« ElőzőTovább »
HEREAFTER were taken away in banishment, by one Robert
Maloch, fourteen men, whose names are not recorded.
(Wodrow's notice is equally short: “And August 15, about fifteen more are ordered to the same place."--Ed.]
NNO 1685. In the time of Queensberry's Parliament, of men and women were sent to Jamaica two hundred.
[Among these prisoners was Gilbert Milroy of Kirkala in Penninghame parish, who survived the Revolution, and returned home, and was in 1710, says Wodrow, a very useful member of the session of Kirkcowan. He wrote an account of his sufferings. He and his brother William had doubts about abjuring the Societies' Declaration, and so had kept from home out of the way of the soldiers. The soldiers came and plundered their house, and carried away eighty black cattle and about five hundred sheep, besides household stuff. Next day the brothers were brought to Minnigaff, and, not answering the usual questions to satisfaction, were sent on to Edinburgh, where they were imprisoned in Holyrood, as the ordinary prisons were full. When brought before the judges, they refused to take the oaths, and were sentenced to have their ears cut off and to be banished for ten years. A few days after sentence, the prisoners were taken out and tied six and six of them together, and marched to Newhaven, such as were not able to walk being conveyed in carts, and put on board a ship lying there, and thrust under deck two and two of them together to the number of an hundred and thirty. In this state they were kept during the voyage, and so great were their sufferings through insufficient food, a scanty supply of water, and want of fresh air, that when they arrived at Jamaica, after a passage of three months and three days, thirty-two had died on the way. They were landed at Port Royal, and kept in prison ten days, until they were sold as slaves. The proceeds of their sale were kept for Sir Philip Howard, an Englishman, who had received a gift of them from the king. Sir Philip, however, did not live to enjoy it, for when leaving London for Port Royal, he fell between two ships and was drowned.--Ed.]
HE same year, one Pitlochie transported to New Jersey one hundred, whereof twenty-four were women.
[In 1685 there are several acts of Council banishing prisoners, and handing them over to John Scot, laird of Pitlochie.
Under March 10, he received a warrant to go to the prisons of Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Stirling, and transport a hundred of the prisoners to the plantations. He seems also to have gone to Dunottar, and to have got about thirty there, among others Patrick Walker, the well known writer of “Remarkable Passages in the Lifes of Peden, Cameron, Cargill, etc;" but he escaped while they were waiting at Leith. The ship sailed September 5. She had scarcely turned the Land's End, when fever broke out, especially among those who had been confined for so many months in the dark vault at Dunottar. The beef became putrid ; the ship twice sprang a leak; and so deadly was the voyage, which lasted for fifteen weeks, that their numbers were about seventy less when they arrived at New Jersey (whither the wind drove them rather than to Jamaica, where the captain had proposed to take them)Pitlochie himself and his wife being among the dead. On landing, the prisoners seem to have been left at large, and the inhabitants of a town, not named, a little way up the country, hearing of their circumstances, invited all who were able to travel to come and live with them, and sent horses for such as were not, and entertained them that winter freely and with much kindness. In spring Pit lochie's son-in-law sought to claim them as his property, and sued them before the court of the province. The governor sent the case before a jury, who found that the accused had not of their own accord come to the ship, and had not bargained with Pitlochie for money or service, and therefore, according to the laws of the country, they were free. Most of the prisoners retired to New England, where they were very kindly entertained. “So," concludes Wodrow, “ Pitlochie proposed to be enriched by the prisoners, and yet he and his lady died at sea on the voyage. He sold what remained of the estate to pay the freight, and much of the money remaining was spent upon the law-suit in New Jersey. Thus it appears to be but a hazardous venture to make merchandise of the suffering people of God."--ED.)
N the same year thirteen more were sent to Barbadoes.
Their names are not in the hands of the publishers, if they
be at all recorded. [Wodrow does not mention this exact number, but under November 26, 1685, he gives an extract from the Council registers, which sentences David Paterson in Eaglesham, William Freugh there,
James Rae, Uddingston, and John Park, weaver in Lanark, for Conventicles and refusing the Oath of Allegiance, to be banished; and under December 9, 1685, eleven more receive the same sentence.—ED.]
NNO 1687 [1685), three-and-twenty men and women were
sent to Barbadoes, whose names that subscribed the Joint
Testimony are as follows: John Ford, Walter M‘Min, Adam Hood, John M'Gie, Peter Russel, Thomas Jackson, Charles Dougal, James Grierson, John Harvie, James Forsyth, George Johnson, John Steven, Robert Young, John Gilfillan, Andrew Paterson, John Kincaid, Robert Main, James Muirhead, George Muir, John Henderson, Anaple Jackson, Anaple Gordon, Jean Moffat.
(1687 is here, from the place in which the paragraph stands, evidently a misprint for 1685. The compilers do not seem to have known that these were part of the banished given to Pitlochie. The substance of the joint testimony, with the names here given, and five others, occurs in Wodrow, and is dated from Leith Roads. August 28, 1685, while the ship was lying there waiting orders to sail.-ED.)
JNNO 1686 (1687), March 30, were banished to Barbadoes,
John Stewart, James Douglas, John Russel, James Hamil
ton, William Hannay, George White, Gilbert MacCulloch, Thomas Brown, John Brown, William Hay, John Wright, John Richard, Alexander Bailie, Marion Weir, Bessie Weir, Isabel Steel, Isabel Cassils, Agnes Keir. [In Wodrow the same names and three others occur under 1687.
April this year I find that sixteen men and five women were banished to America, and gifted to Captain Fairn, who carried them away in Captain Croft's ship, then lying at Leith. Their testimony they jointly signed lies before me, and therein they signify the reason of their sentence was, because they would not acknowledge the present authority to be according to the Word of God, nor disown the Sanquhar Declaration, nor engage not to hear Mr James Renwick, and conclude with leaving their testimony against the evils of the times, and sign thus." Then follow their names.-ED]
A List of those Killed in the Fields.
SHORT ACCOUNT of those who were killed in the open fields without trial, conviction, or any process of law, by
the executioners of the Council's murdering Edict whose names are here specified. [The Council's murdering Edict was passed November 22, 1684. It was, “ The Lords of his majesty's Privy Council do hereby ordain any person who owns, or will not disown the late treasonable declaration [i.e., the Apologetic Declaration) upon oath, whether they have arms or not, to be immediately put to death, this being always done in presence of two witnesses, and the person or persons having commission from the Council for that effect.” The Short Memorial, etc., drawn up by Alexander Shields, the author of the “Hind Let Loose," and quoted from in this Short Account, is a quarto of 56 closely-printed pages. It is a calm and able statement of the unlawful and tyrannical character of the administration of the governments of Charles II. and James VII. The pages here quoted form the much smaller part of the memorial -that occupied with a “short recapitulation in bulk of some instances of our several kinds of sufferings, with a touch at some of the most principal instruments thereof in the five western shires.”—ED.]
O give an account of the many hundreds, who either
died or contracted their deaths in prison, by the severities they met with of cold, hunger, thirst, want of room and air, fetters, tortures, stigmatising [i.e., branding with a hot iron), whipping, etc., would be a work of immense labour ; nor can any full account thereof be had, considering the vast numbers of such,
and the neglect of writing memoirs of these things, or their being seized by the persecutors, who were industrious to
suppress such accounts of their own villainies from the view of posterity. The number of such as suffered under colour of law, and judicial trial, from Mr James Guthrie the first, to Mr James Renwick the last, has been computed to amount to about one hundred and forty. But the councillors, willing to ease themselves of that lingering way of doing business, not content with Popery's gradual advancement, were for doing their work all at once; and accordingly authorised captains, lieutenants, sergeants, and single soldiers to shoot all suspected persons, wherever they could catch them, without further trial of their pretended crimes ; and accordingly, betwixt the year 1682 and 1688, when a revolution of affairs put a stop to their career and bloodshed, there were murdered in the open fields the following persons, besides others that no certain list has been got of, as they are enumerated in a print, entitled, “A Short Memorial of the Suffering and Grievances of the Presbyterians in Scotland, particularly of those of them called by nickname Cameronians,” printed in the year 1690. Which is as follows:
OHN GRAHAM of Claverhouse, Viscount of Dundee, in
the year 1682, with a party of his troops, pursued William
Graham, in the parish of (Kells), in Galloway, making his escape from his mother's house, and overtaking him, instantly shot him dead. (There is no account of this martyr either in Wodrow or Crookshanks. His remains lie in the churchyard of Crossmichael. —ED.]
HE said Claverhouse, together with the Earl of Dumbarton,
and Lieutenant-General Douglas, caused Peter Gillies, John
Bryce, Thomas Young (who was taken by the Laird of Lee), William Fiddieson, and John Bruning, to be put to death upon a gibbet, without legal trial or sentence, suffering them neither to have a Bible, nor to pray before they died, at Mauchline, 1685.
[Peter Gillies was a bleacher in Stirling. In 1674, a Presbyterian minister preached in his house. Tidings of the sermon came to the curate, and the result was that Gillies was turned out of his house, and stripped nearly of his all. In 1685, when in Muiravonside, the curate, displeased at his nonconformity, informed against him, and got a party of Highland soldiers, just arrived at Falkirk, sent to apprehend him, which they did April 30th. John Bryce, a weaver in West Calder parish, who had come to get some cloth, was taken with him. Peter Gillies' wife had given birth to a child a few days previous.