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ANDREW JACKSON TO JAMES MONROE ON THE PRESIDENTIAL MESSAGE OF 1817.

Printed from the original manuscript in the New York Public Library.

(Private) NAshville DEco 20° 1817

DEAR SIR

I have the pleasure to acknowledge the receipt of your favour of the 2" instant with your message to Congress enclosed for which accept my thanks. The prosperous state of our Country & particularly our finance, so near the close of an expensive War, must be a source of great gratification to every true American and profitting from experience will enable the Executive government, with the aid of Congress to place the whole country in a state of defence, which will command Justice and respect from all Nations & thereby perpetuate the blessings of peace. I have read with great attention your letter. The plan proposed fully meets my approbation, for I see in it that magnanimity of conduct only to be met with in great & good minds—and also a System that will produce subordination & harmony without which an army cannot be beneficial or effective. Whenever an officer is responsible for the defence of a country or place, his means never ought to be taken from him or directed without his knowledge. I had determined to retire from Service, the moment I could with propriety & honor but I have determined since the receipt of your letter not to resign until I can have the pleasure of seeing you & until you make the Southern tower you contemplated next spring & in which I intend doing myself the pleasure of accompanying you. It is my wish to retire from publick life, for I am advancing to that age which makes retirement desirable, but as long as I can be really serviceable to my country and there remains any prospect of my services being wanted I will not retire more particularly as it is your wish I should not

I am Sir with great respect & sincere friendship
Yr. mo. ob. Serv
ANDREw J Ackson

JAMEs Mon Roe

President of the U. States [Endorsed by Monroe:] Dec 20, 1817. Gen". Jackson. He highly approves the plan wo. I propose for settling the aff, with Depo of war. Magnanimity.

LIST OF WORKS IN THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY RELATING TO BIMETALLISM, GOLD AND SILVER STANDARDS, ETC.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. Money. Campaign literature [on the money question]. 4 ll. [AVew York, 1896. (The Lite

rary News, Sept., 1896.) Horton (Samuel Dana). Historical material for and contributions to the study of monetary policy; Partial list of modern publications on the subject of money. (In International Monetary Conference, Paris, 1878. 1879.) List (A) of books on the money question. Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co., 1896. 15 pp. 12°. Nogaro (B.) Bibliographie. (In his: Le role de la monnaie dans la commerce international et la theorie quantitative. Paris, 1904. 8°.) Soetbeer (G. A.) Litteraturnachweis uber Geld- und Münzwesen, insbesondere ilber den Währungsstreit, 1871–'91. Berlin, 1892. 8°. PERIODICALs. Bimetallic League and Gold Standard Defence Association. [Leaflets,l no. 1–2, 4–13, 16–17. [London, 189-?] 8°.

no. 1. General statement of the Gold standard defense asso

ciation. no. 2. Lord Farrer appreciated. no. 4. Faraday (F. f The fictions of the Gold standard defense association. no. 5. Rejoinder by the Gold standard defence association. no. 6. The old bimetallism and the new. no. 7. The measure of value and the metallic currency. no. 8. Grenfell (H. R.) England's adoption of the gold standard. no. 9. Gibbs (H.H.) The Gresham law. no. 16. Powell (T. E.). Bimetallism and legal tender. no. 11. Powell (T. E.) The scientific theory of bimetal

In O. 12. Groß (H.R.) The facts as to French bimetallism. no. 13. Schmidt (H.) The working of bimetallism in the United States. Gibbs (H. C.) Bimetallism considered. Bear (W. E.) Bimetallism and agricultural depresston. Bimetallist (The). v. 1 — v. 6, nos. 1-9, II; v. 7, nos. 1–2. (1895–1901.) London, 1895–1901. 8°. Monthly. Ceased publication. Bimetallistische Monatsschrift. deutschen Bimetallistenbundes. Jahrg. 1–2. lin, 1895–98. 8°. Deutscher Verein für internationale Doppelwaehrung. Schriften. Heft 1–20. Berlin, 1882– 95. 12°. International Monetary Standard Association. Report of the proceedings at the annual meeting, 1883, '86. no. 1 [4]. [London, 1883–86.] 8". (International Monetary Standard Association. Occasional Papers, no. 5, Io.)

Ligue Nationale Bimétallique.

no. 16. no. 17.

Organ des Ber

Bulletin offi

ciel. 29 année, no. 12, 15, 16. Paris, 1896. 4°. Money. v. I — v. 5, no. 2. New York, 1897– 1903. 8°.

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National (The) Bimetallist. v. 1, no. 1-3. Washington, D. C., 1897. 4°. National (The) Bimetallist. Devoted to the complete restoration of bimetallism in the United States. v. 1, no. 6–7, 12-39, 45, 48, 50, 52 (1895– 96). Chicago, 1895–96. 4°. National Sound Money League. Sound money pamphlets. A–D, F-H, K. Chicago, n.d. 8° and 12°. Silver (The) Dollar. v. 1, no. 15, 20–21, 2325; v. 2, no. 2–4, 6, 8–16, 19, 21, 24–25; v. 3, no. 2, 7–8, Io (1887–1889). Cleveland, O., 1887– 1889. 4°. Silver Knight and National Watchman. v. 7, no. 210–19, 221–27; v. 8, no. 228–29, 231-33,237, 245, 247, 250, 253–55, 259, 259-67. Washington, D. C., 1896–97. f*. From No. 237 called: Silver Knight Watchman. Sound Currency. v. 1, nos. 1-2, v. Mew York, 1891-date. Current. 8°. Pub. by the Currency Committee of the Reform Club.

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2-date.

Band 11–2, 3. Berlin, 1900–1903. S".

GENERAL WORKS.

In chronological order of date of publication.

United States.—Hinance Committee. Report on resolution to inquire into the expediency of prohibiting by law the exportation of the gold, silver and copper coins of the United States. January 25, 1819. 7 pp. 8*. (U.S. 15 cong. 2 sess. Sen. doc. 68.) Currency Committee. Report on the expediency of increasing the relative value of the gold hereafter to be coined at the mint of the United States. February 2, 1821. 3 pp. 8*. (U. S. 16 cong. 2 sess. H. rept. 54.)

Memorial of Thomas Law, Walter Jones and Elias B. Caldwell, a committee...to memorialize Congress on the subject of a national currency. April 16, 1824. Washington: Gales & Seaton, 1824. 5 pp. 8°. (U. S. 18 cong. I sess. [H. doc.] 132.)

Law (Thomas). currency], before the Columbian Institute. ington, 1825. 8°.

[graphic]

An address [on a national Wash

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Jacob (W.) An historical inquiry into the production and consumption of the precious metals. London: J. Murray, 1831. 2 v. 8°. — Philadelphia, 1832. 8°.

Benton (Thomas Hart). Speech of Mr. B. of Missouri, on the introduction of a resolution on the state of the currency. Delivered in the Senate... January 20, 1832. 24 pp. Washington: F. P. Blair, printer, 1832. 8°.

United States.—Coins Committee. [Report on resolution relative to the payment of coin for bullion, and other measures to preserve an adequate supply of gold and silver coins in use..] June 30, 1832. 41 pp. 8°. (U. S. 22 cong. I. sess. H. rept. 496.) Statutes, [Resolution relative to the payment of coin for bullion, and other measures to preserve an adequate supply of gold and silver coins in use.] March 26, 1832. 8 pp. 8°. (U.S. 22 cong. I sess. H. resolution 7.) A/int Bureau. Letter... transmitting...a report of the relative value of gold and silver bullion in the principal countries of Europe and the United States, &c. January 14, 1833. to pp. 8°. (U. S. 22 cong. 2 sess. H. doc. 38.)

Metallic money, its value and its functions. 14 PP. Philadelphia : printed at the office of the Public Ledger, 1841. Š". - Faucher (Léon). Recherches sur l'or et sur largent considérés comme étalons de la valeur. Mémoire lu ä l'Académie des Sciences morales, dans les séances du 16. et du 23. Avril, 1843. Paris : *aulin, 1843. 2 p.l., 107 pp. 8°.

Helferich (J.) Von den periodischen Schwankungen im Werth der edlen Metalle, von der Entdeckung Amerikas bis zum Jahr 1830. Aarnberg, 1843. 8°. Salomons (D.) Reflections on the connection between our gold standard and the recent monetary vicissitudes; with suggestions for the addition of silver as a measure of value. London: P. Richardson, 1843. 99 pp. 8°. United States.—Treasury Department. Report showing the exports and imports of gold and silver coin and bullion since June 30, 1834. January 17, 1843. 2 pp. 8*. (U. S. 27 cong. 3 sess. Sen. [doc.] 82.) J. (R.) Die heutige preussische Geldcrisis. Anclam : W. Dietze, 1845. 2 p.l., 64 pp. 12°.

Cargill (WIilliam]). The currency: showing how a fixed gold standard places England in permanent disadvantage in respect to other countries, and produces periodical domestic convulsions...

With an introductory notice of “The promise and

the fruits of the bill of 1844.” London: J. Olivier,

1847. xxiv, 45 pp. 8°.
Repr.: Portfolio [Aug.-Sept., 1844].

Comstock (J. L.) A history of the precious metals from the earliest periods to the present time... Hartford, 1849. 12°.

Faucher (Léon). Remarks on the production of the precious metals, and on the demonetization of gold in several countries in Europe; translated by T. Hankey, jr. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1852. v. Io9 pp. 8°. Walsh (R.H.) Elementary treatise on metallic currency. Dublin. J. M'Glashan, 1853. vi, I l., 199 pp. 8°. United States.—Treasury Department. Report as to amount of silver purchased for re-coinage; also reasons for difference of prices paid at Philadelphia and New Orleans for the silver recoined. February 17, 1855. 2 pp. 8°. (U. S. 33 Cong. 2 sess. Sen. ex. doc. 52.) Maclaren (James). A letter to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, upon the recent decision of the German states to adopt a silver standard: and on some circumstances which render an invariable measure of value more important to England than to any other country. London: Aylott & Jones, 1856. 32 pp. 8° Tarassenko-Otreschkoff (N.) De l'or et de l'argent, leur origine, quantité extraite dans toutes les contrées du monde connu depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu’en 1855, accumulation actuelle deces métaux dans les principaux états, et leur rapport mutuel suivant leur poids et leur valeur. Paris, 1856. 8°. Appleton (Nathan). Remarks on currency and banking, having reference to the present derangement of the circulating medium in the United States. Boston, 1857. 3. ed. 8°.

Carey (Henry Charles). Money: a lecture... Mew York, 1857. 8°.

Laurier (Clément). Paris, 1858. 8°.

Chevalier (Michel). De la baisse probable de l'or, des conséquences commerciales et sociales qu'elle peut avoir, et des mesures qu’elle provoque. Paris, 1859. 8°. On the probable fall in the value of gold by M. Chevalier; from the French, with preface. Mew York, 1859. 8°.

Question (La) de l'or. Extraits du rapport et des documents publiés, en 1859, par ordre de la chambre des représentants. Bruxelles: M. Hayez, 1859. 89 pp. 8°.

Bankers’, Brokers' and Merchants' Reference and Calendar. American gold quotations, 1862– '63–64–65–66, at the New York Gold Exchange. Price of gold each quarter of an hour for 1866, and highest and lowest price of gold each day for 1862– '63–64–65. Mew York: Given, Jones & Co., 1867. 33 1. 32".

Howard (Joseph P.) Howard's gold chart; showing at a glance all the fluctuations in the price of gold from January 1, 1862, to the present date [1863]. Mew York [cop. 1863]. 4 ft. Io in. x. 1 ft. 6 in. folded 8°.

La liberté de l'argent.

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Wolowski (L. F. M. R.) La question monétaire. Paris : Guillaumin & Co., 1869. 2 p. 1., iv, xl, 239 pp. 2. ed. 8°. Poston (C. D.) [“Where the silver goes”]... With some statistics on the production and distribution of silver in the world. London: C. Carter & Co. [187—?] 20 pp. 8°. Chevalier (Michel). monétaire. Rapport et discours de M. Chevalier, sénateur. Paris : Ch. Lahure, 1870. 45 pp. 8°. Nahuys (Maurin), graaf. Die Muenzreform Deutschlands, vom nationalen und internationalen Standpunkt betrachtet. [Preface signed: M. Nahuys...] Utrecht : Kemink & Sohn 1870. vi, 7– 16 pp. 8°. La réforme monétaire d'Allemagne, considéréé au point de vue national et international. [Preface signed: M. Nahuys...] Utrecht. Aemink & Fils, 1870. vi, 7–16 pp. 8°. Mohl (M.) Uber die Gefahr einer verfehlten Münz-Reform. Stuttgart, 1871. 16°.

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Roscher (W.) Betrachtungen über die Währungsfrage der deutschen Münzreform. (HoltzENDoRFF, F. v., and ONCKEN, W. Deutsche Zeit-u. Streit-Frag. Jahrg. I., Heft 2.) Berlin, 1872. 8°. Nahuys (Maurin), graaf. De Nederlandsche muntvraag in betrekking tot de internationale muntcirculatie. Mit een advies van Em. de Laveleye en een adres van den Gemeenteraad te Maastricht. Amsterdam : M. H. Beer, 1873. 45 pp., 1 1. 8°. Nothomb (Eugène), baron. Rapport sur la deuxième loi monétaire allemande, du 9. juillet 1873. m. p. [1873?] 32 pp. 8°. Brown (William). The labor and money questions: a new catechism on political economy. Afontreal, 1874. 24°. 68 pp. Cernuschi (Henri). Or et argent. 1874. 8°. Conférence monétaire entre la Belgique, la France, la Grèce, l'Italie et la Suisse. 1874–76. Procès verbaux. Paris: Imprimerie AVationale, 1874-76. 3 v. f*. (France. Affaires Étrangères, Ministère des.) Moran (Charles). Money, currencies, and banking. Mew York: S. W. Green, 1875. 65 pp. 8°. Wirth (Max). Die Reform der Umlaufsmittel im Deutschen Reiche. Ein Nachtrag zur “Geschichte der Handelskrisen.” Frankfurt am Main: J. D. Sauerländer, 1875. 2 p.l., 70 pp. 8°.

Sénat . . . Question

Paris,

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Silver vindicated. [Liverpool: J. A. D. Watts & Co., 1876] 26 pp. 8°. (Nat. Ass. for the Promotion of Soc. Sc. Liverpool meeting. Oct. 1876.) — Silver vindicated. Paper read before the “Trade and economy section" of the National Social Science Association, Liverpool meeting, 1876. [Liverpool, 1876.] 3 pp. 4°. Silver vindicated; l'argent réhabilité. Paris, 1876. 8°. Chevalier (Michel). Le système monétaire: le simple et le double étalon. (In Revue des deux mondes, 3e sér., v. 14. 1876.) Cohnstaedt (Ludwig). Zur Silberfrage. Eine Studie. Frankfurt am Main: Jaeger, 1876. 2 p. 1., 76 pp. 8”. Great Britain.-Depreciation of Silver Committee. Report from the select committee on depreciation of silver; together with the proceedings of the committee, minutes of evidence and appendix. [London?] 1876. 1 p. l., lvi, 205 pp. f*. (H. of C. paper 338.) Hewitt (Abraham Stevens). The use and abuse of silver as money. Remarks . . . in the House of Representatives, Aug. 6., 1876. Washington, 1876. 25 pp. 8°. Horton (S.D.) Silver and gold in their relation to the problem of resumption. [Privately printed.] Cincinnati : R. Clarke & Co., 1876. xii, 13–140 pp. 8°. India.-Financial Department. The production of gold and silver, the demand for gold, and the price of silver. Calcutta: Office of Government Printing, 1876. 2 l., vi, 117 pp. f*. (Selections from the records of the Government of India, financial department.)

Jones (John Percival). Resumption and the double standard : or, The impossibility of resuming specie payments in the United States without restoring the double standard of gold and silver. A speech delivered in the Senate of the United States, April 24, 1876. Washington, 1876. 130 Pp. 3 The optional standard : speech in Senate of United States, June 28, 1876; also, The conference report on silver: speech in Senate of United States, July 15, 1876. Washington: Govt. Prog. Office, 1876. 8°.

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