James Graham.

JAMES GRAHAM was a tailor in the parish of Crossmichael,

Kirkcudbrightshire. He was returning to his mother's

house, after a day's labour, when he was overtaken by Claverhouse and a party of soldiers. They did not know him, and had nothing to lay to his charge, but they searched him. They found a Bible in his pocket. The Bible they took from him, and without any more questions they carried him prisoner to Kirkcudbright. Thence they took him to Wigtown and then to Dumfries, where he was some time in irons, because he would not answer their questions. He was shortly afterwards taken to Edinburgh, where he was questioned upon the Societies' Declaration. He was tried, condemned, and suffered with George Jackson. Wodrow says he died most comfortably.—ED.]



in Crossmichael, in the Stewartry of Galloway, who suffered at the Gallowlee, betwixt Leith and Edinburgh, December 9, 1684.

“MEN AND BRETHREN,—I am come here this day to lay down my life for the cause of Christ, and I bless

the Lord, that ever He gave me a life to lay down for such a noble cause ; and now I wish this day that every hair of my head, and every drop of my blood were a life, I could willingly lay them down for Him. For it is all too little I can do for Him. Oh! it is a wonder that ever He should have chosen me or the like of me, to witness or die for Him in such a cause! For He hath no need of me, or any of the lost sons of Adam, but He hath testified in

His Word, that He will make the poor things of the earth to confound the prudent.

“ And now I bless the Lord that I die not as a murderer, nor a thief, nor as an evil doer, nor as a busybody in other men's matters. The heads whereupon I am indicted, are, because I refused to disown that paper which is most agreeable to the Word of God, and to our sworn Covenants and work of Reformation ; and because I would not swear to that which I durst not for my soul do. Now, I giving a short account what I am indicted for, I shall likewise give an hint of what I adhere to.

“1. I adhere to the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, Confession of Faith, Catechisms Larger and Shorter, and to the whole work of Reformation, as it was once established in our land, although now, alas ! defaced and denied by the most part of this generation.

2. To the Covenants, National and Solemn League, to which we are sworn, with hands uplifted to the most high God, and bound to maintain.

“ 3. To the Sum of Saving Knowledge, the Acknowledgment of Sins, and Engagement to Duties.

“4. To the preached Gospel, as it was faithfully preached in our land, by the seni messengers of Jesus Christ, especially by Messrs J. Kd. [i.e., John Kid), J. K. [i.e., John King], D. C. [i.e., Donald Cargill], and R. Cn. [i.e., Richard Cameron), who took their lives in their hands, and went forth upon all hazards, when the rest of their brethren turned their back upon the cause.

“5. To Mr James Renwick, as a faithful sent servant of Jesus Christ, who has lifted up the standard where Messrs Donald Cargill and Richard Cameron left it, who sealed the cause with their blood.

“6. To all the appearances in arms in defence of the Gospel and our sworn Covenants, and the whole work of Reformation.

7. To the Excommunication at the Torwood, by Mr Donald Cargill.

“8. To the Sanquhar Declaration, as a thing most agreeable to the Word. “9. To the Declaration at Rutherglen.

10. To the paper that was taken off worthy Henry Hall at the Queensferry.

“11. To the burning of that hell-hatched thing called the Test, at Lanark.

“12. To the fellowships of the Lord's people, for reading, singing, and praying ; according to the Scripture in Mal. iii. 16, and Heb. X. 25, and several other Scriptures which warrant this.

" 13. To all the Testimonies of the faithful witnesses of Jesus Christ, from the appearance in arms at Pentland Hills to this day.

“ 14. To that Paper upon which I was indicted, in so far as it is agreeable to the Word of God, and our sworn Covenants, and work of Reformation.

“And now, on the other hand, I shall desire to let you see what I shall witness and testify against, so far as I am enabled by His Holy Spirit.

“1. I leave my testimony against all breach of Covenant, which is a sin that hath overspread the whole land.

2. Against the acceptors of the Indulgence first and last, because they have fled from their first engagements, which engagement was to be faithful ministers to the Church of Christ, which they have broken and rent.

“ 3. Against the hearers of curates, because they have broken our sworn Covenants and work of Reformation.

" 4. Against Popery, Prelacy, Quakerism, and all heresy, and whatsoever is contrary to the Word of God.

“5. Against paying of the cess and locality, and against paying of fines, because it is bearing up of these soul-murderers, and an acknowledgment that we have done a fault in following our duty.

6. Against Charles Stuart, in regard he hath broken the Covenant, that he was once sworn to, and put forth his hand against the people of God.

7. Against that perjured and abominable thing called the Test and the Oath of Allegiance, which is an oath against our Covenant.

“8. Against Gib and his followers, and all their pernicious ways.

“9. Against the overthrowing of our work of Reformation, which we had from our Lord and Master, and His faithful servants, to be comforts to our souls.

“Now, the time being short, I shall say no more; but farewell mother, brethren, and sisters ; farewell all Christian friends and acquaintances in the Lord. Farewell Holy Scriptures, which have been my comfort many a day. Farewell meat and drink, sun, moon, and stars. Welcome eternity. Welcome heaven. Welcome holy angels. Welcome God in Christ; into Thy hands I commit my spirit !

Sic subscribitur,


Robert Pollock.

OBERT POLLOCK was a shoemaker in East Kilbride.

He was apprehended in Glasgow in October 1683, and

was sent into Edinburgh. He was examined before the Council in the manner usual at that period. He was tried before the Justiciary Court, January 19, 1685. The evidence brought against him was that he had not disowned the Societies' Declaration when before the Council. He was found guilty, and sentenced to be hanged at the Gallowlee upon Wednesday, January 23d. He died in great peace, and full views of his right to eternal happiness. -ED]



POLLOCK, Cordiner [i.e., shoemaker) in Kilbride, who was taken at Glasgow, and suffered at the Gallowlee, January 23, 1685, betwixt eight and nine of the clock in the morning.

(The body of this testimony being much of a piece

with several of the foregoing, as declaring his adherence to the same truths, and abhorrence of the same errors and abominations, the reader will find here only the preamble and postscript, as follows) :

“Dear FRIENDS,-1, being sentenced to die by men, thought it fit to leave this short word of testimony behind me. Now, if I could say anything to the commendation of Christ, I have as much to say to His commendation as any poor sinner ever had to say; for He has done more for me than heart can think, or tongue can speak, or hand can write ; for He has made good His promise to me, 'When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee : when thou walkest through the

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fire thou shalt not be burned ; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee' (Isa. xliii. 2). This promise, I can say upon good ground, has been made out to me. And I can say with the spouse in the ad of the Song, verse 6, ‘His left hand is under my head, and His right hand doth embrace me.' "A bundle of myrrh is my well-beloved unto me' (Song i. 13).

“And now I cannot study to save my life without prejudice to His glory and vindicating of evil-doers. For I desire to fear and serve Him, and also to confess Him that hath said in His Word, “Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, Him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven. But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven' (Matt. X. 32, 33). And He has said, “No man having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God' (Luke

And also He hath said, ' If any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him’ (Heb. x. 38); but he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved' (Matt. xxiv. 13). Now I say,

death and life, heaven and hell, even Christ, being on the one hand, and the world on the other hand, and Christ holding forth an offer of Himself to me and making me welcome to come to Him, I desire rather to suffer anything He is pleased, than to run after the multitude ; and now truth being so much controverted, I think I cannot refuse to be at His disposing in suffering for it.

“And now, I being somewhat confused in the time of my writing, and therefore could not keep order, wherefore I take leave to leave my testimony to several things that I forgot before ; and now I as a dying man, leave my testimony to the Sanquhar Declaration, and to the late Declaration, November 1684.

“And now I have two particulars to leave my testimony against, viz., the Duke of York and the Duke of Monmouth ; against the Duke of York, for marrying a strange woman, and as he is a Papist himself; and against the Duke of Monmouth, for coming down to Scotland to help the enemies of God to kill the Lord's people for hazarding their lives in defence of the Gospel.

“And now I am come here this day to lay down my life for the hope of Israel, of the which hope I am not ashamed this day, for I desire to bless His holy name that these twelve years and more my soul has loved Him, and many times my soul has been refreshed when I thought upon suffering for Him. Now I do not say I am free of sin, but I am at peace with God through a slain Mediator,

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