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by destroy, perhaps, the only evi- “Well, Haynes," said the governor, dence there is against himself. So “ what alias are we to give you this with all other criminals,—the cun- time? New accomplices, too, I hear. ning, practised, faithless villain will Never at a loss, eh! As fast as you always be the first to impeach, and send the old ones out of the way, sacrifice his more heroic and less you have others ready for business. guilty companions. In receiving the But what have you brought us this evidence of an accomplice,
time? Town or country hands? “ You are no surer, no,
Are they downy or green? I dare Than is the coal of fire upon the ice, say you can tell us all about them.” Or hailstone in the sun.'
Bad 'uns, sir," replied the priIf we ever hope to make a cri
soner,—“bad 'uns, sir. I am an unminal's evidence against his accom
lucky fellow ; I always picks up with plices available for the purpose of
the worst ; and I'm such an easy fool, administering justice, we must ap
that they leads me into any thing." point a Rhadanianthus for a judge ;
“ Do you," said the ordinary, "re
member, Ilaynes, what I said to you “ For when disputes are wearied out, when last we parted ?". 'Tis interest still resolves the doubt."
Why you said, I should soon be But as the experience of the past here again,” replied the man. abounds in apposite examples, known “And what answer did you make?” to those who get behind the scenes, inquired the ordinary. and have had an opportunity of " I said, sir,” drawled out the priseeing the mysterious and, to others, soner, " that it was a long lane that invisible wires and springs by which had no turning ; but really, sir, I am causes and effect are connected ; and brought into these scrapes through as a tale oftentimes takes when a others." moral fails, we will avail ourselves of “ I know it-I know it," interthose that appear on our Note-book rupting him, said the
governor ; to illustrate this subject.
6 but what do you want with me so The governor of Newgate was soon after your arrival ?" seated at dinner as his deputy came “Why, sir, you see it's what may into the room, saying, “ Here's that be called a bad job; they have scoundrel Haynes again made his ap- knocked the man about so, I've been pearance."
quite consarned, and wouldn't had it ** A prisoner?"
happen any how, if I could a stopped “Yes, with two others, committed 'em: I'm really sorry for the poor for a burglary, attended with such gemman.” violence that life is despaired of.” Sorry that you are here, you
** Lock him up by himself, and mean," said the ordinary. I will be in the interior immediately. “ I'm sorry, and would have hinHe must not escape this time, though dered them, so help I have no doubt he will be desirous “ No swearing ; we have already of playing his old part over again; had too much of that,” continued the he shall not however, if I can pre- ordinary. “ Are we to understand, vent it, swear any more lives away however, that you have had nothing here. The last was indeed a melan- to do with this unfortunate gentlecholy business. He deserves
man's ill-usage, and that you are While the governor was yet speak- quite innocent ?" ing, a turnkey entered, to say that Certainly, sir, I am quite innoHaynes had expressed a wish to see cent-quite," replied the prisoner. hin immediately, and that he had al. Well, let us hear what you have ready been locked up in a separate got to say ?" said the governor. ell, at his own request.
Say, sir? why they pretty near afraid," added the man, “ to go into murdered the poor man outright, the master's yard, 'cause there's and ought to be hanged for it, that's plenty as knows him there; and as I my opinion; and that's the long and was afraid of mischief, I let him have the short of it. Nor will I be backhis way."
ward in telling the truth about it, if In a short time, the ordinary, the it's agreeable, and they pays me the governor, and his deputy, proceeded reward, as is all right in these mattogether to the prisoner's cell. ters you know, sir."
“ He was
This reply had been anticipated on a former occasion; but before he from the fellow's known character. was committed this last time, not He was then asked if he had any only had this fact been ascertained, particulars of the affair to com- but that of his having been admitted municate at that moment ; to which as king's evidence on two other occalie answered, with a look of cunning sions in the provinces. In all these brutality,
cases a reward had been received, “No, no! that's not the right way and sentence of death been executed of going on ; let's first hear about the on those he had impeached. reward, and t’other matter” (meaning We have seen the manner in which the pardon). “ You must make me he was disposed to treat his last a proper witness ; you know I am affair. It is a question whether he down to these things, 'cause, you see,
had not at this time actually perI have been in 'em afore, and always suaded himself that he was looked does the thing that's right, as long as on by the administrators of the law they does the same to me for my ser- as useful in obtaining convictions. vices," concluded the monstrous vil- Totally barren of any sense of lain, putting on an air of importance, justice himself, he could not compreas priding himself on his tact in driv- hend what difference it could make ing a bargain.
to the judges, so long as they had a It may appear extraordinary to man to sentence, whether the right many persons, that the officers at
or the wrong man went to the scafNewgate should hold conferences of fold. Although there remains not a this nature with such desperate cha- doubt of the identity of this felonracters; but their surprise will cease indeed, he subsequently admitted, as when it is considered that imprison- we shall see, that he was the same ment, under a sense of dread, often man that had formerly impeached at superinduces the mind to oscillate the Old Bailey—the alteration in his between rigid obstinacy at one pe
countenance between the first and riod, and resolutions to make a full last time of his committal to Newconfession of crimes at another. gate, a period of seventeen years, Whence it is, that gentlemen who exceeds all credibility, except with are zealous in their duties never those who have had frequent opsuffer an opportunity to be lost of portunities of witnessing the havoc granting an interview, especially that crime is capable of making on when the request comes in a direct the human face divine. manner from the prisoner. But Those who recollected him deconversations with untried prisoners scribe him to have possessed not only on the nature of the charges against a good but a pleasing countenance, them never can tend to work any ill, for one of his class of life (his first while in most cases they may always employment in London was that of a be applied to useful purposes, as de- porter). clarations of guilt or innocence are “ I have seen,” said an old superseldom made without some state- annuated turnkey, “ many faces alment, of real or assumed facts, which tered by time and trouble, but none may subsequently be rendered avail- to the like of this. I knew him able in the examination of other when his skin looked as if it could parties connected with the case. blush, and he couldn't help it; but
The offender called Haynes— the these were days before he swore name he was first known by, though away the poor fellows' lives. His face a pseudonyme, as was the one he is now like the hide of a rhinoceros, was then in Newgate under- had hard, nobbled, and callous ; and I twice been admitted king's evidence suppose his heart is like it. Nothing at the Old Bailey,—the last time moves him. When he lies down, he causing the death of two men that puts me in mind of an old figuresubsequent information proved to head of a ship; he's the same as have been innocent, at least of the log of wood, or a man cut out of offence for which they suffered. It stone, only he smokes and speaks.” is, however, proper to state it was Observation had made this turnnot known at the time, that he key a philosopher, as far as a knowIlaynes was the same person that ledge of the human countenance was had been admitted king's evidence
In the looks of no animal are the Haynes had achieved this, the expressions of passion painted with foulest of all murders, -a murder such force, energy, and rapidity, and, that gives life to the foulest of all moreover, with greater shades of crimes. gradation, than in man. Certain “ Times were,” says the poet, emotions of the mind occasion the " when the brains were out, the man blood to rise to the face, and pro- would die.” Happy would it be for duce the phenomenon of blushing; society if, when the conscience were and in others it turns pale. The extinct, the body became inert. This countenance of man is the mirror by approver had still the disposition and which the mind is reflected. But the ability, had he not in this instance crime mars this mirror, and oblite- been circumvented, to accumulate rates this phenomenon. The in-grain, crime upon crime. IIe had heard thorough - hardened villain neither the evidence adduced, on which he blushes nor turns pale,--the index and his associates had been commitof the mind becoming as insensible to ted ; and had, on their way to the emotions as the lowest of the brute prison, found an opportunity to say, creation.
“ Stand fast, my boys! we shall be Haynes's countenance was as ada- safe before a jury. No 'peaching, mant, sealed in imperturbability ; it and all will be right. We know they reflected but one fixed expression of can bring no more evidence; and determinedness to dare the worst that what they have isn't worth a dump. either his God or man could inflict Now let us swear to be true to one on him. He was severely reproached another.” with an enumeration of his manifold Mutual pledges of faith to each and enormous crimes, and then in- other were then given ; and in less formed that his evidence would not, than an hour after this, the concould not, be received. Those who ference above detailed was held in addressed him might with equal his cell. effect have spoken to the stone walls His two associates were both unof his cell; he remained unmoved, known in Newgate, a peculiar recommuttering only, as the door was mendation there; one of them, too, closed on him, “Well, I know one was much the younger of the others. thing, whatever any body says, He it was that was selected, as the things will turn out as they will." least guilty, and who accepted the And as the ponderous lock and bolts offer of becoming king's evidence. were made fast, and he was reassured When Haynes was informed of this of his safe custody, he threw himself he said, “ Good luck to him ; I've on the floor to court oblivious forget- had my turn, it's now his! But how fulness in sleep.
much money is he to have? Tell Can such men sleep, and ward off him I hope he won't forget to stump the attacks of reflection in hours of up for beer and tobacco, till we are insensibility ? Yes! The compara- safe off his hands. Don't forget to tively innocent sleep uneasily when say it can't be for long, as there is a conscience reproaches them with the croker in the business, and they always commission of sin. The healthy make short work over them." subject when first attacked with The character of the felon to whom physical pain enjoys but a disturbed this message was sent will be best repose; but frequent attacks deaden explained by giving the answer he the senses, and enable the sufferers, returned by the turnkey who deboth in a mental and physical sense, livered it: to command sleep, and acquire new “ Tell him," said he, putting a strength from a period of insensi- shilling into the man's hand, " that's bility.
the last bob I have got in the world; In a conflict with the heart, how- but if Kate comes in call-time to-day, ever, victory is not always easily at- he shall have some more to-morrow, tainable; it oftentimes gains strength if she pawns her smock for it!" from a temporary defeat, and forces On another occasion, when he reits monitions on the ear in words of ceived another shilling, Haynes said, thunder ; it is only after a long and “ Tell him he's a trump, and that I a desperate struggle, that conscience don't fret at his good luck. It can't can be strangled.
now be made better or worse; things
will always tumble out as they will, and no by parson can alter them."
Did your pages admit of thieves' phraseology, we might astonish some of our readers; but as we should at the same time disgust them, the descriptive language of criminal colloquies, as far as we are concerned, must in a great part be lost to the world.
The deceased gentleman's servant was the only evidence examined on the trial of these burglars, excepting the one that was admitted king's evidence; and he was the only one the servant could identify, describing him as having acted more violently and brutal towards her than the others; so that in this instance, a desperate villain escaped punishment, and was turned loose to commit fresh outrages on society. By the way, it is worthy of note that, for a long series of years, all the burglars who had been admitted as evidence against their accomplices returned to Newgate on charges of enormous atrocity.
În this case the approver prevaricated so much on the question of which struck the fatal blow, that the jury found the prisoners guilty of burglary only, on which verdict they were both sentenced to suffer death.
During the whole of the trial, which was a lengthened one, neither of them spoke a word or moved a muscle of the countenance ; what were the inward workings of their feelings, none could judge by any indices of their expression. Sullen, and apparently apathetic, they both walked to the cell-yard, where there were already six other malefactors expecting to suffer the extreme penalty of the law.
At a period when numbers were confined in the cells of Newgate together, and that number has amounted to nearly sixty, nothing could be more striking to an observer, than the extraordinary interest with which each malefactor viewed the last condemned, as they came in from the sentence of the court, and became occupants of that soul-chilling and ominous compartment of the prison.
The first felon that entered, at the commencement of a session, into the cells, was named Baa; alluding to the sheep that first enters the butcher's
slaughter-house, and tempts all the others to follow his steps. As each made his entrée, the rest never failed to crowd round to view his person and ascertain his demeanour, eagerly watching for every word as it was uttered. So powerfully did their curiosity impel them to push forward and obtain a sight of a new-comer, that frequent quarrels arose out of their impetuous motions.
If we seek for the causes of this anxiety, we must consider that the prospect of death lies on the mind like a leaden weight; and that any incident is eagerly caught at, if it be only for a moment, to escape from its full and entire pressure - that is, when the thoughts are wholly on its horrors. Whence it is, that no tales or narratives of adventures are listened to with so much intense interest as those told in the wards belonging to the Newgate cells.
Again, we must consider that the situation of a man awaiting the execution of a sentence of death, are always one of interest to those about him, and who ministers to his wants. He, therefore, is soon made conscious that his conduct and demeanour are watched and reported; and as few can, in such a dreadful state, shape out a course entirely satisfactory to themselves, all are anxious to seek for models in others similarly situated, by which they may either regulate or justify their own conduct.
În another point of view, they may be likened to travellers on the verge of a dreaded and dreary desert, over which they must pass, but are pausing in the hope of gaining courage by travelling in company. The condemned oftentimes, too, appear to be big with expectation that newcomers will bring them some more satisfactory particulars than they possess of the dangers they are destined to encounter, whether bravely or fearfully met.
When Haynes and his companion entered the yard, all the convicts rushed forward to meet them ; but the sight of the sheriff, with his massive gold chain, restrained them for a moment. As they passed, one said, “ Two more knocked down !" Another, speaking aloud at the sheriff as he passed by him, “ Rare topping times these. Gallows work going on in that there court of yours!" A
third whispered to his neighbour, “ I say !” exclaimed the other, “ Two cracksmen very near, I hear, starting as with a new cause of alarm, getting ditch-water for their soup !" they generally locks up them in alluding to the chance they had the same line of business together. escaped of being found guilty of mur- Suppose we should be screwed in the der, and the former custom of giving same cell with him to-night!" murderers water from a neighbouring “ I won't have it, any how : they ditch to drink, between the period shall murder me outright first !" voof sentence and that of execution. ciferated his companion, as he caught
All reaching the ward, the sheriff the eye of the sheriff, who was near paused to speak to a prisoner, when them. Then advancing and making Haynes, who was near him, tore a a bow, said, “ Sir, I beg pardon, but silk handkerchief from his neck, and they have brought into the ward the threw it at the wardsman, exclaiming, biggest villain alive, and I hope you'll " There, you —! that cost a half- give orders that we sha'n't be screwed quid; tip over a half-bull for it, and in the same cell with him, it will be let us have some beer and tobacco !" disgrace enough to be seen on the Then turning to the sheriff' continued, planks with him." “ We shall have time, I suppose, for " He's a nose, sir,” said his coma pipe before the body-snatchers are panion, parenthetically; the other here. Come, be alive! that cursed continuing, dock is the driest place I was ever “ He not only sold all his pals, in. Come, I say, be quick! you but he murdered them as he knowed know our time is short; we be like never done nothing with him, nor travellers by the coach, stopping warn't in his own line at all." for a wet on the road. The sheriff's' “ IIe's the devil's own child !" jarvey will soon be calling out for chimed in the other. Nobody as us, so make haste !"
knows what's right, will look at him. The sheriff essayed to frown this He poisons the very ground he treads brutal fellow down, but failing, he on. It'll be a scandal to be seen at took the man he was speaking to the gallows in his company!" into the yard, where, young in office Perhaps it may," replied the as he was, he was surprised by over- sheriff. “Until now, I was not aware hearing the following conversation of the nicety of your feelings; but between two malefactors that he had since
you have mentioned it, I will observed to leave the ward as Haynes give directions that your request shall and his companion had entered it. be attended to, and that you shall They were standing with their backs not be annoyed by bad company at towards him, and were so earnestly night.” engaged as not to notice him :
“ Thank you, sir ; thank you !" * You don't say so !” said one to replied the fastidious companions in the other.
crime. “ You may depend on it he's “ Yes!" replied the other ; “ they a bad 'un !" concluded one; may well say that when the jade bad 'un!” responded the other; “The sends bad luck, she never knows worst sort of bad 'uns in all the when to leave off! It's bad enough world, sir !" they both called out as to be hanged ; but to be hanged with
the sheriff walked away: the biggest nose that ever lived, beats We now turn to the approver. all! Such an out-and-out nose, too; Good and evil, beauty and deformity, the devil's own varmint, you know! even right and wrong, every thing Why the whole place stinks of brim- in this life, is comparative-nothing stone ever since he has been in it. is absolute. All the classes—yea, all The fellow would hang his own individuals, look down on others from father and mother for a pot of beer. some pedestal on which their imaginI should be ashamed to be seen in ation has placed them, as being inthe same town with him, let alone ferior in virtue or talents. Those making an end of the game in his that the law has not denounced as company. Why didn't they put the bad may justly pride themselves on fellow into a cell by himself, and there not being among the body of crimihave smothered him outright away nals; but criminals are not without from every body, and not bring him their comparisons, from which they among men true to one another !" derive consolation. They live and