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Aberdeen, as one of the candidates at the age of twenty-one. He for a bursary, the possession of which preached before a newly-formed conwas to be determined by open com- gregation at Slateford, near Edinpetition. He went through the ex- burgh, and they immediately gave aminations, and though incompa- him an unanimous call : he was orrably the youngest of the competi- dained their minister at twenty-two. tors, still he was the successful can. Dr. Dick was an able minister, and didate. He entered the Divinity proved his zeal in the cause by inHall before he was sixteen, and re- defatigable labours, and by his liteceived license from the Associate rary contributions. Presbytery of Perth and Dunfermline

LITERARY NOTICES.

In the Press,

expressed the highest opinion of “ The Mother's Manual; or Illus- the genius displayed in the Poem. trations of Female Education." By Mr. Morris's “ Memoirs of the Mrs. Trollope.

Late Rev. Robert Hall.” A complete Series of the Works “ The Infirmities of Genius." By of “ The Scottish Poets,” with Mr. Madden, Author of “ Travels Biographical Notices. By Mr. in Turkey.” Atkinson.

A Tale entitled “ Sir Guy de Lu. "A Treatise on Astronomy.” By signan," from the pen of Miss Sir John Herschel

Knight, Author of “ Dinarbas,” and “ Dictionary of Commerce and “ Marius Flaminius." Commercial Navigation.” Second On the 1st of July will commence, and Improved Edition.

in Monthly Numbers, “ The NaLongman, Rees, and Co.'s “ Ca- tional Gallery of Painting and talogue of Second-Hand Books for Sculpture,” in the best style of Outa 1833."

line Engraving on Steel, &c. “Elements of Musical Composi. tion.” By Crotch. A New Edition

Just Published, preparing in small 4to.

“ Valpy's Shakspeare,” with the "A Treatise on the Construction, whole of Boydell's 170 Plates. Vol. Preservation, and Repair of the VIII. 5s. Cloth bds. Violin, and of all other Bow Instru- “Valpy's Classical Library,” No. ments." By Otto, Musical Instru. 42. (Cicero. Vol. I.) 4s. 60. ment-Maker to the Court of the Cloth bds. Archduke of Weimar.

Prometheus Bound, Translated “ Zophiel; or, The Bride of Se into English, and Miscellaneous vern." A Poem. By Maria del Poems.” 5s. Cloth bds. Occidente. Dedicated to Robert “ Seager's Græcorum Casuum Southey, Esq., L. L. D., who has Analysis. 12mo. 2s.6d. Boards. MISCELLANEOUS INTELLIGENCE.

Priority of Constitutional Principles. -A close attention to historical details, is often rewarded by some important discoveries. The charter which granted constitutional liberty to the little Canton of Neufchâtel and Vallangin, is dated just 12 months be fore the date of our Magna Charta.

Advice to the Friends of the Blind. -The Master, Wardens, and Court of Assistants of the Painters' Company, whose hall is in Little Trinitylane, Doctors' Commons, have the distribution annually of nearly 70,0001., 3 per cents. in sums of 101. to poor blind persons of 60 years of age and upwards, who have been deprived of sight 3 years, and whose incones do not exceed 101. per an num. Any respectable person who has never received parochial relief, may apply at Christ's Hospital, Newgate-street, for a petition for Mr. Hetherington's charity for the blind. They are, if approved of, allowed 101. a-year. The Cord. wainer's Company distributes annually 51, each to more than 100 blind persons, male and female, who reside within 100 miles of London; when the objects of this charity have been approved of, they receive a donation for life. At the Eye Infirmary Moor-fields, applicants will be in. formed of other charities for the blind.

March of Paper.-At a dinner, recently held in the city of Dublin, which was given by a respectable printer, to a large number of persons who had exerted themselves for the preservation of his premises from fire on a previous occasion, the table was covered by a single sheet of

paper, the dimensions of which were-length 125 feet-breadth 5 feet.

Statue of Memnon.—The true solution of the cause of the musical sound which proceeds from this statue, has been lately discovered by an English gentleman. The learned and ingenious Mr. Wilkinson, who has resided at Thebes upwards of ten years, studying the monuments of Egypt, appears to have solved the mystery of this music. He discovered that some metallic substance had been inserted in its breast, which when struck, emitted a very melodious sound. From the attitude of the statue, a priest might easily have ascended in the night, and remained completely concealed behind the mighty arms, while he struck the breast; or, which is not improbable, there was some secret way to ascend, now blocked up; for this statue, with its companion, although now isolated, was once part of an enormous temple, the plan of which may now be traced.

Mysteries of Nature. It is related by Mr. Mantel, the distinguished geologist, that when a new pond is formed on the heights of the South Downs, near Brighton, and receives a small supply of water from a few showers, it becomes inhabited by various fresh water plants, by shell fish, by even frogs and lizards.

This phenomenon has occurred in cases where the new pond was altogether remote from any other, and its elevation above the level of the surrounding country was from four to five hundred feet.

Ten Miles of Paper.-Paper used failed, and was hooted out of use to be sold by the sheet, the quire, or by the voices of some of the first the ream ; but in the march of im- philosophers of that day. provement, stationery will not re- Labours of the Senate. There are main stationary; and so it is now now sitting, by authority of Parliasold by measure. The following ment, commissions respectively to order was received from a pottery inquire into the poor laws, into the firm the other day : the writer, it condition of the poor in Ireland, into will be observed, gives his orders the state of the population employed with as much coolness and indiffe- in factories, into the collection of the rence as if they were not at all extra- excise, into the state of the law, into ordinary:-"Gentlemen,- Please to charitable bequests, and into ecclesisend us ten miles of your best print- astical revenues : committees to ining tissue paper in length-six miles quire into the state of corporations, to be thirty inches broad, and four into the state of agriculture, the state miles twenty-two inches broad-to of trade, manufactures, and shipping; be wrapped on wooden rollers, ac- to consider the state of the woods, cording to the plan given to Mr. forests, and crown lands; extraordiGeorge Fourdrinier." The object nary committees on several elections, of having the paper of such great and many other committes on sublength is, that it may be printed from jects of minor importance. The miengraved cylinders, in the same way litary and naval expenditure is to as calicoes, &c.

be submitted to a committee. Wall of China.-One of the most Hobbies of Philosophers. A cuprodigious efforts of man is the Chi. rious book might be formed of a colnese wall separating the Celestial lection of the follies of the wise. empire from Tartary. This wall is Every body has heard of Sir Hum2000 years old, and is about 1200 phry Davy's fantasic costume which miles in length; its height, indeed, was worn by him when he went out varies according to the circumstances to fish ; but few, we believe, are of the surface; but it is no exagge aware that a similar obliquity of ration to say that the medium height taste was shown by one of the most is thirty feet, and the medium breadth judicious and sagacious philosophers twenty-four feet! The foundation of any age, we mean Saussure. is laid upon enormous square stones, During his scientific excursions in the superstructure is brick, and the the Alps, this celebrated inquirer centre is a kind of mortar, covered always wore a full dressed scarlet with flag stones. A parapet of no coat and gold laced hat; and on one ordinary strength runs on each side occasion, whilst sitting on Mount of an embattled wall, on which are Bremen, the lace of his gaudy hat turrets placed at distances, by which attracted the electric fluid from a signals can be communicated with passing cloud, an accident which the rapidity of the telegraph. might have seriously, if not fatally,

Gas Light.-Winsor's patent gas injured him. preceded, by many years, the suc- March of Newspapers.-A jourcessful introduction of gas as a nal called Miszr Wekaiesi (Egyptian source of street light. It was tried, News) has lately been started in however, first on the Carlton-house Alexandria; it is written in the side of Pall Mall, (the Athenæum Arabic and Turkish languages, but side now (and afterwards in Bishops. is confined entirely to civil and migate Street. But in both cases it litary matters. In the vignettewhich adorns this paper, there is a the world for longevity. They fived representation of half a sun just on horseback; and it is supposed rising from behind a pyramid, at that it was in this way that they the side of which is a flourishing gained the power of maintaining young palm tree.

existence so long. One of this race, Possessions in Africa and on its at the age one of hundred years, will Coast.—Those of England are the leap on his horse, as nimbly as any islands of Bathurst, Sierra Leone, youth, and sit on the animal's back establishments on the Gold coast, for hours. All his bodily functions, slave coast, Cape coast, islands of teeth, and eyes, are in the best state Fernando Po, Ascension, St. Hele- of preservation. In this district an na, Tristan d'Acunbra, Cape of individual who dies at eighty is conGood Hope, Mauritius, and several sidered to be cut off untimely. small islands belonging to the Ma- Longevity.—The belief that great dagascar Archipelago.

: abstinence is favourable to long life Iron Houses.—The new process seems to be justified by facts. The for melting iron by raw coal and primitive Christians who retired into hot air blast, is producing a great the deserts of Arabia and Egypt, change in the iron trade; and it is lived in health and cheerfulness on anticipated, by good judges, that twelve ounces of bread per day : ef no long period will elapse before these Christians. we find that St. cast iron of good quality will be Anthony lived 105 years, James the manufactured at about 40s. to 50s. Hermit' 104. St. Épiphanius 115, the ton. When this takes place

Simeon the Stylite 112, and Ro. generally, it must inevitably produce mauld 120. an effect which will pervade almost every condition of society. Rich Italian Taste.-A strange rage for and poor will, by degrees, find peculiar and ludicrous titles for their -themselves inclosed in iron cages; institutions has prevailed in Italy. and fir joists, and slate roofs, will The famous Academy of Della Crusca become things to be alluded to as took its device of a sieve, as well as -betokening something venerable its title from those of a former Italian from antiquity.

academy, called Degli Scossi—that Abbatoirs. --There are five of is, the Academy of the Well Shaken. these establishments (public slaugh. Its emblem was a sieve ; and the ter houses) in Paris. The buildings object of such a selection was to -are large and erected of stone, and imply that the mind requires to be "contain every accommodation for the shaken and well freed from chaff. slaughtering of cattle, without any There were other institutions, well of the ill consequences which too known in Italy, called the Academies often arise to the health of the in- of Fools or Simpletons, of the habitants in the neighbourhood. Anxious, of the Confused, of the The propriety of imitating the Impatient, of the Unstable, of the French in this very necessary esta. Drowsy, of the Sleepers, of the blishment will be feit, when it is Awakened, of the Undeceived, of known that upwards of two millions the Agitated, of the Humid, of the of heads of oxen, sheep, calves, pigs, Inflamed, of the Insipid, of the Au&c., are slaughtered every year in dacious, of the Dead, of the FantasLondon, and mostly in the crowded tic, of the Thundery (Fulminales), -parts of the metropolis.

of the Smoky, of the Ramblers, &c. - A Strange People. In the pro- The Academy Della Crusa is called, vince of Chaco lived a race called in Latin, Academia Furfuratorum, or Abiponians, the most remarkable in Academy of the Bran-sifters.

THE

MONTHLY REVIEW.

JULY, 1833.

Art. 1.- Report of the Experiments on Animal Magnetism, made by a Committee of the Medical Section of the French Royal Academy of Sciences. Read at the Meetings of the 21st and 28th of June, 1831. Translated, and now for the first time published, with a Historical and Explanatory Introduction, and an Appendix. By J. C. COLQUHOUN, Esq. 1 vol. 8vo.

Edinburgh : Cadell. 1833. For the last half century the scientific circles of France have been agitated by discussions on the strange subject of animal magnetism. It was first taken up by the learned societies of that country, in consequence of the unusually bold pretensions set up by some of the early advocates of this practice, but particularly by Mesmer, whose name is handed down to posterity in association with the art.

Mesmer was a Swiss physician, who, about the middle of the last century, attracted much attention by his astrological writings. He held that the planets exercised a certain influence over the bodies of men, and that the agent in this influence was electricity. In the next work, however, which he published, he showed that his devotion had been directed towards a new object altogether, and that, instead of the stars, he now chose the magnet as his favourite subject of contemplation. It is well known that Mesmer practised magnetism to a great extent in France, and certainly he gained the reputation of having performed some wonderful cures. There was, however, about him a mystery, in which he may be said to have shrouded himself altogether from the prying eye of curiosity; and those who might have sustained his principles, were disgusted with the elaborate empiricism which so unfortunately characterised his practice. In the meantime animal magnetism throve apace in France ; it became popular, and threatened to establish a system, whereby all regular medical science would be completely superseded. The professiou took alarm; they united

VOL. II. (1833) NO. III,

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