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goe to her.
ford is far too gay a place for me now ever to goe -What, and if I had begged as hard, at yo near it, but my brothers are much there, and first, to goe back to Mr. Milton? might he not father in his farm, and mother in her kitchen ; and have consented then ? the neighbors, when they call, look on
* Soe Harry took me ; and as we drew strangelie, so that I have noe love for them. How neare Sheepscote, I was avised to think how grave, different is Rose's holy, secluded, yet cheerefulle how barelie friendlie had beene our last parting; life at Sheepscote! She hath a nurserie now, soe and to ponder, would Rose make me welcome cannot come to me, and father likes not I should now? The infant, Harry tolde me, had been
dead some dayes; and as we came in sight of yo
litile grey old church, we saw a knot of people April 5.—They say their Majestyes' parting at coming out of ye churchyard, and guessed y baby Abingdon was very sorrowfulle and tender. The had just beene buried. Soe it proved—Mr. AgLord send them better times ! The Queen is to new's house-door stood ajar ; and when we tapped my mind a most charming lady, and well worthy softlie, and Cicely admitted us, we could see him of his Mrs. affection ; yet it seems to me amisse, standing by Rose, who was sitting on yo grave that thro' her influence, last summer, y opportu- and crying as if she would not be comforted. When nitie of pacification was lost. But she was elated, she hearde my voice, she started up, flung her and naturallie enoughe, at her personall successes arms about nie, crying more bitterlie than before, from yo time of her landing. To me, there seems and I cried too ; and Mr. Agnew went away with nothing soe good as peace. I know indeede, Mr. Harry. Then Rose sayd to me, “ You must not Milton holds that there may be such things as a leave me agayn.” holy war and a cursed peace.
In ye cool of ye evening, when
Harry had lest us, she took me into yo churchApril 10.-Father, having a hoarseness, hath yarde, and scattered yo little grave with flowers ; deputed me, of late, to read y morning and even- and then continued sitting beside it on the grasse, ing prayers. How beautifulle is our Liturgie! quiete, but not comfortlesse. I am avised to think I grudge at y Puritans for having abolished it; and she prayed. Then Mr. Agnew came forthe and though I felt not its comprehensive fullnesse sate on a flat tombstone hard by ; and without ono before I married, nor indeed till now, yet I wea- word of introduction took out his Psalter, and ried to death in London at y puritanicall ordinan- commenced reading the Psalms for that evening's ces and conscience-meetings and extempore pray- service ; to wit, the 41st, the 42d, and 43de ; in a ers, wherein it was so oft y® speaker's care to solemne voice ; and methoughte I never in my life show men how godly he was. Nay, I think Mr. hearde aniething to equall it in y® way of consolation. Milton altogether wrong in yo view he takes of Rose's heavie eyes graduallie lookt up from ye praying to God in other men's words ; for doth ground into her husband's face, and thence up to he not doe soe, everie time he followeth the sense heaven. After this, he read, or rather repeated, of another man's extempore prayer, wherein he y collect at the end of the buriall service, putting more at his mercy and caprice than when he hath this expression—" As our hope is, this our dear a printed form set down, wherein he sees what is infant doth." Then he went on to say in a southcoming?
ing tone, “ There hath noe misfortune happened
to us, but such as is common to the lot of alle men. June 8.-Walking in the home-close this morn- We are alle sinners, even to ye youngest, sayrest, ing, it occurred to me that Mr. Milton intended and seeminglie purest among us; and death enbringing me to Forest Hill about this time ; tered ye world by sin, and, constituted as we are, and if I had abided patientlie with him through yo we would not, even if we could, dispense with winter, we might now have beene both here hap- death. For, where doth it convey us? From pily together ; untroubled by that sting which now this burthensome, miserable world, into yo genpoisons everie enjoyment of mine, and perhaps of erall assemblie of Christ's first-born, to be united his. Lord, be merciful to me a sinner !
with yo spiritts of ye just made perfect, to partake
of everie enjoyment which in this world is uncon23d.—Just after writing y® above, I was in ye nected with sin, together with others that are ungarden, gathering a few coronation flowers and knowne and unspeakable. And there, we shall sops-in-wine, and thinking they were of deeper agayn have bodies as well as soules ; eyes to see, crimson at Sheepscote, and wondering what Rose but not to shed tears ; voices to speak and sing, was just then about, and whether had I beene born not to utter lamentations ; hands, to doe God's in her place, I shoulde have beene as goode and work ; feet, and it may be, wings, to carry us on happy as she,—when Harry came up, looking his errands. Such will be yo blessedness of his somewhat grave.
“What is the matter?" glorified saints ; even of those who, having been He gave answer, “ Rose hath lost her child." servants of Satan till ye eleventh hour, labored Oh! that we should live but two hours' penitentlie and diligentlie for their heavenlie Masjourney apart, and that she coulde lose a child ter one hour before sunset ; but as for those who, three months olde whom I had never seene? dying in mere infancie, never committed actuall
I ran to father, and never left off praying him sin, they follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth! to let me goe to her till he consented.
Oh, think of this, dear Rose, and sorrow not as
those without hope ; for be assured, your child seemlie are yo duties of a country minister's wife! hath more reall reason to be grieved for you, than a God-fearing woman, that is, who considereth you for him."
the poor and needy, instead of aiming to be With this, and like discourse, that distilled like frounced and purpled like her richest neighbors. y dew, or y small rain on the tender grasse, did Mr. Agnew was reading to us, last night, of BerRoger Agnew comfort his wife, untill the moon nard Gilpin—he of whom y Lord Burleigh sayd, had risen. Likewise he spake to us of those who “ Who can blame that man for not accepting a lay buried arounde, how one had died of a broken bishopric ?” How charmed were we with yo deheart, another of suddain joy, anoiher had let scription of ye simplicitie and hospitalitie of his patience have her perfect work through years of method of living at Houghton !—There is another lingering disease. Then we walked slowlie and place of nearlie y® same name, in Buckinghamcomposedlie home, and ate our supper peacefullie, shire—not Houghton, but Horion, Rose not refusing to eat, though she took but little. where one Mr. John Milton spent five of ye best
Since that evening, she hath, at Mr. Agnew's years of his life--and where methinks his wife wish, gone much among ye poor, reading to one, could have been happier with him than in St. working for another, carrying food and medicine Bride's Churchyarde.—But it profits not to wish to another; and in this I have borne her compa- and to will.– What was to be, had need to be, nie. I like it well. Methinks how pleasant and soe there's an end.
(scott OF AMWELL, THE QUAKER POET.) ical Magazine was a periodical work very much In a letter to the Duchess of Gordon, (1779, tions so entitled, was treated as the most slight
wanted ; as poetry in most of the monthly producBeattie says, “ By the first convenient opportunity I hope to send your grace a sort of curiosity ; four
and uninteresting article.” eloquent pastorals, by a Quaker; not one of our Quakers of Scotland, but a true English Quaker, (POETICAL RESTRICTIONS AMONG THE ANCIENT who says thee and thou, and comes into a room and
WELSH.] sits down in company, without taking off his hat.
“It were devoutly to be wished," said the ReFor all this he is a very worthy man, an elegant viewer of Pennant's Tour in Wales, " that some of scholar, a cheerful companion, and a particular the following regulations respecting the Welsh pofriend of mine. His name is John Scott, of Am-etical graduates could be properly enforced to keep well, near Ware, Hertfordshire, where he lives in our present poetical Mohawks (1779] in a little an elegant retirement, (for his fortune is very good ;) order: and has dug in a chalk hill, near his house, one of scandalous words in speech or whispers ; detrac
They were prohibited from uttering any the most curious grottoes I have ever seen. As it tion, mocking, scoffing, inventing lies, or repeating is only twenty miles from London, I would recom- them after others, under pain of fine and imprisonmend it to your grace, when you are there, as worth ment.' Nay, they were absolutely forbid . to make going to visit. Your grace will be pleased with his
a song of any person without his consent. pastorals, not only on account of their morality and sweet versification, but also for their images and descriptions, which are a very exact picture of the
(HANDEL.) groves, woods, waters, and windmills, of that part of
6 I LATELY heard two anecdotes,” says Beattie England where he resides.”—Forbes' Life of Beattie, in a letter to Dr. Laing, 1780,“ which deserve to vol. 2, p. 40.
be put in writing, and which you will be glad to
hear. When Handel's Messiah was first performed, (ANSON'S VOYAGE.]
the audience were exceedingly struck and affected “One who was on board the Centurion, in Lord by the music in general: but when that chorus Anson's voyage, having got some money in that struck up, · For the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth,' expedition, purchased a small estate, about three they were so transported, that they all, together miles from this town, (Aberdeen.) 'I have had," with the king, (who happened to be present,) startsays Beattie, • several conversations with him on the ed up, and remained standing till the chorus ended : subject of the voyage, and once I asked him wheth- and hence it became the fashion in England for er he had ever read the history of it? He told me, the audience to stand while that part of the music he had read all the history, except the description of is performing. Some days after ihe first exhibition their sufferings during the run from Cape Horn to of the same divine oratorio, Mr. Handel came to pay Juan Fernandez, which he said were so great that his respects to Lord Kinnoul, with whom he was he durst not recollect nor think of them.'”_Forbes' particularly acquainted. His lordship, as was natLife of Beattie, vol. 1, p. 17.
ural, paid him some compliments on the noble entertainment which he had lately given the town.
• My Lord,' said Handel,' I should be sorry if I only (THE POETICAL MAGAZINE.]
entertained them; I wished to make them better.' 66 Tue Poetical Calendar answered so well that These two anecdotes I had from Lord Kinnoul himat the close of the year (1767) the publishers an- self. You will agree with me, that the first does nounced a Poetical Magazine, price only sixpence, great honor to Handel, to music, and to the Eng. to be continued monthly. That poetry, they said, lish nation; the second tends to confirm my theory, has been too much neglected in the present age, and and Sir John Hawkins' testimony, that Handel, in that such neglect has shed its fatal influences on oth- spite of all that has been said to the contrary, must er sciences, is a melancholy truth ! And the Poet-have been a pious man.”—Forbes' Life of Beattie.
From the Examiner, or 4 August.
What, then, is the charge brought against Lord
Palmerston? It is this that he contented himFOREIGN POLICY.
self with expressing his matured and deliberate Divide et Impera is a maxim as ancient as his opinion upon a subject of the utmost moment to tory. The strength of absolutism consists in the Great Britain, to Europe, to civilization itself, want of union of its opponents. To prevent or to without at the same time “ being ready to redeem impair such union is therefore the policy of the his word with a host;" that is, without going at school of politicians of which Metternich may be once to war. considered the head. The speech of Lord Pal Now, we are afraid it would be a dangerous merston on Hungary and Austria, which appeared doctrine to lay down, that a nation ought to, or likely to rally around him all sections of the lib- may, go to war in support of what she “ counts erals and many honest and moderate conservatives, good and just in politics." This was the doctrine boded no good to this party. It was dangerous of the first French republic; and we know its to let it pass unattacked ; and yet it seemed unas- results. To justify a war there must be a casus sailable. The more cautious of their organs held | belli. It is quite true that Austrian forces have warily aloof; and we find the forlorn hope led by invaded Hungary, without being invited by any a journal of liberal opinions.
legally-constituted authority in that country. RusThe line of attack taken is, not that Lord Pal- sian forces have done the same. But Hungary is merston is too liberal in his views, but that he is not an ally of Great Britain. The sovereigns of not liberal enough; that he is not prepared to Great Britain have been in alliance with the Emmake good his words by deeds, and to follow up perors of Germany and Kings of Hungary, then the thunder of his eloquence by the thunder of with the Emperors of Austria and Kings of Hun
From all which, the very necessary and gary, so long as the crown of Hungary was worn satisfactory conclusion is to be derived, that it by the same individual who wore the imperial would be better to have some one at the head of crown of Germany or of Austria. But at present the foreign office who would have neither words there is no legitimate King of Hungary (if any nor deeds for the cause of progress and humanity, regard whatever is to be paid to the letter and the but would use both against it.
spirit of so many compacts between king and peoThe correctness of Lord Palmerston's statements ple of that nation ;) and the de facto Hungarian with regard to Hungary and Austria is not im- government has not yet been recognized. Diplopugned. It is most undeniable “ that Austria, by matic relations subsist between the cabinet of St. the course of policy she has pursued, has identified James' and the Austrian cabinet ; they do not subherself with obstruction to progress.” It is equally sist between the cabinet of St. James' and the undeniable “ that Hungary has for centuries heen Hungarian cabinet. According to international a state which, though united with Austria by the law, Hungary is a political nonentily with regard link of the crown, has nevertheless been separate to Great Britain. If anything more than an attack and distinct from Austria by its own complete upon Lord Palmerston is meant by those who emconstitution." It is no less true that “ the ques- ploy the arguments adverted to, if they really feel lion” (i. e., the immediate question irrespective of any sympathy with the Hungarians, let them conresults) now to be fought for on the plains of cur with us in urging the immediate recognition Hungary is this—whether Hungary shall continue of the present de facto Hungarian government; to maintain a separate nationality as a distinct a step which would be of incalculable benefit to kingdom, and with a constitution of its own, or the Hungarians, while neither Austria nor Russia whether it is to be incorporated more or less in could have the slightest ground to take umbrage the aggregate constitution that is to be given to the at it. We, who have always been the advocates Austrian empire ?" It is no less true “ that if of the Hungarian cause, demand this.
We might Hungary should by superior forces be utterly also advise the conclusion of a commercial treaty crushed, Austria in that battle will have crushed with Hungary, a treaty which is offered by dulyher right arm” (and consequently must hopelessly accredited envoys on the most liberal terms. But and helplessly resign herself henceforth to be a it does not follow that we should feel ourselves vassal of the czar ;) and “ that if the Hungarians justified in recommending a war in support of the should be successful, and their success should end Hungarians, all-important as we think their sucin the entire separation of Hungary from Austria, cess to the preservation of the balance of power, this will be such a dismemberment of the Aus- and the best interests of order, progress, civilizatrian empire as will prevent Austria from continu- tion and commerce. ing to occupy the great position she has hitherto As for the possibility of " defining and limiting held among European powers” ( a result by no the occasions of intervention," and of “ embodying means to be deprecated, if in place of a decrepit in a formal declaration the principles by which state, which has identified itself with obstruc- this country is prepared to stand," we think that, tion to progress, there should arise a vigorous and if it were done by some clever essayist, it might progressive state ; a state, too, that would be the probably look as well as Count Stadion's charter, shield of Austria herself against Cossack aggres- and be equally effective-on paper. Under such sion, and give her one more opportunity of devel- a system we should indeed be “likely to go to oping her natural resources.)
i war by accident, to enforce some purpose which
we do not see”-being tied down to the letter of "high tories” are assumed no longer to exist in a declaration that would doubtless be susceptible England, yet for our parts we can conceive a of as many interpretations as there were interested change in the foreign office which would be likely parties.” But if this difficulty could be got over, to lead, if not to the " recognition,” at least to the it seems to us not sufficient that a cause be “politi- carrying out in practice, of “Lord Brougham's cally just.” Take, for instance, the Hungarian rule.” But there are many ways in which moral cause, in which not a flaw can be detected. Would influence may have something more than a negathe latter circumstance alone have been a sufficient tive effect, and the Camarilla at Vienna is already claim to our sympathy, if the “politically just" beginning to feel it. cause had been only maintained by a party in the We do not apprehend that the argument on state ; and if, as happens to be the case, the vast which we have been commenting will have much majority of the inhabitants of the country of all weight with the public. The attempts to impair classes were not ready to shed their last drop of the confidence of the nation in Lord Palmerston, blood in its defence ?
and to discredit the movement in favor of the HunBut, further, if we “have not yet outlived the garian cause, are more likely to recoil upon the practice of war,” we would suggest that besides heads of those who are thus doing all in their the intrinsic justice of the cause, some regard is power to pave the way for the return of Lord usually paid to other circumstances; to the inter- Aberdeen to the foreign office. nal resources, and to the state of public feeling, both in the country that meditates war and in its
From the Examiner, of 4th Aug. opponent. “ To everything there is a season," saith the Preacher," and a time to every purpose
PROSPECTS FOR HUNGARY. under the heavens : a time to keep silence, and a The Times has reluctantly admitted, during the time to speak; a time to love, and a time to hate ; past week, that the plan of the campaign against a time for war, and a time for peace :”—but ac- Hungary, as it was begun by the imperial armies, cording to the precious scheme of a definition of has been dislocated by the skill and vigor of the occasions for intervention, we should not take ad- Hungarian commanders, and that down to the vantage of times and seasons, but should slide into latest dates the fortune of war was with the latter. wars, unprepared and unarmed, according to such | This fact has at the same time assisted our conand such a paragraph, or section so and so, of the temporary to the belief that the Ottoman Porte “ declaration.” We sincerely hope that England may possibly take part in the struggle, and that at least has “outlived the practice of war;" but upon the whole the Hungarians have really better if, in the course of years, circumstances should chances than it had hitherto allowed itself to think arise to endanger peace, we would rather confide possible. Other evidences of returning prosperity in the tried skill and sagacity of a veteran diplo- are not wanting to this great and gallant canse. matist, when united with liberal principles, than While Paskiewich and the Ban are out-generin all the paper formula that have ever been alled by the Hungarian commanders, public opinissued.
ion in this country is every day pronouncing itself The doctrine we have commented upon amounts in a more decided manner, and with more subto this, that no power ought to express an opinion stantial effect. We have the best authority for on the merits of a foreign contest without being stating that the Austrian Camarilla is seriously prepared to back that opinion by a host.” Carry alarmed at the state of feeling in England, and this doctrine into private life, and no individual at the tone of the independent English press : and ought to express an opinion concerning his neigh- this was before the account of the debate in the bor's quarrels without being prepared to interfere House of Commons on the 20th July, and of the more or less actively. The “warning reproof"' meeting at the London Tavern, had reached Vienaddressed by Lord Palmerston to Austriathe na. The knowledge of the fact should stimulate "contingent of words,” “ sympathy but not help’ | the friends of the Hungarians in this country to -given to the Hungarians, by the meeting at the fresh exertions on their behalf. The example of London Tavern, are alike sneered at. But is the public meetings, which has been so auspiciously “ warning reproof” and the “sympathy" alto- given at the London Tavern, and followed by gether inoperative? We think otherwise. It is Marylebone, is being imitated all over the country. something to go abroad to Europe, that “Lord Nor should these meetings be confined to vague Brougham's rule, which was, or ought to have and general expressions of sympathy: they should been, the rule of the high tories when they existed tend to a practical purpose-the recognition by in England, will not be adopted in England ;” English statesmen of the de facto government of that “the treasure of the country will not be Hungary. wasted to purchase oppression for the nations, and The meeting at Marylebone may challenge hatred for ourselves,” in support of the principle comparison with any held in that borough, for of Lord Brougham—that England is to interfere respectability, order, and unanimity. That the for princes, but not for peoples ; that she is to speeches were of a decidedly liberal cast is no protect Ferdinand of Naples, Ferdinand of Aus- more than might have been expected. But the tria, and Nicholas of Russia, but not the Sicilians, peculiarity of the Hungarian cause is this, that it nor Hungarians, nor Poles. Now, although the l invites the sympathy and support of partisans of
the most various shades of political opinions, of | Protestant. To the names of the many victims the moderate and rational conservative no less of Austrian tyranny must be added that of the than of the constitutional radical. The lover of truly apostolical and liberal-minded Catholic Archreligious freedom and the lover of commercial bishop of Erlau, Lonovics, who has been thrown freedom are equally interested in the triumph of into prison for the crime of having drawn up the the Hungarians.
representation of the Catholic bishops to King It was well shown at the Marylebone meeting Ferdinand ; a representation presented by the that every step which Russia makes westward has Archbishop of Gran, the Primate of Hungary, in the effect of closing to British industry a pre- conjunction with Lonovics himself. This docuviously-existing market, or of preventing a freshment, which sufficiently expresses the views of the one from being opened ; that, consequently, so Catholic clergy with regard to the national strugmuch bread is taken out of the mouth of the gle, is to be found in the Appendix to Count British artisan, or prevented from being put into Teleki's Case of Hungary Stated. it. That Austria as at present constituted is not That every liberal should warmly sympathize a barrier against the territorial aggrandizement of with the Hungarians is but natural. No nation Russia, is evident. As Colonel Thompson very has given such an example of a privileged class pertinently observed, the guardian (!) of Euro- having voluntarily renounced its exclusive privipean civilization has opened the door and let the leges, and having raised the unprivileged to a perrobber in. That the success of the Hungarians fect equality with itself for the benefit of their would at once open to us a market hardly inferior common country. No nation has been a more to that of Russia, and capable of indefinite exten- consistent advocate of civil, religious, and comsion, we have already indicated ; and we may at mercial freedom. But above all, the sympathies some future time treat this question more in detail. of the moderate and far-sighted conservative ought
To the determined persecution of religious free to be enlisted on their behalf. The Hungarians dom by the house of Hapsburg, and the assertion are preëminently, above all other continental of this great principle by the Hungarians, all nations, the sticklers for precedent and for the lethistory bears record. With regard to what is ter of the law. Indeed, the reproach that has now passing, Lord Dudley Stuart stated the fact been urged against them with the greatest semthat in the present Hungarian government, the blance of justice, is that they are not revolutionRoman Catholic Bishop of Csanád, the distin- ary enough for the present age. Perczel urged guished historian Horváth, is minister for eccle- in the diet that the Hungarian regiments serving siastical affairs ;: but that the secretary in that in Italy should be recalled. The policy of his department is a Protestant, Professor Szász, a dis- motion was admitted ; its constitutional legality tinguished member of the Protestant College of was doubted ; and owing to legal scruples, HunEnyed-a college which is still in the receipt of gary herself strengthened the hands of her eneEnglish funds, contributed at a time when the mies. Similarly, it was long before the Hunsympathies of English Protestants for the cause garian government, although warned by bitter of religious freedom on the continent were some experience, could resolve to pursue the fugitive thing more substantial than a name. In the other Jellachich over the Austrian frontier, without being departments of the ministry are members of the first invited by some legally-constituted Austrian Catholic and Greek churches, and of various Prot- authority. estant confessions. The civil disabilities under The ameliorations effected in the Hungarian which the Jews in Hungary, as elsewhere, la- constitution by the national party were not brought bored, have also been unreservedly removed. about by revolutionary measures ; they were not
What may be expected if Hungary should lose the result of an émeute, however justifiable an its independence, and be reduced to the condition émeute may be in some cases ; but they were of an Austrian or Russian province, is shown by carried out by legal means upon the broadly-troda speech of General Benedek, commander of a den and clearly-defined path of parliamentary redivision of the Austrian army, to the municipal form. Nor were these ameliorations effected in authorities of the town of Rosenau, in the month consequence of a sudden impulse inspired by the of April last. General Benedek is himself a events in France. The February revolution of Protestant and a Hungarian, and therefore his Paris undoubtedly strengthened the hands of the speech must be looked upon, not as the expression Hungarians by the terror which it caused to Metof his private opinions, but as conveying the de- ternich and his satellites. But the measures of liberate sentiments of the Austrian government. reform themselves were nothing more than the He said : “This rebellion is a Protestant rebel- legitimate development of the spirit of the Hunlion ; it will never be put down till the Protes-garian constitution, carried out by means in strict tants are put down. Till the end of the war, it accordance with measures which had been urged will be necessary to keep under a strict surveil- upon the government by the national party since lance of the police every Protestant clergyman and 1832, and of which Mr. Paget thus speaks : Protestant professor.” Although this speech is
The favorite objects of their desires were-after a sufficient exponent of the intentions of the Aus- strengthening the nationality of Ilungary-freedom trian government, yet it is only partially true. of commerce, and an improved commercial code ; The national cause is not solely or exclusively the navigation of the Danube, and the improvement