great dignity as the Messiah, v. 386,
488, iii. 53 ; Jerom, and generally in his time, ii. 559, 387; pot reputed to be God wbile on earth, either by the
560; Augustine, 579, 587; Chrysostom, 607; Sulpicius Jews or by his disciples, iii. 13 ; why called the Son of
Severus, 622 ; Chromatius, Bp of Aquileia, 625; Inno God, 67; V. 197 to 200, 381 to 384
cent Bp of Rome, 628 ; Paulinus, 630 ; Pelagius, 631; Apocryphal books concerning his nativity, and that he
Palladius, iii. 5 ; Cyril of Alexandria, 9; Theodoret, 12; left no written volume, ii. 563 ; his nativity according to
Cassian, 17; Prosper, 21; Salvian 36; the Imperfect Talmudical writers, iii. 532, 533 ; his journey into Egypt
Work, 66; Oecumenius, 84; Theophylact, 87

according to the same writers, 533, 534; his disciples ac-
Not quoted by Irenæus, i. 370, 371; nor by Clement cording to them, 355 ; and his last sufferings, 356
of Alexandria, 403 ; nor by Tertullian, 428, 429, 430; Jesus, or Joshua, the son of Ananus, his remarkable story,
nor Cyprian, ii. 24 ; not received by all in the time of iii. 519, 520, 522, 536
Eusebius, 369, 373; and Jerom, 559; doubted of by Jewish believers, their opinion concerning the person of
some, iii. 74; especially in the east, 59

Christ, ii, 235, note d; see Ebioniles and Nazarenes. The
Idacius, Bp of Emerita, prosecutor of Priscilliao and his fol. faith of early Jewish believers a valuable testimony to the
lowers, ii. 499

truth of the Christian religion, iii. 477 to 485; their faith
Idumeans, who they were, and their conversion to Ju a great virtue, 482
daism, i. 9

Jewish canon, by whom received. See Canon.
Jehudah, or Judah, the holy, composer of the Mishna, bis Jewish unbelievers, how they treated the primitive Christians,
time and character, iii. 547, 548, 551

iii. 486 to 488
Jeremiah the prophet, said by some not to have died, ij.o1, Jews had the free exercise of their religion in Judea, i. 20;
92 ; an apocryphal book, with his name, mentioned by their civil state in Judea, according to the evangelists, 2 I
Jerom, 562

10 41; according to oi her ancient writers, 41 to 57 ; could
Jerom, his time, ii. 531, 532; his history and character, 532 imprison men, 32; could inflict lesser penalties 24, 32, 33,

to 539; his masters in Latin, in grammar, &c. 532 ; in 44; had a council, 25, 32, 44; could not legally inflict
Hebrew, 533 ; his account of apocryphal books of the Old capital punishments, 26 to 28, 37 to 41, 47 ; objections
Testament, 30; well acquainted with Jewish traditions, against that supposition considered, 28 to 31 ; bad a coun-
iii. 551; his accounts of the Nazarene Christians, 484; cil at Alexandria, 46, 47 ; decided little differences among
confutes the Manichees in his works, ii. 148; what he themselves at Sardis, 47 ; privileges bestowed upon ibem
says of their fasting, 160; wrote severely against heretics, by the Romans and others, 96, &c.; excused by the Romans
iv. 512, 522, 523; favoured by pope Damasus, and made from military service, 125, 145; and from appearance in
his secretary, ii. 464, 465; several of his works irentioned, the courts of judicature on the Sabbath and the preparation,
ibid. ; quoted, v. 394. 402, and elsewhere. The time of 98; were riotous, 50, 51, 109, 210; praetised polygamy,
his stay at Rome, ii.464; how censured by Palladius, 535. 22, 23; and divorces, 22, 23, 214; were very corrupt
and wicked, 77, 78; numerous out of Judea, 60, 61; hearsed and examined, ii. 554, 555; whether he met
their twelve tribes in being at the time of our Saviour and Ebion, or Ceriothus, at a public bath in Ephesus, i. 325 ;
his apostles, 61; the registers of their families also then in whether he was cast into a cauldron of boiling oil, 420 ;
being, 147 ; expected the Messiah, 72 to 74, 75; re he raised a dead mau to life at Ephesus, 480; said to have
quired a sign, 74 ; why they rejected Jesus, 76, 77; their delivered a creed to Gregory Thaumaturgus, 593 ; his
sin in rejecting him very great, iii. 505, 588 to 591 ; their superior knowledge of the doctrine of the Trinity, 604;
enmity to the first Christians, i. 50, 51, 90, 91, 94, 108, why he and his brother James were surnamed by our Lord
109. iii. 481 to 488; were numerous at Rome, i. 63, 98; Boanerges, iii. 213, 214; whether he followed our Lord
banished from Rome by 'Tiberius, 98; by Claudius, 135; to the high-priest's and let in Peter, 215, 216; why our
upeasy under the Roman governments 118; their request Lord comnitted the care of his mother to him, 216
to be under a Roman governor after the death of Herod, His great excellence, and the superiority of his gospel
44, 158 ; crucified by the Roman soldiers before the walls above those of the other evangelists, and above Peter,
of Jerusalem, iii. 515, 516, 525, 568; ript up for the sake ii. 552, 583, 602. iii. 9; his gospel was not written by
of treasure, 516, 567 ; the nuinbers that perished at the way of opposition to any heretics, iii. 239 to 241; therein
siege of Jerusalem, and elsewhere, 525, 528, 570; many the errors of Cerinthus and others confuted, 239 ; written
compelled to fight in amphitheatres, 526, 571 ; required the last of the four gospels, and the occasion of writing
to pay tribute to the capitol at Rome, 528, 620; the ad it, and its superior excellence, i. 365, 395. ii. 629.
vantages which Christians have from the dispersion and iii. 86; the time and occasion of writing it according
subsistence of the Jews, ii. 598, 618;, their circumstances to Victorinus, ii. 95 ; Theodore of Mopsuestia, ii. 529;
a cogent argument for the truth of the Christian religion, the occasion of writing it, 368, 369, 529, 552, 553,
iii. 591, 592. Three Discourses on this subject from Rom. 602, 629, 630. iii. 52, 86; the use and importance of
xi. 11. V. 34 to 50

it, ii. 603 ; the opinion of divers learned moderns con-
Ignatius, Bp of Antioch, his time, i. 313; the smaller cerning the time when it was written, iii. 229; that it was

epistles ascribed to him genuine, 315; according to Dr. written at Ephesus 52; before the destruction of Jerusalem
Jortin, who rejects the Apostolical Constitutions, iji. 97;. about the year 68, 229 to 237 ; objections to this con-
his testimony to the books of the New Testament, 316 to sidered, 237 to 242; bis gospel not written till after the
323 ; how quoted by Origen, 551, 552; the time of his destruction of Jerusalem, ii. 603 ; before the destruction
martyrdom, 315. IV. 34

of Jerusalem, iii. 86; about the time of it, 91; many
Imperial laws concerning Gentile people and their worship, years after it, 90; after his being in Patmos, 79; written
iv. 435 to 445

the last in the New Testament, 41; before the Revelation,
Imprisonment, the Roman method, i. 127

43 ; his gospel and epistles written after his return from
Improvement of time, a sermon, v. 253

Patmos, and after the death of Domitian, 79; his gospel
India, Christians there, iii. 55

said. to be written in Asia, 74; in Patmos, 87 ; at.
Infants at Bethlehem, their slaughter mentioned by Christian Ephesus, according to Irenæus, i. 365; Ebedjesu, ii. 483:

writers and by Macrobius a heathen author, i, 183, 184; Testimonies of ancient writers to his gospel, iii. 226 to
why not related by Josephus, 180 to 183

228; referred to by Ignatius, i. 317; received by Justin M.
Innocent I. Bp of Rome, persecutes the Novatians, ii. 57; 344; Athenagoras, 379; Theophilus of Antioch, 384;

his Catalogue of the books of the Old and New Testa called a spiritual gospel, 395 ; his gospel and first epistle,
ment, 628

universally received ;, his second and third epistles not so.
Inquisitiveness in things of religion recommended, i. 612: received in Origen's time, 532, 533, 540; his gospel the
iv. 42

first fruit of the gospels, 543 ; quoted by Novatus, ii. 60,-
Inscription, in honour of Titus after the conquest of Judea, 61 ; by Dionysius of Rome, 71 ; by Victorinus, 95; by.

iii. 533 ; concerning the Christians in the time of Anatolius, 78; Theognoslus, 82 ; Archelaus, 139; his ,
Nero, 608

gospel and second epistle quoted by Alexander of A.
Instrument, that word sometimes used by Latin writers instead. ii. 302 ; his gospel and first epistle universally received in :
of Testament, iii. 140

the time of Eusebius and betore, 368, 369 ; his gospel
Job, his book said to be written by Moses, ii. 103; his . mentioned with marks of great respect, 475, 494, 495 ;

dunghill visited by superstitious people in Chrysostom's bis gospel and epistles and Revelation received by Jerom,
time, ii. 619

548, 553, 554 ; observations upon his gospel, iii. 242 to
John the Baptist, the Manichæan opinion of bim, ii. 112; 244 ; a commentary upon it by. Cyril of A. iii. 8; respecto

the boundary of the Old and New Testament, iii. 18; fully quoted by Amelius, iv. 200; he computes the hours
said to have been baptized by Christ, 67; how he was of the day as the other evangelists, after the Jewish .
revered for his austere character by Josephus and many manner, iii, 298, V: 482 to 484
other Jews, iii. 536, 537; the genuineness of the para His three epistles; their genuineness, ïïi. 425, 426; the
graph concerning him in the works of Josephus assertod, time of writing the first of them, 426 to 428.; to whom .
534 to 537

it was sent, 428,-429 ; observations upon the second
Joan, (St.) APOSTLE AND Evangelist; bis history from epistle, 429 to 131 ; upon the third, 431 to 436; when

the New Testament, iii. 212, 213; called the Divine, they were written, 437 ; his first epistle referred to by
ii. 627. ii. 9, 52; by Eusebius, ii. 380; Athanasius 401; Polycarp, i. 332; and the martyrs at Lyons, 362 ; quoted
and Cyril 410; he was younger than Peter, and survived by Papias, 338, 340, 341; by Clement of Alexandria, 403;
all the apostles, 629; was related to the Lord, and why by Tertullian, 429, 430 ; his first and second epistles
beloved above the other disciples, ii. 37; had three. quoted by Irenæus, 370, 371; his first epistle often quoted
mothers, ibid. ; when he left Judea to go to reside at: by Dionysius of Alexandria, and his second and bird
Ephesus, 219; was banished, i. 426, by Domitian into spoken of as ascribed to him, 635; whether bis second
Patmos, where he wrote the Revelation, ii. 622. li. 76; the and third epistles were received by Cyprian, 26; his first
time of his banishment, 220 to 225; how long he was there, epistle quoted by Novatus, 64, by Commodian, 73, Metho-
and when he returned to Ephesus, 225, 226; his age dius, 107, Phileas, 127, and by the Novaljaps, 64, by
when he was called to be an aposile, and at the time of his Archelaus, 139, and by the Manichees, 216; his three
death, 218, 219; he lived to the time of Trajan, îi. 533 ; -

epistles received by the Paulicians, 239; the second and
and his age, 533, 534; what Suidas says of his great age,. third not received by all, 369, 384 ; his second epistle

608 ; several things said of bim by ancient ecclesiastical quoted by Alexander, 302 ; by Lucifer of Cagliari, 450,
- writers, iii, 219, 220; several stories concerning him re Optatus, 491; his tbird epistle, and the Revelation, quoled

in thc Commentary upon thirteen of St. Paul's epistles, temple by Titus, 562 to 572; observations upon his work,
52: ; his first epistle received by all, the other two 573, 574

bild of, 53 ; his first epistle said to be written to the Jotopata, the siege of that place, and the event of it, iji.
ithuus, 587. jii. 61, 79 ; his three episiles received by 489, 562
Innocent, ii. 628, Arethas, iii. 57, and all who had the Jovinian, against whom Jerom wrote, ii. 534
same canon with that now generally received; his second Irenæus, bishop of Lyons, his character of Polycarp, i. 325,
and third epistles doubted of by some, 74

320; his history, time, works, and testimony to the scrip-
The Revelation published in the time, and after the tures, 363 to 377; wrote no commentary upon the Reve-
tine of Domitian, ii. 97; but see iii. 450 to 452 : see lation, 348, 371; fragments ascribed to him, 375; the
Canon of the New Testament, and Catholic epistles, and the time and character of his Latin interpreter, ii. 13, 14; he
Rerelation

was not a martyr, i. 365. iv. 163 ; his account of the
John the elder, i. 337, 339

Heretics, Basilidians, 535, 554; Cainites, 652; Carpo-
John the publican at Cæsarea, bis good character, i. 120

cratians, 558 to 560; Cerdon, 586; Cerinthus, 564;
John of Gischala, bow he escaped from that place, and got Marcosians, 578 to 582; Marcionites, 588, &c.; Ophians,
to Jerusalem, iii. 510; taken prisoner, 570; and con 655; Saturninus, 532 ; Sethians, 647, 649; be observes
demned to perpetual imprisonment, according to Josephus, that the heretics bear testimony to the scriptures, 520; in
525; the account of his death in Josippon, 570; ste like his long and particular arguments with Valentinus and
wise p. 582

other heretics, he does not charge them with polytheism,
John, a martyr in Dioclesian's persecution, remarkable for 519; quoted, v. 391
bis menory, ii. 119

Isaiah, sawn asunder, ii. 92 ; his book rather a gospel than a
Jones, (J.) quoted, i. 295. ii. 29, 113. iii. 598, 617 ; his prophecy, 568; his Ascension or Analeticon, 155, men-
* opinion of the epistle ascribed to Baroabas, i. 284; a re tioned again by Jerom, 562

mark of bis upon a passage in Justin M. 348 ; upon Isidore, son of Basilides, i. 438
St. Mark's gospel, 398 ; quoted and commended, iii. 183, Isidore of Pelusium, quoted, ii. 536; his time, works, and tes-
and elsewhere; thinks that Seleucus, in Augustine's book timony to the scriptures, iü. 6 to 8; bis observations upon
of Heresies, is the same as Leucius, but is mistaken, iv. the testimony of Josephus, 531
625; is mistaken also in making Leucius a Mani- Isidore Bp of Seville, bis time, works, and testimony to the
chee, 630

scriptures, iii. 73-76
Jorlin, (Dr.) quoted, i. 253. iv. 30, note '. 52, note h. 181, Italic version, whether mentioned by Augustine, ii. 595.

509. v. 384, notes; his observations upon M. Antoninus See Abp of Canterbury's conjecture, 123
the philosopher, iv. 74, 78; receives the Philosophy of Ithacius, Bp of Sossuba, prosecutor of Priscillian, ii. 499 to
Oracles as a work of Porphyry, 238

501; his character, 505; deposed, 508
Joseph, Husband of Mary, on what account he was obliged Ittigius, (Tho.) his remark upon a passage of Justin M.

by the decree of Augustus to enrol himself, i. 147 ; why i. 348; upon Tatian's Harmony, 354; quoted and com-
he went to Bethlehem to be enrolled, ibid.; a current tra- mended, iii. 539
dition that he was a widower, and had children by a Judaize, the meaning of that word, iii. 403
former wife, iv. 633

Judas the traitor, present at the institution of the Lord's
Joseph, a Jew, beaten for reading the gospels, i. 24

supper, ii. 611; observations concerning him, 618,
Josephus, (Flavius) the Jewish historian, his time, works, iii. 6

and character, iii. 488 to 491; made governor of Galilee, Judas of Galilee, his principles, i. 119, 158; bis time, 158
i. 46; pretended to prophecy, 154; was a firm Jew, 254, Judas, a Christian writer, his history, i. 578; author of a
183; his passages concerning a terrible execution at Jeru. Commentary upon Daniel's seventy weeks, how he was
salem, in Herod's time, 152, 153, 190, 191; remarks affected with the cruelty of Severus's persecution, iv.
upon them, 152 to 156, 181; calls Livia, Augustus's wife, 166, 167
Julia, 216; calls Caiaphas Joseph, 216; bis silence no Jude (St.) his history, iii. 437 to 440; called also Thaddeus
objection against St. Mathew's history of the slaughter of and Lebbeus, 437, 439; not certain that he was a martyr,
the infants, 180; shy of mentioning Christian affairs, 135; 438; reasons for thinking that he was an busbandman
some remarkable omissions in bis history, 176 to 178; before he was called to be an apostle, 439, 440; the
his speech to the Jews to induce them to surrender to genuineness of the epistle ascribed to him, 440 to 445; to
Titus, 148; how he flattered Vespasian and Titus, 154, whom it was sent, 440, 445 ; the time of writing it, 445
iii. 490, 501, 547; endeavoured to save the honour of the to 447; not quoted by Irenæus, i. 371; quoted by Clement
Roman government, and the Jewish nation, i. 118, 119; of Alexandria, 403 ; and Tertullian, 430; how quoted by
his works not much respected by the Jews, iii. 491, 561; Origen, 541; why rejected by some, 559; not cited by
his History of the Jewish war, and the siege of Jerusalem, Cyprian, ii, 26; cited by the anonymous author against
and the conquest of Judea, 505 to 528; the value of his the Novatian heretic, 25 ; received by the Paulicians,
testimony, 529 to 531. iv. 10; observations upon his 239; not universally received in the time of Eusebius, or
writings and testimony, iii. 544 to 546. Two passages before, 369, 374; whether received by him, 384; quoted
concerning dæmoniacs, with remarks, i. 266 to 268; his by Lucifer of Cagliari, 450 ; rejected by some, but gene-
catalogue of the books of the Old Testament, ii. 545. rally received in Jerom's time, 561 ; received by Innocent,
Three paragraphs in his works, the genuineness of which 628; Isidore of Pelusium, üi. 7; Cyril of Alexandria, 9;
are considered : first, concerning John the Baptist, üi. Cassian, 17, and others. See Catholic epistles
534 to 536 ; second, concerning the Lord Jesus Christ, Judea, first brought into subjection to the Romans, by
537 10 540. iv. I to 9; correspondence with Dr. Chandler Pompey, iii. 492; reduced to the state of a province after
on this subject, i. p. xlv, xlvi; some farther observations, the removal of Archelaus, i. 43; a branch of the province
p. xlvi; third, concerning James, the Lord's brother, iii. 542 of Syria, 44, 48, 157 ; had in it no Roman governor with
to 544; what may have been the reason of Josephus not power of life and death, between Pilate's removal and
having mentioned any thing concerning our Saviour, 544 Herod Agrippa's accession, 49, 50; its state under Herod
to 547. Josephus mentioned by Anatolius, ii. 78; by the the great, 147 to 149
author of the Imperfect Work, iii. 67

Judgment, (Private) its rights asserted, ii. 272, 273
Joseph Ben Gorion, or Josippon, his age, work, and character, Judith, how quoted by Origen, i. 557; not reckoned a cao
iii. 560, 561, 573, 574; bis testimony to the Jewish war, nonical book by Jerom, ii. 540, 541, nor Rufinus, 573
the siege of Jerusalem, and the destruction of the city and Julian, emperor, his passage concerning our Saviour's eprol-
ment by Cyrenius, i, 141; does justice to the Novatians, i. 417; how he used the Sibylline books, 455; his
ii. 54; how he treated Titus of Bostra, 146, his edict for character of Cyprian's writings, ii. 8; his character by
bidding Christians to teach grammar, and other parts of Jerom, 244, 278; bis history and time, 257 to 260; his
literature, 453, 455; a letter of his to Photinus, 444 ; was works, 260 to 267 ; whether the book of the deaths of
a persecutor, iii. 93. iv, 295 ; his time and character, and persecutors be his, 264 to 266. iv. 298, 299; select pas-
behaviour towards the Christians, 311 to 321; whom he sages from him, ii. 267 to 275; errors ascribed to him, 275;
forbade to teach rhetoric, 320, 342, 375; called the whether he held Manichæan principles, 275 to 277; what
Christians Galileans, 321 ; when he renounced Christianity pope Damasus said of his epistles, 260, 261; his character,
and embraced Hellenism, 318, 345; how he dissembled 278 to 280 ; his testimony to the scriptures, 280 to 292 ;
his real sentiments for a good while, 375; his regard for what he says of the lawyer Ulpian, iv. 179; accounts of
the Jewish people, and his design to rebuild the temple at two writers against the Christians, at the beginning of
Jerusalem, v. 44. iv. 322 to 332 ; extracts out of his work Dioclesiau's persecution, one anonymous, the other Hiero-
against the Christians, which are a testimony to the books cles, 252 to 255 ; takes notice of the cruelties of Diocle-
of the New Testament, 332 to 341; the sum of those sian's persecution, 282; mentioned v. 402
extracts, 341, 342, 433, 434; extracts out of his orations Laertius, (Diogenes) his time and work, iv. 171; the inscrip-
and epistles, 342 to 348; vindicated from some charges, tion on the altar to the Unknown God, in Acts xvii. 23,
316, 317; his character in Eutropius, 371; makes free illustrated by a paragraph in his work, 171 to 176;
quent profession of moderation, and yet was a persecutor, whether he refers to the Christian eucharist, 176
318 to 321, 342, 343, 347, 348 ; his character by Cave, Lampe, (F. A.) quoted, iii, 216, 219, 220, 226, 229, 237,
321, note e

239, 380, and elsewhere
Juliana, friend of Symmachus, from whom Origen received Ælius Lampridius says that Adrian intended to build temples
his version of the scriptures, i. 447

to Christ, which story is examined, iii. 54 to 56 ; sup-
Julius Africanus. See Africanus

posed to refer to M. Antoninus's deliverance in Germany,
Julius Capitolinus. See Capitolinus

102 ; his passages relating to Alexander Severus as favour-
Julius Cassianus. See Cassianus

able to the Christians, 177 to 179; what he says of
Junilius, an African Bp. his work, time, and testimony to Heliogabalus's design to unite the Christian with other re-
the scriptures, iii. 58, 59

ligions, 251
Justin Murtyr, his history, i. 341; his works, 342; his Laodicea, the church there planted by St. Paul, iii. 362, &c.

account of the Jews cursing Christ in their synagogues, Laodicea, (The council of) their catalogue of the books of
94; his passages concerning Cyrenius, 140 ; concerning the Old and New Testament, with remarks, ii. 414 to 416
the slaughter of the infants, 183; concerning the Jewish Laodiceans, an epistle to them, whether used by the Mani-
practice of divorces, 22; not author of the epistle to Zena chees, ii. 216; rejected by all, according to Jerom, 556;
and Serenus, nor of that to Diognetus, nor of some other an epistle supposed to be sent to them, but was rather from
works ascribed to him, 342, 349; the time of his apolo- them, iii. 11, 85, 87
gies, and of his dialogue with Trypho, 342; the pathetie Lardner, (Mr. Rich.) father to the author of this work, his
address at the end of his first apology, iv. 42, 43; his tes character, i. p. xliii
timony to the scriptures, i. 343 to 349; wrote no com- La Roche, (Michael) his Memoirs of literature quoted,
mentary upon the Revelation, 348; did not use apocry. ii. 94
phal books, ibid. ; imitated Aristides in his first apology, Latin translation of the Old Testament, read in Christian
437; quoted and animadverted upon, v. 388, 389; he churches in the first ages, made from the Greek of the
wrote against Marcion, iv. 590. Of the Quæstiones et Seventy, ii. 594 ; of Jerom's translations, see ii. 594, 595,
Responsiones ascribed to him, i. 343

and his works under his name in this Index. The Latin
Justus, of Tiberias, what Josephus says of him, i. 40 ; men.. translation of the New Testament said to have been in

tioned again, 182 ; his testimony to the conquest of Judea, great disorder in Jerom's tinie, 569, 570, and see 595
by Titus, iii. 531, 532

Latronian, a Priscillianist, put to death at Treves, with Pris-
Justus, præfect of Asia, a zealous Gentile : his history from cillian, ii. 497
· Eunapius, iv. 386

Launoy, (J) his dissertation concerning Victorinus of Pettaw,
Juvenal, his time and works, iii.. 616; his testimony to ii. 89
Nero's persecution of the Christians, ibid.; and to Domi, Lau'yers, who they were, i. 69, 70
tian's persecution, 617

Learning not discouraged by the Christian religion, this
Juvencus, his work and testimony to the scriptures, ii. 407 appears from the catechetical school at Alexandria, in the
Izates, bis conversion to Judaism, i. 64; sends money to

early days of Christianity, i. 390; in which presided Pan-
Jerusalem in a time of famine, 134; his relations in Jeru. tænus, Clement, Origen, and others of great fame for
salem surrender to Titus, and are received by him, qii. learning: the library at Jerusalem, erected by Alexander,
523, 569

Bp of that city, 493, 494 ; and the library of Cæsarea,
erected and furnished by Pamphilus, ii. 116, 117, 120;
from the method of Origen in educating young men under

his care, i. 591, 592, and from the many learned Chris-
Kepler quoted, i. 165, 207

tians in every age.
Keuchenius, (Pet.) quoted, i. 140, 166; quoted and com- Lenfant, his argument concerning the inscription of the
mended, v. 525

epistle to the Ephesians, ii. 406, 467 ; quoted v.378, note.
King (P.) quoted, v. 425

381, note
King, (Ri.) who be was, iv. 106

Leo, Bp of Rome, how he treated the Manichees, ii. 161;
Kingdom of heaven taken by force, a sermon, v. 236

his account of the opinions of the Priscillianists, 512 to
Kortholt, (C.) his judicious observations upon Pliny's epistle 5.14 ; his charges against them considered, 516; likewise

to Trajan, iv. 20; and upon Trajan's rescript, 29, against the Manichees, 241, 242 ; his want of candour
notec

towards such as were called heretics, 512 ; his time and
Kuster, (L.) quoted and commended, iii. 32, 33 ; quoted, testimony to the scriptures, iii. 34 to 36
iv. 270

Leonides, Origen's father, divers particulars concerning his

family, and suffering martyrdom in the persecution of

Severus, i. 519, 520, 589. iv. 166
Lactantius, his character of Tertullian's style and apology, Leontius, Bp of the Novatians at Rome, ii. 55

K

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