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begin to see in Campbell something of the beset- | vigorous youth. My poor boy! shall I have the ecting weakness of one whose better inspiration he stasy of teaching him thoughts, and knowledge, and often rivalled-Goldsmith.
reciprocity of love to me? It is bold to venture into Ere the close of that year he took steps for futurity so far! At present, his lovely little face
a comfort is to me; his lips breathe that fragrance which poor Goldy never had courage. A Mr. which it is one of the loveliest kindnesses of nature Sinclair, his uncle by marriage, had met with re- that she has given to infants—a sweetness of smell verses in the city, and was now living in a small more delightful than all the treasures of Arabia. house somewhere on the “ Five Fields," that is, What adorable beauties of God and Nature's bounthe desolate region since covered with the solemn ty we live in without knowing! How few have squares of Belgravia. He had a large family of ever seemed to think an infant beautiful! But to daughters ; of whom the youngest, with a name of infancy, which is not inferior to the attractions
me there seems to be a beauty in the earliest dawn that might have satisfied any romancer, united ro- of childhood, especially when they sleep. Their mantic and majestic beauty of feature and form. looks excite a more tender train of emotions. It is Campbell fell in love with his cousin, and she re- like the tremulous anxiety we feel for a candle new sponded. The old people suggested prudential lighted, which we dread going out. — Vol. i., p. objections ; but the swain, besides detailing sundry 472. agreements with Tulloch and the booksellers, had The sequel sheds a melancholy gloom over actually a 501. note in his desk; and the fair Matil- these happy sentences. da coinciding in his hopeful views of the exchequer We have no intention to dwell so minutely on question, the wedding was speedily solemnized. Dr. Beattie's second and third volumes. The They took lodgings in Pimlico, and there their events are few, and the interest, where there is first boy was born, Thomas Telford Campbell ; any considerable interest, has a painful combut the poet had from early days dreamt of a cot- plexion. Our object was to put together such an tage and garden of his own,
outline of the earlier career as might explain the Oh! that for me some home like this might smile, sequel ; and already perhaps few will see much Some cottage home!
reason to wonder at the scanty issue of Camp
bell's dazzling blossom. He now thirsted to realize the vision, and leased
After the lapse of a year or two, one of his and furnished a house on Sydenham Green, which sisters being desirous of a situation in London, he inhabited for seventeen years—in fact, the only he thus replies 10 a letter in which she had exdwelling-place on this side the border that will be pressed such notions of his influence as it was remembered in connection with him. His letters very natural for her to have entertained. When overflow with simple and honest happiness; the one of an obscure family acquires any species of wife is of angelic sweetness, and the sight of her eminence, how prone are the rest to exaggerate and her babe makes labor for the first time a de- his acquisition ; or where, as in this case, there light to him. He now keeps a horse ; the ride could be no question of the solidity of his claims, to and from the “ Star-chamber” every forenoon is to magnify egregiously their own chances of profitgood for his health ; in the evening he advances ing therehy. There could not be a kinder brother, with the “Annals,” and throws off minor essays but his sisters did not always remember that he for various magazines. One series of papers was was now a husband and a father, as well as a son on agriculture, and Campbell, who probably could
and a brother. not tell barley from lavender in the field, says he thenceforth overawed the farmers that occasionally
Feb. 1805.—I cannot pretend to much interest rode to town with him by the profundity of his among the great. I would not be right in saying
I have none. One has no exact measure for a views concerning the rotation of crops and the vir- thing so dependent on accident or the feelings of tues of m:inures. After Dr. Thomas Young's others. Lord Minto, the Marquis of Buckingham, treatise on bricklaying in the Encyclopædia Britan- Lord Henry Petty, and Lord Webb Seymour, have nica, nothing of this class astonishes us.
been often heard to lament that I was not provided quote one of the young father's tender effusions for. I have been introduced to others of the nobilover his child :
ity, but acquaintance with them I could never keep
up. It requires a life of idleness, dressing, and atOur first interview was when he lay in his little tendance on their parties. I exhausted a good dea! crib, in the midst of white muslin and dainty lace, of time and money in one London campaign, and prepared by Matilda's hands—long before the got no object attained that I desired. I have still stranger's arrival. I verily believe that lovelier retained acquaintance with one or two respectable babe was never smiled upon by the light of heaven. families, but not in the highest rank. I think they He was breathing sweetly in his first sleep-1 durst are better hearted than the high gentry, and enter not waken him, but ventured one kiss. He gave a into one's affairs more in earnest. The great are faint murmur, and opened his little azure lights. indifferent creatures. I have some hopes from two Since that time he has continued to grow in grace intimate friends, a Mr. Weston, of the city, and and stature. I can take him in my arms, but still Sydney Smith, the preacher. It may seem a fault his good nature and his beauty are but provocatives in my character that, having so many great and to the affection which one must not indulge ; he good friends, I can get nothing done, either for my cannot bear to be hugged, he cannot yet stand a own advantage or the benefit of those I love. It worrying. On that I were sure he would live to was a remark of your worthy aunt, in depreciating the days when I could take him on my knee, and my character to the Sinclairs, that “ I made friends, feel the strong plumpness of childhood waxing into but never kept them.” I am not surprised that a
person so unlike myself should think exactly so of the public comprised only a small proportion of what
I feel, however, the injustice of the observa- he wrote. His flow of thought was not rapid ; and tion in the value I attach to friendship. I have all he was often like an artist setting figures in mosaic my early and equal friends still attached to me, and cautiously marking the weight, shape, and effect I have reason to think very truly. The great and of each particular piece before dropping it into its the rich have been kind to me, and have said such place. Nor did this habit of nicety and precision things as would have made you believe I was to be diminish with experiencc; for erasures are more amply provided for. As to intimacy, I never could frequent in his later than in his earlier manuscripts. even wish it with them ; it is got by sacrificing He was rarely if ever satisfied with his own producindependent feelings. I have never parted with tions, however finely imagined or elaborately finished. the best part of my character.
Aiming at that perfection to which no modern author,
perhaps, has attained, his progress was not equal to At Sydenham he found society that suited him. his perseverance ; for what was written in the evenThat neighborhood was studded with the residences ing was often discarded the next morning.–Vol ii., of comfortable families connected with the com- p. 16. merce of London, and with several of these he and his wife soon came to be on a footing of close
Campbell himself candidly and shrewdly says : intimacy. Weary wives, idle widows, involun
I was by no means without literary employment; tary nuns, were excited splendidly by such a but the rock on which I split was over-calculating celebrity at their doors. The requests for auto- the gains I could make from them. All artists are graphs were unceasing. No party could be com- apt to make similar mistakes. The author sits plete without “ the Pleasures of Hope ;" he was down to an engagement, for which he is to have so here in no danger of being overborne or outshone ; tenth of the work in one day, and in high glee com
much per sheet. He gets through what seems a his appetite grew by what it fed on, and perhaps putes thus :-Well, at this rate, I can count upon half of Dr. Beattie's second volume is occupied with so many pounds a day. But innumerable and inthe memorials of as silly an interchange of semi-calculable interruptions occur. Besides, what has sentimental twaddle as ever encumbered the history been written to-day, may require to be re-written of a true genius. That there was great worth to-morrow; and thus he finds that a grocer, who and real kindness on both sides we make no ques
sells a pound of figs, and puts a shilling, including tion, but the record is humbling enough when one threepence of profit, into the till, has a more surely
24. thinks that at this very period he could still be gainful vocation. — Vol. ii., Campbell, that to moments snatched from Stars His difficulties by and by were perplexing ; the and Philosophical Magazines, abridgments of the Wilna scheme appears to have alarmed his duns, Annual Register, Essays on Turnips, and the far and near, like an electric shock ; but on such pic-nics of suburban bluestockings, we owe com- mischief—if it ends in the pestering—with the depositions-few, alas, and far between, like his tail of little borrowings, all reluctant and all honorown angel's visits—but still entirely worthy of ably repaid—why should Dr. Beattie wish anybody his first promise.
to dwell? The only lesson needs no index, and, howHe continued however, though at intervals grad- ever expounded, would be expounded in vain. If ually widening, to be seen in the higher circles a man of brilliant talents, without any delinquency that had been so willing to welcome him ; and, that can rouse serious reproach, be seen exposed from the time of his marriage, Dr. Beattie says to broad and tangible extremes of misfortune; if he can trace a series of plans towards the improve-a man like Campbell, bright among the brightest ment of his fortune set on foot by the whig leaders, of his day, sincere and upright in his heart, were whose great merit of zeal for friends we have al- exhibited as undergoing some real calainity in ways been most ready to acknowledge. One was consequence partly-even mainly-of such imnot a very radiant project ; it pointed to some chair providences and miscalculations as are easily forof English literature in the University of Wilna. given to the smallest of his kind ; if we saw him Dr. Beattie on this topic is mysterious. We can cast into prison, his home dismantled, his wife make out that the grand obstacle, according to and children turned penniless upon Sydenham Campbell's own view, was his burst of Polism in Green, there would be something to stir the the Pleasures of Hope ; but whether one of his coldest blood ; and many, incapable of being fired rivals really forwarded the lines about Kosciusko with Lochiel or melted by O'Connor's Child, to the autocrat of Russia, or Campbell seriously would hang over the record as willingly as they apprehended that if he were appointed, it would sigh at a melodrama. But Campbell's pecuniary only be under a covert design of lying in wait for miseries never reached any romantic climax. the first outbreak of his liberalism, and then lodg They were lightened-for the moment at least ing him for life in Siberia, we have no means to they were greatly relieved—and the chance of decide. The thing was soon dropped, and who ultimate pressure was ever after kept at bay—by carried the prize our Doctor is too stately to re- a pension obtained for him during the brief reign veal. What the other schemes were, we are not of All the Talents. Its amount was nominally told. Meantime his earnings were not sufficient 2001. a year, but fees and charges reduced it to for his expenditure. Dr. Beattie says :
1681. ; an be it never forgotten that, w rer It has been generally supposed that Campbell the annuity previously allotted to his mother had wrote very little at this period of his life ; such was been, he now raised that payment to a full moiety not the fact; but it is irue that what came before of this sum, and down to her death, in 1812, never
permitted any personal difficulty to interfere with own double confession just cited,) we see merely her benefit.
different shapes of the same too indulgent selfThe pension having been in fact the gift of the esteem, or, if the phrenologist please, different Foxes, he pays a visit of gratitude to Holland developments of the same love of approbationHouse—but not until after the lapse of two years : the convex and concave sides of the same deformiJan. 21, 1808.—The meeting was formidable to ion of shame; but what is called shyness by men
ty. We do not forget old Homer's twofold divisme. They are kind and most voluntarily benefactors to me; but that makes the meeting somewhat speaking of themselves, is often neither less nor
It was a awful. Lady Holland is a formidable woman. She more than arrogance not screwed up. is cleverer by several degrees than Bonaparte! The serious misfortune for Campbell that he was fear of appearing not at my ease is always my most always thinking so much about what other people uneasy sensation at that house. Pride and shyness were thinking of him. This was the parent of are always sparring in my inside. But on this oc- many unlucky consequences—among others, of casion I was peculiarly fortunate. I walked for about an hour, almost alone, with Lady H. I do great and needless loss of pleasure to himself. assure you I was quite spruce ! Most fortunate
There was no reason why he should not have set was the mood upon me at the time—none of your his rest on old equal friendships—no man but a Scotch mauvaise honte; no, no,I felt such self- fool ever does not : there was no reason why he possession, such a rattle of tongue and spring-tide should not have been kind and attentive to persons of conversation, so perfectly joyous, that I acquitted vastly his inferiors who had any sort of claim upon myself like a man, and went away as well convinced him—no man with a heart like his could have been that my dignity had been unimpaired as if I had been
otherwise. But he might have done and been all dining with Cullen Brown. Off I marched with Sydney Sinith ; Sydney is an excellent subject-but he this, and yet enjoyed in moderation—and, as a too has done me some kind offices, and that is enough student and artist, profited largely by enjoyingto produce a most green-eyed jealousyin my noble and the calm contemplation of that grand spectacle deheroic dispositions! I was determined I should make nominated the upper world. It is infinitely the as many good jokes, and speak as much as himself; best of theatres—the acting incomparably the first, and so I did, fór though I was dressed at the dinner- the actresses the prettiest. He could not bear to table much like a barber's clerk, 1 arrogated greatly; go to it unless he was himself to be the star. He talked quizzically, metaphorically ; Sydney said a few good things—I said many!!! Saul slew his could not be comfortable in his corner, and come thousands-David his tens of thousands. Mrs. S. forth when he got his cue ; far less could he relhelped me to two delicious dishes--and I was ex- ish the more delicate luxury of a side-box. But ceedingly hungry-veal and pickled pork, both though all this continued to be the case, what Dr. highly commendable, particularly the latter.-Vol. Beattie might truly and fitly have added was, that ii., p. 134.
in his later time Campbell's mannners in general The following passage may be conveniently society were free from all presumption. His bearplaced by the foregoing. The family with whom ing, as we remember him, was truly gentle; the one of his sisters is living, come up to London, only uneasiness that he occasioned was by his own and he calls on them (1810)
manifest uneasiness-a thing sufficiently puzzling
to persons who had from childhood admired him I was a little afraid of the Dover-street interview afar off. with the M.'s. Although my sister spoke of them
By and by he joined a volunteer regiment, highly, I had contracted an idea that they were proud people. On my way I had prepared to put
called the “North Britons," and for a time was my looks and manners into the most dignified aiti- constant at drill and also at mess. This last was tude ! But though I behaved sublimely to the foot- not good for his health. Already his newspaper man, and almost knocked him down with overawe, engagement bringing him daily to town, he had I had no sooner got to the inside of the drawing been quite enough exposed to the temptation of room, than I found it better to put off my godlike festive boards and tavern meetings. Moreover, air, and resume my human appearance. They were plain, sensible and civil people, with good charac- temptations of a like kind were not wanting at teristics, and a little cordiality of manner-just what Sydenham itself
. There were jolly aldermen there I wanted --nothing that was over-much, or that as well as enthusiastic spinsters. Above all, the might have led me to suppose they were saying in original of Paul Pry, Tom Hill, then a flourishtheir hearts, “ Let us be kind and civil to this ing drysalter in the city, and proprietor and editor man, and not avail ourselves of his sister be- of the “ Theatrical Mirror," had a pretty box in ing our governess.' I am quite glad that my sis- the village, where on Saturdays convened the lights ter is there. I stayed to dine, and took the latest
of Dulwich coach.- Vol. ii.,
song and the drama, Matthews, Liston, Incle
don, and with them their audacious messmate and Dr. Beattie, seeing Campbell complain in many purveyor, the stripling Hook. The dignity of letters of painful shyness, while correspondents, in Campbell's reputation surrounded him amidst these the main eulogistic, charge him, in his earlier merrymakers with a halo before which every head stages with arrogance in his tone of talk, appears bowed—which every chorus recognized. All this to be of the opinion that the two failings could not was very different from Holland House, from the have existed in the same man. We must beg King of Clubs—even from the Divan in the Row. leave to differ from the Doctor. In those failings To Campbell it was more fascinating. Even so (without attaching much importance to the poet's Goldy, in the circle of Burke and Johnson, sighed
secretly for his Irish poetasters and index-makers, we allow, or we are grown a parcel of cowards not and the “shoemaker's holidays," as he called to treat him with dignity. Perhaps, in my feelings them, of Highbury Barn.* Dr. Beattie, who care- towards the Gallic usurper-wretch, tyrant, as we fully remarks at the close of the Glasgow College bias ; for I must confess that ever since he shot the
charitably call him—there may be some personal period, that Campbell had “as yet,” in spite of bookseller in Germany I have had a warm side 10 much dangerous example, practised great modera- him. tion at table, (vol. i., p. 209,) now writes with
However, out of this frustrated scheme sprung reference to the volunteers and so forth :
two others, both successful, and one of them emiThis occasional absence from home, it was said, nently so. First, the preparation of an Essay on and the facilities which it offered for entering more English Poetry, with specimens and biographical freely into coinpany, fostered a taste for conviviality and critical notices, on which Campbell kept which was neither friendly to study nor domestic retirement
. The social pleasures of the evening working at intervals during seven or eight years ; were followed by a painful counterpoise of depressed at last completing the book published in 1816 by spirits and inaptitude for mental exertion. I do not Mr. Murray, whom he justly describes as
a genpresume to say that his mode of life was different tleman, albeit a bookseller;" a work not unworthy from that of many of his own standing ; but what to be handed down with the classical verse of its was pursued with impunity by others was often ex- author, and which cannot now be reperused withtremely prejudicial to him. By a too easy compli- out moving deep regret for the trivial and perishance with their solicitations, he was led to counte-able nature of his other prose writings, whether nance a style of living and thinking-not altogether in accordance with the high standard of which he buried in the utter darkness of petty magazines, had given a solemn earnest in his poems—which or bearing his name on their tombstones in the laid the foundation of habits that in after years he purlieus of “ Bedlam and Soho.” Secondly, the found it very hard, or even impossible, to conquer. plan of Lectures on Poetry at the Royal Institu-Vol. ii., p. 87.
tion, suggested by this compilation while in proWe are not surprised to find that working the gress, realized with applause in 1812, and rebrain and also the stomach in this style, his peated for three or four seasons to diminishing nerves--never very firmly strung-were sorely audiences. disturbed. Appetite by and by failed—a walk Having just read over Campbell's Essay on of a mile knocked him up—he could hardly sit | Notices, we could not but speak of them as we his pony for an hour--he was forced to drop all have done. At the same time we must add that, penmanship for weeks at a time. At last he had even considered without reference to other mata really alarming attack of Coma vigil, and it ters, that book itself is not to be thought of withtook some months' seclusion in the Isle of Wight out some pain. Excellent as it is, who can help to restore him.
feeling that the plan was unfortunate—that he was These misfortunes affected his purse seriously. “ cribbed, cabined, and confined" from first to last, Among other efforts for relief he entered upon a and has left us but specimens, not only of what tedious negotiation about a Collection of the Brit- others had done, but of what he could have ish Poets—already sufficiently detailed in the done ?* Memoirs of Scott, who, at one stage, seemed like We are trespassing somewhat as to our chroly to associate himself with Campbell in the edi- nology; and the earlier Sydenham period should torship, and received, as the treaty dragged on, not be lightly dismissed—for, besides all this not a few Philippies against The Trade. This prose-work, good, bad, and indifferent, it proindeed was always a favorite strain with Camp- duced, with one or two small exceptions, whatbell, though no reader of these volumes will find ever of lasting worth he was ever to add to the anything whatever to justify it. Hear him
poetry of his adolescence. The Battle of the BalCadell and Davies asked my terms for thirty lives, Beatrie is enabled to illustrate very curiously the
tic and Lochiel are the first in date; and Dr. and I gave in the same estimate which Sir James Mackintosh offered a thousand pounds. They are elaborate anxiety with which both were brought the greatest ravens on earth with whom we have to into their ultimate shape. The original draft of deal-liberal enough as booksellers go—but still, the Battle, sent to Scott in 1805, consists of you know, ravens, croakers, suckers of innocent thirty stanzas—one third more than the published blood and living men's brains! * * * It is of
copy—and though the superiority of the latter is consequence to the general cause of letters that neither journeymen like myself, por masters—inde- very decided, we see that Campbell's endless tinkpendent artists like you, should be overreached in erings obliterated not a few of the passages such their transactions. Constable is a deep draw-well. as few would have parted with, far fewer could It is not two months since he made me absolutely have afforded to lose. Take for instance this picbelieve he had not been meant by nature for a book- ture of the English sailors :seller. But God knows he is not the worst of the bunch. * We scorned Philip—we laughed
Not such a mind possess'd
England's tar; not ill-naturedly at Louis XIV.; but at this Bonaparte we gnash our teeth with the laugh of wretches * Perhaps in the recent reprint for the “Home and Coon the wheel. Either he is more respectable than lonial Library”-a miscellany conducted with singular
skill and without the slightesi pretension-the omission * See Mr. Foster's very entertaining booli, "Oliver of the long verse extracts is favorable to Campbell. The Goldsmih, a Biography; ' Pr: 476-438.
attention of the reader is more kept to this pleasing guide.
'T was the love of noble game
the family—the O'Connor's Child. It was inSet his oaken heart on flame,
cluded in the second edition of Gertrude ; and if For to him 't was all the same Sport and war.
we except the ode of farewell to Kemble, (1817,)
“ The Last Man," (1823,) and the stanzas on the All hands and eyes on watch
Improved Clyde, (1826,) it would have been better As they keep
that Campbell had never again touched verse. By their motion light as wings,
Dr. Beattie produces in his first volume some
fragments of a mock-heroic poem on the meal-mobs Of the deep!"
of Edinburgh, during the “ scarce years,” (1800
1801,) which might have been dispensed with, Lord Ullin's Daughter and Glenara were writ- That Campbell, however, had a fine vein of humor ten soon after, and all these pieces were added to and satire in him was always asserted among his Gertrude of Wyoming when that exquisite poem, intimates, and his effusions in that line in the begun in 1806, and occupying the noblest hours Chronicle have often been alluded to as among the of five successive years, was at last issued in moving causes of his pension. The doctor gives quarto, more majorum, December, 1810. All the one specimen of 1813, which may perhaps make proud prodigality of poetical genius that had been some of his readers sorry that there are no more ; developed since the opening of the century seemed a closer search of the files, they will exclaim, but to have quickened the appetite of the public, might be well bestowed. Dr. B. saysand the reception of Gertrude must have been equal to the author's highest anticipation. In this Campbell appeared in the columns of a morning
The following jeu-d'esprit or Suggestions” by work he achieved his greatest honor. In the
paper. The lines evince a strong party spirit, but Pleasures of Hope, it is true, we find more lines are very characteristic of that vein of pleasantry by that have passed into parts of speech ; but the which he often turned the rancor of political prejuGertrude also will stand that sort of test well dice into a harmless jest. and it has such a pervading charm of pensive sen The said " Suggestions” begin withtiment, with so many flashes of electrical inspiration, that we must, on the whole, place it above And the marshal must have them, pray why should
As recruits in these times are not easily got, the early poem. The contemporary criticisms might alone, if we had a folio's space at command, As the last—and I grant you the worst-of our restrain our pen now. The Edinburgh reviewer's loans to him, private letter shows how well he understood Ship off the whole ministry body and bones to Campbell :
him? It ends rather abruptly-not but that there is
-and so on, till we reachgreat spirit in the description—but a spirit not quite Nay, I do not see why the great regent himself suitable to the soft and soothing tenor of the poem. Should in times such as these lie at home on the The most dangerous faults, however, are your faults shelf; of diction. There is still a good deal of obscurity Though in narrow defles he's not fitted to pass, in many passages--and in others a strained and un- Yet who could resist if he bore down en masse? &c. natural expression—an appearance of labor and
Vol. ii., p. 229. hardness; you have hammered the metal in some places till it has lost all its ductility. These are not all this is very clever in its way; but the piece great faults, but they are blemishes ; and as dunces is Moore's—and its true title is “ Reinforcements will find them out, noodles will see them when they for Lord Wellington.” (See Longman's 8vo. of are pointed to. I wish you had had courage to 1845, p. 170.) Who has been “ suggesting” the correct, or rather to avoid them—for with you they learned Doctor? are faulis of over-finishing, and not of negligence.
Whether Gertrude, or anti-regent squibs, (genI have another fault to charge you with in private --for which I ain more angry with you than for all uine or imputed,) or Lady Charlotte Campbell had the rest. Your timidity, or fasiidiousness, or most to do with the introduction of the Bard of some other knavish quality, will not let you give Sydenham to the “Court of Blackheath,” we your conceptions glowing, and bold, and powerful, cannot pretend to rule ; but he now became an as they present themselves; but you must chasten, honored visitor of that refined circle. Our readers and refine, and soften them, forsooth, till half their will regret with us that Dr. Beattie has not connature and grandeur is chiselled away from them. Believe me, my dear C., the world will never know descended to a fac-similie of the original drawing how truly you are a great and original poet, till you by his hero of the scene commemorated in the folventure to cast before it some of the rough pearls lowing extract ; performers, H. R. H. the Prinof your fancy. Write one or two things without cess of Wales, (ætat. 45,) " the daughter of Mac thinking of publication, or of what will be thought Aillin Mor," Sir James Mackintosh, and Mr. of them—and let me see them at least, if you will Thomas Campbell not venture them any further. I am more mistaken in my prognostics than I ever was in my life, if I must be getting down now, for I have attained they are not twice as tall as any of your full-dressed the summit of human elevation—dancing a reel with children.-Vol. ii., p. 173.
royalty! Imagine four personages standing up at
right angles to each other, thus. * * I overheard One more of the “ full-dressed children" soon Miss one of the ancient azure-bose, remark
This was followed, to ourselves perhaps the very dearest of that Mr. C. had the neat national trip!