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graphs and etchings, book illustrations, reproductions of paintings and drawings, portraits of Menzel, and books and articles dealing with him and with his art. The exhibit offers an adequate view of Menzel's remarkable power as a draughtsman, as also of his rich inventiveness, imagination, and insight. The John Paul Jones exhibit has remained on view in the lower hall. At the Astor branch the Schiller exhibit gave place on September 8th to one illustrating ornamental metal work and general decorative designing, the plates being taken from “Moderne Ziermotive für Kunst und Gewerbe’” and from Brechemacher’s “Moderne Kunstschmiedearbeiten.” Picture bulletins and temporary collections of books on special shelves at the circulation branches were as follows: CHATHAM SQUARE, Scottish scenery, Heroines of fiction; EAST BRoadway, United States Government, United States politics, United States presidents, Electricity; RivingtoN STREET, China, Music; Bond STREET, Landmarks of New York; OTTENDoRFER, Labor day, Germany, Books about nature; Tompkins SQUARE, Autumn; JAckson SQUARE, California, Benjamin Franklin; MUHLENBERG, Hezekiah Butterworth; GeoRGE BRUCE, Sea tales, Old time tales, Peace; 67th STREET, Hans Christian Andersen, Diagram of a battleship; Riverside, Max Beerbohm's caricatures; St. AGNEs, Cook-books; 96TH STREET, Canterbury pilgrimages; Blooming DALE, Boarding school, Birds, Europe, Bonhomme Richard, Discovery of gold in California, William the Conqueror, Gunpowder plot, Religion. In addition there were bulletins on new books at six branches, on Japan at five branches, of school stories at four branches, on Mary Mapes Dodge at four branches, on George Macdonald at three branches, and on North American Indians at three branches. The thirty-fourth circulation branch of the Library was opened at 4 P. M. on Friday, September 22d, at 112 East 96th Street. This branch, the fourteenth of those erected from the Carnegie fund, is the seventh to be opened directly by the Library, the other seven Carnegie buildings affording new homes for already existing branches. Hon. William Harman Black, Commissioner of Accounts, presided as the designated representative of the Mayor and made the address on behalf of the City. The Trustees were represented by Charles Howland Russell, Esq., Secretary of the Board. The branch opened with Io, ooo volumes on its shelves.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR

For the YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1905.

JULY 1, 1905. Hon. JoHN BIGELow,

President New York Public Library. SIR:

I have the honor to submit the following report of the work of this Library for the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1905.

Since my last report the Board of Trustees has lost by death one of its members, Samuel Putnam Avery, who died at his home in this city on Thursday, August 11th, 1904. Mr. Avery had been elected a trustee of the LENox LIBRARY in 1894, and he was one of the twenty-one chosen for the new Board at the time of consolidation in 1895. The gift of his choice collection of prints to the newly established Print Department in 1900 was but a single instance of his warm interest in the Library, an interest that continued quite to the time of his death and manifested itself not only by numerous gifts of books and prints, but also by unceasing vigilance for the best interests of the Library. He was succeeded as trustee by Mr. Cleveland H. Dodge, elected at the meeting held January 11, 1905.

GENERAL SUMMARY.

The current activity of the Library is shown by the figures in the following summary:

In the reference branches, readers and visitors numbered 200,238; 159,695 desk applicants consulted 615,454 volumes (corresponding figures for 1903-4 being 128,872 desk applicants and 524,097 volumes). 31,347 volumes and 78,008 pamphlets were received; 28,047 volumes and 16,2II pamphlets were accessioned, making the total number available for readers 657,546 volumes and 256,548 pamphlets, which with the 476,597 volumes in the Circulation Department give a total of 1,390,691 pieces in the whole library. The Print Department now contains 55,851 prints; there has been little increase in the music, map or manuscript departments. There were catalogued 34,540 volumes and 36,799 pamphlets, for which 190,785 cards were written or manifolded; the public catalogues in the Astor and LENox reading rooms contain now 1,272,930 cards; 1,566 periodicals are indexed number by number, for which 18,590 cards or printers' slips were written.

399

4OO REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR, 1904–1905

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Periodicals currently received amount to 5,458; readers of periodicals at the ASTOR branch 28,433, and these readers called for 211,055 single numbers or pieces.

In the circulation department the number of branches has increased from 22 to 31, volumes in the department from 384,399 to 476,597, circulation for home use from 3,291,374 to 3,691,500. Eight Carnegie branches have been opened, three are ready for opening within the next few months, two new sites have been secured; making a total of 24 sites available for or occupied by Carnegie branches.

New BUILDING.

Better progress has been made on the new building at 42nd Street and 5th Avenue during the year last past than in any preceding year; the severe winter allowed little work to be done between autumn and spring, but during the working period there was no serious interruption by strikes, and the amount of material delivered for the building was larger than ever before for a similar period. The fireproofing is as far forward as the erection of the steel work permits, being about two-thirds of the way towards completion. The masonry work is about one-half done, the fireproofing and the marble work over one-half done.

The cement foundation in the stack room is completed and ready for the stacks. Work on the stacks has progressed rapidly at the shops and practically all of the heavy basement and first floor work is ready to deliver at the building; setting of this material is to be started on July 15. Of the material for the stack framing above the first floor about one-third is now being worked at the factory. There seems no reason to anticipate delay in the progress of this work according to the contract provisions, which call for completion of the first section within six calendar months after beginning work at the building.

Material for the heating and ventilating apparatus is being collected by the contractor. Specifications and plans for plumbing are now practically in condition to complete and prepare for estimate. Scale drawings for the interior finish, with the exception of the main reading room on the third floor, are well forward.

READERs’ DEPARTMENT.

During the year the number of readers and visitors that entered the two reference buildings was 200,238, ASTOR having received I42,849 and LENOX 57,389. This is an increase of 16,016 readers and visitors over 1903-4, the increase being 15,965 at the ASTOR Branch and 51 at LENox. The daily average of readers and visitors was 645, or 460 at ASTOR and 185 at LENOX.

REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR, 1904–1905 4OI

The largest number in any one month was 20,460 (14,139 at AstoR, 6,321 at LENOx) in March; the smallest was II,883 (8,485 at AstoR, 3,398 at LENOx in July). The largest number in any one day was 740 at AstoR on February II, 1905, and 414 at LENox on March II, 1905. The smallest number in any one day was 146 at ASTOR on May 30, 1905, and 30 at LENox on January 25, 1905. The total number of desk applicants (that is, readers filling out slips at the delivery desks, exclusive of those using books on the open reference shelves) was 159,695 for the two reference buildings, an increase of 30,823, or 24 — per cent. over 1903-4. The largest number in any one month was I5,953 (14,524 at ASTOR, 1,429 at LENOx) in March, the largest figures shown on the library records; the smallest number was 9,516 (8,562 at ASTOR, 954 at LENOx) in July. The total number of volumes and periodicals issued to desk applicants in the two buildings (not including the use made of works on the open reference shelves) was 615,454, an increase of 91,357, or 17 + per cent. over that of the preceding year. The average number of volumes per reader was 3.8. Of the 542,21o volumes called for at AstoR, the largest number, 83,997, or 15 + per cent., belonged to American and English literature; 60,788, or 13 per cent., to other literatures; 56,905, or Io per cent., to science; 56,338, or Io per cent., to law, economics, sociology, etc.; 56,059, or Io per cent., to foreign history; 46,481, or 8 per cent., to applied science; 40,884, or 7.5 per cent., to American history. The largest number of volumes consulted was on February 28, 1905, when 2,929 volumes were given to 691 readers, an average of 4.2 per reader; the smallest number was on September 5, 1904 (Labor Day), when 656 volumes were given to 180 readers, an average of 3.6 volumes per reader. Of the 73,244 volumes called for at LENox, 45,107, or 62 per cent. belonged to American genealogy and local history, 5,418, or 7.3 per cent., to American history, and 4,252, or 5.8 per cent., to music. The largest number of volumes consulted was on March II, 1905, when 408 volumes were given to 97 readers, an average of 4.2 per reader; the smallest number was on January 25, 1905, when 14 volumes were given to 3 readers, an average of 4.6 volumes per reader. Table I appended shows in detail by months the statistics of readers and the character of books called for at the ASTOR and LENOx buildings.

SHELF DEPARTMENT. During the fiscal year the number of volumes received, entered on the accession catalogue, and placed on the shelves, was 28,047, of which 13,709 ... were purchases or duplicate exchanges, and 14,338 were gifts. The num

4O2 REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR, 1904–1905

ber of pamphlets accessioned during the same period was 16,211, of which 2,206 were purchases or duplicate exchanges, and 14,005 gifts. The number of volumes actually received during the year was 31,347, of which 9,892 were purchases, 18,829 were gifts, 48 by bulletin exchange, and 2,578 by duplicate exchange; the number of pamphlets actually received was 78,008, of which 8,172 were purchases, 48,051 were gifts, 90 by bulletin exchange, and 21,695 by duplicate exchange. During the year 39,684 pieces, duplicates, were sent out in exchange. The total number of volumes on the shelves and available for use at the end of June, 1905, was 657,546, and of pamphlets 256,548. These, with the 476,597 volumes in the Circulation Department, give a total of 1,390,691 pieces available for readers. 15,650 volumes and 3,546 pamphlets were reclassified, the largest groups handled being: Encyclopaedias, *AI-*AY; Russia, GL; Zoology and Biology, Q; and Philology, R. There were bound for the Library 7,838 volumes, including 1,188 volumes repaired outside for the Library, and not including about 1,000 bound before importation. The Library bindery repaired 1,098 volumes and pamphlets, mounted II maps, and repaired 39 portfolios and 3 prints. 8,0Io volumes were tied in manila paper, and Io,983 volumes were lettered and labelled; 885 pamphlets were stapled or sewed to hold stiff covers, and 575 volumes were repaired without sending to the binders. New shelving was added to the amount of 4,172 feet.

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CATALOGUE DEPARTMENT.

During the year there were catalogued 34,540 volumes and 36,799 pamphlets, for which purpose were written IoS,552 cards; in addition 41,723 slips were written for, and 85,223 cards received from, the copying machine, making a total of 190,785 cards for adding to the various catalogues. At the end of June, 1905, the index catalogue at the ASTOR Branch contained 949, IIo cards. In addition the separate catalogues contain cards as follows: General (official), 431,520; documents, II4,759; serials, 52,000; reports, 25,440; railroads, 6,020; Hebrew, 49,300; Oriental, 18,640; Russian, 12,555; making a total of 1,659,344.

The card catalogues in the two reading rooms at the LENox Building contain 323,820 cards (217,840 in the general reading room, 60,580 in the music catalogue, and 45,400 in the catalogue of genealogies and local histories). In addition to the above, the catalogue of manuscripts contains 29,200 cards; of maps, 22,785 cards; of Americana, 36,500 cards; of incunabula, 3,185 cards; of prints, 27,316; 12,720 cards in various other groups at LENOx bring the total up to 455,526.

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