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improving climate, may render the country capable of support ing both the numerous flocks of sheep and the usual herds of cattle. The remarks on the diseases of sheep seem to be valuable, and the result of real observation. The other kinds of live stock afford no very particular subject of remark. Pigeons, our author thinks so voracious as to be a natiorial injury; and computes, from a rough calculation, that the pigeons in Great Britain devour as much grain as would support 120,000 of the human species. Bees, on the contrary, devour nothing that can be employed for the use of man; and their production is wholly gain.
Under the chapter of rural economy our author gives a pleasing picture of the ancient mode of life of the shepherds of this county, but, we fear, has decorated it with colours too delusive. The price of labour is doubled within about twenty years : but this he considers as no peculiar inconvenience, since every thing rises in proportion, and finds its level. Provisions are growing dearer, but are still what would in England be called very cheap. The arguments adduced to support the predilection for the arable system in this county merit atten tion; and those which relate to distillation, especially the fraudulent practice, are certainly very judicious.
What relates to roads and canals, fairs and markets, is chiefly of local importance; but we observe with satisfaction the progressive improvements in the two former branches of rural ceconomy. The exports of this county are chiefly agricultural, There seems to be no manufactured wool, except in shawls. Flax and cotton afford some varieties of manufacture. The whole trade is rapidly augmenting. The quantity of salmons taken and exported from Loch Tay appears on the contrary to be decreasing—a circumstance more to be regretted, since the salmon of this loch is of a very superior flavour.
The population is certainly on the whole increased, though, by inclosing and large farms, it is allowed to have diminished in some districts. This is, however, fully compensated by the enlargement of towns and villages. The obstacles to improvement are chiefly of local importance; and even to explain the meaning of some of these would not be an easy task. The miscellaneous observations, including the means of amelioration, are highly valuable, but chiefly important to the inhabitants *. On the whole, we have read this work with great pleasure. The information is in general interesting : the reflexions interspersed show the author to possess taste, learning, and judgement. We have seen no agricultural report that, in all these respects, exceeds, or perhaps equals, the present volume. "
* We may just observe, that in the Appendix we find " Hiers Carns' interpreted «Heros Caisns.? If this be correct, may it not assist in deciphering a disputed and almost unintelligible passage in the Merry Wives of Windsor, where mine host say's ' Will you go on Heres:' Will you go on Heros -an expression very suitable to the bombastic style of this Hero of the garter, Rev.
ART. XII.—Poems by William Boscawen, Esq. 12mo.
Stockdale. 1801. THESE poems consist of elegies, odes, heroic epistles, and occasional copies of verses. Though we do not discover in them many of the more daring flights of genius, they have not offended us by instances either of affectation or carelessness. Mr. Boscawen's versification is melodious and easy; and, what is more to his credit, the whole breathes benevolence of heart and purity of moral principle. His elegies appear to us--but perhaps it is the most difficult species of minor poétry-to be his least successful efforts. His odes possess more merit. They often exhibit in their diction much of the majesty and characteristic grace of this species of composition. We shall select, in proof of our assertion, the second Ode, written for the Anniversary Meeting of the Subscribers to the Literary Fund, April 21st, 1795.
• Ye sacred Bards of elder time,
Whose heartfelt rapture soar'd in songs sublime!
Who, proud th' heroic chief to crown,
The fond despairing lover's pains;
Kindled the patriot's generous zeal, .
And bade him, for his country's weal,
This social homage to the nine,
And, while the voice of Pity foats
In soft, melodious, thrilling notes,
Wake the bright hopes of happier days,
When Poetry again shall raise
« Oh! mark the glories of that age
And pour'd swift vengeance on the foe;
Kindled ecstatic valour's glow.
Each felt, with transport felt, his name
• Speak, gentle Muse, thy conscious pride!
Record the trophies of thy sway,
The mighty Theban's deep-ton'd lay
Th’ Olympic champion's far-fam'd deeds,
At solemn feasts he shar'd
His awful name
Alone could stay the hostile Aame,
When Rome, in boundless rule enthron’d,
Resign'd for peaceful arts her arms,
Th’imperial master of mankind,
To soft humanity refind,
Delighted heard th’ Ausonian lyre
Mild counsels breathe, just thoughts inspire, And felt the Muse's power that harmoniz'd his sway. • Say, Britain, when, in days of yore,
Thy sons 'gainst Rome's invading band
Stern guardians of their native land,
And on the deep-wedg'd ranks of war
From oak-crown'd glades,
From mystic shades,
Avenger of his country's wrongs,
With harp attun'd to martial songs,
Nor less his voice, 'midst faction's rage,
But where, ah where ! in later days,
That once adorn'd the tuneful train ?
It pour'd a free and virtuous strain ?
Where pride maintains its sullen state,
Repell’d, the Muse's offspring flies.
Gaunt Poverty, with feeble cries,
Or, should his fancy nobly dare,
Base Av'rice stints the hard-earn'd mite, Drives him once more to want, and bids him clasp Despair..
• Behold, in Mis’ry's drear abode,
A care-worn wretch expire !
With soft yet vivid fire ;
He pines, he sinks, he dies !
And taught the path to well-earn'd fame,
Britain perchance had gloried in thy name,
The glories of thy reign renew :
Smile on the liberal chosen few !
Exalt thy vot'ry's purer mind
Awake the sympathetic glow !
Again bid drooping genius rise,
The foregoing poem has occupied so considerable a portion of our journal, that we cannot allow any space for farther extracts. In his imitations of Horace Mr. B. is often happy; and « The Progress of Satire' contains much just discrimination, conveyed in flowing and pointed numbers. His character of a work which lately made a wonderful noise in the literary and political world—which was much talked of, but little read-is at once candid and severe. We had some intention of quoting the passage to which we allude ; but the consideration of the old maxim, De mortuis, &c. has influenced our forbearance.
ART. XIII.-Sermons, on various Subjects ; by John Bidlake, B.A.
Vol. II* 8vo. 6s. Boards. Murray and Highley. THERE is a fund of good sense in these sermons, mixed with a considerable degree of piety and enlarged views of religion. Many of the subjects are local; but excellent lessons of instruction are derived from them. The melancholy events which have of late distressed the human race, and the repugnance to religion of every kind in a neighbouring nation, are deeply felt by the writer. But, with due confidence in the Creator of the World, who can draw good out of evil, he considers the unhappy instruments of this evil as destined to pave the way for a train of events which they neither have desired nor could possibly foresee. In our own kingdom, from the growing attachment to popery, so lamentably perceived in many persons whose compassion for the distressed has led them to compassion for their follies and viciouś superstitions, the following remarks cannot be too much attended to by those who still retain a regard to the principles of the Protestant religion.
* Sce our 14th vol. New Arr. p. 281.