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casional decrement would profit the conclusion would still remain indefenorganism. The economy in weight to sible. For an economy of złoth part of a creature having nearly the same spe- the creature's weight could not apprecific gravity as its medium, would be ciably affect its survival and the ininfinitesimal. The economy in nutri- crease of its posterity. tion of a rudimentary organ, consisting a
Is it not then, as said above, that the of passive tissues, would also be but use of the expression, “natural selecnominal. The only appreciable econ- tion” has had seriously perverting efomy would be in the original building fects? Must we not infer that there up of the creature's structures ; and has been produced in the minds of natthe hypothesis of Weismann implies uralists, the tacit assumption that it can that the economy of this thousandth do what artificial selection does part of its weight, by decrease of the pick out and select any small advaneyes, would so benefit the rest of the tageous trait ; while it can, in fact, pick creature's organization as to give it an out no traits, but can only further the appreciably greater chance of survival, development of traits which, in marked and an appreciably greater multiplica- ways, increase the general fitness for tion of descendants. Does any one ac- the conditions of existence ? And is it cept this inference ?
not inferable that, failing to bear in Of course the quantifications of data mind the limiting condition, that to beabove set down can be only approx- come established an advantageous variimate ; but I think no reasonable ation must be such as will, other things changes of them can alter the general remaining equal, add to the prosperity result. If, instead of supposing the of the stirp, many naturalists have been eyes to have disappeared wholly, we unawares led to espouse an untenable recognize them as being in fact rudi- hypothesis ? mentary, the case is made worse. If, instead of two thousand generations, we assume ten thousand generations, which, considering the probably great
From Blackwood's Magazine. age of the caverns, would be a far more
A DEFEATED TRANSCENDENTALIST. reasonable assumption than the other, the case is made still worse. And if we assume larger variations - say de
WHEN Evelyn Markham alighted in creases of one-fourth — to occur only at the evening at the little station of
Aintervals of many hundreds or thou
on the Highland Railway, she sands of generations, which is not a
found that the snowstorm which had very reasonable assumption, the implied been raging all day had increased in
violence ; and the low, sullen, overthat in the nearest ally there represented, the cadu- charged sky appeared to threaten its cibranchiate axolotl, the diameter of the eye, less continuance. She had a drive of six ou than half that of the smelt, bears a much smaller ratio to the length of the body; the proportion in seven milés before her ere she reached the smelt being one-twenty-sixth of the length, and Glenfoyle House, the residence of her in the axolotl about one-fifty-sixth (the body being friend Lady Nisbet, with whom she also more bulky than that of the smelt). If, then, we take the linear ratio of the eye to body in this was going to spend a fortnight. She amphibian as one-half the ratio which the fish found a closed carriage drawn by a pais presents, it results that the ratio of the mass of the of handsome greys standing just outside eye to the mass of the body will be but one-eighth. So that the weight of the eye of the amphibian will the station ; and she recognized Alistai, be but one-sixteen-hundredth of that of the body. Macalpine, Lady Nisbet's coachman It is a liberal estimate, therefore, to suppose that who was seated on the box with his its original weight in the Proteus was one thousandth of that of the body. I may add that any
habitual air of monumental dignity. A one who glances at the representation of the porter conveyed her luggage to the car axolotl, will see that, were the eye to disappear riage, and she stood for a moment to entirely by a single variation, the economy achieved could not have any appreciable physiological effect exchange a few words with Alistairon the organism.
After a friendly greeting and inquirie
about Lady Nisbet's health, she asked | or rocks on either side. She peered what was the condition of the roads. out, but could discern nothing in the
“ It will be very bad, malam oh, impenetrable mass of gloom. All at very bad indeed ; and I'll no’ be so once the carriage stopped abruptly, and sure that we'll win through. There is Alistair's voice could be heard raised Freaths and wreaths here and there ; in seemingly anxious and angry ejaculabut we'll chust trust in Providence. tions. Evelyn pulled down the sash Yow, matam, if you. please, we'll be behind the driver's seat, and asked going as fast as ever we can.”
what was the matter. The road was fairly clear in the " It will be a snow-wreath stand neighborhood of the station, for the still, ye swine ! — and the beasts is up Find swept across it and kept the snow to their girths, and a trace is broke.” from accumulating to any considerable “Oh, what shall we do, Alistair ?” estent ;
but they pursued their cried Evelyn, in a quavering voice. journey, the difficulty of progression “ There's a bit hoosie here, by the became aggravated. It was also ex- side of the road, — a queer body lives ceedingly cold, and Evelyn huddled in't, no' that wise, I'm thinking; and herself into a corner of the vehicle, if the beasts would stand still, I would tucking her mantle more closely round get down, and see if he would help us. her. The dusk deepened rapidly, and Hi, there ! Mr. Casanove ! soon she could only see the white snow Just then a light appeared flickering scarrying past. Once or twice they en- about, and Evelyn heard a man's voice countered wreaths which were only in refined accents exchanging some resurmounted with difficulty, and with marks with the driver. She looked out much floundering and plunging of the and saw a tall man with a stable lantern borses, whose pauting and snorting tes in his hand, standing by the side of the tified their excitement and the violence road ; but the carriage-lamps seemed of their exertions. Alistair's guttural only to make the darkness visible, and «Iclamations and objurgations in Gaelic she could not distinguish his features. also were not reassuring, for he was Finally, he came crunching through the usually a very undemonstrative driver, snow to the door of the carriage. and rarely compromised his dignity by “Young lady, further progress is imintemperate language. To be sure, he possible," he said.
6. There is a deep seemed perfectly sober when they wreath in front of my cottage, and it started, thought Evelyn ; but it was appears that one of the traces is broken. very cold, and who knows whether he I think your driver should unyoke the hai not fortified himself with an occa- horses, get on to the back of one of sional dram from some private recep- them, and try to reach Lady Nisbet’s. tacle ? Then might he not in the If she has a sledge, it is just conceivCarkness stray from the road, which able that it might reach you here ; but was possibly almost obliterated by the in the mean time I would beg of you to snow, and precipitate her over a bank accept my hospitality, such as it is.” or over a ravine ?
She sat and shiv. “I suppose there is no alternative,” ered, partly with cold and partly with remarked Evelyn ruefully. apprehension. At times, when one side "None whatever, madam, I am sorry of the carriage was tilted up at an to say.” angle perilously near forty-five degrees, So saying, he opened the door of the Evelyn had to brace her feet against carriage. She rose from her seat, and ihe opposite seat, expecting every mo- he lowered the step, on which she stood bent to find the
vehicle capsized. for a moment, surveying with a bewilThen, as she judged, about half the dered look the wreath in which he journey had been accomplished, she stood up to the knees. perceived that the road began to de- Allow
me, ," he said coolly, and bescend, and the added gloom appeared fore she could realize the situation, she :0 indicate that there were high banks I felt herself lifted bodily by a pair of
powerful arms and carried to the door was tolerably roomy, and seemed to be of the cottage, where she was gently a kind of compromise between kitchen deposited. Though at heart vexed and and sitting-room. The floor was hard irritated by the unceremonious though and firm and composed of some cementfriendly act, she suppressed her annoy-like substance, while one or two rugs ance, and thanked him with only a and deer-skins supplied the place of a shade of cold irony in her tone.
carpet, and gave to the apartment a * Literally and figuratively we can comfortable look. A dresser stood opnot, in such circumstances, stand upon posite the fireplace; and a framework stepping-stones,” he remarked, answer- of plain, wooden shelves filled with ing her unspoken protest. “ And now, books occupied a corner. A deal table let me help our Highland friend.” was placed in the middle of the floor,
She stood in the doorway and watched and the stranger had evidently been the proceedings. The horses were de- writing, for a brass-mounted mahogany tached from the carriage and extricated desk was lying open upon it. The roof from the snow-wreath ; one of them was low, and, like the walls, was whitewas relieved of part of its harness, a washed. A couple of chairs, one of rug was thrown over its loins, and them an armchair, flanked the fireplace, Alistair clambered upon its back. in which a peat fire was smouldering,
“Maybe you will be having a drop of with the pungent odor of which the whiskey,” he said insinuatingly. atmosphere was impregnated. A cav
“The exercise will warm you, my alry sabre was suspended over the bookfriend,” was the cool reply. “ You will case, on the top of which lay a flute need all your sober wits to reach Lady and a bundle of music. Nisbet's, and every moment is pre- The stranger drew the armchair cious."
nearer to the fire and invited Evelyn to Alistair grunted something in Gaelic, seat herself, which she did after divestpresumably of an uncomplimentary ing herself of her heavy, fur-lined character, for the stranger replied mantle. sternly in the same language, where- “Had you not better remove your upon Alistair muttered a deprecatory hat?" he suggested. “You will feel reply in a comically discomfited tone, more comfortable.” and rode off without further parley. She silently acquiesced, though she The stranger now returned to his cot- inwardly resented somewhat his aggrestage door, and invited Evelyn to enter sive hospitality, as she considered it. with an air of deferential courtesy. A Then she hastily and almost pettishly huge Newfoundland dog rose from the pulled off her gloves, and held out her fireside as she stepped into the cottage, bands towards the fire ; and where he and advanced to meet her with dignified stood he could see the sullen glow scrutiny.
gleaming through the pink flesh on each “What a magnificent dog!” she ex- side of her outspread fingers. Beauticlaimed, patting his noble head. ful hands they were ; and the rings she
The stately animal slowly waved its wore - one of them an engagement ring tail once or twice in token of amity, flashed and shimmered prettily in and then returned to its resting-place. the light of the fire. The tall and hand
« Cæsar evidently approves of you,” some bronze lamp standing on the table remarked the stranger, with a smile ; behind her irradiated her shapely head ; "but Cæsar, Cæsar, you forget the and her host, contemplating her for a door !"
brief instant, thought that a very charmWhereupon the Newfoundland rose ing genre picture might be made of such again with a curiously abashed and materials and such a scene. She for conscious look, and advancing to the her part was both embarrassed and perdoor, slammed it to with its powerful plexed. The heteroclite character of paws, to Evelyn's amusement.
the furniture and domestic arrangeThe apartment which she had entered. ments, with their blending of the com
mon and the refined, puzzled her “But I bethink me," he added greatly, and uneasy speculations began thoughtfully, “you ladies like tea. I to course through her brain. Was he wonder if there is any tea in the house. quite sane ? Was there nobody else in Permit me to explain that I don't take the cottage ?
tea." As if he had divined the current of 6. Nor coffee ?" her ideas, he said quietly, “ My house- 6 Nor coffee.' keeper. (I use the word in a very elastic May I ask why ?" sepse) is just now milking the cow, I " It is a dangerous thing to begin to think, but she will be in presently. She catechize a doctrinaire. Well, because is a Highland woman, and speaks flu- I do not believe in any nerve-stimuently only Gaelic, but she is intelligent lants except fresh air and exercise.” and kindly, so it will not be difficult Then
don't take alcoholic bevto make her understand your require-erages, I presume ?” Dents."
“No; though not to take whiskey in “ Thank you very much, but I re- the Highlands is to be a kind of treequire nothing," replied Evelyn, consid- frog or flying-fish.” erably relieved. " And I hope I shall "I venture to assume also that you not trespass unduly on your kindness.” don't smoke."
He shook his head slightly, but made “I see you have an inductive turn of no comment. She shot a swift and mind, Miss Markham. Well, you are comprehensive glance at him. He was right. I don't.” a tall and handsome man, rather lean, “ Nor snuff ? » but evidently robust and vigorous. “Nor snuff. Nor chew." His face had little regularity of feature, She laughed merrily.
a highbred and intelligent “But why don't you believe in nervelook; his keen grey eyes peered out stimulants ? Why, the juice of butcherfrom beneath bushy eyebrows running meat is one ; and doctors say persons in a straight line along a prominent in a certain state might get drunk on a frontal ridge. The forehead was full beef-steak.?! and broad, and the chin slightly pro- I don't take butcher-meat." jecting. His hands were long and And he smiled at her look of discomsinewy, and a white scar ran obliquely fiture. across the back of the right hand.
"Nor fowls ?? “I suppose,' " said he, smiling, “I 66 Nor fowls, nor game.
Though I had better introduce myself as Mr. confess to a little aberration or inconAustin Casanove. May I beg the sistency here, for I eat eggs. That favor —
involves a point of gastronomic casu"I am Evelyn Markham,” she re- istry.” plied. “ You know that I am paying “You are in fact a vegetarian ?” a risit to my old friend Lady Nisbet; Well, yes; if you wish to label and oh ! what will she say about me.” this ??
“ And is Cæsar a vegetarian too ?” He shrugged his shoulders as a “ Cæsar does his best to imitate his Frenchman might, and
then re- master, but has lapses from virtue. marked,
You like a bone, don't you, Cæsar ??? “I am one of her tenants; and when The Newfoundland raised his head, she knows that you are here, she will and the corners of his large black chaps
further anxiety. But what began to quiver with such evident imagabout food ? I am but ill provided for inary enjoyment that Evelyn could not a lady's visit. Perhaps, however, you help laughing. After a sniff or two Fon't object to a little porridge and and a hollow moan he laid down his milk?"
head again upon the ruy, and blinked "Nothing could be better,” said solemnly, perhaps reproachfully, at his Evelyn, who was dying for a cup of tea. Imaster.
Meanwhile Casanove had risen and and are flourished. But I beg your proceeded to make the porridge. Eve- pardon for talking politics. And it is lyn watched his operations – it was not usual with me ; for, though a vegeevidently a familiar process — with in- tarian, I observe the Pythagorean ward amusement, but with a grave and maxim to abstain from beans — that is, attentive face. While he was thus from voting and all the rest of it.” engaged, chatting the while about the Meanwhile Flora had by this time set storm, Evelyn heard the sound of foot- the table for the evening meal. Evesteps ; presently a side door opened, lyn got her cup of tea — very good it and an elderly woman entered the was and took a little porridge and apartment. She had a pleasing, homely milk, in honor of her host. Flora had countenance, and despite the promi- seated herself on a stool and proceeded nence of her cheek-bones must have to knit industriously. been a very comely person when she “I grant you,” said Casanove, balwas young On seeing Evelyn she ancing his spoon meditatively on his smiled and curtseyed. Casanove ad- forefinger, “that this is not a concise dressed to her a few words in Gaelic ; kind of feeding. It is, so to speak, and she nodded energetically, and hav- voluminous. But why should we be in ing disappeared for a few minutes re- a hurry? Nature isn't. And what a turned with a glazed earthenware teapot confort to reflect that if you only give of a deep and . matured color, which this preparation time, it is sure to be had evidently often stood by the fire in digested. With more artificial dishes, a brown study. She then proceeded to there is always a dread Perhaps that infuse tea.
they won't be assimilated, as they call “Flora likes both tea and toddy,” it, though I confess I don't see how a remarked Casanove, smiling; and Flora lobster salad or a pâté de foie gras can gave a low laugh, and again nodded appeal to me. My system refuses to emphatically. “Every doctrinaire, recognize them.” Miss Markham,” he continued, as he "Well, your food will do I suppose slowly stirred the porridge, which was well enough for a student and a renow beginning to throb and sputter cluse,” said Evelyn ; 66 but I fear it lazily, “is apt to be a benevolent would be insufficient for a man who tyrant; and I have to guard against undergoes severe physical exertion." that. And therefore, as freedom is “Pardon me, I roam about these better even than temperance, I like to bills all day long on the strength of see Flora taking her tea. It is her è bread and cheese and milk.” pur si muove, her protest against my She was silent for a few moments, infallibility. I conceive that society and then said bluntly, has most to fear from the twin forces " Will you pardon me, if I ask what of the Radicals and the Fadicals ; for you really are, Mr. Casanove, for
you both of these classes are tyrants. But are a perfect enigma to me.” perhaps you are a Radical, Miss Mark- “ I am a kind of practical mineraloham; many ladies are such nowadays, gist,” he replied, with a smile. “I I believe."
wander over all this region in search of “Well, I don't much believe in gov- the various kinds of rock that are found ernment by means of Policeman X.” here, and I sell the specimens to the
“ And you would have questions in people who make up geological collecParliament every time Colin Clout gets tions and museums. It is rather an a blow from a baton — tant de bruit interesting occupation, for I make mipour une pomme de terre."
croscopical sections, test with the blowWell, Colin Clout's cranium is of pipe and with chemical reactions, and great importance to him."
so forth. The remuneration is far from “Let Colin keep his invaluable princely, but it helps, and then I have brains out of the range of batons ; he my little croft, and grow potatoes and knows very well where they flourish l other vegetables. In a word, I live