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miasmata, as tanners, curriers, &c. The places of interment were hills or distant caverns; and the law of the twelve tables, . ne quis hominem in urbe sepeliret, neve ureret,' was ex. tended by Adrian through every Roman city, with the exception only of famous men, of vestals, and emperors.
Dionis Cassii Historiarum Romanarum Fragmenta, cum novis earundem Lectionibus. A Jacobo Morellio, nunc primum edita. Bassano.-The eighty books of Dio Cassius's Roman History have been greatly corrupted and mutilated by the copyists, who have sometimes omitted details that they thought too long, sometimes whole passages which appeared to them superfluous and uninteresting. The best editions, therefore, which are those of Robert Stephanus and Reimarus, who had collated the MSS. in the Vatican and Florence libraries, are still defective and imperfect in a great degree. The library of Venice, however, contained a copy, whose merit had escaped even Bongio. vani and Zanetti; for they only mention its title in their index of the MSS. of the Venetian library. I
It was reserved for the learned librarian Morelli to enrich an-' cient literature with this new discovery. Having learned that M. J. A. Penzel was preparing in Germany a new edition of Dio Cassius, to which these fragments would be a valuable supplement, he inserted a description of the manuscript, and an account of its value in the preface.
The manuscript appears to be of the eleventh century, and begins towards the middle of the forty-fourth book, at the thirtysixth line of the forty-fourth page of Reimarus, and finishes with the sixtieth book, p. 965, line 93. It would render the Florentine edition complete, which leaves off at the end of the fiftieth book, as well as that of the Vatican, which concludes at the fifty-fourth. It contains many various readings hitherto unknown; but its principal merit consists in the fragments which supply the deficiencies in the fifty-fifth book, one of the most imperfect of the whole. These supply the hiatus in the edition of Reimarus.
The first fragment treats of the temple of Mars raised by Augustus, of the games and spectacles given at Rome and Naples, and of the other events of the year 752, A. U. C. The second relates chiefly to the enterprises of D. Ænobarbus against the Marcomanni and other nations on the Rhine, to the changes in the government of Armenia, to the deaths of Caius and Lucius, the adopted sons of Augustus, and to the other events of the years 754 and 5. Morelli has given a Latin version of these two frage inents, with some notes, which display considerable erudition.
Analecta Critica in Anthologiam Græcam, cum Supplemento Fipio grammatum maximam partem ineditorum, collegit 9. G. Hu: ke. 8vo. Jena.-M. Jacobs, to whom we are indebted for new edi. tions of Brunck's Analecta, with commentaries and various eiucidations of different kinds, has communicated to the editor a collection of pleasing Greek epigrams, hitherto inedited, with several published subsequent to Brunck's Analects and critical remarks. The work commences by critical analects, in which the author again examines some epigrams commented on by others, proposes some new readings, with philosophical, critical, and historical observations.
The new collection commences at page 190, and the greater number is satirical. Some have been preserved entire: of others there are fragments only. The voluine concludes with a double table-1. of the inedited epigrams and other pieces; 2. of authors commented on, of words, and things.
Del Luogo natale di Virgilio, &c. Of the Birth place of Virgil, a Memoir of L. Casali. 410. Mantua.-The ancients have uniformly said that Virgil was born at Andes ; for this place the marquis Maffei has sought in the Veronese, in the environs of Cavriana and Volta. The historian Visi supposed it to be at Rivalta, seven leagues from Mantua. The present author endeavours to show that each is in an error, and that the ancient Andes is the modern Pietole. This is not a new opinion ; but the sentiments of the authors first inentioned had so much weight, as to occasion some hesitation in the minds of Italian antiquaries, which signor Caseli has endeavoured to remove, not altogether without success.
· Parnas so degl'Italiani viventi, &c. The Parnassus of living Italian Poets. 6 Vols. 8vo. —This series has been continued after different intervals, and is, in general, respectable from the choice of the authors, and the merit of the selections. We cannot particularise every bard who adorns this bouquet, but shall enumerate a few of the most eminent, and the latesc.
The first three volumes contain the poems of Lorenzo Pignota ti, the Italian La Fontaine, whose fables and other poems have passed through from eighteen to twenty editions, in Italy. Of these volumes, the first comprises his pieces which are already known, together with six others which had never before made their appearance. The second comprehends some additional fables, a beautiful ode, and an initation of a novel of Voltaire's, entitled The Three Manners. In the third, the editor has collected all the other poems of Pignotti. Among the latter, we have particularly noticed a beautiful poem, entitled La Torba di Shakspeare, The Tomb of Shakspeare, and a good imitation of the second epistle of the second book of Horace. The poems of Savioli were at first received with a general en.
App. Vol. 34.
thusiasm, which by degrees, however, diminished, when it was discovered that they were artificial rather than sentimental, and displayed a deeper knowledge of mythology than genuine fervor of poetic genius. Savioli had his imitators, who shared the same fate; and, though numerous, they were soon forgotten. As usual, the critics were in the opposite extreme; and Savioli was considered as a very moderate poet, without reflecting that his odes were possessed of very considerable merit: but the unpardonable sin was, that, in his songs of love, he did not seem to feel like Petrarc. The editor of the Parnassus has not caught the general disgust; but has selected, in one of these volumes, many of his best productions.
We find, in the fourth volume, sixteen Anacreontic odes, and, one hundred sonnets of Rossi. The latter are too numerous 10. be uniformnly good; and, in reality, we find few, if any of them, above mediocrity.
"Rossi's Scherze. . • Nella stagion gradita
Che carca è sol di fronde, Che il frutto al for succede, E piange, e se n'adira : Dolce desio l'invita,
E il giardinier risponde:
Bramavi i frutti, o Dori?
This edition is very correct, well printed, and adorned with some beautiful plates. The editor is Dr. Rosini, of Padua, who declares in his advertisement that he will print only what the different poets please to communicate, or what they allow him to select from their works.
Epigrammi morali di Giuseppe Maria Pagnani, Carmelitano. Moral Epigrams of Joseph Maria Pagnani, a Carmelite. 8vo. Parma. -Our author is little known beyond Italy, where he ranks with literary characters of the first eminence. Yet perhaps his admirers judge of him with some partiality, when they style him ' a very great philologist;' a ' fa-. mous teacher of belles lettres ;' a copious orator ;' an • elegant poet,' &c. We have always considered liin as a happy translator, rather than a poet of originality and genius : and he seems to have succeeded best in his translations from the Greek. With a flowery style and an easy versification, he often wants that warmth of sentiment which inspires the poet and entrances the reader. We might bring some instances from the present collection, but shall prefer transcribing two epigrams, which are perhaps among the best :
• Tutti fanni i grammatici
• Bindo, se un crin perdesse a ogni bugia,
Calva la testa in men d'un anno avria. The author promises, in his preface, a translation of Greek epigrams, in which we have little doubt of his success.
Saggio di Versi estemporanei d'Amarilli Etrusca.
A Collection of extemporaneous Verses of Amaryllis of Tuscany. 8vo. Pisa. :
Three Odes of Teresa. Bandettini, &c. 410. Lucca. Signora Bandettini is distinguished among the improvisatori of Italy, by the originality of her genius, the richness of her imagination, and an expression equally just and agreeable. Proofs of each quality occur in the two collections before us. .
The first contains, six improvisi, which owe their origin to friendship. They are entitled-1. The Flight of Clelia ; 2. The Wars of the Giants; . 3. The Death of Hercules ; 4. The Meeting of Petrarc and Laura in the Church; 5. The Lamentation of Clizia; and 6. Pygmalion. The three first pieces are in ottave rime, the others in anacreontics. The fourth is full of those tender innages which might, without disadvantage, place it beside those of Rossi.
The odes in the second collection are on the naval victory of Nelson in Egypt; on the victories of Souworof in Italy; and on those of the archduke Charles. The first of these works is printed by Bondoni with all his usual brilliancy and elegance.
RUSSIA. Historisch-Statisches Gemälde des Russischen Reichs, &c. An Historical and Statistical View of the Empire of Russia, at the End of the Eighteenth Century. By H. Storch. 4 Vols. 8vo. Petersburg.--This work differs both from Mr. Tooke's and M. Georgi's, though it approaches more nearly to the former than the latter work. M. Georgi confines himself to a geographical and philosophical description of the Russian empire. Our present author treats exclusively of the condition of the inhabitants, both as it regards statistics and the interior administration.
In the first two volumes, the author points out the civil state of the inhabitants of Russia; and in the third he traces the progress of Russian industry. The introduction to this volume describes the arts as passing successively from Greece to Novogorod and Kiew, which were destroyed by the Monguls, and again re-established by Ivan I and II, and Alexis Michaelowitz. The author then gives a view of all the manufactures furnished by Russia in 1674, adding what had been done by Peter the Great, Catharine II, and Paul I.
What relates to the present state of industry in the Russian empire is divided into three sections. The first relates to che particular occupations of the inhabitants of the country. These are not agricultural only, but the manufacture of corn, oil, and sawing-mills, the preparation of tar, pot-ash, nitre, soap, leather, caviare, and isinglass. To these are added the means of encouraging and extending the different branches of national industry.
In the second section he speaks of trades, and the measures, taken by Catharine to raise their importance, in giving them sta
bility and independence. He estimates those who live by trade to · be about 350,000 in the whole empire. This section concludes
with some considerations on the want of labourers in Russia, particularly in the working of metals.
The third section is devoted to manufactures of different kinds, which are classed under forty-five heads. In the second part of this section our author exainines the following questions : Whether it be advantageous to Russia to have manufactures? What branches should have the preference? and, What means of ene couragement should the government employ?
The fourth volume contains a particular account of the commerce of Russia, from the remotest ära to the time of Peter the Great. The periods are, I. From the foundation of the empire to the establishment of the first board of commerce; 2. From that time to the re-establishment of the route of commerce across the Black Sea, in 1553, by English navigators; 3. To the acquisition of the shores of the Baltic, in 1703. The two parts which form the history of this æra contain the history of the Russian commerce on the White Sea, the Baltic, the Caspian, and the Euxine; the establishment of the two commercial cities Wo. logda and Jaroslow; the discovery and conquest of Siberia; the origin of the commerce with China ; and the period of the construction of vessels at Woronesch and at Archangel.
The volume is concluded by a statistical view of the commerce of Russia during the second part of the seventeenth century, under the reign of Alexis Michaelowitz. We may, of course, expect the continuation; but we have reason to apprehend that it is not very near. We find the last volume, which is intended for a suppleinent, will contain an account of the changes that have occurred during the impression, the observations collected by the author, a descriptive catalogue of all the works, charts, ukases, &c. employed; with a chronological table of important events. As M. Georgi's work is not common, this volume is introduced by a geographical abstract of the empire of Russia, and some observations on the orthography of Russian names.
There is, we find, a French translation printed at Basle, said to be a very correct one. This is illustrated by a chart of the whole Russian empire, and another of European Russia.
7. Reiniggs Historische Topographische Beschreibung des Kauka. · Jus. À Historical and Topographical Description of Caucusus,