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ernor.

tall, stately-looking man, the young prince's gov- that thawed the well of affection, so long frozen

I am sorry, madam,” added he,“ that within. She felt that she was beloved ; and for this painful duty should devolve upon me, but his the sake of that sweet child, she forgave the world serene highness must not remain here."

and all its injuries. Mimi came, and brought “ I did not hope that he might,” replied So- with her all the genial feelings of youth--all its phie, “it is happiness enough only to have seen warm and kindly current of affection, old rememhim ; something at my heart tells me we shall brances of nature, and its changeful loveliness; never meet again. George, my beloved child, she brought the world of the past 10 the ill fated farewell. Inform your father that to-day, for the prisoner. Think what it is to waste a whole life first time, I prayed for him.”

in captivity-to look on no faces but those of your Madam," exclaimed the baron, “my mission guards -10 be shut out from society—to know is not one all of bitterness. With some concession, that you are forgotten, that the green grass and I am commissioned to offer your husband's par- the crowded streets are alike forbidden things; to don, and even a hope that your return to the court know that life goes on with its usual round of will be permitted.”

hopes, pleasures, and objects, in which you have “ Never!” answered the electress ; “I accept no part ; to feel that your faculties are stifling no pardon-I will make no concessions—I demand within you, that your mind, your heart, are dead to have my innocence fully recognized-I return before their time. This is the lot of a prisoner to that court its injured and acknowledged mis- 1 --this had the Princess of Zell endured for tress, or I return no more."

years—and this, too, had Mimi endured for her The baron withdrew in silence, and the young sake. But the devoted peasant knew not what prince clung to his mother's side. It was a bitter endurance meant: that is not endurance which is struggle—but she herself unclasped his arms. undergone for one we love. Mimi's whole world

“God bless you !” exclaimed she, and led him was the gloomy chamber of her first, her dearest beyond the portal. Slowly he mounted his horse friend-she desired another only for her sake. -heavily were the iron gates closed after him. But the prison scene was closing ; Sophie lay,

“Once more,” said the princess, “ I am alone." supported by cushions, with life fast ebbing away ;

“Not alone, my beloved mistress,” replied a her hair was still long, but of a darker color, yet female kneeling at her feet. For years I have more conspicuous from its being blended witn watched beside these gates, which to-day I have gray. She was thin even to emaciation, but the obtained permission to enter.”

fine features retained traces of their former beauty, Scarcely, in the pale and time-worn woman, and the large blue eyes were soft as a dove's, and could even Sophie recognize the once girlish and clear as those of a spirit. But the dying lady was lovely Mimi.

restless and anxious, she looked faintly round for one who was not there. In consideration of the

princess' danger, Mimi had been allowed to leave The last crimson lights of a summer sunset the castle ; she was the bearer of a letter from illumined the depths of that ancient and gloomy Sophie to her husband, who was now King of chamber; a golden haze seemed to float on the England. He had just arrived in his electoral dusky air, and poured in through the open cur- dominions, and would have to pass near the castle. tains of the green velvet bed. The embroidery At an inn where he was to change horses, Mimi had long since fadeci, and the black plumes that awaited him. The purple shadows of twilight waved at each cornice, grew yet more hearse-like were on the sky when he arrived. You heard with every succeeding year. But now the rich the galloping of the guards, the rolling of the carhues and the soft rays gave a mocking cheerful- riage wheels, and, amid dust and shouts, the royal ness to the bed of death-and yet not mocking-cavalcade stopped at the inn door. The monarch it was the type of that diviner light which cheered called for a light, which, for a gold piece, the the last hour of the dying. Sophie's head was daughter of the host allowed Mimi to bear. She laid on that last pillow, whence it was never gave the light, and gave also a letter. The pipe raised again.

fell from the king's hand-he knew the writing. When the electress first rested on that pillow, Je me meurs," exclaimed he, sinking back in her ternples were feverish, and her heart beat even his carriage. to pain ; she slept only the restless sleep of ex The confusion attendant upon his illness enabled haustion, and she waked in the midnight, the Mimi to glide away unnoticed, but she saw that shriek on her lips, and the damp on her brow, one in the king's face there was death. The white fearful sound forever in her ears, and one fearful moon, that had been pale in the sky as a crescent sight forever before her eyes. Night after night of snow, had cleared into light, when Mimi enhad been conscious of her tears, and morning after tered the chamber of her dying mistress. The morning had she loathed the sight of another warm crimson, and the golden haze of sunset, had day that brought the same monotony of sorrow. faded into deep obscurity, scarcely broken by the Anger, too, had hardened round her heart ; under- far dim lamps that swung from the roof; but the valued and ill-uised, she grew embittered by injus- face of the princess was distinctly visible, for the tice. Her son's visit was the first softening in- moon shone directly upon it. Faintly she raised fluence that had touched her for many years; but her head to welcome her faithful attendant, and

27

PART IV.

CCLXXVI.

LIVING AGL.

VOL. XXII.

her lips moved, but the words were lost in a faint I summon him before a higher tribunal than rattling in the throat.

his own, to meet me. “I gave your letter to the king,” whispered The effort was too much, and she sank on Mimi.

Mimi's shoulder ; a spasm wrung her features, Sophie sat erect on the bed, a wild and super- and they set in the marble calmness of a corpse. natural gleam kindled her eyes with a fearful lus The king, her husband, died at the same hour; tre—she raised her hand-so white, so spectral, and, within a week, Mimi was laid at the feet of that it scarcely cast a shadow in the moonlight. her mistress.

CHOLERA.

[The following remarks are copied from the Coloniza. occasions will be comparatively rare, and they can tion Herald, and are no doubt written by Dr. John Bell, be ascertained only by an experienced and cautious of Philadelphia, who is high authority on any subject physician. Our protest, at this time, is more parwhich he treats.]

ticularly against the use of this or any other dis

tilled or fermented liquor, as a means of warding We regret to learn that what we had supposed off an attack of cholera. So far from its having to be an old, vulgar, and entirely exploded notion, this effect, it is one of the most certain means of viz., the property of ardent spirits, as a drink, to inviting the disease. prevent disease, is again revived in the case of the The true means of prevention consist in regular cholera, now epidemic in so many parts of the living, keeping in all things somewhat within the United States.

line of customary usage and enjoyment. This imThe history of all fevers and epidemic visitations plies of course, an avoidance, if possible, of exshows conclusively, that drunkards have been the tremes of temperature—a hot sun by day and a cool chief and earliest victims; and that they who have air by night-also of strong mental emotion, particenjoyed the greatest exemption have been either ularly of cowardly fear. To be usefully occupied, entirely abstinent or very moderate, in the use of and to trust with calmness in an all-wise Providence, strong drinks of any description. They who habit- puts one in the best frame of mind to resist the inually drink brandy or any other analogous liquor, vasion of cholera or of any other epidemic disease. enough to produce unaccustomed excitement, or to So soon as a person feels the influence of the increase the number of the beats of their pulse, the epidemic condition of atmosphere, in derangement heat of their skin, or their thirst—especially they of his digestion, whether it be disordered stomach, who have been previously abstinent from such liquor, or disordered bowels, with or without pain, he or only drank it occasionally—are, in an especial ought, forth with, to abstain from all labor and bodmanner, pione to die on exposure to the cholera ily exercise, and keep his room and still better his atmosphere, or to any of the common causes of dis- bed, or recline on a sofa—keeping his skin warm, ease at this time. Their bodies are in the same and using some simple drink, herb tea, rice water, state of predisposition to be affected by an epidemic &c., and taking only the simplest food in small atmosphere, as a man of a full and gross habit, and quantity. The safe plan will be, if there is much past his prime, is to be poisoned, as it were, with a irritation of the stomach and disorder of the bowels, slight wound or scratch of his skin. There is to to abstain entirely from all solid and stimulating him danger of mortification ensuing, or erysipelas food. at the best, from such an accident.

There is more safety by far in this course, than Of all the different remedies and modes of treat- in a resort to the use of a cholera mixture, which ment adopted in cholera, the administering of brandy often though meant to be anti-choleric, is really a as a means of cure in the disease, has proved to be cholera mixture, and an invitation to the disease to the least satisfactory, or we might say, and we go on with its dread work. Persistence in going speak with a knowledge of the circumstances, the about as usual, after the premonitions furnished by most destructive.

disordered digestion, is a fruitful cause of death to We regret, also, to read or hear of the silly, not thousands and tens of thousands. Rest, and in a to say mischievous statements which run the rounds recumbent posture, with a suitably simple regimen, of the papers, of exemption from cholera being en are often all that is necessary to remove this first joyed by the use of some wonderful tincture, stage of the disease ; and even if it become more essence, or compound, or living in a tobacco or a troublesome, so as to require medical intervention, mercurial or sulphurous atmosphere, &c. There it is, if these conditions are adhered to, eminently is nothing which makes any pretensions to a spe- curable. But if this first period be suffered to pass cific character, either in the way of prevention or without due care in the premises, in the manner cure, so much as the free but still judicious use of just described, there is imminent danger of the next water, for a drink and for bathing. No kind of more violent and dangerous, and in large numbers, liquor, distilled or fermented, can compare for a fatal stage of cholera supervening. moment with pure water, either as a prophylactic Of the treatment of confirmed cholera, it is not or a remedy.

our purpose to speak here. We would only reWe do not mean to deny the propriety, on occa- mark, that our medical friends who allow themsions, of resorting to brandy and other diffusible selves to advocate an exclusive mode of treatment, stimulants in the treatment of cholera ; but these or express their reliance on any one remedy, are

From the Journal of Commerce.

open to the charge of empiricism. He who asserts often, but freely, and now his voice entirely failed, his unlimited confidence in blood-letting, or in cal- his eyes began to glaze, and it was evident that the omel, or in opium, or in sugar of lead, justifies the pains and toils, the doubts and disappointments of many quack speculators on public credulity in ad- living, for him were nearly over. vertising and vending their various nostrums and

There was no convulsion, no agony, but at length

a long gasp, and all was still. “He is dead," said specifics, of camphorated spirits, tincture of capsi- the bystanders. The dying man started, and half cum, cujeput oil, and the like, with laudanum, or raising himself from the floor, gazed with a wild, sulphur and charcoal pills, &c.

earnest, even longing gaze on those around-a gaze that none but a dying man is capable of giving

taking in all the world in its swift sweep, and then THE PESTILENCE.

fell back again. There was a long breath, a quiver There are many occurrences and incidents in of the thin nostrils, a faint clutching of the hand,

and he was gone. connection with the cholera pestilence, which, if him but to bury him, and before noon, in the midst

Nothing remained to be done for they could be gathered, would form pages of of a heavy storm of rain, unattended by clergy or thrilling and terrible interest. The plans frus- by friends, in a lonesome spot of never consecrated trated, the affections sundered, the hopes crushed, ground, the poor Irishman was laid to await the the hearts broken, would, altogether, make volumes final summons. in the strange history of the life and death of man. At sunset of one evening he was strong and ar

It is not as if men died of the fever, which warns dent and happy, surrounded by those he loved ; at them at least, by days of burning heat and parch- by all affection, six feet of earth shut out the sun

sunset of the next evening, deserted and abandoned ing thirst, and mad pulsations. It is not as when light from him. men die by the slow gnawing of consumption, wasting gradually away into the dust whereof (MARTYRDOM OF RABBI CHANINA.] they came originally. But the warning is often “The Romans having found Rabbi Chanina readbrief, the pain slight; the heart grows feeble, and ing the Book of the Law to a congregation, carried the pulse slow and heavy. The coldness which him before the tribunal, when he was condemned 10 announces the approach of death, is felt at the seat the flames. Accordingly they bound palm branches of life, and before they can have time to bid the round him and the book, but put wet sponges, or living good-bye, they are of the dead. Says a

woollen cloths about his body, that he might be the

longer in dying. When his daughter saw him in correspondent :

this lamentable condition, she said to him, O father, Standing, some days since, in the depot of one how can I bear to see you thus? Rabbi Chanina of our principal railroads, (where the road connects replied, If I were to be burnt alone, my condition with the steamer,) we saw a man lying in the cor- might seem to be a hard one, but now, when I am ner. He had come off the boat a few hours previ- to endure the flames and the Book of the Law with ous, and passing towards the cars, was taken sud- me, certain I am that He who will most certainly denly ill with the symptoms of the prevailing disease. take vengeance for the injury offered to the Book, He was an Irishman, and had his family with him will also take vengeance for me.

When he was -but they did not wait to see him die. The cars about to die, his disciples asked him if he saw anystarted, and the wife and children left the husband thing miraculous. He made answer, that he saw and father to battle alone with the coming terror. the skin indeed on which the Law was written It was midnight and later. Lying alone in the corner shrivel and consume, but the letters filed upward. of that large building, who can tell the visions that Then they advised him to open his mouth, that the haunted him. He was from a far land, dear to flames might go in, and he might die the sooner; him, doubtless, in the memories of boyhood. He but he made answer that he who infused the soul had not been long in this, and wherefore he came into man would separate it; it was not lawful for we knew not; certainly it was for another fate than man to expedite his own death. But when the exthis. To be abandoned thus, to meet death face to ecutioner demanded of him whether he would introface, alone! Was it not terrible ?

duce him into the kingdom of heaven, if he increased Morning dawned grayly and mistily over him. It the flames, and took away the wet cloth from his was yet early when we stood by him. He said he heart, the Rabbi Chanina promised that he would : thought he should do well enough if he could lie and confirmed the promise, at his desire, by an oath. still and rest ; but there was even then on his feat- The executioner then immediately increased the fire, ures that indescribable expression which we have and removed the wet woollen cloth, and incontinentofien noticed foretokening dissolution. It is not ly the Rabbi Chanina gave up the ghost. And then simple pallor, nor immobility of countenance, but the executioner threw himself into the flames : and it is as if the shadow of death was cast on the fore- immediately a voice was heard saying that Rabbi head and eyes, and lips, by the light of the world Chanina, the son of Tardejon, and his executioner, which lies on the other side of the grave, or as if were both reserved for the life of the world to men already began to hear new sounds and see new come."- Avoda Sara, p. 143_4. scenes, and thus be abstracted gradually from these.

He was dying. It could not be doubted. Men (ARIOSTO'S USE OF THE MARVELLOUS, VINDICATED spoke of moving him to the Lazaretto, but he begged

BY SIR JOHN HARRINGTON.) to be allowed to rest-only to have rest.

Poor fel Sir John HARRINGTON, in his Apology of Poetry, low! Rest to his iron frame and sun-burnt arms and says that “ Ariosto neither in his enchantments exbrawny hands, was ready ; nearer at hand, and ceedeth credit, (for who knows not how strong the calmer rest, than he would have wished had he illusions of the devil are ?) neither in the miracles known it.

that Astolfo by the power of St. John is feigned to He was not in pain, but his breath grew heavy do, since the Church holdeth that prophets, both and difficult, and his broad chest heaved at intervals alive and dead, have done mighty great miracles.” with the labor of his breathing. He had spoken |--P. 140.

From the Examiner. chant of losing his property. But weighing all IMPROVEMENT OF THE MERCHANT NAVY.

things, we think Mr. Labouchere has taken the

safer course in making the condition of examinaMR. LABOUCHERE has made a very able state- tion prospective. ment of the burdens and defects of the merchant While taking measures to raise the character navy, and the measures of relief and improvement and attainments of masters, Mr. Labouchere prohe proposes. In the class of burdens are the light poses also to strengthen their authority, providing at dues and pilotage. As to the first, Mr. Labou- the same time the check of a record of every exchere has effected an arrangement with the Trinity ertion of it in a regularly-kept log. He further House which will reduce the charge for lights a proposes to give them a button or uniform to mark full third, giving to coasters a reduction of fifty their rank, a point which we are not at all disper cent., and to over-sea traders a reduction of posed to regard as trifling or immaterial in its sixteen per cent.

bearing on demeanor and conduct ; for many a The present system of pilotage is to make long-shore escapade, or public-house indulgence, over-sea ships pay, whether they want pilotage or will be checked by the consideration that the butnot; and the consequence is, that pilots who make ton or uniform must not be so exposed. enough in fine weather for their support, will not For the better treatment and comfort of the men, go knocking about in bad weather, when they Mr. Labouchere has many important proposals. are most wanted. They prefer sparing them- First, that all contracts shall be under the eye selves the hardship; and their vessels, sails, and of a public functionary, called shipping officer, tackle, the wear and tear of rough weather, Mr. superseding the present licensed agenis, and in Labouchere proposes to empower the proper local vested with large powers. He also takes measures authorities to license masters and mates of over- to secure more wholesome berths for the seamen, sea ships to act as pilots upon proof of their allotting to each a space of not less than eight qualification. We look upon this as more than a feet. At present the quarters of the men in the measure of relief from a burden ; it is calculated to forecastle of merchantmen are often too dirty, unincrease the efficiency of masters and mates, and healthy, and comfortless to a cruel degree. They to diminish the risks of shipwreck. Skill in pi- lie packed like herrings in a barrel ; in hot weather lotage has hitherto been generally neglected by suffocating with heat, and in cold with no choice seamen employed in the foreign and colonial trade, but the keen wind and spray from the open scutand the frequent consequence has been such wrecks tle, or suffocation from the closing of it. The as those of the Reliance and Conqueror, which forecastle, too, is generally damp, it being the would have been averted by a knowledge of the part of the ship most likely to leak. Tyrannical channel soundings. In a gale of wind from the masters can always contrive to make the forecastle west, the chances are a hundred to one against a a place of chronic punishment. The Glasgow homeward-bound ship's falling in with a pilot till captain who provoked his crew to put him in conshe ceases to want one, especially if she makes finement, for which they were tried and acquitted the chops of the channel in the night.

as justifiable under the circumstances. used to The third part of the subject, the defects of the carry a press of sail, as proved in evidence, to merchant navy, are divided into two branches, the bury the ship's head in the sea, and qualifications of masters and the treatment of the men. forecastle, so that the men could never have a dry

We have so often adduced evidence of the gen- plank to lie upon or a dry thread to put on. eral inferiority of British masters in navigation, Other arrangements Mr. Labouchere has in and in education and conduct, that it must be un- view as to provisions, pay, and other details, all necessary for us to go over that ground again now; conducing to the same end, the fair treatinent and indeed, the defects of the merchant service in that comfort of the men. respect are not disputed. To remedy this serious The relief of the light dues and pilotage is to fault, Mr. Labouchere proposes to subject mas- take place shortly, the first in October; the plan ters and mates prospectively to examinations test- relating to the qualifications of masters and the ing their competency. Those already employed are treatment of the men, is to stand over to next ses to be required simply to produce certificates of ser-sion, for the better consideration and arrangement vice. We feel the force of Mr. Labouchere's ar- of the details. To superintend all, a department gument for this prospective arrangement, that it is to be created in the board of trade; a board of would be a great hardship to throw men out of commercial marine, two members of which are to bread who were not prepared to undergo an ex- be retired masters. amination. And many, we have no doubt, who The project has been well received in the house, are sufficiently skilled for this business, have not but of course Mr. Gladstone had his cavil at it, their knowledge so methodized as to meet a scien- turning on the continuance of the seamen's motific examination. Ou the other hand, however, is nopoly, and on the introduction of legislative interto be considered the hazard of trusting life and ference, instead of trusting to competition in a free property to the incompetent; and all will agree trade system. it would be better that an unfit man should lose his We have not a word to say in defence of the employment, than that a ship's crew should be ex- seamen's monopoly, except that, practically, it posed to the risk of losing their lives, or a mer- matters not a rush whether it exists or not, as DO

swamp the

British shipowner would man a ship with foreign-Jimprovident or reckless debtor, and the unlucky ers, and no British master would make shift to debtor ; logically, however, it ought first to be handle a vessel with such a crew, or any con- shown, not only that such a discrimination is feasisiderable proportion of them. We repeat, too, ble, but that credit is a proper subject of legal rethat the British seaman, at his wages, and con- cognition. The conclusion has been taken for sidering his aptitude, adroitness, and skill, is the granted ; but it is by no means self-evident. cheapest in the world, and that there is no motive, Originally, credit is in its nature spontaneous ; no inducement, for resorting to the foreigner. and the question is, whether it can be converted

The fault of the British seaman is his conduct into a fixed entity without establishing some atashore ; but that is very much referable to his tendant evil. Certain bad consequences are evident treatment at sea, often lodged worse than a pig, enough. Credit is the trust reposed by a seller in and vexatiously subjected to hardships and priva- the honest intention of the purchaser and his future tions. When the man gets away from the ship, ability to pay; and, primâ facie, to compel the he is wild with joy; and riots in all indulgences debtor is only to enforce justice. But you cannot after the want of all the comforts. To improve institute such compulsion by law without altering the seaman's condition will do much to correct his the essential character of credit ; and in doing so excesses out of it. Foreign seamen, Germans es- you are bound to show that the substitute is better pecially, have better berths and comfortable homes than the original. The right to intervene is conin their ships ; and the change on getting ashore ceded in admitting the power of society to make does not, therefore, turn their heads.

general regulations ; but then the breach of conAs to the proposed legislative interference to ventional regulations is not necessarily a moral secure the qualifications of masters, we look upon turpitude. There is no moral reason why a cabit as strictly analogous to the precautions for se- man should not ask you a sovereign for riding from curing the qualifications of surgeons and medical the bank to Charing Cross ; but the regulation practitioners. Competition will not suffice in which fixes the fare of cabs is beneficial both to either case, because the parties giving the employ- the public and cabmen; so that the penalty necesment cannot be judges whether or not there is the sary for enforcement of the law is justified by exnecessary degree of skill. The public may be pediency. Another distinction between objects trusted with the choice between medical men duly ordinarily confounded should be noted. In the educated and passed, but it would suffer grievously case of “a fraudulent debtor,” the gravamen of the if those securities against very wide errors in choice offence lies so completely in the fraud and not in were wanting. And so merchants and ship-owners the debt, that there is a very illogical bathos in would suffer now but for the marine insurance, the term ; and the law should of course be directwhich compensates and makes them content with ed against the grave offence, not the debt. Contheir blunders. In the evidence before the ship- ceding, therefore, the right to regulate contracts, wreck committee, Mr. Soames admitted that he and to deal penally with fraud, let us remark one had appointed, and sent in command to the Bra-jor two immediate consequences of converting a zils, a man who could not find his longitude, and spontaneous credit into a credit guaranteed by law. who was utterly ignorant of the working of the Were there no legal guarantee of credit, the chronometer. Mr. Soames explained that he had seller would look narrowly at the personal chartrusted to recommendation and been deceived ; but acter of the purchaser, and would usually decline how often must landsmen, merchants, and ship to deal except upon some knowledge of the purowners have to trust to such fallible recommend- chaser's future means of payment. That would ations, in default of the security of a certificate of probably limit the extent of dealings; but it is not qualification.

to be supposed that the limitation would be altoThere is hardly a measure of our time which gether a loss. The trader would escape so many we rate of more importance than Mr. Labouchere's bad debts ; the purchaser would be less tempted to plan for the improvement of the merchant navy, exceed his means. It is to be observed, in passand we shall watch the shaping of it to its pur-jing, that the conduct of the improvident debtor poses with the deepest interest. The service at- does not always turn upon his want of honesty. tempted is entirely spontaneous; no “pressure In our complicated social relations, many circumfrom without” extorted it; the honest conviction stances may induce the debtor, both in and out of of the necessity has solely prompted this important trade, to attempt more than he can accomplish ; reformation.

the policy of " keeping up appearances,” with a

view to profit—the claims of needy relatives-- the From the Spectator.

difficulty of calculating the ratio of income and outA QUERY RESPECTING CREDIT.

lay, even when the income is nominally “fixed,” A serious doubt hangs over all attempts to for prices seldom are so—these are circumstances amend the law of debtor and creditor—the doubt that render many a man of honest intentions unwhether our code on that subject is not based upon able to “ make both ends meet." Establish a a fallacy; and the professed object of the amend- legal guarantee, and you impart to these doubtful ments brings that doubt more actively in question. circumstances an appearance of certainty ; the selLord Brougham desires to establish the means of ler, relying on the compulsion of the law, fancies discriminating between the fraudulent debtor, the that his discretion is superseded and he is more

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