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and salt him in your beef barrel.” At which the Viscount drew his sword, and would have run him through, had not Claverhouse interfered and separated them. John Bell's remains are in Anwoth Churchyard, David Halliday's are in Balmaghie, Robert Lennox's in Girthon. The inscriptions are in the Appendix.—ED.]

HE said Laird of Lagg, with the Earl of Annandale, having

command of some troops of heritors, pursued another David

Halliday [of Glencayre) and George Short, and apprehended and shot them, under cloud of night, in the parish of Twynholm, in Galloway, anno 1685.

(On June roth, according to Wodrow, but July 11th, according to the inscription on the monument in Balmaghie, over the remains of David Halliday, Lord Annandale fell in with the two martyrs. On their surrender he gave them quarter till they should be tried next day; but when Sir Robert Grierson of Lagg came up, he would have them shot immediately, as they lay bound upon the ground. They begged they might have the next day to prepare for eternity, and Lord Annandale told Sir Robert he had promised them so much. But nothing would move Lagg. He swore they should have no time, and ordered his men to shoot them forthwith. The soldiers refused until he threatened to do it himself, when the two were shot as they lay. The remains of Short are also in Balmaghie churchyard. The inscriptions on the monuments of both martyrs are in the Appendix. -ED.]

THE laird of Culzean (Sir Archibald Kennedy) for that time

captain of a troop of militia and heritors, killed William

M'Kirgue at Blairquahan Mill (parish of Straiton, Ayrshire), anno 1685.

The laird of Culzean, with the laird of Ballochmiln, also shot Gilbert M'Adam in the parish of Kirkmichael (Ayrshire) July 1685.

[Gilbert M'Adam was the son-in-law of James Dun in Benwhal, Dalmellington, a worthy man who suffered much in his family for their nonconformity. One son was murdered by the soldiers, and two were banished. Gilbert M‘Adam was apprehended in 1682 and taken to Dumfries for his nonconformity. James Dun went and gave security under a penalty of four hundred pounds for his appearance when called, and he was set free. On his failing to appear, the penalty was exacted. Shortly afterwards he was again taken and

carried to Glasgow, where, when he refused to take the oath, he was banished and sent away in Bailie Gibson's ship. His father had given him £20 with him, with which he bought his freedom in America, and he returned home in 1685. On a Saturday night in June or July, in the house of Hugh Campbell in Kirkmichael, he and some friends were met for prayer, when Sir Archibald Kennedy, with a company of soldiers, surrounded the house. Gilbert M'Adam tried to escape, but the soldiers fired and shot him dead. Wodrow says he was a person of shining piety.-Ed.)

PARTY of Highlanders killed Joseph Wilson, David Dun,
Simon Paterson, and other two, near the water of Coyle in

Kyle (Ayrshire), anno 1685. [David Dun belonged to an Ayrshire family noted for their attachment to the cause of truth and freedom, who suffered much during the persecution. David Dun had been at a conventicle held by James Renwick at Kilmien, a moorland spot four miles to the north-west of Dalmellington. He was returning home, when he saw a company of horsemen in the distance, trying to find their way to Kilmien.

He turned towards a morass, in the midst of which was a hollow often resorted to by the persecuted when pursued, and would have reached the hollow, had not another detachment of cavalry coming from an opposite direction suddenly met him. He thus found himself hemmed in, and his heavy horse sinking on the edge of the moss, ere he could right himself he was a prisoner. Simon Paterson had been at the same meeting, and seems to have been taken at the same time. Their presence at the conventicle was their only crime. Both were taken to the gallows standing at Old Cumnock, and without trial, witnesses or jury, hanged that very day. Joseph Wilson, John Humphry, and John and Alexander Jamieson had come from Galloway, and had been at Kilmien. They had sought refuge in Tod Fauld below Benbeoch Craig, in the parish of Dalmellington, where they had lain for some time, but having learned that a reward was offered for their apprehension they retired to Carsgailoch Hill, about five miles to the west of New Cumnock. Here the four were surprised the day after the meeting by a party of dragoons. Alexander Jamieson, as Wodrow calls him, or James Jamieson according to tradition, escaped, but the other three were shot and left by the murderers unburied on the moor. Their friends afterwards interred them on the spot where they fell. A monument

was erected about 1838 over their remains. In digging for its foundation the workmen came upon the bodies of the martyrs lying in the moss. They were in the coats, hose and bonnets, in which they had been shot. Their bodies were still in a state of good preservation, and so was their dress, which was mainly a strong home made cloth, that either had been, or had become the colour of the moss.-Ed.]

HE laird of Ardincaple, commanding a party of Highland

men, killed Robert Lockhart and Gabriel Thomson about

that time also, May ist, 1685. [They had been at a conventicle, and were on their way home, when they were overtaken by Ardincaple coming from the west. The one was shot at Cowplie, at the foot of Melowther Hill, about three miles to the south-west of Eaglesham village ; the other got away, but the soldiers came up to him about a mile further on the road at Sparrow Hill, at a house now in ruins. With his back to the gable of the house, he defended himself, but he was soon overpowered and shot dead. They were strangers to the district. Their remains lie in a corner of Eaglesham churchyard, since made the burying-place of the ministers of the parish. When a new monument was erected in 1838 over the spot, in clearing out the foundation two skulls were found not far from the surface, about the length of a man from each other, lying "heads and thraws" i.e., in opposite directions. No trace of a coffin was to be seen. The inscription on the monument is in the appendix.-ED]

ILLIAM PATERSON was shot at Strathaven, uncertain by whom, 1685

[William Paterson was son to Robert Paterson in Kirkhill, Cambusnethan, who was killed at Airsmoss. William Paterson had been turned out of his house for nonconformity, his family was scattered, and he himself suffered many privations, until at last he was apprehended and sent abroad as a soldier. Making his escape, he came home; and, after being in concealment for some time, was taken upon a Sabbath day in 1685 at Charonheugh. There were fourteen in the place, ten of whom, on the soldiers' approach under Captain Bell, got into a secret place in the cave, while William and other three were made prisoners, who took the oath of abjuration. Viliam Paterson refused it, when the soldiers carried him to Evan

dale Castle, where that afternoon, without trial, he was shot. His remains lie in Strathaven churchyard. The inscription is in the appendix.-ED.]

JOHN M'GLORGAN was killed at Drummellian's house in

the night-time, not known by whom.

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OHN REID, belonging sometimes to Craigie's troop, did

under cloud of night kill by a shot one George Wood,

about sixteen years old, without asking one question at him, in Distinkhorn Hill in Kyle, June 1688.

[George Wood was the last who suffered previous to the Revolution. Wodrow says that the murderer, when challenged for what he had done, replied, “He knew him to be one of the Whigs, and they ought to be shot wherever they were found."-ED.

N sum, their number amounts to seventy-eight. Besides

these cold-blood murders, there were many killed at several

skirmishes at Pentland, Bothwell, Airsmoss, etc., while fighting in their own defence, and the defence of the field-meetings, the number whereof amounts to about four hundred and some odds.

A Short Account of the Oppressive Exactions.

T

HE following short account, taken from the “Memorial of

Grievances,” is far from being a full statement of the op

pressive exactions during the twenty-eight years' persecution. The expectation of the compilers that a fuller statement would be given was fulfilled by Wodrow. In the preface to the second volume of the original edition of the history there is an “abbreviate of fines and losses in the different shires and parishes from particular information in the author's hands." This abbreviate

cost the historian more labour than many sheets of his history, and was formed out of several hundred sheets of informations from different parishes throughout the kingdom. Much labour as Wodrow spent on it, he says it was incomplete, for he had received no information from far the greater part of the parishes where the persecution raged. Hence he reckons the abbreviate to be at least one half less than the reality. But the abbreviate itself is something astounding. It is

Fines and losses in the shires of Edinburgh, Selkirk, Berwick,

Roxburgh, Peebles, Dumfries, Galloway, Ayr, Renfrew,

Lanark, Fife, Perth,
Middleton's fines detailed in Wodrow's history,
Gentlemen in Renfrewshire 1684, detailed in the history,
Gentlemen in Dumbartonshire as in the history,
Gentlemen in the shire of Murray [i.e., Elgin, Banff, Ross,
Sutherland], as in the history 1685,.

Total,
-Ed.]

£1,743,999 18 8 1,017,353 6 8 237, 333 6 8 55,200 0 o

120,933 6 8

£3, 174,819 18 8

[graphic]

XPECTING that others, who have the particular informa

tions of matters of facts by them, will be concerned to publish a more full account of these illegal fines and robberies, it shall suffice at present to transcribe only the general account of some of them out of the forementioned Memorial of Grievances; which runs thus :

For fines and other exorbitant and illegal exactions

of money, the particular sums cannot be here enume. rated; but their vastness, when together calculated, may be easily collected by the scraps already gathered of some poor families of farmers, cottars, servants, etc., and many of these omitted or not known (which would very considerably augment the sum), in some few shires, viz. Clydesdale, Renfrew, Ayr, Galloway, Nithsdale, and Annandale, only for but a few years, to wit, since Bothwell Bridge insurrection, amounting to above 288,000 pound Scots; besides the many honest families which have been casten out of their houses, harassed and spoiled of their all ; some of their houses being thrown down, some burnt, some shut up, their goods and moveables seized upon, their crop and cattle also disposed of at the will of their

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