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Eloge Philosophique de Denis Diderot, &c. Philosophic Eulogy of Denis Diderot, by Eusebius Salverte; read before the National Institute, on the 7th Thermidor, Year VIII. 8vo. Paris.-A philosophic eulogy! It is well that the author has not styled it a religious one also ; for his veneration for Diderot knows no bounds. Admiration and gratitude have contributed equally, M. Salverte tells us, to this truly sublime work; for the writings of the philosopher have been to him a fertile source of pleasure and instruction. The portraits of Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu, &c. precede that of our author's idol; and an analysis of the works of Diderot follows. It may be supposed that he rests with enthusiasm on the Encyclopédie- a work,' says he, 'which will out-live, after twenty centuries, theloss of our history, and every other work written in our language, and will inspire an esteem for our æra beyond what we ourselves can conceive.' The private life of Diderot concludes this eulogy. The style is elegant, but a little incorrect: indeed, in the passage just quoted, the author says that the Encyclopédie will out-live the loss of all the works written in our language-that is, out-live itself.
Euvres Philosophiques de St. Lambert. Philosophical Works of St. Lambert. 5 Vols. 8vo. Paris.-This collection contains
-1. An analysis of man ; 2. Of woman; 3. Qf reason; 4. The principles of the manners of every nation, or the universal ca. techism, with the commentary. These four works are comprised in the first two volumes, and the beginning of the third volume. The remainder of the 3d, with the 4th and 5th volumes, contain an historical analysis of society, or essays on the lives of Bolingbroke and Helvetius; and the Two Friends, an Iroquois tale. Those who possess the first three voluinęs may purchase the fourth and fifth separately.
GERMANY. Uebersicht der Oekonomischen Pflanzenkulter, &c. A slight View of the Cultivation of Economical Plants. By 7. G. Reyher. 8vo. Altona.—This little work is designed for the instruction of the farmer, and treats methodically of the cultivation of land, of meadows, and gardens. The indigenous trees and shrubs of Germany, the useful and the noxious plants and insects, are - also pointed out; with the means of destroying the latter. The author advertises a more extensive work on rural economy.
Versuch einer Vollstendigen Geschichte Vorzüglicher Holzarten, &c. An Essay towards a complete History of the principal Species of Wood, in a systematic Order. By M. de Burgsdorff. 2 Vols. 4to. Berlin. The author treads in the steps of our venerable çountryman Evelyn, but moves with peculiar circumspection,
Indeed the vast extent of his plan will, in a great measure, account for his delays. The work is brought at this time to our notice by the conclusion of the second volume, the first part of which was published in 1787; and the first volume appeared three years before.
It is sufficient to observe, that this volume contained the history of the beech-tree; and the second that of the oak. The first part of the second volume treats, in four memoirs, of the names, the country, and the constitution of oaks ; of their plantation, culture, natural and accidental properties. The second part, just published, relates to the use of the oak, and the methods of working and applying it, either to building or the arts. Each species described is accompanied with an account of its length, the marks of its goodness, its advantages, and its price in the Prussian dominions. The author next considers the use of the juice, bark, leaves, flowers, fruits, &c. of the oak. The next memoir (the second of this part) treats of the value and the use of the different sections. The extent of the work we cannot guess at. We may pronounce it instructive; but it is tedious in the extreme.
thie use of the Prussian dominion goodness, its a
Walthers F. L. Lehrbach der Forstsphysiographie, &c. The Physiography of Forests, or the Natural History of Animals, Plants, aud Minerals, which are the Objects of the Forester and the Hunter. By F. L. Walther. 8vo. Hadamar.-There are few works on the subject so comprehensive as this before us, which is said to be a syllabus of the author's public lectures. The first part only is contained in the present volume, viz. what relates to animals; and of these we find little more than the generic and specific characters, the author reserving the minuter details for the lectures. The definitions are clear and precise, but in the German language; and the Latin systems, with the names of the classes, orders, genera, and species, are translated also into German. The systematic table is preceded by some general and theoretical observations. M. Walther has separated the cryptogamous animals from the sixth class of Linnæus's system ; and formed a particular association, which he has styled cryptorgana. It is divided into four orders, compre, hending the plant animals, the animal-plants, the intermediate beings, and the microscopic animals. A list of the principal works on the subject is subjoined.
La Cépèds Naturgeschichte. La Cépède's Natural History of Amphibia : franslated from the French by 7. M. Bechstein. 2 Vols. Svo. Weimar.-We notice this translation only, to remark that the translator has made many additions from the works of Schneider, Schoepf, Walbaum, Edwards, and Dorndoff. The whole will be comprised in five volumes; and to the last
will be added an abridgement of the physiology of the amphibia, a new classification, and a synopsis of these animals.
Suckows G. A. Anfangsgründe, &c. Elements of the Natural History of Animals, theoretical and practical. By G. A. Suckow. 2 Vols. 8vo. Leipsic.—This is a short abridgement of natural history, which, however, contains more than from its contracted limits we might expect. The first volume comprises the natural history of animals; and the second, the two first orders of landbirds, the birds of prey, and the picæ. In another section (for this is only the first) the other birds will be described, and in another volume the insects and the worms. The new observations, which could not be inserted in the body of the work, will be added.
Gesundheits-Taschenbuch, &c. Manual of Health for the Year 1801. By a Society of Physicians at Vienna. 8vo. Vienna.
Vienna was, under the guidance of Van Swieten, De Haen, and Stoll, a respectable seminary of medicine. We are sorry to see, from a perusal of the present collection, that it can no longer merit such a title. The collection indeed relates chiefly to the hygieine--the methods of preserving health ; but it is deformed by some of the most triAling fancies and erroneous doctrines that we have lately perused. Dr. Frank first gives the life of Brown, with an explanation of his system ; and this is followed by an account of inoculation for the cow-pox, by Dr. de Carro. The third article is an inquiry into the causes of the great number of hectics in large cities, and particularly Vienna, with the means of curing them, by. Dr. M. Schmid. The fourth, on the present dress of women, and its influence on theis health, by Dr. Frank. Commentaries on the ideas of treatment of cure, by J. A. Schmid ; observations on the influence of heat and cold in the preservation of health and the cure of diseases, by Dr. Werner; on the influence of smells on the human body, by Dr. Cappellini ; and on the pretended preservatives, taken in spring, follow. M. Wagner communicates what he styles a fragment of a regimen for winter; and M. J. Malfatti adds some remarks on the influence of the custom of bleeding and purging. The eleventh article is a singular history of a person who had a hole in his stomach, visible externally, and who nevertheless enjoyed a good state of health ; and the twelfth is on the mortality of the hospital at Vienna, by M. Frank.
System der practischen Heilkunde. A System of practical Medicine. By C. W. Hufeland. Part I. 8vo. Jena.-We have Teceived very favorable impressions of the present work, which is intended as a syllabus to the author's lectures; and may be able to notice it more at large when a greater portion is before us. The volume before us relates to general therapeutics. The effects of remedies, and the symptoms of diseases, he professes
a fragting, follomini, and influencbealth and the
to deduce from the phænomena of organic life; and the deficiencies are supplied by observation and experience.
Ueber die Zweckmaässigste Einrichtung der Fild Hospitäler. On the most convenient Arrangement of Field Hospitals. By Dr. G. P. Michaëlis, late Field Physician in the Electoral Brunswick Lunenburg Service. With a Plate. 8vo. Göttingen. 1801, -We fully agree with the author, that this subject is too much neglected in the piping times of peace.' It should be remembered (absit tamen) that war may again return; and we should not be unprepared, especially in regulations so necessary and so essential. Wherever an army exists, regulations for the maintenance of the diseased and wounded should exist also, and be ready on the first beginning of hostile operations. M. Michaëlis seems to think that the practice of physic and surgery would be most conveniently divided in the military hospitals ; but, in the actual conduct of such hospitals, the officers could not be properly separated.
The first part relates to the arrangement of hospitals; to the -ambulatory, depôt, and chief hospitals ; and to the inferior circumstances requisite in the conduct of such institutions. The second part relates to the maintenance of patients; and the third to the persons belonging to the hospitals, and to their direction. On the whole, we cannot approve of some parts of our author's advice : it may perhaps be adapted to German customs and "German constitutions. They could not, without many modifications, be admitted in the English army.
Darstellung der Særen, Alkalien, Erden, und Metalle. An Explanation of Acids, Alkalis, Earths, and Metals ; of their Combinations and elective Affinities. In Twelve Tables. By 7. B. Trommsdorff. Folio. Erfurt.-The author published, about two years since, a more imperfect edition of the present tables, which are now corrected in many respects, but are still, we think, unaccountably incomplete. It is singular, for instance, - that his tables of elective attractions, which are perhaps the best part of the work, should be confined to those in the dry way; that the triple and quadruple salts should be omitted, as well as the double affinities. He introduces the formic suberic acids, &c. But excludes that of camphor. Among the earths, not only the glucine of Vauquelin is omitted, but, more strangely, the agustine, discovered by himself. As if also weary of his labour, we find only the names of the metallic salts.
Anleitung zur Hydrodynamick. Elements of Hydrodynamics. By G. Vega. With Nine Plates. 8vo. Vienna.—Though this is of itself a distinct and complete work, it in reality forms the fourth volume of the author's Elements of Mathematics; the three first of which appeared in the years 1782, 1784, and
time, discover auquelin amphor.
1788 respectively. It is sufficient, at so great a distance from the time of their publication, to observe, that the first treats of arithmetic and- finite quantities; the second of geometry, of the differential and integral calculus, with their application to geometry; the third of mechanics.
In the present volume, M. de Vega explains the principles of hydrostatics, of aërostatics, hydraulics, and the motions of solid bodies in a resisting medium. The work appears to us to merit considerable commendation, and is particularly estimable for the clearness of the definitions, the spirit and precision of the analysis, and the accuracy of the calculations.
Berthold Schwartz der Pulverer-finder. Berthold Schwarts, Inventor of Gunpowder, a Historical Romance. 2 Vols. 8vo. Hamburg. We do not notice the romances of the continent, unless we find some of peculiar interest or singular novelty. Berthold Schwartz is not very eminent in cither, but possesses enough of both to induce us to allot to him a few lines. This famous monk was at first named, after his father, Constantine Angklizen; and his adventures are related in a style rich in imagery, buc somewhat too poetical. The author mixes with these a philo. sophical view of the events, opinions, and manners of the fourteenth century, or rather has adopted the life of Berthold as their vehicle. This period, so highly praised, is stripped of its imaginary charms; and the boasted age of chivalry is described as scarcely emerging from a state of barbarity, under the dominion of ignorance and superstition. His erudition and philosophy, for the author possesses both, are conveyed in agreeable and, not unfrequently, in aniinated language ; but the work is not concluded; for we leave Berthold, yet young, at the battle of Cressy. Wc have reason to think that, when the author speaks of his work as the continuation of the life of Faustus, it is rather the trick of the bookseller. It must mean that Berthold is in the same style ; for, if we are not misinformed, we are indebted for the present work to the same pen from which we received the Sagen der Vorzeit, or the Traditions of past Times.
Adelstans Jovialisch-politische Reise durch Italien, &c. The Jovial and Political Travels of Adelstan in Italy, during the Campaigns of Bonaparte. 2 Vols.-Fielding called the Odyssey • the poem of good eating;' and this may be styled the romance of drinking.' Adelstan had laid a wager of a thousand guineas with an English lord, that it is possible, in passing through countries where the vine is cultivated, to find every evening a new kind. The period however is not fixed. Adelstan attempts to execute this wild project; but the political events detain him so long, that he is still at Naples. The tour is designed to termin nate at Cyprus.