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Order in Council.

Council Chamber, Whitehall,

November 22, 1843. By the Right Honourable the Lords of the COMMITTEE of Council

on EDUCATION.

The Committee of Council have before them the Orders in Council, dated the 3rd day of June, 1839, and the 10th of August, 1840, together with their Minutes of the 24th of September, 1839, and 3rd December, 1839, and also a Supplementary Minute of December, 1840.

Their Lordships having considered the objects to which the grants made by Parliament for the promotion of education in Great Britain are applicable under these Orders and Minutes, are of opinion that, without departing from the principles upon which they are framed, other modes of distribution may be adopted so as further to promote the improvement and extension of Elementary Education.

SCHOOLMASTERS' HOUSES. Their Lordships will make grants towards the providing or enlarging of houses of Schoolmasters and Schoolmistresses where Schoolrooms have been erected (either with aid from the Parliamentary Grant, or otherwise); but where no house has been built, or no sufficient dwelling been provided, for the Master or Mistress, upon the following conditions :

1. That the School for which such house or dwelling is to be built or enlarged, has been conveyed to Trustees for the Education of the Children of the Poor.

2. That their Lordships are satisfied, by the Repo Inspector, that the School is efficiently conducted.

3. That the right of inspection of the School is secur deed of trust, or by an endorsement thereon.

4. That the site and premises are to be conveyed to Trustees, as a residence for the Master or Mistress.

5. That their Lordships are satisfied, by the report of their Architect, that the proposed building will be substantial in structure and sufficient in size, the Subscribers or Trustees being otherwise at liberty to select their own plans.

6. That their Lordships are satisfied with the amount of local contributions to the new building.

APPARATUS FOR SCHOOL-ROOMS.

The Committee of Council will also make grants towards enabling the Trustees or Managers of any School to provide the School-room suitably with furniture and apparatus which may be necessary, in the first instance, to enable them to commence teaching in the School; and that not only in the case of new Schools but where it is proposed to establish a Day School where a Sunday School only has previously been kept.

TRAINING-SCHOOLS.

The Committee have further considered the mode in which they can assist in the establishment of Normal Schools for the training of Masters and Mistresses; and in future, if, upon consideration of any application for aid to such Schools which may be brought before them, they shall think fit to accede to that application, they will confine their grant to a proportion of the original expense of the building, and will not, in any case, make an annual grant towards the maintenance of such School.

The Committee will require that, in future, all applications for aid to Normal Schools shall be conveyed to them through the Committee of the National Society, or that of the British and Foreign School Society.

The Committee will also require that the inspection of the Normal School receiving such aid shall be secured by the deed of trust; and also, that the site and premises of such School shall be conveyed to Trustees, for the training of Masters and Mis

tresses.

INSPECTION.

The Committee of Council have also had under their consideration the inadequacy of their present means of rendering the Inspection of Schools which have been aided by the Parliamentary Grant effectual for its object, inasmuch as there has hitherto been one Inspector only appointed for all the Schools in connexion with the National Society and the Established Church throughout Eng. land and Wales; and another for the Schools in connexion with the British and Foreign School Society.

Their Lordships will therefore recommend to Her Majesty to appoint, as soon as may be, such an additional number of Inspectors as will be sufficient to ensure a periodical inspection in the most populous and manufacturing distriets, once, at least, in every half year, of those Schools connected with the National Society or the Established Church which have been aided by the public grants.

In like manner their Lordships will provide for a periodical inspection of the Schools in connexion with the British and Foreign School Society in those districts.

Their Lordships cannot doubt that the effects of such a system of Inspection will be the Improvement of the Schools visited, as well as an increase of local efforts to promote Elementary Education; and they will thereby be enabled hereafter to determine whether it may not be expedient to provide, in a similar manner, for a periodical Inspection of other districts.

GRANTS IN POOR AND POPULOUS PLACES.

Their Lordships are prepared to give full effect to that portion of the Order of the 3rd of June, 1839, which contemplates the making of larger grants towards the erection of Schools in poor and populous places than are required elsewhere; and they will, in all cases whatever, consider the amount of grant to be made without reference to the plan of any proposed School having been drawn by their Architect.

4. That the site and premises are to be conveyed to Trustees, as a residence for the Master or Mistress.

5. That their Lordships are satisfied, by the report of their Architect, that the proposed building will be substantial in structure and sufficient in size, the Subscribers or Trustees being otherwise at liberty to select their own plans.

6. That their Lordships are satisfied with the amount of local contributions to the new building.

APPARATUS FOR SCHOOL-ROOMS.

The Committee of Council will also make grants towards enabling the Trustees or Managers of any School to provide the School-room suitably with furniture and apparatus which may be necessary, in the first instance, to enable them to commence teaching in the School; and that not only in the case of new Schools but where it is proposed to establish a Day School where a Sunday School only has previously been kept.

TRAINING-SCHOOLS.

The Committee have further considered the mode in which they can assist in the establishment of Normal Schools for the training of Masters and Mistresses; and in future, if, upon consideration of any application for aid to such Schools which may be brought before them, they shall think fit to accede to that application, they will confine their grant to a proportion of the original expense of the building, and will not, in any case, make an annual grant towards the maintenance of such School.

The Committee will require that, in future, all applications for aid to Normal Schools shall be conveyed to them through the Committee of the National Society, or that of the British and Foreign School Society.

The Committee will also require that the inspection of the Normal School receiving such aid shall be secured by the deed of trust; and also, that the site and premises of such School shall be conveyed to Trustees, for the training of Masters and Mis

tresses.

INSPECTION.

The Committee of Council have also had under their consideration the inadequacy of their present means of rendering the Inspection of Schools which have been aided by the Parliamentary Grant effectual for its object, inasmuch as there has hitherto been one Inspector only appointed for all the Schools in connexion with the National Society and the Established Church throughout Eng. land and Wales; and another for the Schools in connexion with the British and Foreign School Society.

Their Lordships will therefore recommend to Her Majesty to appoint, as soon as may be, such an additional number of Inspectors as will be sufficient to ensure a periodical inspection in the most populous and manufacturing districts, once, at least, in every half year, of those Schools connected with the National Society or the Established Church which have been aided by the public grants.

In like manner their Lordships will provide for a periodical inspection of the Schools in connexion with the British and Foreign School Society in those districts.

Their Lordships cannot doubt that the effects of such a system of Inspection will be the Improvement of the Schools visited, as well as an increase of local efforts to promote Elementary Education; and they will thereby be enabled hereafter to determine whether it may not be expedient to provide, in a similar manner, for a periodical Inspection of other districts.

GRANTS IN POOR AND POPULOUS PLACES.

Their Lordships are prepared to give full effect to that portion of the Order of the 3rd of June, 1839, which contemplates the making of larger grants towards the erection of Schools in poor and populous places than are required elsewhere; and they will, in all cases whatever, consider the amount of grant to be made without reference to the plan of any proposed School having been drawn by their Architect.

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