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Art. XXVI.--Nubiaand Abyssinia ; Art. XXVII.-The Teeth in relatioin
comprehending their Civil History, to Beauty, Voice, and Health, beAntiquities, Arts, Religion, Litera ing the result of twenty years' ex. ture, and Natural History.--No. perience, and assiduous study, to XII. of the Edinburgh Cabinet Li produce the full development and brary. - Edinburgh: Oliver and perfect regularity of those essen
Boyd. 1833. By the Rev. M. tial organs. By John NICHOLLES. • Russel, LL. D. &c.
Surgeon - Dentist. 1 vol. large
8vo. London: Hamilton and Co. So far from any relaxation of exer 1833. tion, of industry, and, we may add, of expenditure, being perceptible in In this beautifully executed work the latest series of this important the author gives the result of his periodical, we are very happy in great experience in treating diseases bearing testimony to the uniformity connected with the teeth, a set of of the solciitude to improveit, which organs which he considers in relais manifested in every successive vo- tion to beauty, to voice, and lastly, lume that appears. It is scarcely to health. He gives an elaborate necessary for us to remind the learn- eccount of their structure, and the ed reader, that the countries selected stages of their progress, and then in this work for illustration, have proceeds to their disordered state, been in all enlightened countries re- which he considers under a variety garded as the cradle of those arts, of heads. The operations performed which, in their practical effect, dis. for the restoration of decayed teeth tributed over the site of the territo. next occupy the author's attention, ries of the Pharaohs those monu. and a considerable number of inments, which, as the work of human structive explanations are given of construction, still, even in their the principles on which tooth pow. ruins, excite admiration, and a sense ders, brushes, &c. may be most of deep wonder of their magnificence. safely employed. Mr. Nicholles, in In this neat summary of the history this work, has adopted an intelligible and principal objects of attention in and familiar style, which renders his Nubia and Abyssinia, will be found, statements perfectly easy of being first, an account of its geography, understood. The work is dedicated containing many curious statements to the mothers of the rising generaof natural advantages. This is fol. tion, in order to inspire them with lowed by an account of the civil confidence in a system, whereby it history of Nubia and Abyssinia, with has been proved that the beauty and a description of their architectural health of the mouth and teeth may monuments; the religion and litera- be established for life. ture of Ethiopia, its manners and customs; finally, the geology, zoology, botany, &c. of the country. Great erudition is displayed in
in ART.XXVIII. Observations on Spring this volume; and the number of
Tides, and their Causes ; with some plates, amounting, with an excellent
some Remurks on Eclipses.- By map and vignette, to thirteen, consi
David MOTTLEY, pamphlet. Londerably enhances the value of the
don : Simpkin and Marshall. production.
1833. In this very brief pamphlet the author presents to the scientific public the results of his experience and re- ART. XXXIX.-Rhymes and Rhapsosearches on the phenomena of spring dies. By FOLÈESTONE WILLIAMS. tides, which he appears to have dili. London: Fraser. 1833. gently conducted at Ramsgate. He thinks that there are high spring We do not remember for many years tides in that harbour only at new to have witnessed the debut of a moon, in May, June, and July; candidate for the honours of Apollo's and from these and other facts, noted laurel, who has at the outset put by him, Mr. Mottley is of opinion forth more promising manifestations that spring tides are caused by pres of success than the unknown author sure.
now before us. There is an ele" When,” says this gentleman, gance, a harmony, and accuracy of “ the moon is at full she flies to composition about these verses, wards our earth, and is repelled by which at once disclose the mind the earth. Thus the moon is retained accomplished in all the graces of as our satellite; and I am of opi- classical literature. From the goodly nion that the moon, when at full, is size of the volume, we infer that the retarded in her progress. My reasons author possesses, along with his against attraction are, when an apple other very favourable qualifications, is first detached from the tree it flies that of considerable fertility. The forward nearly with the same velo. work consists of numerous lyrical city as the earth; for if the apple effusions, in which historical subwere to be attracted to the earth, thejects, and the beauties of natural earth, flying swifter than a cannon- scenery, receive the compliment of ball, would break the apple into a the poet's preference. One of the thousand pieces.”
most striking of the pieces which we At low water he states that the have read in this volume is that vacancy is supplied by the atmo- which records the melancholy and sphere from the land ; the tides are affecting way in which a prince of also more rapid, and cause the va- Portugal revenged the murder of his pour to rise in greater abundance wife, Inez de Castro. The story of than during the neap tides. The this extraordinary event runs thus : portion of this treatise which adverts “ She was married to Pedro, the to the influence of the moon exhibits son of Alonzo, king of Portugal; but to us what Mr. Mottley's theory the father of the prince objected to really is with respect to that planet. the match, and, with circumstances He says, that when the moon is in- of great cruelty, assisted in her mur. terposed between us and the sun, der. Until Pedro came to the throne, during any portion of the day, we he had not sufficient opportunities to uniformly observe the heat dimi- revenge her death; but almost imnished, particularly if the weather mediately after his father's decease, be cloudy; but he is of opinion, his vengeance fell upon the mur. that when the moon is eclipsed, the derers with an unexampled ferocity. earth receives all the heat which When he was satisfied with the sumpasses off from the moon. Hence it mary justice he had inflicted, he has been found that the average tem- proceeded to the church of St. Clair perature of the earth is always ele. at Coimbra, caused her corpse to be vated after a lunar eclipse. Such is brought from the sepulchre, to be the substance of this small publica arrayed in royal vestments, to be tion, which we recommend to the placed on a throne, with a crown on attention of the scientific.
her head, and a sceptre in her hand, and there she received the homage
There's music in the rushing flood,
And in the wimpling rill ; [wood, And tones are whispered from the
And echoed from the hill.
Although the music may be good,
Man's instruments will yield, We've operas in every wood,
And concerts in the field.
There's melody upon the breeze,
At even and at morn; And tunes among the flowers and trees,
And o'er the waving corn.
The cuckoo's voice is in the oak,
When Spring is coming round; The owlet's call, thebull-frog's croak,
Hath no unpleasant sound.
· The grasshopper doth chirp away
With all her little might;
The cricket all the night.
But art, though skilful, mustgive way
In human melodies, When Nature's perfect hand shall play God's glorious symphonies.
The author is evidently a native of the romantic country of Wales; he gratefully devotes to her praise those notes whose sweetness is undoubtedly due to her inspirations.
The volume concludes with a series of sonnets, in which the melody of the versification, and the originality of the ideas, contribute to render them well worthy of the special attention of the reader. There are also several pages of notes, in which the author exhibits a great deal of antiquarian lore, particularly with reference to his native principality, the scene of so many historical recollections. We find also in those notes abundant evidence of a deep acquaintance on the part of the author with the works of the Greek Poets.
The skylark singeth to his mate,
Between the earth and sky; The robin on the garden-gate
Makes humble harmony.
The rook along the corn-field flits
With chorus loud and deep; The blackbird on the hawthorn sits.
And sings himself to sleep.
The sparrow from the house-top calls
Before the fruit is ripe ;
And tunes his merry pipe.
A Botanical Libel.-One of the last of the celebrated physicians of the Greek school, named Nicholas Myrespicus, who lived in the thir. teenth century, compiled a book on medicines, which afterwards was particularly referred to as an authority. The chief materials for this production were taken from an Arabian work, in which the word Darsini was mentioned, that being the Arabian term for cinnamon. T'he translator unfortunately gave in his version, the greek word arseni. kon, which signifies the mineral arsenic, as an equivalent for darsini, and the consequence was, that cinnamon was for a long period regarded in Europe as a most dangerous poison.
Egotism of a Philosopher.—Kepler, the famous astronomer, made use of a very remarkable expression, which shows that he was quite a prey to the corruption of pride. Know, said he, that posterity will adopt my theory sooner or later, and why should I not wait for thirty or forty years, since nature hersslf waited a thousand years for me!
Fluent Orators.-It was a notion of Dean Swift's, that a man with a multitude of ideas could never speak well, whilst one with a limited number could address an audience with out interruption. Ideas he used pleasantly to say were like a congre. gation in a church, the thinner they were, the less difficulty was there in emptying the church.
Manner of naming Countries, The origin of the word Canada is curious enough. The Spaniards visited that country previous to the French, and made particular searches
for gold and silver, and, finding none, they often said among themselves, "aca nada" (there is nothing here). The Indians, who watched them closely, learnt this sentence and its meaning. After the departure of the Spaniards the French arrived, and the Indians, who wanted none of their company, and supposed they also were Spaniards, come on the same errand, were anxious to inform them that their labour was lost by tarrying in that country, and incessantly repeated to them the Spanish sentence “ aca nada.” The French, who knew as little of Spanish as the Indians, supposed this incessantly-recurring sound was the name of the country, and gave it the name of Canada, which it has borne ever since.
Mulberry Leaves.—This is the name of a volume of manuscript, and in which certain compositions are inserted every year, in honour of Shakspeare. A club has long subsisted in the West of England, composed principally of men of genius, connected with the fine arts, literature and the drama, who meet together on the anniversary of the birthday of the immortal bard. A festival is held. when one of the members reads a piece, generally in verse, in commemoration of Shakspeare. The “ Mulberry Leaves,” not only contain the manuscript compositions, but is beautifully illustrated by such of the members as are artists.
Beauties of the Statutes.-One of the most amusing of the results which the reckless system of multiplying Acts of Parliament at least used to give rise to was the intro
duction of particular clauses relating to persons and things which had no earthly correspondence or connec. tion with each other. A remarkable example of this was brought to light in the present session. In going through the Acts of Parliament for precedents on the question of admitting Quakers into Parliament, the Committee found out that one of the most important provisions relating to this point was absolutely in, serted in the body of an Act for preventing the undue exaction of tolls or fees on the River Thames, and to prevent the spreading of disease amongst horned castle!
Bakers in Paris.-The number of bakers in Paris is limited. Every baker is obliged to record his daily sale, and compelled, by a statute enforced by the Prefect of Police, assisted by the advice of the Syndicat (a body of men selected from among the bakers, with a chief, appointed by the Prefect) to lay up in the storehouses of the city of Paris a certain number of sacks of flour of first quality, which are taken back, or renewed, according as the season is less or more favourable to keep them in a state of preservation. This stock, the produce of all the bakers, is to provide for the subsistence of the inhabitants in case of dearth. The price of bread is regu. lated by the Prefect of Police, and is kept lower than the current price in the country, when too dear; but if cheap in the country, they keep up the price in Paris long enough to make up for the deficiency experienced by the bakers when obliged to undersell. If a baker has not the means to carry him on the length of time during which he is obliged to undersell, the Syndicat supplies the money out of the funds possessed by the said Syndicat, whose duty it is to watch over the interests of the bakers in general, and the subsist. ence and safety of the inhabitants.
The bakers of Paris are wealthy, and could not carry on business without being possessed of a lerge capital.
Tenacity of Life.-The genus of animals called sea-nettles is very tenacious of life. If one of these creatures is sliced, either perpendicularly or crosswise, each slice forms a new and complete being, in which will be found the mouth, stomach, and every other organ, as perfect as in the origin. The young of these sea nettles sometimes come into the world from the mouths of their mothers.
Hints to Actors—Madame Clairon attributed her growing prematurely old to the influence of the griefs and distresses which it was her consant province to represent on the stage; and the malade imaginaire of Moliere is said to have proved fatal not only to Moliere himself, but to the actor who succeeded him in the part. Pliny has a still more remarkable anecdote to the same effect: he states that there was an actor who imitated the feelings of the gout so naturally, as at length to bring the disorder upon him.
British Oak.-There are two, if not three species of British oak; one of these alone produces strong and lasting timber fit for naval purposes, i.e. which will endure unchanged, the transitions from wet to dry, from heat to cold, and remain unhurt between wind and water. This difference depends on the tubes, conveying to the cells of which the mass of wood consists, a substance differing in solubility in the different species ; so that, when the timber of the one is wet, part of the inspissaged extract is dissolved and borne away; and when this is repeatedly done, the cells become more and more void, and the timber light and spongy, so that during cold weather, the water within freezing and becoming expanded, the cells and tubes are ruptured, and consequently let in fresh