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ROBERT E. LEE (Page 244) In 1907 the one hundredth anniversary of General Lee's birth was celebrated at Richmond, Virginia. Lee was born at Stratford on the Potomac, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, January 19, 1807. He was the third son of Colonel Henry Lee and Anne Hill Carter, his second wife. General Lee surrendered to General Grant at Appomattox, April 9, 1865. On that morning he said : “There is nothing left but to go to General Grant, and I would rather die a thousand deaths." This shows his admirable soldier-spirit. “How easily I could get rid of this,” he continued, “and be at rest. I have only to ride along the line and all will be over. But it is our duty to live. What will become of the women and children of the South, if we are not here to protect them?”. This shows the other spirit that resided in this heroic and gallant man. When his soldiers knew that he had surrendered, they gathered around him in groups with tears running down their cheeks, for they themselves had scarcely a thought of surrender, and they loved Lee beyond the power of words to express. With tears streaming down his own cheeks, in a trembling tone, all he could say to them was: “Men, we have fought through the war together. I have done the best I could for you. My heart is too full to say more.” This poem was read at the celebration mentioned above, and all are glad that that other noble and heroic soul, Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, expressed so well the feeling of the North toward this gentleman, “Virginia's son.
THE FLAG OF THE FREE (Page 244) The poem from which these stanzas are taken was given before the Phi Beta Kappa Society of Harvard University, June 30, 1910.
AMERICA FOR ME (Page 247) “America for Me" was published in The Outlook, September 25, 1909, under the title “Home Thoughts
From Europe.” No loftier sentiment for America can be found than that expressed here by Dr. van Dyke.
THE CHALLENGE (Page 248) Dysart McMullen (1882– ) was born in Howard County, Maryland, November 9, 1882. Long years ago the name was spelled Mac Mullen, for the family are Scotch Highlanders, with Welsh blood in their veins. Dysart McMullen was educated at Rock Hill College, Maryland, under the Christian Brothers. From this college he graduated in 1901. He has written verse since he was a boy, though but little of it was published until just recently. The Scribners have published a number of selections from his pen since the Great War began. Dysart enlisted at the entrance of the United States into the war, and is now (1918) in France serving the Red Cross as a commissioned officer.
An ODE OF DEDICATION (Page 249) Hermann Hagedorn is a young American author of excellent standing. He is of immediate German origin, but is to the tips of his fingers one hundred per cent American. In 1907 he graduated from Harvard, and was instructor in English there from 1909 to 1911. He is the author of several one-act plays, and besides being the author of many poems, he wrote You are The Hope of The World (1917), Where do
An Appeal to Americans of German Origin (1918), Barbara Picks a Husband (1918), A Boy's Life of Theodore Roosevelt (1918). With three other men, he organized the Vigilantes in 1916 — an organization every American should know and champion.
America entered the Great War April 6, 1917. These verses were written to be read before the Harvard Chapter, Phi Beta Kappa, June 18, 1917.
you Stand ?
“ LIBERTY ENLIGHTENING THE WORLD (Page 255)
This poem is one of Henry van Dyke's best. In his Preface to the book from which it is reprinted (The Red Flower) he said: “These are verses that came to me in this dreadful war time amid the cares and labors of a heavy task.” The one here given is among those in the book concerning which he said: “The rest of the verses were printed after I resigned my diplomatic post and was free to say what I thought and felt, without reserve. His work as Minister to the Netherlands after the war broke out is held in highest estimation by all civilized nations.
AMERICA AND HER ALLIES (Page 256) Washington Gladden (1836–1918) was an author and clergyman of wide reputation. He was born at Pottsgrove, Pennsylvania, February 11, 1836, and graduated from Williams College in 1859. In 1860 he was ordained to the Congregational ministry. He held a number of important pastorates, one of which was the First Congregational Church, Columbus, Ohio, where he was pastor from 1882–1914. He wrote thirty or more books, and contributed numerous articles to various periodicals on religious, moral, political, and social questions. He died at Columbus, Ohio, July 2, 1918.
AMERICAN CONSECRATION HYMN (Page 257) Percy MacKaye (1875– ) is a dramatist of note. He was born in New York City and has traveled extensively in Europe, residing in Rome, Brunnen (Switzerland), Leipzig, and London. He taught in a private school in New York from 1900 to 1904, and since then has been engaged almost wholly in dramatic work. He has lectured at Harvard, Yale, Columbia, and many other universities, on the theater. There is almost no end to his literary writings.
This hymn was dedicated by the author and the composer (Francis Macmillen) to President Wilson in response to the great incentive of the President's own words: “The Right is more precious than Peace." This “American Consecration Hymn" has been sung with great effect at the training camps.
INDEX OF AUTHORS
À Becket, Thomas, 214. Lippmann, Walter, 104.
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworti,
Lowell, A. Lawrence, 108.
103, 117, 155, 181, 183, 186. McMullen, Dysart, 248.
Munroe, James, 48.
Roosevelt, Theodore, 101, 119.
Root, Elihu, 96, 132.
Smith, Samuel Francis, 210.
Van Dyke, Henry, 80, 82, 84,
Wallace, William Ross, 225.
Whittier, John Greenleaf, 241.
Wilson, Woodrow, 105, 142,
156, 172, 190.
World's Work, The, 139, 153,
Printed in the United States of America.