powder now much employed in the destruction of vermin; may at once be detected in the matter thrown up from the stomach.

“ In all cases of poisoning, endeavour first to ascertain whether the poison taken is one of those for which an antidote has been discovered ; and that you may under such circumstances have immediate recourse to the one that is appropriate, and to impress this part of the subject more strongly on the memory, I here place the poisons and antidotes in a tabular form. Poisons,

Corrosive sublimate

.... White of

Oxalic acid


White of eggs.

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Salt of lemons.

Sugar of lead

Glauber's salts

1 Carbonate of potash.

or Goulard.

Carbonate of soda.

Glauber's saltsy

or '
Epsom salts. Hitler

T. I “ If the antidote is not at hand, endeavour to excite vomiting immediately, but still procure and administer the antidote as/ speedily as possible.

“In all other cases of poisoning, that is from substances for which antidotes have not been discovered, if sickness and vomiting are present, promote it by copious draughts of warm liquids, and let these be of a bland mucilaginous kind, as sugar and water, barley-water, thin gruel, or linseed-tea; particularly where the poisoni has produced pains in the stomach and bowels, and bloody evacuations. When the poison has not produced vomiting, an emetic is the first thing to be thought of; and, if the patient is in a state of stupor or drowsiness, it must be a very strong one, as four grains of tartar emetic, twenty grains of white vitriol, two grains of blue vitriol, or half a dram of ipecacuanha; if none of these be at hand, two or three table-spoonfuls of flour of mustard in a pint of warm water may be given, or the same quantity of common salt. The vomiting may frequently be expedited by putting the finger down the throat, or by tickling the back of the fauces, or root of the tongue with a feather. It may here be observed that the stomach pump is applicable in every case of poison taken by the mouth, except where an antidote is at hand; and even in these cases too, if symptoms of recovery do not satisfactorily show themselves after the administration of a reasonable quantity of the appropriate antidote. It will be your duty, therefore, invariably to send for the nearest surgeon, with instruos tions to bring with him this inestimable contrivance, the use of which and the after-treatment of the patient will be, of course, confided to his management." Serimshire, pp. 160-163.

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MINISTER, sometimes used to designate a priest in contra-distinction to a deacon, as canon xxxii., “None to be made deacon and MINISTER both in one day.”

Modus. When a person has lands in the parish in which he has cattle for the plough and pail, he is not excused from paying tithes for unprofitable cattle depasturing in another parish. The vicar having insisted on a modus for a less sum than he would be entitled to for tithes of common right, it is not necessary for him to prove the modus in the fullest manner. (Harvey v. Littleton, Lee's R. i. p. 201.)

MODUS. A modus to take part of the tithes for the whole, has always been held a void custom. (Archbishop of York, &c. V. Sir Miles Stapylton, &c., Atk. ii. p. 143.) POTATOES, (tithe of) is a small tithe. (Smith v. Wyatt, Atk. ii.

PUBLIC WORSHIP. An indictment for using other prayers, and in other manner, seems to have been judged insufficient, because the prayers used may have been upon some extraordinary occasion, and so no crime ; and it was said, that the indictment ought to have alleged that the defendant used other forms and prayers instead of those enjoined. (3 Mod. 79; 3 Burn's Ec. L. 257.)

PRAYER BOOK. See Liturgy.

PETITION, (form of). To the right honourable the lords spiritual and temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in parliament assembled : The petition of the undersigned inhabitants of

in the county of humbly sheweth: That your petitioners receive the Word of God as the only true standard of faith and morals; and are convinced by its testimony, that the tenets of the Church of Rome, as defined and settled by the council of Trent, are antichristian, idolatrous, and utterly incapable of being reconciled with the doctrines of the gospel. That, in the judgment of your petitioners, the national endowment of a college to inculcate among the British subjects the heresies of the Church of Rome, is such a participation in the guilt of idolatry, as must expose this nation to the awful judgments of Almighty God. Your petitioners would further beg leave to remind your

honourable house, that it has been proved by the most satisfactory evidence before both houses of parliament, as well as by actual experience, that the college of Maynooth has failed to accomplish the objects contemplated by the statesmen who proposed its establishment, and that every consideration of sound policy, as well as the higher obligations of Christian duty, demand the abandonment of an institution, which has proved the chief source of political turbulence, as well as superstitious delusion and religious discord, in Ireland. Your petitioners therefore would humbly pray your honourable house to discontinue the annual grant made to the college of Maynooth, and your petitioners will ever pray that the divine blessing may rest upon your deliberations, &c. &c.

The petition may of course be altered, and when ready for presentation, will go through the post frée, if directed to any member of parliament, with the ends open, and marked “Petition to Parliament."

REGISTERS, (Parish), regulated by the act, 12, July, 1812, prefixed to the register of baptisms. If there are gaps in them, you will probably find them supplied in copies furnished from time to time to the registry

of the diocese. It will be well to take an account of them, stating what the imperfections were when they first came into your possession. The clergyman is the custos of them, and should never suffer any person to inspect them, or meddle with them, but in his presence. They are directed by the act above mentioned, to be kept in a well painted iron chest, either in the minister's house, or in the church. By the statute, 6 & 7 Will. IV. c. 86, s. 35, the fees are appointed, that is to say, “ for every search extending over a period of not more than one year, the sum of one shilling, and sixpence additional for any additional year, and the sum of two shillings and sixpence for every single certificate.”

RINGERS. See Bells.

SEXTON, (segsten, segerstane,) is usually chosen by the parish, though sometimes by the minister, when such usage prevails. His salary depends upon custom, and is paid by the church wardens. His fees are generally settled by order of the vestry, and a table of them is hung up in the vestry-room, or in the church. A female may be elected sexton. . The office is a freehold. Though punished, they cannot be deprived by ecclesiastical censures. (2 Roll. Abr. 234; Bac. Ab. mandamus, Rex v. Kingscleere, 2 Lev. 18, Salk. 428.) If improperly removed, a mandamus lies to restore. (Ile's case, 1 Vent. 153.) Church keys to be delivered to him, as the successful candidate, after a contested election. (2 Chitty R. 255.) Women may vote at the election of sextons.



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