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compare them with his own standard of doctrine. I plead not against those who reject the authority of the church. Every man has a right to search the Scripture for himself; but a bishop, a minister, a member of the church of England, stands (automata pitoS) without excuse, who rejects the authority to which he solemnly professes his assent and consent.' P. 154.
The writer is evidently one of the party usually denominated evangelical; and he affords us traces of that masterly pen which lately delineated the history of the church. In the diocese of Lincoln there are, we understand, several presbyters who adopt the same opinions; and the opposition between these and the bishop of their diocese, reminds us of the awful asseveration a house divided against itself cannot stand.' The question should assuredly be decided. Either let the articles, the liturgy, the homilies, and the canons for they all must stand or fall together-bewholly relinquished, and a new code of ecclesiastical doctrines and discipline be framed upon clearer views (if any such there be) of Christianity; or let the present system be supported with honesty and zeal: let it not be impugned by those whose honours and emoluments are derived from it: let it be asserted that, without infringing on the toleration due to every other sect, the church is resolved to secure the allegiance of its own members. The present state of things has a tendency to give too much encourage. ment, on the one hand, to fanaticism, under the name of evangelical instruction; and, on the other, to fill the church with a body of clergy opposers, or, at least, very indifferent supporters of its express tenets.
ART. 24.-A Blow at the Root of Infidelity; or the Agreement of Nature and Scripture in Testimony of a Triune God; a Sermon. By the Rev.
John Chamberlain, Bath. 8vo. Is. Mawman. 1801.
If we were not convinced that the author of this work wrote from the purest motives, and was a complete believer in the doctrine which is maintained in it, we should have supposed that the former part of the publication had been intended rather as a burlesque on, than a se. rious proof of, the article of the Trinity. To suppose that the material heavens can lead us to the knowledge of the Trinity, and that there is a trinity in unity in them, can only tend to confuse our opinions on a very important topic, which ought to be examined only by the light of revelation. As a text to this strange composition, is given the spurious verse in the First Epistle of St. John, in the vulgar translation ; a circumstance which leads us to form a very indifferent opinion of the biblical talents of the writer, to whom we recommend a serious attention to the words and spirit of the sacred writings, instead of trifling deductions from vain philosophy. Art. 25.—Thoughts upon modern Religion, and its Influence on mor
dern Munners. 8vo. 15. Rivington1801. Our expectations were raised at the commencement of this work, but were not gratified at its termination. The writer introduces the early reformers to make their reflexions on the events which have taken place within the last twelve years. The prostration of Antichrist was an event to which they looked forward with the utmost confidence : they triumphed in the idea; but what must be their surprise to perceive their descendents so far from rejoicing in the fall of popery, that the tidings of its re-establishment are received with pleasure, and that the British troops are adorned with hcnours from a pope and a Mahometan prince. The pen of a great master might be employed on such a subject; but our author very soon quits it, to dilate on the supposed frequency of adultery, duel. ing, and boxing, among us. The duties of the Sabbath, it is true, are too much neglected, and this shameful conduct is a marked feature in the degeneracy of modern days. The omission of family de. votion is another point on which the writer with justice expatiates; and we could wish that the example of one of our legislators was followed in every house; for, in the family of that gentleman, no company, no consideration whatever, prevents their assembling together before breakfast for short prayers, and the perusal of a portion of the Scriptures, or a book on religious subjects. They who have had the advantage of being in such families know that the spirit of devotion is no obstacle to cheerfulness and happiness, and that all the duties of social life are best performed where parent and child, master and servant, daily bend the knee before the Creator, and where each, in consequence thereof, with a grateful heart enters on his daily occupation. Art. 26.-Extracts Moral and Sacred; or a few Hints selected from
the Writings of the Wise and Good, in Support of the Cause of Religion and good Order. By the Rev. D. Tonge, M. A. & c. 8vo. 35. 6d. Boards. Rivingtons.
This compilation is made with great judgement, from the works of Burnet, De Luc's Histoire de l'Homme, Bryant on the Authenticity of the Scriptures and the Plagues of Egypt, David Levi, Soame Jenyns, Locke, and Stilling fleet. The concurrent testimony of these eminent men to the truths of religion may be well introduced by every clergy man to the parlours of the higher order of his parishioners; and we cannot but recommend to such the spirit with which the preface is indited. .
• Having spoken of the gentlemen of the dissenting interest, I cannot help adding a word of serious admonition, though perhaps neither party will pay any attention to it. When heavy imputations are laid by the writings of one to the charge of the other, and any thing like animosity prevails among Christians, I cannot help say. ing, “Sirs, ye are brethren, why do ye wrong one to another?" Weak master though I be, I say in words of the highest authority to those of the establishment, “ By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one towards another.” “ Judge not, that ye be not judged." Upon the same authority I say to the dissenter, and if he receive the Gospel he must bow to it with submissive reverence, “ This is my commandment, that ye love one another as I have loved you. Put away from you all envy, wrath, malice;" and, if I could join you both together in the common cause of truth, I would add, “ Love the brotherhood, fear God, honour the king'" If ye do not the things that I say, men cannot know that ye are Christ's disciples indeed. If, classing yourselves among bis disciples, ye will not listen to one of the most prominent lessons of his law, how true is your master's declaration, “ Narrow is the way that leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.”
. And would to God that the times were such that all men would be at peace with one another, that our enemies would be at peace with us, and that we could be so far of one mind in one house, that the wisdom of our governors could find it safe and prudent to remove all such invidious distinctions, which I have for years taught myself to believe rather tended to the promotion of discord than to the establishment of peace. P. xxi.
Art. 27.-The Anniversary Sermon of the Royal Humane Society,
preached at the Parish Churches of Kensington, April 19, and of St. Lawrence, Reading, June 17, 1801. By W. Langford, D.D. &c. Dedicated (by Permission) to his Majesty, and published for the Benefit of the Charity.-- An Appendix by the Society, on shipwrecked Mariners, Resuscitation, &c. 8vo. Is. Rivingtons. 1801.
Every friend to humanity must wish well to the society before whom this sermon was preached. It contains some affecting sentiments on the modes of death which fall under the notice of the society. In the Appendix are given directions for the recovery of persons apparently dead ; and with pleasure we read, that by means of this institution two thousand five hundred and eighty-nine persons have been restored to life, to their parents, to their families, and to the state.' Subscriptions are received by the following bankers : Baron Dimsdale and Sons; Barnard and Son; Down, Thornton, and Free ; Drummonds; Fuller, Chatteris, and Co.;. Dr. Fothergill, Bath ; and Dr. Haweis, treasurer, No 8, Spital-square. Several of our readers will, we are persuaded, avail themselves of this information; and it must ever be a satisfaction to us to be in any degree instrumental in promoting the useful designs of so laudable an institua
tion. · Art. 28.- Address to the Inhabitants of the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Ireland, on the Termination of the War with France. By the Rev. Thomas Robinson, A.M. &c. 8vo. 4d. Rivingtons. 1801.
Pious reflexions on the approach of peace. The prospects presented to us of the future will, we hope, be realised. We may fairly calculate,' says our author, 'upon a considerable reduction of expense, and the removal of some heavy burdens, which the country indeed has borne with a patriotic cheerfulness, but not without painful exertions and sacrifices of private comfort.' But if the writer expect rather too much, his reflexions on past transactions deserve attention ; and of several of our more brilliant successes hie thus speaks :- Alas! how often have our victories been celebrated in such a way, as if we worshipped the heathen deities, and not the God of Christians !'
Art. 29.- A Sermont preached before the worshipful the Mayor, &c. of
the Town of Berwick-upon-Tweed, on Friday the 13th Day of February, 1801, being the Day appointed by his Majesty for a general Fast. By the Rev. William Stow Lundie, B.A. 410. Is. Law.
Among a variety of topics selected for the meditation of the mayor, &c. of the town of Berwick, the union with Ireland holds a distinguished place; and on other accounts also this may be ranked among those political sermons which, if they must be pronounced from the pulpit, we never wish to see spring up from the press. ART. 30.-A Sermon preached at the Octagon Chapel, Bath, on Sunday,
April 26, 1801, on returning Thanks for his Majesty's Recovery from a dangerous Sickness. By the Rev. John Gardiner, D.D. &C.
8vo. Is. 62. Robinsons. 1801. · A panegyric on the king, which, however well deserved, is not suited to the pulpit. The praises bestowed on a living monarch in an elaborate oration can seldom be free from the imputation of
Art. 31.—A Sermon preached in the Parish Church of Dudley, on Fri
day, February 13th, 1801, the Day appointed for a general Fast ; containing an Address to British Soldiers, (a respectable Body of whom being then present,) by the Rev. L. Booker, LL.D. Published, by Request, for the Benefit of the Soup Charity in the said Parish, and dedicated, with Permission, to his Royal Highness the Duke of York. 8vo. 15. West and Hughes. 1801.
« The critical reader will be pleased candidly to regard the dis. course as a composition not originally meant to meet the public eye, and to ascribe its imperfections rather to the understanding than the heart.
MEDICINE, &c. Art. 32. A Treatise on the new-discovered Dropsy of the Membranes
of the Brain, and Watery Head of Children ; proving that it may be frequently cured, if early discovered. W’ith Objections to Vomits, &c. & C. To which are added, Observations on Errors in Nursing ; on the Diseases of Children, their Treatment, &c. proper for the Contemplation of Parents. By William Rowley, M. D. & C. 8vo. 25. Murray and Highley. 1801.
This newly-discovered disease is only the hydrocephalus externus, the accumulation of water existing between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater. This membrane is very inconsiderable in bulk and contexture ; indeed scarcely more than a cellular texture connecting the dura and pia mater. The whole is displayed with great pomp, and the distinction ostentatiously expanded. The latter however is sufficiently clear, from what has been said of the hydrocephalus internus; for, unfortunately, there are no symptoms of distinction between these two diseases ; though the enlarged sutures, the extended fontanelle, and the particular fluctuation felt there,
will distinguish the dropsy of the membranes from that of the ventricles.
The cure is detailed with equal pomp: but we shall transcribe the indications, which will give a sufficient idea of the author's plan.
• The rational indications of cure, from what has been premised, appeared to be the following:
1. To attract and evacuate fluids from the exhalants of the most contiguous parts, by means of blisters, to the sutures and whole hairy scalp, according to the exigency of the case, and to continue the discharge copiously.
• 2. To promote perspiration, and stimulate the absorbents by calomel and antimony, and keep the body warm. - 3. To act upon the torpid enervated stomach and intestines, and occasionally to evacuate serum by mercurial and stimulating cathartics.
64. To impart tone and vigor to the debilitated habit by tonics of bark, steel, vitriolated zinc, acid, or sweet elixir of vitriol.
5. The instituting a very dry dict, that the corroborating effects of the tonics may not be counteracted and defeated, by diluting drinks or slops, tea, &c.
6. After the cure to still continue the tonics, dry nourishing diet, and warm clothing, to prevent a future relapse.' P. 22.
This plan differs little from that of the case of hydrocephalus internus, only that the blisters to the sutures may in this last disease be omitted. If the dropsy of the brain be ever cured, it is, we believe, by the tonic plan, with small doses of calomel, leaving the rest to the simple powers of nature. We have cured many so; though, in our younger days, we were more fond of a variety of medicines.
The observations on nursing contain some good remarks, joined with a number of strange fancies. Among the latter we reckon the opinions, that suffering the legs to be uncovered renders them misshapen, and that frequent vomiting tends to produce dropsy of the brain. The author would change the children's dress four times a year; viz. linen in summer, calico in spring and autumn, and Hannel in winter. This would be very proper, if he could also change the temperature of the air at will, or command it to obey the orders of the calendar. Art. 33. - A Collection of Testimonies respecting the Treatment of the
Venercal Disease by Nitrous Acid, published by Thomas Beddees, M. D. 8vo. 45. sewed. Johnson
This indefatigable author continues to pursue this worn-out subject: but we are now so much habituated to confident assertions, and have so often experienced their fallacy, that we read them with diffidence and distrust. Our scepticism is almost at its height. On the efficacy of the nitrous acid in syphilis the best practitioners are nearly agreed, and consign it to equal oblivion and contempt with that of digitalis in hectics. To the new reports are added, Observations on the Cases published by Mr. Blair,' and « Remarks on various Questions that have arisen during the Investigation of the Antisyphilitic Virtues of the Nitrous Acid.'