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nourable and right honourable gen. tlemen had not, in those days, to legislate upon bills for the construction of rail-ways.

Letters of Marque.-Letters of marque and reprisal were first issued in 1295. A merchant of Bayonne, in Gascony, where Edward I. then was, had gone with a ship to Barbary, where he took on board a quantity of almonds, raisins, and figs; and on his voyage back from Eng. land, he and his ship and cargo were seized by some armed force from Lisbon, as he lay at anchor on the Portuguese coast, and were carried into Lisbon, where the captors paid the king of Portugal a tenth share (the ship and cargo being valued at seven hundred pounds sterling), al though Peace then subsisted between England and Portugal. King Edward therefore granted the merchant letters of marque against the subjects of Portugal, where he could seize their effects, and especially against those of Lisbon, for five years, or until he shall reimburse himself for his losses, on condition that he accounted to the king for any sur plus he might take over and above his real damages and expenses. : Drunkenness in Kings.-Sully, in his memoirs, vol. ii. page 90, says, " that James's custom was never to mix water with his wine.” Sir Edward Peyton informs us, “ that when the king of Denmark (brother. in-law to James) was first in England, both kings were so drunk at Theobald's, that one king was carried in the arms of the courtiers, when one cheated another of the bedchamber, by getting a grant from king James, for that he would give him the best jewel in England for a pearl of 1001, he promised him; and so put king James in his arms and carried him to his lodging, and defrauded the bedchamber man, who had much ado to get the king into his bed.

The Bishops in 1641.-It was the constant aim of that united and " compact phalanx,” the bishops, to prevent all reformation in church and state during the reign of Charles I., and to support him in all his arbitrary views and artifices. It was this which induced the Presbyterians and Puritans to get a bill passed through both houses of Parliament for the exclusion of the Bishops from their seats in the House of Lords ;-the question of their right to sit there, having indeed long previously been agitated, This memorable bill passed the Commons on thellth March, 1640-1, and passed the Lords on the 27th May following. The Act was repealed in 1661.

Source of Mortality in Russia.In Russia the common people are frequently deprived of sensation, by vapours arising from the following cause. Persons of rank in that country have double windows to their houses in winter, but those of the poorer classes are only single. During frosty weather an incrustation is formed on the inside of those windows, from a condensation of the breath, perspiration, &c. of a number of persons living together in the same chainber. This mephitic crust is mixed with the noxious fumes of candles, and of the stove with which the chamber is heated. When a thaw succeeds, and this plate of ice is converted into water, a deletrious principle is disengaged, which produces effects similar to those arising from the fumes of charcoal. The method of recovering persons affected by this effluvia, is as follows :--They are immediately carried of doors und placed on the snow, with no other covering than a shirt and linen drawers. Their temples and stomach are then well rubbed with snow, and cold water is poured down their throats. The friction is continued till the livid hue of the skin disappears, and the surface acquires its natural colour.

2. INDEX

TO THR

SECOND VOLUME OF THE MONTHLY REVIEW FOR

NEW AND IMPROVED SERIES.

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Anne, Queen, remarks on the reign of 106
Annuities, the long ................ 105
Anobona, anecdote of the present King

of ..............:;:
Applegath and Cowper's improvement

in printing engines.............. 174
Archers' Guide .........
Archer, Major, his Tours in Upper

India

.

21

534

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ABATTOIRS, account of ..
Abiponians, account of
Academies, curious Italian ones .....
Actors, a letter on the morality of the
life of .........

479
- hints to ..

446
Acts of Parliament, beauties of...... 445
Africa, our possessions in .......... 290

-- the slave trade of the western

coast of.......
African Institution, origin of ....... 521

- conduct of ...... 528
Agricultural produce of England .... 112
Aikin, Miss, her Court of Charles I. . 419
Airy, Professor, his paper on astro-

nomy.........................
Albanese, charac

aracter of ...
Alliteration, remarks on ...
Ambassadors, rank of, 245 ; claims
on................

249
America, independence of scholars in, 319

Penitentiary system, 1; trea-
ties of with England, 246, 253, 255;
Indians of the north of, 509; Lieut.

Coke's travels in ................ 40€
American Indians, account of, 509;
their colour ....................

510
Amusement, an Indian one .........
Anagram, remarks upon ........... 408
Andirons, account of .............
Anger, observations on .........
Animal Kingdom, English version of. 423

- Magnetisin, account of experi-
ments on ..........

........... 291
Animals, observations on cruelty to.. 92

- remarks on .............. 506

- structure of their habitations.. 188
VOL. II. (1833) NO. IV.

Arctic Expedition, account of that in

search of Captain Ross....... 268
Aristocracy, picture of.............
Annihilation, Goethe's notions of .... 310
Arms, stands of ........

168
Army, British, in America ......... 419
reform of .................

535
Artists, longevity of ..

350
Arundel, Earl of..................

451
Astrology, state of, in the reign of
Charles I....

.......459462
Astronomers, curious fact in the lives

of ............................. 339
Astronomy, Professor Airy upon, 338;
progress of English in, 340; history

.......... 405
Atmosphere, remarks on ............ 502
Auburn, account of the Penitentiary of 7
Austin S. his work on Jurisprudence. 78
Australia, see New Holland, climate of,

486 ; account of the natives of.... 488
Austria, system of, in the Tyrol ..... 203
Australian Colonies .............. 585
Authors on law, longevity of........ 349

...B.
Back, Captain, his expeditions in search

of Ross........................ 267
Baiting, tiger ........

2 R

of.........

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........ 142

Burke, Edw. on slavery, 233; anec-

dotes of .......
Burning of a ship, a narrative, by

Buonaparte, 263; of York Cathe.
dral.............

200
Burns, remarks on ............217-533
Buicher's peculiarities of Jews....... 123
Byron, Lord, analysis of the cause of
his early death .......

358
- anecdote of ........... 281
remarks on..........

540

24

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Bakers in Paris........

... 416
Bakewell, R. his geology .......337-345
Balsain of Copaiba, use of in printing
ink ....

......... 227
Bank of England .............105-108

- early history of .... 109
Bank stock, strange mode of selling in
America .......

470
Bankers, chartered, transactions of ... 113
Barker, Captain, account of his death. 495
Barometer, remarks on............. 503
Barrels for guns, manufacture of .... 165
Basil, St. his poetical address to a

fallen virgin .................. 72
Bassnett, Rev. B. on the Liturgy .... 440
Bavaria, state of crime in, 191; social

condition of .................... 197
Beatlie, Dr. on slavery.............
Bedford, earls of, see Russell, 1st.

earl, 395; 2nd earl, 397 ; 3rd earl,

398 ; dukedom of created ........ 403
Beer, sale of......................

132
Begum, an Indian, strange history of

a female one ...................
Berlin decree, account of ........... 260
Berzelius, analysis by, of inorganic
bodies .........................

130
Biography, general ................

425
Birds, account of the nests of........

190
Birmingham, manufactures of, 164;
gun trade of ...................

167
Bishop Toby's Pilgrimage..........

429
Blind, advice to ....

288
Bliss, Henry, his statistics of Canada. 277
Boaden, James, his Memoirs of Mrs.

Inchbald ..................
Bulwer, E. L his England and the

English .........
Buona parte, his hatred of Pitt, 257;

curious anecdotes of, 259-263; his

dialogue with Lucien ..........
Boats, Virginia .....

549
Bones, use of in the arts..

507
Books, sale of in America ...

414
Bossuet, anecdote of .....

90
Botanical Magazine ............... 128
Bourbons, cost to England of restoring
Boyle, legacy of .................

378
Brain, physiology of .........

501
Brass, remarks on ....
Bridgewater Treatise ; that by Dr.

Chalmers, 378; by Dr. Kidd..... 199
Britannia, the composition of Thom-

son, the poet ...
Bristol, Lord, anecdote of .......... 523
British Association for the Advance-

ment of Science, account of its laws 313
- Empire, resources of, 98; capi-
tal of .... ....................

115
Brougham, Lord, on slavery........

233
Brown Bess, meaning of ............

166
Browning, account of the process of.. 166
Buckingbain, Duke of ............. 451
Burial-ground fees, condemnation of. 376
Burial, mode of, amongst the Indians. 520

......... 379

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Cabinet Dinner, description of one, .. 213
Calumet, account of ............... 515
Camel, structure and habits of....... 507
Camp-meeting, account of on: ...... 414
Canada balsam, use of in printing ink. 727
Canada, sketches of, by Mackenzie ..

remarks on as a place for emi-
gration, 323; origin of its name .. 415
Canoe, account of the manufacture of,

512; working of on the waters.... 513
Capital, account of the amount of in
England.......................

115
Capodistrias, death of.............. 30
Caravanserai, account of ...........
Carmignani, M. G. on criminal law.. 303
Castlereayli, the late Lord, anecdotes

of .... ..................
Catechism, the Political Union one... 439
Catholic Emancipation, poetical re-

flections on ....................
Chain cables, remarks on...........
Chalmers, Dr. his Bridgewater Trea-

tise ........
Change-alley, remarks on .

109
Charities, public abuses of..........
Charles I. anecdote of, 131 ; court of,

449 ; his queen, 453; his extraor-
dinary vow, 461; his trial .......
- - example of his arbitrary
conduct .....

XII, saying on his death
Charter, the first for liberty........
Chenevix, his practice of Mesinerisin .
Cheyne, Dr. saying of ......
Children of Peace, account of ...
China, the great wall of....
Chippewas, account of............. 519
Chippeyaus, account of ...
Chronometers, remarks on...

153
Church of England, satirical account
of its origin, 373; its clerzy......

Mr. Overton's
poem on .......

vow of Carles i.
respecting it........
Cinnamon, curious fact about ...... 415
Civilization, remarks on .........

5.39
Climate, remarkable fact respecting ..

of Australia......
Cliques, account of...............

536
Cloquet, Jules, his case of magnetism, 297

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lative rank of ................ 245
Distillation, nature of the destructive

sort of occo.................. 507
Dogs, Goethe's antipathy 10 ........ 310
Douglas's, Sir H. naval in provements 149
Doyle, M. bis Treatise on Gardening. 277
Drafts, commercial method of prevent-

ing forgery of .................. 230
Drama, remarks on ........... 176-219
Dramatists, longevity of............ 349
Dream, the, and other poenis ....... 429
Drums, origin of.................. 546
Dukedom of Bedford, creation of .... 403

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Clothing, anecdote of i ............. 86
Clubs, remarks on ................ 536
Cochrane, Lord, anecdute of........ 151)
Cocoa-nut tree, account of.......... 514
Coke, Lieut. his Subaltern's Fulough. 466
Colocotroni, account of the residence

of. 56: life of...................
Colquhoun, J. C. his Animal Magne-

tism ......................... 291
Colour, that of the American Indians, 510
Columbian press, account of ........ 171
Commercial relations of England in

the time of Elizabeth ............ 450
Conder, Josiah, his work on Slavery.. 231
Confession, auricular doctrine of .... 60
Congreve rocket, application of...... 550
Conscience, account of the influence

of, in the human mind ..........
Contentment, observations ou .......
Conyngham, Mrs, G. L. her Dream,

and other poems................
Copying machines, account of .....
Corn Laws, operation of .........
Cosma II. anecdote of ...........
Costume, that of the American Indians
Cotton, cultivation of in Guzerat ....

manufacture .............. 113
Court of London, residence at, by

Rush, 240; of France under Napo-

leon ..........
Cowper, the poet, account of his mad-

ness........................ . 355
Creation, testimonies of the wisdom of,

(see Bridgewater) .............. 187
Creighton, the adınírable ...
Crews of ships, remarks on ......... 145
Crime, state of in Bavaria ........
Criminals, reform of......
Cruelty, observations upon it .......
Cuba, slave settlements in .......
Cunningham, G. G. his Lives of Emi-

nent Men.......
Curry, receipt for making ..........
Cuvier, Baron, translation of his Regne
Animal....

.. 423

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Earth, speculations respecting ....... 4116
Earthenware manufacture .......... 114
East India Companies ............. 105
East India Company, administration of

45 et seq 48
East, Flowers of .................. 542
Ecclesia Anglicana, a poem, so called. 269
Edgeworth, Miss, her letter to Mrs.
Inchbald ................ . ...

- remarks on her omis-
sion of religion in her writings .... 369
Emigration, early, from England . .. 451
Emigrants, advice to............... 41
Encyclopædia of cottage, &c. archi-

tecture ..................
Encyciopedie des Gens du Monde.... 587
England, her commerce in the time of

................. 259

Elizabeth........!

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English character abroad, reinarks on 193
English, remarks on .......... 533-538
English home, tales for an..........435
Enthusiast, the young .........
Eskdaleside, the hermit of .......... 592
Etiquette, diplomatic ..........245—249
Eucharist, doctrine of...............66
Exchequer Bills, their origin....... 10
Exposition of the false medium exclud-

ing men of genius from the public. . 569

D.

Damascus blades.................. 166
Dance of the Gods, account of ...... 43

--- account of the French Quad-

rille ......................... 259
Danegeld, nature of the tax of....... 101
Death, punishment of, considered.... 303
Death, snpposed enlightenment of the

mind on the approach of, 351, 353;

abseuce of pain in...
Debt, the national, 106-108 ; plan

for paying off ......
Denton, H. B. on the Small Courts

Bill.........
De Rohan, saying of .............. 88
Dick, Dr J. sermon on the death of.. 286
Dinner, a Tyrolese one ............ 202
Diplomatic agents, remarks on the re-

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Felton, Lieut. curious anecdote of.... 160
Female, first appearance of one in a

theatrical character .............. 454
- sex, remarks on ............

worthies, lives of ......... 284
Females, English marketing of ...... 635
Fergus's, Rev. H. work on the Creation 187
Fernando Po, remarks on ........ 35

- , account of ........... 557
Fiddler, Rev. J. his visit to America.. 317
Field Book, the dictionary, so called. 278
Fig-tree, account of .............., 447
Firemen, those of Philadelphia...... 468
Fire-places, historical account of .... 169
Fire-alarm, ingenious, . ........ ... 590

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341

Fish, the Chippewas fed exclusively

upon .................. ...... 512
Fixed air, explanation of ........... 508
Florence, proof of its climate being

stationary for two centuries ......
Food, nature of that of the Indians ... 511

regulations of the Jews respect-
ing ........................... 123
Forgery, means of preventing ......
Forks, manufacture of .............
Fortitude, examples of, among Indians 516
Franklin, Dr. on slavery. ......... 234
Freetown, remarks on, 25, 26; curious

establishments in .............28-30
French Commission, investigates it,

293 ; mole of perforining it, 294 ;

remarkable case of ......
French, hatred of the English...
Friends, the yearly epistle of....
Funding system, account of ........
Fuseli, anecdote of..............

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Hall, Capt. B., his Third Series of
Fragmeots ........

133
, Rev. Robert, biography of ....
Hall, account of the salt mines of.... 500
Happiness, treatise op ......
Hardware manufacture ...
Hawking, Indian practice of ........ 38
Henrietta, queen of Charles I.,

litic conduct of ...
Henry I., anecdote of ...

JOI
Hindoos, superstitions of .......... 138
Histriomastrix, account of ..........
Hofer, account of his residence in the
Tyrol .......

205
his career ..

206
Hook, Theodore, his new novel ..... 324
Hope, illustrations of the power of ..
Horses, attempt to inprove them in

India ....
Howitt, W., his calumnious history of

priestcraft,
Hufeland, Professor, his description

death ..
Human action, tendency of ........ 79
Hume on slavery .................

233
Humming-birds, anecdotes of ....... 131
Human Knowledge, nature of ... ... 586
Hutton, Bishop, poetical account of .. 274
Hypochondria, the disease of literary

men ........................ 334

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Galileo, discoveries of ......
Gall, Dr. his theory of the brain
Gardening, Martin Doyle on ...
Gas-light, account of ......

289
Gassendi, anecdote of,... ......
Geddes, Dr. A. a letter from ...
Generosity, instance of .........
Genius, infirmities of ......
Geographical Society, journal of .... 267
Geology, Bakewell's introductions to : 837
· Mantel's geology of the south east,
ib.; present state of .............

341
- , new discovery in ..........
George 1. loans of, 103 ; George II.

loans of, ib.; George III, finance

instructions in the reign of........
Germany, state of religion in.......
Ghent, treaty of .... .........2
Ghosts, Dr. Johnson's belief in...... 351
Giavella, Gen, anecdote of .....
Girard, Stephen, a benefactor of Phi
ladelphia, account of ...

470
Glass, manufacture of ...

114
Glauber's salt, account of ......
Glazing, account of ....,
Godwin, Mr, his quarrel with Mrs.

Inchbald ......................
Goetlie, characteristics of, 307; anti-

pathy of to dogs ........... 310
- , happy temperament of.....
Goldsmid, A. anecdole of........... 124
Gravitation, theory of ........
Greece, sketches of...........
Gregory, Dr. O his remarks ou inven-
tions ........

172
Grindall, poetical account of ........

273
Grinding stones, account of.........

163
Guitar, origin of .......

545
Gunnery, naral, art of ........ 148
Guns, manufacture of, 161; gun trade 167

1

Minois, government of ......... 41
Imagination, cultivation of, and effects

on longevity ...................
Immortality, conclusive argument in

favour of ...................... 386
Imperial press, account of .......... 17
Impressment, remarks on, 252; right

of England to impress American
vessels .......................

253

.
Improvidence of literary men.......

353
Inchbald, Mrs., Memoirs of, 476 ; her

personal appearance ............
India, Tours in Upper, 36; adminis-

tration of, 45; remittances from,
113; mothers in, 131; palankeens

of ...............
Indians, North American, full account
of ............................

509
Indigestion, the disease of literary men 354
India, marriage in ..........
Inlustry, examples of great ........ 87
Inez de Castro, affecting account of .. 443
Inglis, H.D., his travels in the Tyrol. 192
Ink, for printing, Mr. Savage on, 221;

receipts for, 24; best method of

making ....................... 228
Impediunents of specch, observations on 587
Imprisonment, account of one of ten

years' duration ................. 10

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