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may be ascertained; or, an estimate, from a respectable builder, will suffice for the basis upon which the memorial is framed.

The national society's suggestions on building may always be procured ; and the only object of material importance, in the first instance, is the securing of not less than six square feet upon the floor to each child, and of a sufficient height to the roof or ceiling for the purposes of ventilation.

The erection of a dwelling-house for the master or mistress (an object of great importance) is not contemplated in the grants of H. M. treasury, nor in those of the national society. If therefore such a building is to be raised, in addition to the school house, the estimates of the two works must be kept entirely distinct.

MEANS TO MEET THE ESTIMATE, and to qualify the case for consideration by the lords of H. M. treasury.—Their lordships, in important cases, have at times granted one-half of the estimated cost of the work ; -and where peculiar difficulties exist, the national society has made up a small portion of the first moiety, previously to transmitting the memorial ;--still it is needful, in every case, that local contributions should be made, either in money, materials, labour, &c. &c. It is not, however, requisite that the local contributions should have been collected, nor even that specific promises should have been obtained from persons interested in the undertaking but residing at a distance. The probable amount of their donations may be specified ; and when the result of the greatest possible exertions is calculated in this manner, and communicated to the national society, with the other requisite particulars, the committee will use their best exertions to secure the success of the undertaking. Only it is to be observed, that the amount of private subscriptions of every kind must, of necessity, have been received, expended, and accounted for,” before any grant from H. M. treasury can be claimed.

When subscriptions are made for a dwelling house for the master or mistress, as well as for a school house, the proportion of the total sum raised or expected, as applicable to each object, must be distinctly explained. Gifts and Conveyances for the ERECTION and SUPPORT of Schools.

Neither land, nor money charged upon land, nor directed to be laid out in land, can be given by will ; * but persons disposed to give land in their life-time, are requested to observe, that every piece of land appropriated for the erection of a school house, &c. ought to be vested in trustees, for the purposes of the school, &c., and by deed enrolled in the court of chancery within six months after the execution. The deed must be an indenture, sealed and delivered in the

presence

of two witnesses twelve calendar months before the death of the grantor, according to the provisions in the 9th Geo. II. c. 36, except where the conveyance is upon a purchase of full consideration, according to a proviso in the second section of that Act, or does not exceed half an acre, as provided by the stat. 6 and 7 Will. IV. c. 70; in either of which cases the deed need not be sealed and delivered twelve months before the death of the

* For a form of a gift by will see p. 112.

grantor, but the other requisitions of the said Acts must be complied with. The deed should provide for the appointment of new trustees in case of the death, disability, or resignation of the original trustees; and it should specify the trusts distinctly, so as to preserve the property for the uses originally intended. The appointment of a schoolmaster, &c., and the regulation of admittance to the school, may either be distinctly pointed out in the deed, or left to the discretion of the trustees, subject to such control as might be thought necessary ;-—the particular regulations must of necessity be left to the discretion of the founders of this charity. A deed of bargain and sale is the most convenient form for conveying a fee simple ; * and if this shall be acknowledged by the grantor, for the purpose of enrolment, the record, or any official copy, will be evidence of the deed itself, without proving the execution by the witnesses, or proving their hand-writing if the witnesses should be dead when such proof shall be wanted ; but if the grantor cannot conveniently acknowledge the deed, it may be enrolled on an acknowledgment by any of the other parties, or an affidavit of the due execution of the deed. Yet the acknowledgment of the grantor is preferable, for the reasons before stated. In specifying trusts the benefactor may be as particular as he pleases ; but it would be sufficient if he directed to the following effect, viz., “That the trustees shall hold in trust for the manager for the time being of a school at which shall always be united to THE NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING THE EDUCATION OF THE POOR IN THE PRINCIPLES OF THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH THROUGHOUT ENGLAND AND WALES, and shall be conducted in conformity with the principles of that institution, and towards the advancement of its end and designs."

Though this society is now incorporated by the royal charter, and rendered capable of holding lands, or money charged upon land, or directed to be laid out in land, it is still precluded from taking by will, or in any other way than by deed, enrolled according to the provisions of the above mentioned statute of 9th Geo. II. c. 36 ; but if the land or money so charged or directed be given to this society for the purposes of its institution, + the intervention of trustees, and the description of the uses to which it is to be applied, are no longer necessary, and it will be sufficient to convey the same to the society by its proper name, viz., “ THE NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING THE EDUCATION OF THE POOR IN THE PRINCIPLES OF THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH THROUGHOUT ENGLAND AND WALES.”

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Copy of an Act lo facilitate the Conveyance of Sites for School

rooms, &c.

(6 and 7 William IV. c. 70; 13th August, 1836.) Whereas it is expedient to promote the education of poor children in the principles of true religion and useful knowledge, and to afford additional facilities for the erection of school rooms to be used for that purpose : be it enacted by the king's most excellent majesty, by and

* A hargain and sale is subject to 5l. duty when not made on a sale, + The society declines to accept trusts on behalf of parochial or other national schools.

with the advice and consent of the Lords spiritual and temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, that from and after the passing of this Act it shall be lawful for the lord or lady of any manor, whether seised in fee-simple, fee-tail, or for life, or being a corporation aggregate or sole, or a feme covert (with the consent of her husband), or a minor (with the consent of his or her guardian or guardians), or an idiot or lunatic (by his or her committee or committees), to convey to the incumbent and church wardens of any parish in which a school for the education of poor children is intended to be erected, or to the trustees of any such school in any parish or extra-parochial place, so much of the common or waste grounds in any such parish or extra-parochial place as may be required for the site of such school, and of a house or houses for the master or mistress of such school ; and the conveyance of such part of the common or waste grounds by the lord or lady of the manor wherein the same shall be situate, shall be a good and sufficient conveyance for the purpose

of vesting the fee-simple and inheritance thereof in the parties to whom the same shall be conveyed, for the purpose hereinbefore specified, as fully and effectually as if every person having right of common upon such common or waste grounds had joined in and executed such conveyance.

II. And be it further enacted, that it shall be lawful for all persons being seised in fee-simple, fee-tail, or for life, femes covert (with the consent of their husbands), minors (with the consent of their guardians), and idiots or lunatics (by their committees), to convey any portion of land of which they may respectively be seised, including copyhold land, if the lord or lady of the manor shall consent thereto, in the same manner, to the same persons, and for the same purpose as hereinbefore authorised with respect to common or waste ground.

III. And be it further enacted, that it shall be lawful for any spiritual or ecclesiastical body corporate, or spiritual person being a corporation sole, to convey any portion of land belonging to any such body corporate, or belonging to any such spiritual person in the capacity of a corporation sole in respect of any ecclesiastical preferment held by him, to the incorporated National Society for promoting the education of the poor in the principles of the Established Church, or to the minister and churchwardens for the time being of the parish wherein such land shall be situate, or to any trustees to be named by the bishop of the diocese, for the purpose of erecting thereon a school room or school rooms to be used for the education of poor children in the principles of the Christian religion, according to the doctrines and discipline of the united Church of England and Ireland, and also, where it may be required, for the purpose of erecting thereon a house or houses for the master and mistress of such schools : provided always, that in case of any spiritual person being a corporation sole, the consent of the bishop of the diocese shall be testified by his being a party to the conveyance of such land; and all conveyances made by virtue and according to the provisions of this Act shall be valid and effectual in law to all intents and purposes for vesting the fee-simple and inheritance of the land conveyed thereby in the parties to whom the same shall be conveyed for the purpose hereinbefore specified.

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IV. And be it further enacted, that in any case where before the passing of this Act a school room or house for a schoolmaster or mistress shall have been built upon common or waste land of a manor, the lord or lady of which was not enabled by law to make a valid and effectual conveyance thereof, or on land belonging to any person or persons or corporation not enabled by law to make a valid and effectual conveyance thereof, such person or persons or corporation shall have, with respect to the site of such school room and house, all the powers which are by this Act given with respect to the conveyance of sites upon which school rooms or houses are intended to be built, subject in every case to the provisions in this Act contained as to the consent of the bishop of the diocese to the conveyance by a spiritual person being a corporation sole.

V. And be it further enacted, that all conveyances by this Act authorised to be made shall be by bargain and sale enrolled, and may be so made either for a valuable consideration or as a free gift; and that if any money shall be paid to a spiritual person being a corporation sole, the same shall be applied and disposed of for the benefit of such spiritual person and his successors, in such manner as the bishop in whose diocese the land so conveyed shall be situated, shall, by writing under his hand, to be registered in the registry of his diocese, direct and appoint.

VI. Provided always nevertheless, and be it further enacted, that it shall not be lawful for any person or persons, corporation or corporations, by virtue of this Act, to convey any common or waste ground, being part of a manor or any other land or ground, for the site of

any

school and house or houses for the master or mistress thereof, which shall exceed in quantity one half of a statute acre ; and that the quantity and value thereof to be conveyed in every case shall be ascertained immediately previous to such conveyance by a land-surveyor, to be appointed, in case the said land or ground shall belong to any spiritual or ecclesiastical body or person, by the bishop of the diocese in which the land shall be situated, by an instrument under his hand ; and that the said instrument and the report of the survey and valuation by such surveyor (such report being verified by the declaration of the said surveyor before a justice of the peace, and in case the said land or ground shall belong to any spiritual or ecclesiastical body or person, signed by the bishop in testimony of his approbation thereof), shall be annexed to the deed of conveyance. Forms supplied by the National Society for the conducting of

School Business, &c. Books, List (1) of the elementary and religious,-used in the Sunday and Sunday and daily schools in union with the society.

List (2) of the, -published under the direction of the committee of general literature and education, for the use of national schools.

List (3) of account,-registers, rules, orders, class-books, and all articles of stationery, &c. required in national schools. BUILDING, Suggestions for,--school rooms and fitting them up, &c.;

with examples, &c. CENTRAL ESTABLISHMENT, Rules for admission and training at,--and

for the men and women's boarding houses.

CENTRAL ESTABLISHMENT, Notice to schools in union, as to masters

and mistresses. GIFTS AND CONVEYANCES, On-for the erection and support of schools,

and a form of legacy, with the new school site Act, 6 and 7 Wm.

IV. c. 9. GRANTS, Form of application for obtaining,—of money for the erecting,

enlarging, and fitting up of school rooms. SCHOLARS, On the methods of keeping up connexion with the,-who

have been educated in the schools. SCHOOLS, A brief sketch of the rise and progress of,—for the religious education of the poor.

Recommendations for improving the discipline and conduct of,—and Dr. Bell's Manual for schoolmasters, 8th edit. 1s. UNION, Form of application for,—and certificate of the act of union.

Form of certificate to be used when pecuniary aid is required for the building, enlarging, and fitting up of infant school rooms. WORKS OF INDUSTRY, Some account of,—in connexion with schools.

Instructions in needle-work and knitting, 1s. 6d. or with specimens of the work, 78. Extract from Minutes of the COMMITTEE OF COUNCIL ON

EDUCATION, 24th Sept. 1839. Read an account of the applications for pecuniary aid to schools in Great Britain, not including applications for endowment under 1st and 2nd Vict. cap. 87.

The lords of the committee deliberate as to the best manner of effecting the objects contemplated in the vote of the last session. The sum voted is £30,000, the number of applications is already 307, the number of scholars to be educated in the proposed schools is 58,302, and the amount applied for is £48,590.

The lords of the committee observe that in a large proportion of the applications now before them the memorialists have commenced, or undertaken, the erection of school houses in the expectation of receiving pecuniary assistance from her majesty's government, upon conditions similar to those which were required by the lords of the treasury; and the lords of the committee resolve to be guided by the regulations contained in the treasury minutes in so far as will be considered with the terms of her majesty's order in council of 3rd of June, 1839.

The following regulations will therefore govern the appropriation of the sum entrusted to the superintendence of the committee for the present year :

Regulations. 1. Every application for a grant is to be made in the form of a memorial, addressed “To the right honourable the lords of the committee of council on education."

Proposed Outline of a MEMORIAL to be addressed to the Right Honourable

the Lurds of H. M. Treasury, &c. &c. [1. A petition for pecuniary assistance in building, with a statement of any

peculiar difficulties in the way of promoting the education of the poor, &c. N.B. This may be expressed briefly, and in very general terms.

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