Scotch vagrant and bully, Sandy Mackay, that there are materials in Scripture who went to England in quest of adven. to prove that patronage is unwarture about ten or eleven years ago, and rantable, because”. - now mark the had been in that country only a few days when he was killed in a boxing-match by

logical sequence—“ because I should as great a blackguard as himself, one

think it very strange if there were Byrne, an Irishman. Mr. Cunninghame's

not." This said, down goes the orahead-piece is surmounted by a wisp or

tor's clenched fist with tremendous truss of matted sandy-coloured hair; and

force in the direction of the floor, in speaking he roars at the full pitch of

while his countenance assumes an a dissonant, screech-owl voice; while expression as if he meant to add, his action consists in clenching his mon- “ Let him who disputes the conclustrous right fist and striking in the direc- sion take that ;" and the demonstration of the floor, as if he were planting tion is complete. Again : “ The potatoes with a dibble in hard soil, or

Strathbogie ministers have turned basely pitching into an adversary who was down. Altogether, the appearance

against Christ.” This is the propoof his bair and the style of his delivery

sition to be proved; and the logical is such, that you are reminded of Ham

sequence which establishes it beyond let's address to the players, in which he

all doubt is, “ Because the Strathspeaks of a “robustious periwig-pated

bogie ministers have obeyed the civil fellow, who tears a passion to tatters.”” magistrate and the law of the land,

according to the injunction of St. Paul, Were it thought necessary, as a and have disobeyed me and the mafinish to this picture, to say any thing jority of the General Assembly when more, the last sentence of the quota

we were pleased to be rebellious ;' tion from the Witness should be al

and thwack down again goes the tertered thus:

rible fist, while the fierce eye, and “ He reminds you of the 'iron man “the compression of the lip that of iron mould,' who went about with a speaks of firmness," say very dishuge fail beating out the brains of truth." tinctly, “Let every reprobate Mo

derate of you who will not adopt On Mr. Cunninghame's eloquence

my conclusion get a toucher like the Witness dilates as follows:

that in the pit of your stomach." “ Mark how the words arrange them. Take a third example: “ Dr. Forbes selves into sentences, which could be

of Aberdeen has published a pampunctuated more readily than those now phlet, in which he has laid down flowing from our pen; so very distinct erroneous statements as to the docare the members, and so very defined trine of the Confession of Faith with the meaning. Mark, too, the strictly lo. regard to the power of the civil magical sequence of the thoughts, the clear.

gistrate ;" and the “ logical sequence" ness and order of the propositions, and

is, “ The statements of Dr. Forbes how the inevitable and undeniable conclusions, condensed into the concluding

are erroneous because I say so; and members of single sentences, give more

if any of you dare to contradict me, than epigrammatic int to the style.

here is at you;" while down goes the The amount of meaning thrown at times

fist again, with the air of a practical into a short, compact antithesis is alto. man of “ the fancy" throwing in a gether amazing."

turn-up blow.

Such are Mr. Cunninghame's "loYca, Mr. Witness, “ the sequence gical sequences," and they surely are of Mr. Cunninghame's thoughts is striking ones.

There is a passage in truly “logical" indeed! Let us try Swift's Tale of a Tub, where Peter a few specimens.

• Materials are to helps his two brothers to a slice of be found in Scripture to prove that bread a-piece, and tells them it is patronage ought not to exist in the mutton. One of them ventures to church,” says Mr. Cunninghame. differ in opinion from him, and says Well, how is this proposition made very modestly, “ I never saw a piece out? By adducing passages ? No; of mutton in my life so nearly rethat would be up-hill work even for sembling a slice from a twelvepenny the man whose“ large head is co- loaf;" while the other, in a bolder vered with dark brown hair, as style, and prefacing his observation thickly covered as that of the Iler- with a pretty round oath, remarks, cules Harnese.” How, then, does he " I can only say that, to my eyes, proceed ? Why, thus :-“I affirm and fingers, and teeth, and nose, it

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seems to be nothing but a crust of mightily improved if they could bread." Upon this Lord Peter gets claim relationship to some of his into a towering passion, and replies, progenitors ;" especially, we suppose, " Look ye, gentlemen, to convince to that Lord Crichton who, in the you what a couple of blind, positive, palmy days of the Covenant, after ignorant, wilful puppies you are, I having signalised himself by various will use this plain argument: -it is acts of cruelty and oppression, handed true, good, natural mutton, as any in down an illustrious name to posterity Leadenhall Market; and

by treacherously burning to death, in found you both eternally if you offer his castle at Frendraught, his relative to believe otherwise." The dashes and guest, the second son of the here stand for oaths, which we deem Marquess of Huntly,- a piece of it unnecessary to express, but which hospitality of which his descendants may very well represent the vertical have, of course, much cause to be blows of Orator Cunninghame; while proud. “ Mr. Maitland Macgill the argument employed by Lord Peter Crichton, of Rankeillor," says the is as like a “logical sequence" of that Witness, can shew, ranged among doughty champion of non-intrusion, his family portraits, General Leslie, as one impudent and groundless asser- who led the armies of the Covenant;" tion can be like another.

and who, he might have added, would The portrait placed next after that have inevitably taken or cut to pieces of him of the “dark brown hair, as the usurper Cromwell, and his army, thickly curled as that of the Hercules at Dunbar, had he not been obliged Farnese,” is that of Dr. David Welsh, to leave an impregnable position, and professor of Ecclesiastical History in fight at disadvantage, by the intrigues the University of Edinburgh ; the and absurd clamour of the Candlishes same institution in which Professor and Cunninghames of the time. Candlish holds the sinecure without When Old Noll saw poor Lesliea salary. Of him we are told that who was a very able general, and " he is of the middle size;" that “his learned his tactics under no less complexion is pale, and speaks, per- celebrated a master than the great haps, of severe study, perhaps of de- Gustavus Adolphus— descend with licate health, perhaps of both;" that his troops unwillingly from the * his features are regular," and his heights to give him battle, he exproboscis, or nose, of the straight claimed, in his characteristic slang, Grecian form ;" that he was the “ The Lord hath delivered them into friend and biographer," and it might my hands !" have been added, the flatterer and Passing by two other gentlemen, lickspittle, “ of the great metaphy- who, like Mr. Macgill Crichton, sat sician, Dr. Thomas Brown;" that he in last assembly as ruling elders, is “ one of the most acutely philo- namely, Captain Knox Trotter of sophic intellects of Scotland in the Bellendean, and Mr. Brodie of Lepresent day,” the fact being that he them, we come to Dr. Macfarlane of is a twaddling dabbler in phrenology, Greenock, “who in countenance," which no acute metaphysician ever the Witness affirms, “ closely resemwas; that “ his testimony on the side bles Erasmus." It may be so; but of the church is peculiarly valuable,” we dare swear that the doctor is in and so forth.

every other respect as unlike the We have next a great deal of im- man who, as the Papists assert, pertinence about Mr. Maitland Mac- “ laid the egg of the Reformation," gill Crichton. We are told to mark which Luther merely “ hatched,” as his dress, probably because he wears an indifferent potato is unlike a a sky-blue coat, with metal buttons, choice pine-apple. and sports white inexpressibles, -- to There is but one other picture look at which, among so many black which we have time to look at, and vestments, must no doubt be re- the gallery, indeed, is now pretty freshing. He " is the undoubted nearly exhausted. Behold, then, the representative at the present day of Rev. Andrew Gray of Perth ; and the ancient lords of Crichton and take notice that our artist of the Frendraught;" and certain earls, no Witness is not less ingenious than a friends of the Nons,“ would,” it class of persons whom Pope has imseems, “ deem their genealogies mortalised as follows :



“ There are who to my person pay their of the face indicates a man wbo, if once court:

engaged in battling in a good cause, I cough like Horace; and though lean, would fight long and doggedly ere he am short;

gave up the contest. The head is also Ammon's great son one shoulder had too marked by the Socratic outline in a sinhigh;

gularly striking degree. The forebead is Such Ovid's nose; and, Sir, you have an exact, broad, high; and the coronal region eye.

of immense developement.” Go on, obliging creatures; let me see All that disgraced my betters meet in me; Socrates, then, professor of moral Say, for my comfort, languishing in bed, and political philosophy in the UniJust so immortal Maro hung his head; versity of Athens, and the Rev. And when I die, be sure you let me know Andrew Gray, minister of the West Great Homer died three thousand years Church of the “ Fair City" of Perth, ago.”

have thus, by the instrumentality of Socrates, as appears from "cameos" the Witness, been united in an indisand various other sources, had a pug- soluble copartnery, to deal in plain nose and very plain physiognomy. phizes and pug-noses. The firm is Now this same Socrates, notwith- a most respectable one, and will rise, standing the pug-nose, &c., was, as

we have no doubt, to equal celebrity Byron has sung, and as the Delphian with that of Milton, Candlish, and Co. oracle asserted some three or four- There are two or three other and-twenty centuries ago, “ Athena's sketches of Nons, and several of wisest son"- in fact, the greatest Moderate leaders; but we have alphilosopher of antiquity. How for- ready had sat superque. Those lasttunate, if not for himself, at least mentioned are distinguished as much for the minister of the West Church, by a spirit of detraction, as the ones Perth, and his panegyrist, that the we have examined by a bombastic sage carried upon his face a pro- vein of loathsome panegyric. In boscis the reverse of aquiline, and bepraising its friends, too, the Witthat he was as to the whole contour ness bas missed no opportunity of of his countenance rather a rum- introducing ill-natured remarks and looking chap! How would the author innuendoes touching its opponents. of the “Sketches” have disposed of Of these, however, we deem it unneMr. Gray's “ mug” had it not been cessary to take any particular notice. for this propitious circumstance ? It is enough to observe of them, and how, on the other hand, could generally, that they bear the seal of Mr. Gray have justified himself for a mean, malicious partisanship, and having such a “mug" in his pos- that the snarling tone in which they session---to say nothing of the ag- are expressed is worthy of the spitegravation of carrying it along with ful feelings that gave them birth. him into a grave assembly of divines ? Now that we have done with the But Socrates wore a phiz not a far- lucubrations of the Wilness, we trust thing better, from his cradle to the our readers will do us the credit to day he drank the hemlock ; and believe that our remarks, such as with such a precedent as that of the they are, were intended to have a omnium philosophorum sapientissimus wider scope than merely to criticise on his side, who does not see that that newspaper. To have written the Rev. Andrew Gray is perfectly at it we should have deemed a very justifiable in retaining the nose, as nugatory exercise indeed, unless we well as the other members and fea- had regarded it as embodying, in the tures, all and sundry, which Nature sketches which we have noticed, one bestowed upon him? These consi- of the strongest and most interesting derations were seen in their full force features in the non-intrusion chaby the editor of the Witness; and he racter. Let us explain ourselves. accordingly says

The Witness newspaper is the chief Mr. Gray's nose has an almost So.

organ of the non-intrusion party. cratic degree of concavity in its outline ;

Its editor is deep in their confidence; indeed, the whole profile more nearly re

and, in his intercourse with their sembles that of Socrates, as shewn in leading men, enjoys the most favourcameos and busts, than it does any other able opportunities of sounding their known profile to whom we could com. dispositions, and taking the measure pare it. The expression of the lower part of their sentiments and feelings. He

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is also in their employ, and must, holy principles." This has often been independently of other motives, have believed upon no better authority that of worldly interest, for main- than that of their own assertion ; taining his place in their favour and and in many quarters, where their esteem. In the Sketches, therefore, heads are considered to be entirely which, during the sittings of the last wrong, their hearts have been goodGeneral Assembly, he inserted in his naturedly looked upon as perfectly columns, it cannot be supposed that right. But an inordinate desire of he admitted any thing which he could applause, an incurable itch for human have conceived would prove offensive praise, is neither a high to them, or even which he thought " holy principle." It was one of the it likely would not receive the meed besetting sins of the ancient Phaof their full and unqualified appro- risees ; and when we see it strongly bation. In one word, he felt quite manifested, there is some ground certain that the Sketches would suit for suspicion that other traits of the their taste ; and, in the circumstances Pharisaic character are not wanting. in which he is placed, could not be But waving this consideration, lookdeceived in this opinion. Well, what ing at the vice in itself, and regardfollows ? Why, just this, that the less of others that, without any great fulsome strain of panegyric in which breach of charity, may be supposed he has indulged was perfectly agree- to accompany it, do men inflated by able to them-suited their fancies to such a portentous vanity as that a tittle; and that we may regard it, which we have been contemplating, therefore, as a sort of thermometric deserve respect on the one hand, or scale for ascertaining the heat of non- confidence on the other? Are they intrusion vanity. Does it not, then, not proper objects for ridicule and indicate a tolerably high temper- contempt ? and is it right that they ature? When you mark the degree should receive a particle of more to which the mercury has risen in credit, however high sounding may the tube, can you fail to be amazed be their pretensions, than belongs to at the quantity of caloric which must the merit of their overt acts? Is it have been given out in order to pro- fitting that any affair of moment duce such a dilatation ? But meta- should be committed to their pruphors becomes obscure when pursued dence? or that any great degree of too far; and so we shall just ask, in trust should be reposed in their actplain terms, Whether any greater ing at one time in consistency with amount of human vanity can be ima- their professions at another ?' Does gined than is involved in swallowing the history of human nature speak with complacency the hyperbolical, of an outrageous desire of applause or, if you like a new word better, as a harmless passion, or not rather super-exaggerated praise, which the as one which has often obliterated Witness has bestowed on the leading every better principle, and led to Nons? Yet these gentlemen can bolt the most pernicious and melancholy it, else it had never been placed be- results ? We think many people, fore them. What ravenous appetites ! not Nons themselves, but looking at Nothing, it seems, in the way of ap- that party with a degree of respect plause, can surfeit or disgust them. entirely unmerited, would be the Vanity being the stomach, and pane- better for having such questions gyric the food, what a magnificent strongly urged home upon them. It idea we must entertain of the capa- is for this reason that we have noticed city of the former, from the enormity the lucubrations in the Witness; and of the meal which the Witness has in making use of its panegyric in prepared for it! But as corporeal order to accomplish our object, we gluttony is a beastly vice, and gene- think we have employed an engine rally accompanied by disease in the which may be compared in power to physical constitution, so great vora- Bramah's hydraulic press. city for praise moves our contempt,

But from these “ Sketches" of the and indicates that something is radi- Nons by their organ, we must now cally wrong in the moral system. turn to consider a few of their own The Nons pretend that, in all their more interesting sayings and doings sayings and doings as churchmen, in last Assembly. On Tuesday, May they are influenced by " high and 27, Mr. Cunninghame brought foranxious deliberation, however, they pose than to make his audience aware resolved—that is, a majority of seven that to his other mighty accomplishof them resolved to take the last- ments he adds a knowledge of algebra. mentioned course, and proceed to the Well, he arrives at the conclusion initiatory steps for the settlement of that the case of the Strathbogie mithe presentee, whose application for nisters is a problem which admits redress to the Court of Session had but of one answer; and so is not a brought upon them this crisis of dif- cubic, or even a quadratic, but a very ficulty and peril. No sooner was easy equation of the first degree. their determination known, than it Then he goes into a disquisition on brought down upon them a sentence the difference between principle and of suspension of sacred functions from expediency,-a very useless one, we the commission of the General As- should think, in addressing Non-insembly; which sentence, as being an trusionists, who, if we may judge act of open rebellion against the law from their proceedings, seem about of the land and the supreme courts, as capable of understanding what they very properly disregarded, and principle is, as a man born blind of ordained and admitted in due form comprehending the distinction bethe presentee in question.

tween blue and yellow. Then he Such is a brief statement of their comes to shew that the guilt of the case, and such was the crime for accused does not rest on the question which they were summoned to the whether the veto is a good or bad bar of the last General Assembly. law – who ever said that it did ? They disobeyed a domineering ma- and introduces an illustration which jority in the church, when that would be an excellent good one, were majority were resisting the law of it not that it has no more bearing the land ; and they obeyed the law upon the case of the Strathbogie miof the land when the majority in nisters, than the case of the Strathquestion could afford them no pro- bogie ministers upon the interruption tection from the heavy punishment of our trade with China. If France, which the legal authorities had, in he says, instigated persons in this case of disobedience, the power to country to resist any law passed by inflict. This was the amount of the the British legislature, would it be crime they had committed this was regarded as any justification of the the "whole head and front of their rebellion of these persons that the offending" against the faction who law was a bad one? Might not some rejoice in the name of Non-intru- Moderate have retorted the illustrasionists, and style themselves the tion thus ? Ought it to be regarded Church of Scotland.

as any justification of the Nons, that Well, Friday the 28th of May ar- they resist the law of patronage on rives, the General Assembly is met, the ground of its being a bad one ? and the Strathbogie clergymen ap- But, in fact, the doctor was here pear at its bar. One of their counsel merely indulging in a little twaddle, makes a very eloquent appeal in for ends best known to himself, as their behalf; and having finished, every one understood long ago that " the man with the largest head in the guilt or innocence of the StrathEurope," the “ Demosthenes ” of bogie ministers hinged entirely upon the "Modern Athens," even the re- the question whether or not the doubted and redoubtable Dr. Chal- General Assembly had power to mers, places himself upon his legs. enact the veto-law, the disregarding And being upon his legs, what does of which is the only crime with the “ Demosthenes” proceed to do? which they are charged. Next, he The “ Demosthenes" takes out his tries to perplex the matter, hy prespectacles and places them on his tending to doubt whether the General nose, produces a portfolio containing Assembly had disobeyed the law or a ready-made speech, looses the not ? What, Dr. Chalmers ! did not strings, opens it, and begins to read. the highest court of judicature in He starts with some stuff about deter- Britain decide upon this point, and minate and indeterminate equations, is there, or can there be, any other introduced for no other apparent pur- possible way of solving the problem ?

London :-Moyes and Barclay, Castle Street, Leicester Square.

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