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The History of the Kingdoms adjacent to Abyssinia.
Sect. I. Kingdoms of Balu and Dancali, 300
II. The History of the Country of Ajan, or

Axan; and of the Kingdoms and
States belonging to it,

III. The History of the Kingdom of Adel,
or Zeila,

305 IV. History of the Kingdom of Magadoxo,

and the Republic of Brava, 320, 322

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The History of the principal Kingdoms on the Coast of Zanguebar,


Sect. I. The History of the Kingdom of Melinda, 329 II. The History of the Kingdoms and Islands

of Mombaso and Quiloa, 339, 343 III. The Kingdom of Mosambico,

361 IV. The History of the Kingdom of Sofala, 367 V. The History of the Empire of Monomo

tapa, or Munemotapa,
VI. The History of the Kingdom of Monoe-

395 VII. The History of Cafraria, or the Land of

the Caffers, or Kaffers, and various
nations so called,





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The History of the various Nations of the Hottena

tots, with their Coasts; together with the Dutch Settlements on or about them.


SECT. I. Situation of the Country; Account of

the several Tribes of Hottentots, their

Manners, Customs, &c.
II. Discovery of the Cape of Good Hope

by the Europeans ; and the Settlement
the Dutch,


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E come now to the Cape Verd Islands, so called Cape Vera from their proximity to the cape of that name Isands.

on the continent of Africa, to which they are directly opposite. The Portuguese call them Ilhas 'Verdas, or the Green Isands, because the surrounding sea is deeply tinged with that colour, or rather filled with a weed of an exquisite fine green, lying so thick that ships are scarce able to make their way through it. Others, and particularly the French writers, have called them the Salt Islands, from the quantity of salt made in them, and transported to all parts of the continent of Africa ; but the general' name by which they are known to all Europe, is Cape Verd. It is the opinion of some writers, that the Cape de Verd Islands are the same as Mela has described under the name of Corgones, in the Atlantic Ocean, and Pliny by that of Gorgades, the residence of the three Mod. VOL. XII.



daughters of Phorcus, known by the fabulous names of Medufa, Sthenio, and Euryale & Others again believe them to be the Hesperides of Ptolemy, fituared near the cape or promontory of that name; though it is most probable that they were utterly unknown before the Portuguese paved the way for discoveries of new worlds b.

They are situate opposite to Cape de Verd, or rather between it and Cape Blanco, about forty-two leagues from the continent, and stretching into the sea, till the farthest is feventy leagues from shore. In general, they lie between 13 deg. 50 min. and 17. deg. 40 min. north latitude, and between the 22d and 25th deg. of longi-tude west from London. With respect to their number, there is no agreement among writers or voyagers, some reckoning twelve, fome cleven, and others no more than nine, perhaps because some take into their account iflands which others think too inconsiderable to be mentioned; or possibly two islands which lie fo contiguous as to be separated only by a small gut, may have been de-:. fcribed as one. The names of the ten agreed upon are as follow ; Ilha del Sal, Ilha Buena-vista, Ilha Mayo, Ilha de Sant Jago, Ilha dei Fogo, Ilha del Bracca, Ilha del Sant Nicholas, Ilha del Sant Lucia, Ilha del Sant Vincent, Ilha del Sant Antonio, besides others of less note, to which no names have been asigned.

It is affirmed, that these islands, if not absolutely discovered for the first time, were at least unknown to the moderns till the year 1440, when Antonio Nolli, a Genoese, fell in with them. According to Jurin, the Portuguese were the first discoverers, about fix years after this period o; and Sanutus afferts, that the honour is due to a Venetian, of the family of Cadamostod, sent by the prince of Portugal upon the discovery of unknown countries.

At present they are almost all well-peopled, though in some the climate is extremely unhealthy, but in general wholsome, pure, and serene. They were peopled originally by Europeans, fome say by criminals banished out, of Portugal; at least it is certain, that they were uninhabited when first discovered, whatever they might have b«en in the days of Pliny and Mela, if they had any kulow

a La Martiniere. b La Croix, toni. iv. p. 631. Davity, tom. v. p. 625

c Thevet, Coim. lib. iii. Lin. p. 695. Pyrard. lils. i. Jarric. lib. v. cap. 44. Herrera, cap. v,

d Man. Hist. Venet. lib. v. Dandolo, lib. vii, cap. 3;


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