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a carillon of bells set to play 28 popular national airs. Of the interior, the chief feature is the Council Chamber, which is 36 feet by 25 feet, and 24 feet high, has a coved ceiling, long gallery, and is handsomely fitted.

Assize Courts have been erected at Nottingham, from the designs of Mr. Sanders, which are described as rather convenient than ornamental, and a Town Hall at Tregaron, which does not appear to be remarkable for either quality, but for this the architect was not to blame, as no architect was employed. Hartlepool has built an Exchange, from the designs of Mr. G. G. Hoskins, which may be cheerful enough within, but is very gloomy without -in aspect something between a prison and a monastery. At Dorchester, the corporation buildings have been remodelled and enlarged under the direction of the borough surveyor, Mr. Norman, and their general appearance decidedly improved. At Rhyl, a Town Hall, with markets attached, has been built from the designs of Mr. Turner, of Manchester.

A spacious Miners' Hall has been erected at Durham, from the designs of Mr. T. Oliver, of Newcastle-on-Tyne. It is an Italian building, with a tall octagonal clock-tower at the northwest angle. The hall, 55 feet long, 32 feet wide, and 22 feet high, has a platform at one end, and a gallery at the other. The new Public Hall, Tunbridge, Gothic in style, designed by Messrs. Cattermole and Eade, has a frontage of 64 feet, and a clock-tower at the end, 74 feet high. The hall is 69 feet by 39 feet, and will accommodate 800 persons. Cambridge Hall, Southport, Lancashire, is a large and showy structure, built next the Town Hall, in order to afford the inhabitants and visitors in this flourishing young watering place a larger public hall than they have hitherto possessed. The building, which was designed by Messrs. Maxwell and Tuke, to whom has been entrusted the general scheme of town improvements, is faced with stone, and has a large carriage portico, and very conspicuous clock-tower. The hall, or assembly room, on the first floor, is 120 feet long and 50 feet wide, and has galleries carried from the walls on cast-iron brackets. The entrance hall, on the ground floor, is 55 feet by 25 feet.

At Camberwell a Vestry Hall has been erected from the designs of Messrs. Pain and Clark, and adjoining it, and forming in effect a portion of the building, a Masonic Hall, the principal external feature of which is an octagonal tower and dome 50 feet high. Greenwich has built Public Offices of considerable architectural pretension. The main feature of the exterior is a central clock-tower with dome and lantern. The entrance is by a semi-circular portico. The interior is appropriated as offices, with the exception of the board-room, 57 feet by 40 feet, and 22 feet high. The architect was Mr. Wallen.

The new Corn Exchange, Cambridge, one of the largest in the country, is a Venetian Gothic edifice of Cambridge brick and stone, designed by Mr. R. R. Rowe, of Cambridge. The Corn Hall is 163 feet by 55 feet, with a transept 48 feet by 30 feet. The roof,

in one span, is formed by nine wrought-iron semi-circular ribs. Market halls have also been erected at Goole and elsewhere; cattle markets at Middlesborough, Monmouth, and one or two other places, and vegetable markets at Liverpool, &c. The most important market house opened during the year is the City of London Poultry Market, but as it has been noticed in a previous volume, and is in all essential particulars a copy of the adjoining Meat Market, it is unnecessary to do more than record its completion. It is to be supplemented by a Fruit and Vegetable Market, when the whole is to be entitled the Metropolitan Markets, and will be the largest in the kingdom. The demand for additional market accommodation seems to be growing throughout the country. Besides several markets in progress, we observe that Rotherham, Mexborough, and other towns, have applied to the Local Government Board for their sanction to borrow money for constructing new markets, or enlarging those already existing.

The magnificent Sanatorium erecting, from the designs of Mr. W. H. Crossland, at the cost of Mr. Holloway, near the Virginia Water Station of the Staines and Reading branch of the SouthWestern Railway, is, as far as the exterior is concerned, approaching completion; but much remains to be done to the interior, and some months must elapse before it can be ready for occupation. As the reader knows, it is intended for persons of the middle class suffering from mental disease, and it is proposed to be fitted with the most approved medical and sanitary appliances, and with whatever may conduce to the cure, or ameliorate the condition, of the patients. The building is of great extent; the principal front is above 500 feet long, the greatest depth over 200 feet; it stands on an elevated site, and, with its lofty central tower, forms a conspicuous object for a considerable distance. It is constructed of deep red brick, with dressings, very freely used, of Portland stone. The general style and appearance will be best understood from the engraving, though the smallness of the scale does not allow the enrichment to be distinctly shown. The interior contains, besides the ordinary patients' rooms, a large dining-hall, drawing-rooms, libraries, billiard-rooms, and others of a kind that would hardly have been dreamt of in connection with an establishment of this class a generation or two ago. The rooms, with the handsome bay-windows running along the entire front and sides of the building there are 14 in all are the patients' "day-rooms," and will be light and cheerful apartments, each 30 feet by 20 feet, without the bays, and some of them have bays of equal size at each end. The eastern half of the building is for female, the western for male patients. The costly Ladies' College, which the same architect is erecting for Mr. Holloway, a short distance eastward (towards Egham), is also being pushed rapidly forward. Among completed hospitals it may be enough to mention the very unpretending, but very pleasing, and admirably-planned building, erected by Mr. E. Turner, for the Central Throat and Ear Hospital in the Gray's Inn Road. The new wing added to the London Hospital brings the number of beds provided by that institution up to 800.

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5.-BUILDINGS CONNECTED WITH EDUCATION, ART, &c.

At Oxford, the work of restoring, rebuilding, and adding to the several colleges, goes on merrily. Ere long, the old University will, to outward appearance, have become a bran new one. Christ Church is brightening up amazingly. The famous Tom Quad. has been entirely renovated; the floor lowered, the stonework renewed throughout; the old battlements cleared away, and a parapet with shields and carvings substituted. When the new tower, which Mr. Fergusson has designed for the Cathedral, is completed (but of the commencement of which there is at present no sign), Christ Church will look quite young again. New College is already rejuvenescent. Sir Gilbert Scott has nearly completed the New Buildings. They form a long range between Holywell and the City Wall, and provide several sets of rooms for the fellows and undergraduates, lecture rooms, &c. The Holywell Street front presents a solid pile of four storeys, faced with stone, with bays, gables, and dormers, and a good entrance gatehouse, and groined passage. The inner front is similar, but is improved by a picturesque angle stair turret. About both is some very careful carving. The works at All Souls Chapel have been completed by the restoration of the lofty reredos, a remarkable and imposing fabric, towering tier above tier of saints under tall fretted canopies, and terminating in a Majesty. The centre-piece, directly over the altar, is a representation of the Crucifixion carved in high relief by Mr. Geflowski. The elaborate restoration of St. Mary's Church has also been completed under the direction of Sir Gilbert Scott, R.A., at a cost of nearly 20,000l. The New Buildings at Balliol are finished, the new Hall nearly so. This Hall is a noble room, worthy to rank with the best of the old Halls of Oxford. 96 feet by 36 feet, is faced with Bath stone, the lower part of course wainscotted with dark oak, has "storied windows richly dight," and a massive open-timber roof, the old hall being converted into a handsome library and reading room for the undergraduates. Mr. Waterhouse was the architect. At Merton, Brasenose, Wadham, and other of the older colleges, the work of restoration is going on continuously. At Keble, the youngest born, the great work of the year is the completion of the Chapel. Externally as peculiar, we do not like to say as ugly, as the rest of the College, the interior is as gorgeous as marble, colour, mosaics, and painted glass can make it. Half the saints of the calendar are there--and some that testify strongly to the Catholicity of the English Church-arrayed in brightest mediæval drapery, with more than medieval disregard of drawing and veracity. The chapel is 124 feet long, 35 feet wide, and 90 feet high, and its loftiness and splendour produce a very striking effect, despite its narrowness, and the glare and crudity of colour in the mosaics. A hall and library are being built next the chapel. The hall, it is said, is to be of the same width

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as the chapel, but 12 or 13 feet longer-a strangely attenuated proportion, it seems to us; the library 86 feet by 35 feet, which is more promising. The entire cost of the chapel, some 50,000l., was provided for by the late Mr. W. Gibbs, whose relatives are erecting the hall and library. The architect, as of the rest of the college, is Mr. Butterfield; the mosaics and painted glass are by Mr. A. Gibbs. The Divinity Schools and Bodleian are both undergoing repair and renovation. The new Schools have not been commenced.

At Cambridge, the most prominent work is the virtual rebuilding of Pembroke College, under the superintendence of Mr. A. Waterhouse. The old hall is gone, the fronts towards Pembroke street and Trumpington street will be entirely new. If Queen Victoria were to visit Cambridge, she would hardly exclaim, as did her great predecessor Elizabeth, on seeing Pembroke, “Oh ! domus antiqua!" King's College has been partially smartened; and Queen's has had its extended frontage entirely renewed. The dilapidated old houses that hemmed in Magdalene have been swept away, and the space in front laid out, so as to effect a great improvement in the appearance of the college and locality. Christ's College has built a new hall; Downing a new block of buildings on the north-west of the quadrangle. Trinity has built new lodgings, and made its chapel more conformable to ecclesiological notions. At St. Catherine's a new master's lodge of red brick and stone has been built from the designs of Mr. W. M. Fawcett. At Jesus, the hall has been lengthened, and various improvements effected in the college buildings. The new Cavendish College is making progress; new Divinity Schools are about to be begun, and a commencement has been made, under Mr. Fawcett, with the erection of the new Museum.

The works at Harrow are being steadily continued; at Eton, the clock tower has been restored, and there have been considerable extensions and restorations in other parts of the fabric; and many alterations and improvements have been carried out at other of our large grammar schools. A new grammar school has been built at Wallasey, from the designs of Mr. T. Reade. It is of the local sandstone, Gothic in style, and has accommodation for 200 boys, but is planned to provide eventually for 400. The Congregationalist body have rebuilt Airedale Theological College on a larger and more liberal scale than the old college. The architects are Messrs. Lockwood and Mawson. In the New Kent Road, London, a college for theological students and lay preachers of the Church of England, called the Priory of St. Austen, has been completed from the designs of Mr. Norton. Only the chapel, of a strongly accentuated Second Pointed type, is, however, entirely new; the college being formed by uniting and remodelling three private houses.

School Board schools continue to be erected throughout the country, and all of them with some outward architectural character, and with internal arrangements and fittings much beyond previous schools of the class. The London School Board has certainly accomplished great things. Sir Charles Reed, the

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