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5. Besides the pauses made at the points, there are two kinds that belong to verse: one is the pause at the end of the line, and the other in or near the middle: the latter is called the "cæsural pause," being introduced into a line of ten or more syllables, to aid the pronunciation, and render the verse more pleasing.
6. At the end of every line, where there is no point, make a pause about half as long as at a comma, so as to give notice that the line is ended; for example:
How are deluded humàn kind
By empty shows betray'd!
A nothing or a shade.
7. There is another mode of dividing some verses by introducing " demi-cesuras,” which pause is momentary, as exemplified in the following verses :
'Tis the voice of the sluggard", I hear him' complain,
8. Here you will observe, that the pauses of the demi-cæsura fall after vorce, HIM, &c. being those marked with the single accent; the double accent points out the cæsural pause.
9. Therefore the different pauses to be observed in reading poetry are-those to be made at the points, the cæsural pause, and the demi-cæsural.
10. There are two sorts of verse : one wherein the end of each line rhymes or has a like sound, and 26 DIRECTIONS FOR READING POETRY. the other, that in which there is no corresponding rhyme, which is therefore called blank verse.
11. But observe: the lines in blank verse are generally disposed in metre, that is, each line has the same number of feet, so that the accent may,
fall on the even syllables, viz. the second, fourth, sixth, eighth syllable, &c. as in the following lines :
Delight'ful task'! to rear the ten’der thought,
12. Farther observe, that there are several licenses allowed in poetry, which are not in prose; such as the omission of letters or syllables, in order to make each line contain the same number of feet: as, gen’ral for general in the following lines:
Remember, man, the universal Cause
13. Again, by pronouncing words sometines different from what they would or ought to be pronounced in prose, that it may rhyme or sound like the foregoing verse.
14. And sometimes by omitting part of a word when the next syllable begins with a vowel, as ia the following lines of Thomson :
“ To breathe th' enliv'ning spirit, and to fix
The gen'rous purpose in the glowing breast.",
To a little Girl.
1. Eve, s. the name of the first woman.
Em-bow'-er-ed, pret, covered with bowers or sheltered with trees.
Types, s. pl. emblems, allusive pictures.
Em'u-late, v. to imitate: (to rival). 2. Da"-mask, a. red. (Damask, s. fine linen). 3. Em'-blem, s. an allusive picture or a representation. 4. Sense, s. the faculty of perceiving, meaning.
1. FAIREST flower, all flowers excelling,
Which in Milton's page we see ;
Are, my fair one, types of thee. 2. Mark, my Polly, how the roses
Emulate thy damask cheek :
Buds thy opening bloom bespeak.
Emblems of a double kind;
Emblems of thy fairer mind.
Blossom, fade, and die away;
* This is a figurative expression, a simile or comparison. Good sense and duty are compared to evergreens.
+ When a word is contracted by taking one or more letters out of the middle, it is written in Elision, by the figure Syncope. (Sin. ko-pe.) Thus, ne'er for never.
4. De"-li-cate, a. soft, effeminate, or unable to bear hardships.
Wring'-ing, v. harassing. (Twisting with violence). 5. Ad-dress', s. behaviour or genteel carriage. The direction of a
letter. Sinile, s. a look of pleasure or kindness.
1. The rose had been wash'd, just washed in a show'r,
Which Mary to Anna convey'd, The plentiful moisture incumber'd the flow'r,
And weigh'd down its beautiful head. 2. The cup was all fill'd, and the leaves were all wet,
And it seem'd, to a fanciful view,
On the flourishing bush where it grew. 3. I hastily seiz'd it, unfit as it was,
For a nosegay so dripping and drown'd,
I snapp'd it--it fell to the ground.
Some act by the delicate mind,
Already to sorrow resign'd.
Might have bloom'd with its owner a while ; And the tear that is wip'd with a little address, May be follow'd, perhaps, by a smile.
The Beggar Man.
1. Jokes, s. pl. mirthful jests.
Moor, s. black watery ground.
Drea’-ry, a. dismal, gloomy.
In-cle"-ment, a. very cold, rough. 5. Pal-si-ed, a, wanting feeling; having the palsy.
Tomb, s. a place for the dead. 6. Hos'-pi-ta-ble, a. kind to strangers.
Shield, v. to protect. 8. Chaf'-ed, v. warmed.
1. AROUND the fire, one wintry night,
The farmer's rosy children sat;
And jokes went round and careless chat. 2. When, hark! a gentle hand they hear
Low tapping at the bolted door,
A feeble voice was heard t'implore;
3. " Cold blows the blast across the moor,
The sleet drives hissing in the wind;
A dreary, treeless waste behind;
4. "My eyes are weak and dim with age,
No road, no path, can I descry,
Of such a keen inclement sky.