[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][graphic]


Desirous of placing on record, for future reference when necessary, a complete History of the late Discussions in India respecting the Freedom of the Press; and, at the same time, unwilling to intrude on the space which should be appropriated to subjects more calculated to interest the general reader, we have thought it best to occupy a few additional sheets, by way of AppENDix, with the Official Correspondence that follows... The Documents could not be given at separate intervals, and in a broken and disjointed manner, without materially lessening their interest, and diminishing their force; nor would it be doing justice to the question to offer a mere abstract of their arguments. We shall i. to the enemies of a Free Press in India the task of presenting garbled and ex-parte statements, on this subject, to the world; and, for ourselves, adopt the more impartial plan of giving, complete, the Letters which have been written on both sides; leaving the reader to form his own conclusions on the facts and opinions therein developed and expressed. Under the system of terror that prevailed in India, towards the close of Lord Hastings's Administration, it was deemed unsafe to publish even these official documents, at least in that country; and when the permission of the Indian Government was asked for this purpose, no answer was made; as if the members of it were unwilling to grant and yet ashamed to refuse so just and reasonable a demand. It was then determined to make a compilation of the letters, and print a few copies for private distribution, until a period should arrive when it might be safe to publish them to the world. That period, it is conceived, is now arrived; and from their publication here, the British community will see the nature of the writings which the Indian Government thought it necessary to restrain in their Eastern dominions, and estimate rightly the slender grounds of their pretended alarm.

A brief Statement of the principal Events cted with the Question of Summary Transportation without Trial, as a Punishment for Offences through the Press in India. Compiled chiefly for the elucidation of certain points referred to in the Official Correspondence, which has recently passed between the Chief Secretary to Government and the Editor of the Calcutta Journal.—Printed exclusively for the private Information of the Editor's Friends; but neither published nor sold.—August 13, 1821.

The impossibility of multiplying manuscript copies of the recent Official Correspondence, between the Chief Secretary to Government

which Summary Transportation without Trial is made the threatened punishment for alleged offences through the Press. Such cases as

and the Editor of the Calcutta Journal, on
the subject of Discussions through the Press,
so as to satisfy the wishes of friends who feel
interested in the question, has led to the Edi-
tor’s adopting the present method of gratifying
their desire, by printing a few copies for pri-
vate use only. It is to be understood, there-
fore, by all those into whose hands such co-
pies may fall, that they are to be regarded in
the same light with written transcripts of the
originals, and as Private Papers, not to be
communicated without the writer's express
To elucidate the question, and explain
Inany references that are made in the course
of the Correspondence alluded to, it has been
thought advisable to reprint certain Documents
bearing on the Freedom of the Indian Press,

have been brought before the King's Court,
to be tried as libel by the laws of the land,
cannot of course be considered to bear on the
main question of the Freedom of the Press in
India, since abuses of the press must neces-
sarily be subject in every free country to its
legal judicial tribunals. The only legal pro-
ceedings yet entered into on this ground, have,
moreover, been before made public in the
newspapers, as Reports of the Court; and the
object of the present Pamphlet is merely to
show the real state of the question as far as
Summary and Forcible Banishment from the
Country, without Conviction or Trial, is con-
sidered the proper punishment for any act
which the Government, without the interven-
tion of any court, may deem objectionable.
As bearing particularly on this question of

and to confine the Official Letters to those in Transportation without Trial, which, what

Orient. Herald, Vol. 1. App.

« ElőzőTovább »