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is, that Shakspeare's sole grandaughter, if we conclude that the Globe ThcaLady Barnard, was married on the 22d of
tre was as profitable as the BlackApril, 1626, ten years exactly from the friars (it was a larger building), we poet's death; and the reason for choosing
must assign to the poet a princely this day might have had a reference to
income -- full 15001. per annum of her illustrious grandfather's birth-day; which, there is good reason for thinking,
our present money. He had the best would be celebrated as a festival in the
house in Stratford, with meadows, family for generations. Still this choice
tithes, and messuages; and, though may have been an accident, or governed
he early abandoned the city and the merely by reason of convenience. And, court, where he was highly honoured on the whole, it is as well, perhaps, to --making, as Ben Jonson says, acquiesce in the old belief, that Shak.
“ Those flights upon the banks of Thames, speare was born and died on the 23d of
That so did take Eliza and our James,”'April. We cannot do wrong if we drink to his memory on both the 22d and 23d.” he was doubtless a happier man in An excellent conclusion! We would
his native vale, surrounded by the
glory of his fame and his provincial improve upon it, by proposing that
wealth, no less than by his early the libation cup should be pledged
friends, than he could have been on both days according to the old as
pursuing a profession which he abwell as the new style. The 22d and
horred with all its superadded emolu23d of April in Shakspeare's day,
ments. answered to our 2d and 3d of May.
Mr. Collier's discoveries were made May-day is already a festival dedi
in 1835. Next year, Shakspeare's cated to Flora and the Muses :
marriage license cast up at Wor“ Woods and groves are of her dressing, cester. It bears date the 28th of NoHill and dale doth boast her blessing vember, 1582. Two sureties, Fulke Now, if we add the 2d and 3d, we
Sandells and John Richardson, both have a trio of commemoration days,
described as agricola, or yeomen, and in which the wine-cup may flow to
both incapable of writing their names, May-day and to Shakspeare !
entered into a bond for the payment
of 401. sterling, in the event of Shak“ Thus we salute thee with our early
speare, yet a minor, and incapable of song,
binding himself, failing to fulfil the And welcome thee, and wish thee long."*
conditions of the license. The docuIt is curious that nearly all the ment is only important for one object, authentic information we possess re- - it proves that the poet's daughter garding Shakspeare personally should was born six months after marriage. be derived from legal documents. Alas for poor Ann IIathaway! The Themis for once played handmaid fascination of the boy - poet's love to Apollo. Mr. Collier, by hunting made her forget the sober dictates of among the papers of Lord Chancellor twenty-seven years. As old Crabbe Ellesmere, preserved at Bridgewater says, – House, discovered that the poet was “What sought these lovers, then, by day, a shareholder in the Blackfriars
by night, Theatre so early as 1579, two or But stolen moments of disturb'd delight; three years after his supposed de- Soft trembling tumults, terrors dearly parture from Stratford.
prized, cight years before his death, Shak- Transports that pain'd, and joys that speare's property in the Blackfriars agonised. Theatre, including the wardrobe
Then came the day of shame, the grievous (which was exclusively his), was
night, estimated at more than 14001., which
The varying look, the wandering appetite;
The joy assumed while sorrow diinm'd would be equal, as Mr. Collier computes, to six seven thousand
The forced sad smiles that follow'd sudpounds of our present money. Now, den sighs.”
Milton-Song on May Morning. It is, perhaps, worthy of remark, that Milton, who was born on the 9th of December, 1608, was not baptised till the 20th, eleven days after his birth. Oliver Cromwell, who was born in 1599, was baptised four days after bis birth. Edward Alleyn, the player, Shakspeare's contemporary, was baptised the day after bis birth. Early baptism seems to have been at that time the general rule, particularly in fainilies of lumble rank.
14. we cannot follow the harrowing ninth, where the poet asks of the picture. Darkly must the evening subject of his eulogy, shades have descended on fair Shot
" Is it for fear to wet a widow's eye tery at this season of grief and shame!
That thou consum'st thyself in single De Quincey rather uncharitably in
life?" sinuates that Ann Hathaway drew on the blushing novice, and involved This, at least, was not Ann Ilathaway. him, by female blandishments and fe- But the whole inference is absurd ; male arts, into a premature marriage. almost as absurd as George Chalmers's lle builds much on the scene in the conjecture that Queen Elizabeth was Tuelfth Night,-
typified by the poet's masculine
friend! “Let still the woman take
We lately heard the venerable An elder than berself; so wears she to
author of The Pleasures of Memory him, So sways she level in her husband's heart.
maintain, in playful earnestness, that For, boy, however we do praise ourselves,
the sonnets were not in reality writOur fancies are more giddy and unfirm,
ten by Shakspeare. They are infeMore longing, wavering, sooner lost and rior to his Venus and Adonis, which worn,
he tells us, in the dedication, was Than womeo's are.
" the first heir of his invention." Vila. I think it well, my lord.
“I cannot believe,” said Rogers, Duke. Then let thy love be younger " that the man who wrote the Temthan thyself,
pest could have written the sonnets. Or thy affection cannot hold the bent ;
There are passages in all Shakspeare's For women are as roses, whose fair
plays which nobody but Shakspeare fiower
could have written, whereas the sonBeing once display'd, doth fall that very hour."
nets do not contain a line that could
not have been written by others. I The scene is striking; and another cannot think his free spirit could passage in the Tempest, where Pros- have voluntarily submitted to fetter pero cautions Ferdinand to take heed itself through a hundred and fifty
Ilymen's lamps shall light him” sonnets. Nobody recollects a passin his passionate intercourse with Mi- age in them. When Miranda says, randa, also points a moral. But we after the declaration of love made by should look tenderly and gently on
Ferdinand, the wrong side of a great man.
"I am a fool Shakspeare was as much to blame as To weep at what I am glad of,' his betrothed; perhaps more, if we she says what you cannot forget ; knew the sorcery and witchery of
you can never blot the words from his conversation. We have, in fact, no data on which to build conjectures
your memory. There are hundreds
of such passages. Now, I cannot rerespecting Shakspeare's matrimonial
member any part of the sonnets; and lite. Ilis return to Stratford is in
I never met with a man who could favour of the conclusion that he
repeat a line and a half of one of enjoyed domestic peace. We think, them." Thomas Campbell was pretherefore, that De Quincey's inge- sent, and he instanced the noble sonnious prelections are not borne out
net about “ the marriage of true by facts. But still more absurd is
friends." He could not, however, at the attempt made by William Ilowitt
the moment call up the stipulated to shew, on the other hand, that the
line and a half. Another of the party poet has “ left the most triumphant happened to recollect two lines, and iestimonies of his strong and changeless affection to his Ann Hathaway.”
quoted them as both Shakspearian
and beautiful :In proof of this Shakspeare's sonnets
« The summer flower is to the summer are quoted--sonnets addressed chiefly to a male friend, and acknowledged
sweet, on all hands to be effusions of exag
Though to itself it only bloom and die." gerated euphuistic friendship, suited to They are pretty," said Rogers; the quaint elaborateness of Elizabeth's “ but many poets could have written times, but certainly not embodying them besides Shakspeare. I fancy I genuine or natural feelings. Is could have done it myself.” And Mr. Howitt prepared to adopt the probably he was right; but, in such
a field, few can shoot with the bow “ Mouse, you send me no nerres of of Rogers. As to the genuineness of any things : you should send of your the sonnets, we have the internal domestycall matters, such thing as hapens testimony furnished by the allusions att home; as how your distilled watter they contain to the poet's profession
proves, or this, or that, or any thing what of an actor. Externally, there is the
you will." And, Jug, I pray you, lett publisher's statement; and also the
my orayng tawny stokins of wolen be declaration of Meres, made nine years
dyed a very good blak against I com
hom, to wear in the winter. You sente previous, that “the sweet wittie soule
me nott word of my garden, but next of Ovid lives in mellifluous and
tym you will; but remember this in any honey-tongued Shakspeare; witnes case, that all that bed which was parsley his l'enus and Adonis ; his Lucrece ; in the month of September you sowe itt his sugred sonnets among his private with spinages for then is the tym. I frienuls." After all, who could in
would do itt iny selle but we shall nott that day have written the following
com hom till allhollandtyd. but Shakspeare? With what a noble
swett mouse, farwell, and brooke our
long jorney with patience.” sweep does it begin !-“ Full many a glorious morning have I
Shakspeare must have loved the
Alleyns — old Edward, the mouse, Flatter the mountain-tops with sovereign
and the garden; and it would appear eye,
he often dropped into their house. Kissing with golden face the meadows Mrs. Alleyn, in writing to her husgreen,
band, mentions that a certain Mr. Gilding pale streams with heavenly al- Francis Chaloner wished to borrow chymy;
ten pounds from her ; but Anon permit the basest clouds to ride With ugly rack on his celestial face, “Mr. Shakspeare, of the Globe, who And from the forlorn world his visage
said he knewe hym not, hide,
onely he herde of hym that he was a Stealing unseen to west with this dis. roge
so be was glade we did grace :
not lend him the monney." E'en so my sun one early morn did shine With all triumphant splendour on my
The paper on which this letter is brow;
written is described by Mr. Collier But out, alack! he was but one hour as being in a most decayed state; but mine,
enough remains to prove that the The region cloud bath mask'd him from
great poet was on terms of good
neighbourhood with this worthy pair, Yet him for this my love no whit dis- his rivals in theatrical property and
daineth; Suns of the world may stain when hea.
in opulence. Mr. Collier establishes ven's sun staineih.”
the fact that Shakspeare was num
bered among the actors of the comMr. Collier has added some new
pany up to April 1604. Hitherto particulars respecting Shakspeare, in the last trace we have had of the liis Memoirs of Edward Alleyn, lately great dramatist as actually on the published by the Shakspeare Society. stage, has been as one of the perThey are of no great importance ;
formers in Ben Jonson's Sejanus, but the slightest fact is as welcome as which was produced in 1603. The a fresh bottle of Lafitte, or as a pot of Dulwich papers, quoted by Mr. Colthe smallest ale was to Christopher lier, also prove that Shakspeare Sly. The Shaksperian thirst is un- was living in Southwark in 1609; quenchable. Alleyn was a careful, for in a document indorsed, “ 1609. judicious, kind-hearted man of the The estate of the poores booke, the stage. Ile loved his wife (whom he 8 of Aprill, for the Clink,” it is stated playfully called his mouse); and that he was rated as an "inhabitant" when “starring it” in the country, at 6d. per week. “ Mr. Shakspeare he remembered his little garden at stands at the head of the list to which Bankside, in Southwark. Such quiet, he belongs; and as he is rated at the domestic sketches as the following highest sum paid by any body in the afford a fine relief to the rant, dissi- district called the Liberty of the Clink, pation, and licentiousness that then we are warranted in concluding that too strongly marked the theatres. he lived at that time in as good a Alleyn writes to his wife from Bristol: house as any of his neighbours. It
has been doubted whether Shak- the first collected edition of his works fpeare's family ever removed from issue from the press. There is anStratford to London ; but he would other circumstance---slight, perhaps, scarcely have occupied one of the but green and bright in our imaginabest residences in Southwark, or kept tion – which has often recurred to up an expensive establishment, unless us in reviewing this part of the poet's his fair Ann IIathaway had been by life. To prove the early prosperity his side. His bachelor life would of Shakspeare, Malone publishes a have been more private and pru. letter written by a citizen of Stratdential.
ford, Abraham Sturley, about the Much nonsense has been written on year 1598 :-“ Our countryman, Mr. the supposed infelicity of Shakspeare's Shakspeare," says the writer," is matrimonial lot. Every critical jack- willing to disburse some money upon daw has a peck at the glorious plum- some odd yard - land or other, at age of the bird of paradise. They Shottery, or neare about us." The can never fix him to the earth, for letter undoubtedly proves that Shakall their theories and conjectures are speare was a thriving man, and had but Lilliputian threads spun from money to invest in land. But it proves their own brains. Nothing can shake something more. Why did he select our conviction that the poet's genius Shottery? Simply and solely, we could not have exerted itself so fully, think, because it was there he had so genially, on all subjects, ---could woocd and won his Ann Hathaway. not have expanded so as to embrace The “odd yard-land" must have had all human sympathies, feelings, situa- many agreeable recollections to botii, tions, and passions, if it had not been now that Fortune had smiled on the constantly in the light and sunshine gifted adventurer. There Ann Hathof domestic happiness or content. away was born, there her relations His mind would have been soured, resided; and to call this spot their and the finer sensibilities of his nature own, would at once have gratified warped and contracted, if he had their love and their ambition. The lived on terms of unkindness with first purchase of Shakspeare was in his wife. The great and benevolent reality a delightful memento of the magician would have been exchanged affections. If his marriage had been for the bitter satirist, or the selfish an unhappy one, the poet would sensualist. “ For a man to write never have thought of perpetuating well,” says Cowley, “ it is necessary his connexion with this beautiful to be in good humour ; neither is wit village, its fertile yard-land, or its more eclipsed by unquietness of mind, pleasant meadows. than beauty with indisposition of The probable date of Shakspeare's body; so that it is almost as hard a final retirement to the country has thing to be a poet in despite of fortune, lately received fresh light from the as it is in despite of nature." There indefatigable labours of Mr. Collier, is no evidence that Shakspeare's as well as from the deed of sale of family continued to live apart from Shakspeare's house in Blackfriars. him in Stratford ; on the contrary, Among Alleyn's papers at Dulwich the reverse may be fairly implied, College is one which appears to be a from all the knowledge we possess of rough memorandum of various sums the circumstances of the case. Then, paid by him, in April 1612, for the with respect to the supposed neglect Blackfriars; and though the theatre of his wife in his will, it has been is not there expressly named, it seems shewn by Mr. Charles Knight that evident that it was "the play-house." by the operation of the English law the poet's widow was already pro
. April 1612. vided for: his estates were chiefly
Money paid by me, E. A.,
for the Blackfryers £160 00 freehold, and his wife was entitled
More for the Blackfryers .. 196 0 0 to her dower, or thirds. We are
More againe for the lease.. 310 0 0 convinced also that a right in his The writings for the same, plays, which were so valuable to the and other small charges 3 6 8." theatres, was vested in his widow. The right died with her, and accord- The whole sum is 5991. 6s. 8d., which ingly the very year of her death- (according to Mr. Collier) would be some six months afterwards—we find equal to nearly 30001. of our present
in soy; cri' worl?, ?? doubt, and it's of calui felicity and satisfed artibime to a very considerable shure of tion; yet who does not re ret that tnc property. To whom the money the pe col was net mure extended ? was paid is nowil, e s'attu ; but, for The materials of happin235 were in aught we know, it was to Shakspeare end around him: are had net chilled hinscli, and just anterior to ili de- the enjoyment of life, or deatened parture from London.* The previo:19 the vigour of his plastic mind : his month he had executcu the ducd of profound knowledge and oliservation bargain and sale of a house purchased of mankind were mellowed, not imhy him in Blackfriars from Henry paired, by a refined humanity and Walker; and in this instrument he benevolence: his imagination was is designated as “ William Shake- richer from skilful culture, consumspeare of Stratford-upon-Avon, in mate taste, and added stores of inthe countie of Warwick, gentle- formation : his exquisite dramatic art man."† lle was no longer of the and study were perfected, ready to “ Liberty of the Clink" in South- mould and fashion new creations of wark, or one of the “ king's players." his genius. The man died ere the lle had ceased to make himself poct had felt the touch of time. But, motley to the view;" and we may be sure that the change gave his heart
“ He so sepulchred in such pomp dost
lie, another youth" on the banks of the
That kings for such a tomb would wish Avon. Four years, therefore, would
to die." seem to have been the period of the poet's retirement. The history of De Quincey brushes away with inliterature presents few such pictures dignant hand the idle cobweb tales
Memoirs of Edward Alleyn, p. 105. + This deed, containing Shakspeare's autograph, was sold last month by Messrs. Evans for 165l. 15s. It was purcbased, we believe, for the City of London Library. The sale formed a sort of field-day with poets and literary antiquaries; and when once the precious document was exposed -“ the moment hoped and feared "- the bidding went on briskly till the deed was knocked down at the above sum. The situation and boundaries of the Shakspeare tenement are fully described and explained in the following extract from the sale catalogue, containing part of the indenture :
“* All that dwelling house or tenement will thappurtenañes situate and being wihin the Precinct Circuit and Compasse of the late black fryers, London, sometymes in the tenure of James Gardyner Esquire and since that in the tenure of Johin ffortescue gent, and NOW OR LATE BEING IN THE TENURE OR OCCUPACÒN OF ONE WILLIAM INELAND, or of his assignee or assignes; abutting upon a streete leading downe to Pudle Wharfle on the east part, right against the kings Maiesties Wardrobe; part of wch said Tene. ment is erected over a great gate leading to a Capitall Messuage mich sometyme was in the tenure of William Blackwell Esquire deceased, and since that in the tenure or occupacón of the right Honorable HENRY Now Earle or NORTHUMBERLAND.'
« It is rather reinarkable that the indenture is stated at the commencement to be • Betweene llenry Walker Citizein and Minstrell of London of thone partie, and William Shakespeare of Stratforde Upon Avon in the countie of Warwick, gentleman, William Johnson citizein and Vintner of London, John Jackson and John Hemyng of London, gentlemen, on thother ptie :' and that the property was absolutely sold to all four, ‘ theire heires and assignes for ever;' but that Shakspeare himself paid the whole of the purchase money, amounting to 1401. It concludes by declaring that hereafter the premises, with all fines and recoveries, 'shalbee, and shalbee esteemed, adjudged, deemed, and taken to bee, to th'onlie and proper use and behoote of the said William Shakespeare, his heires, and assignes for ever ; and to none other use, intent or purpose.' There can be no doubt, however, that Shakspeare was the sole possessor, as he bequeatlıs in his will to his daughter, Susanna Hall, All that Messuge or teste urth thapp'tennes wherein One John Robinson du elleth scituat lyeing and being in the blachfriers in London NERE THE WARDRORE.'
On this deed Mr. Collier remarks,—"Why Shakspeare returned to the metropolis for the parpose of purchasing, and on the next day mortgaging, the tenement in the Blackfriars, is a question that does not appear to bave occurred to his biographers. One of the parties named in both the deeds was John Hemming (or Hemyng, as it is there spelt), who was a principal manager of the king's company occupying the Globe and the Blackfriars theatres; and it is very possible that both the purchase and the mortgage were in some way, not now easily explained, connected with the sale of Shakspeare's theatrical property, of which, of course, he was desirous to dispose, with a view to his undisturbed residence at Stratford."