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the Hon. Mr. Lorke gave notice of his motion for enforcing the standing order of the House for the exclusion of strangers, to the 21st of June, when Sir Francis Burdett was liberated, by the dissolution of Parliament from the Tower, and Mr. Gale Jones was driven out of Newgate. In relating the debates about Walcheren, and the different matters that grew out of it, we have observed our usual method of arranging transactions under different heads or classes, and passing as much as possible froin one subject to another, according to the relations they bear to one another, and not merely that of abridging parliamentary debates, whatever the subject, in the order of time. It may be permitted to the imagination of a poet, “ rolling in a fine phrenzy from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven,” to carry his reader where and when he pleases ; " and set him down now at Thebes, and now at Athens.”* The poet, however various or rapid his flight, keeps still on the wing; still bears us smoothly along by transitions founded in strong associations of ideas, To pass abruptly, to skip backwards and forwards to a thousand heterogeneous motions, bills, and debates in both Houses of Parliament, could not, properly speaking, be called even Parliamentary History, far less the History of Europe. It must be admitted, however, that our statements of what passed annually in our Parliament, have been carried to details altogether disproportionate to an An. rual Register of the great affairs of various nations,
* Horat. Epist. 1.
This will be excused by the candid critics of even foreign nations, on the ground that they are principally intended for English readers. But we are not inattentive to free assemblies in other countries. We have entered sufficiently into the dissensions and contests, and given specimens of the debates, in the national, conventional, and legislative assemblies of France, until all freedom was suppressed by the usurpation of Buonaparte. Our attention is now solicited to the Cortes of Spain. If we were to measure the importance of the speeches in the Hall of the Cortes, and the propriety of introducing them into a general History of Europe, by the extent of their knowledge and views, and their admirable eloquence, we should not hesitate to make way for that introduction, by the suppression of much of what passes in our own Parliament. Nor would the British statesmen and orators be disparaged, if they were to sit as close together, and make as much room as possible for the admission of the Spaniards into the bright political zodiac of freedom: Individual liberty and national independence
Ipse tibia jam Brachia contralit ardens Scorpius* But in annals of Europe, we must be guided in our selections by the consideration of what is most important in its general effects and practical results. Had the speeches in Cato's little senate at Utica been published, there is not a doubt but they would have displayed as much wisdom and elo
* Virg. Georg. lib. 1, ver. 3+.
quence as any recorded by Livy or Sallust; but they would not have excited at the time the same degree of interest. As yet, the deliberations and decisions of the Cortes have not had any actual influence on the affairs of nations. In the present volume, as inuch space has been allotted, as could be possibly spared, to the convocation, formation, and first proceedings of that august assembly, in which deputies appeared from the Spaniards in all the four quarters of the world. It is our sincere wish and prayer, and there is not wanting reason to hope that the deliberations of the Spanish may one day rival in importance those of the British senate. It will serve as a focus to collect, retain, and reflect the genial rays of patriotism and public spirit; to consolidate the dispersed elements of public force into one mighty mass, and confirm the stability, and promote the prosperity and grandeur of the Spanish nation by an enlightened, uniform, and steady government.
We ought to congratulate our readers on the glory acquired this year by the skill as well as valour displayed by our arms in the pepinsula of Spain, and in the East Indies, under the direction of Lord Wellington and Lord Minto: both of them, being eminently distinguished by active and extensive genius, bright ornaments of their country.
Debates thereorzinvolving particularly a Review of the War in Spain
dealer's Motion carried by a small Majority: A Committee of the whole
so the Scheldt.--Motion for Papers relative to that Sulject, agreed to.
Information of a Nature improper to be made public. ................