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Though Scott had printed nothing but a few trans- his grave. In her first visits to Edinburgh shops lations from the German, he was well known for she had, it seems, been accustomed to give her antiquarian and literary accomplishments, and his address as “Mrs. Campbell of Kirnan,” and house was the centre already of a very extraordi- though her husband never possessed a yard of the nary society. The Pleasures of Hope appeared estate—nor indeed could have done so although it in April, 1799—the author being then, as he had remained with the old blood—the family name himself notes, “exactly twenty-one years and is so widely spread that the license might be exnine months old ;' and neither the Lay of the cusable ; but though she did not drop the “ of
ast Minstrel nor Childe Harold was welcomed Kirnan”-as sacred as a German Von-she now with a readier chorus of admiration. Henry always added, in a raised voice, “mother of Mackenzie, Dugald Stewart, Dr. Gregory, Mr. Campbell the poet- the author of the Pleasures Alison, (author of the Essay on Taste,) and of Hope." For this we thank Dr. Beattie. Thomas Telford, (the engineer,) immediately We adhere in general to the opinions expressed called, and begged the honor of his acquaintance. concerning Campbell's poetry in an article on his Scott invited him to meet the whole remarkable Collective Edition of 1836, (Q. R., vol. 57;) and knot of his friends (Leyden only excepted) at din- at any rate there is no room on the present ocner ; but Campbell being in Scotland much such casion for a revisal of that criticism. Now ina name as Smith is here, it seems the claims of structed that in 1836 there was no vigor left to be the stranger were not suspected till the host rose stimulated, we may wish it had been given here and proposed the health of the poet whose work and there in gentler terms—at the close, perhaps, all present had been enjoying. Dr. Beattie clears in terms of somewhat broader approbation ; but up Scott's passing allusions to a feud between we do not anticipate that the judgment of posterity Campbell and Leyden. Campbell had fancied he will be much different. The rapture of April, traced to Leyden an absurd exaggeration of his 1799, on the first appearance of the Pleasures of earlier distresses—which at last, it seems, took Hope, was very natural. Burns had lately died. the shape of a newspaper paragraph, detailing how Cowper was sunk in hopeless insanity, soon to be he had been actually on his way to Leith to drown released. Their vivid examples had not sufficed himself when he fell in with the schoolmaster Park, to abolish the drowsy prestige of Hayley. Of the and that thus his very life was due to the first in- great constellation that has since illuminated us, terview with Dr. Anderson. Campbell's pride but few of the more potent stars had ascended was grievously wounded, and he had for some above the horizon. Crabbe, under a domestic time cul John Leyden. This stalwart borderer sorrow, of which Campbell was destined to parwas then laboring zealously for Scott's assistance ticipate, had fallen into a dejected inactivity, and in the collection of the Minstrelsy, and on their was all but forgotten. Rogers had some years first meeting, after the issue of the Pleasures, earlier published the Pleasures of Memory, to said, “ You may tell Campbell that I hate him, which the Pleasures of Hope owed more than the but that, dash it! he has written the best poetry suggestion of a title; but that genial effusion only that has been penned for fifty years.” Scott re- promised the consummate graces since displayed, ports that he conveyed the message with the though too parsimoniously, by its now venerable fidelity of a Homeric herald, and that Campbell author. Wordsworth and Coleridge had sent forth replied, “Tell Leyden that I detest him, but “ Lyrical Ballads," some of them exquisitely beauknow the value of his critical approbation.” Scott tiful, and in the aggregate most deeply influential ; adds, that he thought he saw his way to making but these were as yet, and for a long while after, up " that feud,” but Leyden soon after started appreciated only within a narrow circle; no one for London—and India—so there the matter re- misunderstood and undervalued them more than mained. We have no belief that Leyden either did Campbell himself. Southey had produced invented the story or wrote the paragraph ; but nothing that survives in much vitality. Moore we can very easily understand that there was a was at college or at Anacreon. Byron had not repulsive instinct between that very rough subject yet lain dreaming under the elm of Harrow-n and the pretty looking, probably somewhat prim Wilson listened to “ the sweet bells of Magdalen little junior, originally no doubt introduced to his tower." The moment was fortunate, and the apnotice as the Pope of Glasgow.
plause more creditable to the public than advanCampbell, in his Memoranda, reflects with some tageous (in the upshot) to the new poet. bitterness on having parted, for 601., with a copy
Excitable as his temperament was, and joyously right which was worth to the bookseller for sev- as it was excited at this brilliant season, there was eral years an annuity of full 2001. ;' but he can always a thread of the national forecast in him ; didly adds that Mundell gave him in free gift 501. and his letters show that the first tumult had scarce on the forthcoming of each of the early reprints, subsided before he recurred to a grave contemplaand as there were two of these within the first tion of his own practical futurity. We hear nothyear, and three in the second, the reinforcement ing further of physic; but he speculates more and to resources like his must at the time have been more on the chances of success as a lecturer on most welcome. The delight of the parents may be the belles lettres, and we cannot doubt that what imagined—or we should rather say of the mother, he really looked to as his ultimate establishment for the mild old man was now obsolete and near was a chair, classical or. rhetorical, in one of the
universities ; nor can it be well doubted but that land," was dispatched to glorify Perry. The if he had stuck to Scotland he would within rea- glance at our Martello system in sonable time have had the offer of such a position.
Britannia needs no bulwarks, But, caressed lion of the hour as he was, he could
No towers along the steep, not mingle with the varied cultivation of Edinburgh and not recognize in himself the effects of imper- may have partly reconciled the editor to the pre
It was at fect training and narrow society; he felt that vailing patriotism of the inspiration. much was wanting before he could sustain in the Hamburgh, on this second visit, that he fell into general intercourse of life the rank which his po- company with some of the Irish who had been conetical success had opened for him. He had while cerned in the rebellion of 1798, and their distress yet in Mull read with envious but hopeless long- suggested the “ Exile of Erin.” The far more
" Soldier's Dream" was sent from the ings of the continental wanderings of young Gold- pathetic smith ; now, he thought, he had at command the same place. Some other pieces, then published means of travelling; and his acquaintance with in the Chronicle, have, like these, been included
One has Scott having awakened curiosity about the lan- in numberless editions of his poetry. guage and literature of Germany, it was to that been now for the first time reprinted from the quarter that he was most desirous of turning. His newspaper. Campbell was struck with the chantwhig allies in the parliament house suggested that ing of a Latin ditty, in honor of Marshal Laudohn, while abroad he might be an useful correspondent by a troop of imperial dragoons whom he met in for the Morning Chronicle then conducted with a forest. One of the officers gave him the words, eminent spirit by a Scotchman who associated on and he transmitted a free translation :intimate terms with the loftiest of the party aris- Rise, ye Croats, fierce and strong,
Mr. Perry tendered handsome remuner- Form the front, and march along! ation, and requested the recruit to visit him ere he And gather fast, ye gallant men, embarked. Campbell assented, but the nervous
From Nona and from Warrasden. ness of self-distrust recurred it would still be
'Whose sunny mountains nurse a line
Generous as her fiery wine! better that he should have rubbed himself a little
Hosts of Buda! hither bring more upon the world before hazarding his bow and
The bloody flag and eagle wing: his brogue to the criticism of London ;-and he Ye that drink the rapid stream took ship at Leith for Hamburgh in June, 1800. Fast by walled Salankeme! He yet designed to perform most of his travels in Ranks of Agria!-head and heel Goldsmith's pedestrian fashion ; and this was re
Sheathed in adamantine steel ! alized. He does not seem to have been diligent
Quit the woodlands and the boar,
Ye hunters wild on Drava's shore ! as Perry's intelligencer ; but he remained in Ger
The trumpets sound, the colors fly, many for ten months, acquired some facility in the And Laudohn leads to victory! language, conversed with Klopstock, and it must
Every baron, sword in hand, be supposed profited in various ways by his adven
Rides before his gallant band. tures. We owe to them a large proportion of his The vulture, screaming for his food, best poetry.
The magnificent stanzas, On leaving Conducts ye to his fields of blood. a Scene in Bavaria, though not perhaps written
Men of Austria ! mark around till several years afterwards, are clearly fore
Classic fields and holy ground
For here were deeds of glory done, shadowed in one of his letters to Richardson while
And battles by our fathers won. voyaging on the Danube ; but several very famous
Heirs of plunder and renown, pieces were transmitted by post to Perry, and gave
Hew the squadrons-hew them down! his newspaper such illumination as no other in re
This is glory—this is life.
To stormy siege or battle shock! diality, he witnessed the storming of Ingolstadt ;
Grenadiers ! that fierce and large, and that vision of the realities of war gave its life
Stamp like dragons to the charge!
Foot and horsemen, serf and lord, to the noble lyric on Hohenlinden, which field he
Triumph now with one accord ! had traversed a fortnight before “the drum beat at Soon the rapid shot is o'er, dead of night.” We may observe that he had But glory lasts for evermore! some courteous intercourse with the officers of the
Vol. i., p. 339. French army when they occupied Ingolstadt, and May the day not be remote when such really was even introduced to their General and Madame national choruses shall again resound wherever the Moreau. The Ode to Winter was another con- standard of Austria is unfurled ! tribution. The rumors, first of Danish and then The poet embarked for Leith, but some alarm of Prussian adhesion to the designs of the First of privateers drove the convoy from its course ; Consul, cut short his stay in the south. He has- and finding himself in Yarmouth Roads with the tened back by a different route to Hamburgh; and, prospect of detention, he quitted the vessel and on seeing the warlike appearances at Altona, the took coach for London. He arrived with few most popular of his songs, “Ye Mariners of Eng- shillings in his pocket ; but Perry at once did everything kind and flattering. It was now attend the Sheriff of Edinburgh. The officer carried Perry's table that he first met John Kemble and a search-warrant, and he and his papers were conMrs. Siddons, whence two of his most valued veyed to the sheriff. That magistrate received friendships. Perry carried him to dine at Holland him with solemnity. One of his fellow-voyagers House, where the noble host made the same im- from the Elbe to Yarmonth had been a certain pression that always waited on his most polished Donovan, a croppy of 1798. Government had benevolence; and Mackintosh astonished him by been warned of this man's return by some Hamthe matchless alluence of his conversation, which burgh inquisitor, who thought fit to add that he was yet less admirable than its modesty. Mackin- had for his companion the author of “the Exile tosh invited him to dine with “ the King of of Erin” and other dangerous songs, a travelling Clubs,” or “ The Club”--the one instituted by agent of the Morning Chronicle, notorious when Johnson, Burke, and Reynolds; and here he met, in Germany for haunting rebel society, and veamong others, the two Smiths, Sydney and his hemently suspected of having conveyed to Moreau hardly less remarkable brother, Robert-com- intelligence concerning the movements of the A usmonly called to the end by his Etonian style of trian troops. Donovan was now in the Tower, and Bobus. While intoxicated with this new bril- it might be necessary to confront liis associate liancy, and negotiating for a regular connection with him. Campbell answered, that he had never with the newspaper which had been his open se- seen Donovan except on board the Hamburgh ship, samum, he received news of the death of his father and was wholly ignorant of his subsequent adven(ætat. 91); and his letter to the Rev. A. Alison, tures. The sheriff opened the trunk and began to who had watched the old man's last hours and an- examine the MSS. Innocent letters and diaries nounced the event, has these natural and touching appeared, scraps of unfinished poetry, and, by and sentences :
by, the original draft of “ Ye Mariners," which When I think that the father of so many sons
this loyal functionary had not before heard of, and was interred by strangers, I have no consolation but now read with equal surprise and delight. “Mr. in one reflection, that in you he had the delegate of Campbell,” said he,“ upon my word, I think we my affections, if the sentiments of nature can at all had better have a bottle of claret to sustain us be transferred. But yet, to the bosom of confidence, through the rest of this batch of treason.” The I confess that a sore self-accusation lies on my sequel can be guessed. To avoid another introheart. I left him in his last days! The thought is duction of Mr. O'Donovan, we may as well say exceeding bittor. I should not have wept for his here that Campbell encountered him a twelveloss, if I had shared but his last benediction. — Vol. month later, evidently in poor plight, on the streets i., p. 361.
of London :He was speedily in Edinburgh, where he found
“ Ha, Donovan," said I, “I wish you joy, my his mother's distress aggravated by the discovery good fellow, in getting out of the Tower, where I that the allowance from the Glasgow Merchants was told they were likely to treat you like another House could not be continued. On this occasion, Sir William Wallace." Och," said he, “ good as on all others, Campbell's feelings of family love luck to the Tower! black the day that I was and duty were generously displayed. Precarious turned out of it. Would that any one could get as his own position was, he undertook at once to
me into it for life!” " My stars and were you
not in confinement ?" 6. 'T'schach! The governmake good the forfeited annuity; he also proposed to two of his sisters that they should get rid of their ment allowed me a pound sterling a day as a state
prisoner. The Tower gaoler kept a glorious table; engagements, join their mother, and set up a board- and he let me out to walk where I liked all day long ing-school of their own in Edinburgh, he becom- --perfectly secure that I should return at mealing bound for the larger house and new furniture times. And then, besides, he had a nice pretty requisite. The plan was adopted : it insured com
daughter." “ And don't you go and see her in fort otherwise unattainable for the afflicted parent,
the Tower?" Why, no, my dear fellow. The and for a time promised well for the sisters. covered that she had no money: and she found out
course of true love never yet ran smooth. I disUltimately their school did not prosper; and that my Irish estates, and all that I had told her Campbell, in his endeavors to support them in about their being confiscated in the rebellion, was their struggles, was forced to contract a debt on sheer blarney. So, when the day arrived that Judaic terms,” the burthen of which hung over your merciless government ordered me to be liberhim for many anxious years; but he never com-ated, I was turned adrift on the wide world, and plained.
glad to become a reporter to the newspapers.”—
Vol. i., p. 366. His arrangements were oddly interrupted. In the smack that brought him to Scotland was a lady To return to Edinburgh. On Campbell's arpassenger, who sat daily on deck with the Pleas- rival there, it struck Mr. Cuninghame that his ures of Hope in her hand, and mentioned casually continental trip had much assuaged the fervor of (the poet's person being known to none on board) his liberalism. On the other hand, he was intro that she had heard with regret a rumor of Mr. duced about this time to the late Lord Minto, who Thomas Campbell's imprisonment in the Tower on had been enchanted with his first fruits, and mana charge of high treason. He laughed at this, ifested an earnest wish to be of service to him ; and had forgotten it, when, as he was at dinner a and Campbell, feeling this kindness very sensibly, week or two afterwards, he had a summons to at- | but also sensitive to other considerations, took an
early occasion to inform the tory peer frankly that i reader might anticipate ; but as his feeling does his “ opinions” were “republican.” The earl, not seem to have been modified by any subsequent we dare say, cared nothing about Campbell's experience, and its continuance could not well fail, politics, except as fearing they might lessen his in a country like this, of having some influence on own chances of helping him. Meantime he was the general shaping of his destiny, we shall make requested to visit Minto Castle ; and this was room for a specimen of these early confessions. done as soon as the mother's affairs had been all
Aug. 28, 1802.-Lord Minto's politeness only settled, and order taken as to a certain entangle-twitches me with the sin of ingratitude for not ment of his own, which now pressed. Ere he being happier under his hospitable roof. But a started for Germany, he had projected and begun lord's house, fashionable strangers, sofa'd saloons, a poem on a grand scale, to be entitled The and winding galleries, where I can hardly discover Queen of the North; and his bookseller had ad- my own apartment, make me as wretched as my vanced some moneys on the understanding that it nature can be-without being a tutor! Every one, was to be finished abroad, and ready about this ous in putting me right when I lose my way in the
it is true, is civil to me ; the very servants are assidutime for publication ; but alas ! the sheriff's search galleries ; but, degraded as I am to a state of sechad discovered only fragments of The Queen, and ond childhood in this new world, it would be inCampbell was embarrassed by the nonfulfilment of sulting my fallen dignity to smile hysterically and his bargain. The result was, that on being re- pretend to be happy, leased from the poetical bond he agreed to execute
Sept. 4.-Lord Minto's company is uniformly a piece of humbler work for Mundell-to wit, agreeable; his conversation, when you get him hy “ Annals of Great Britain," a compendium of is replete with sincere enthusiasm and original in
himself, (though he affects neither wit nor learning,) our history, from the accession of George III. to formation. But still this is a lord's house-althe opening of the century, in three octavos, for though his. His time is so much employed with each of which the allowance was to be £100. It strangers-fashionable, proud folks—who have a was at the same time arranged (the bookseller cer- slang of conversation among themselves, as unin tainly showing remarkable generosity on
this telligible to plain sober beings as the cant of point) that there should be a new edition, the the gypsies, and probably not so amusing if
one did understand it. A man of my lowly breedseventh, of the Pleasures of Hope, in a splendid ing feels in their company a little of what Burke quart form, with engravings, to which all the calls proud humility, or rather humble contempt. subsequent poems, printed in the Chronicle or yet It has astonished me to see what a cold, repulsive in MS., were to be annexed; the book to be pub- atmosphere that little thing called quality can spread lished by subscription, and a considerable share of around itself, and make us believe that it exists at the aggregate profit assigned to the author. With least as a negative quality-like that of cold. But like these engagements, and the expectation of more little indifference on the side of the vulgar makes
all other little passions this hauteur is cowardly-a regular gains from the newspaper in London, those minions of fashion open their eyes, half shut Campbell found his mind comforted ; and after with affectation of pur-blindness, and look at least enjoying for a while the easy society of the Ali- more respectfully. As to conversation—the human sons, Gregories, Richardson, and so forth, he pro- mind at a certain elevation of rank grows more ceeded to Minto. It does not seem that he barren than the Alps. ever recurred to the Queen of the North, nor do Campbell took final leave of Edinburgh and of either the hints now given of its scheme, or the Scotland (as his residence) at the opening of few verses that we can examine, inspire much re- 1803 ; but what finally decided the step is left in gret on that subject. The Queen was Edina. some uncertainty. Dr. Beattie attributes a good The poet was to survey the richly varied scenery deal to endless annoyances from some near connecfrom the Castle of Edinburgh, and, depicting all tions, for whom he had done what he could, and, this in his verse, interweave the most striking with his mother on his hands, could now actually episodes of history that could be connected with do no more- -(we fear the cautious phrases used the panorama. When he set to work in Ger- can leave little doubt as to who these connections many he soon discovered that his stock of national were ;)—but nevertheless intimates that the supelore was neither large nor accurate ; and now on riority of London as a theatre of adventure the spot, with the Advocate's library at his elbow, must have had the chief sway. By whatever it is easy to understand that he shrunk from the cause it was quickened, this step is still viewed projected breadth of his canvass and a glimpse of regretfully by those who observed his earlier as the materials that must be digested before he could well as maturer years. One of these writes
But there was a radical fault in the thusplan ; hardly any art could have disguised its ar
Had he now obtained a professorship, or settled as tifice. He had proposed for something of epical a lecturer on belles lettres, he might have been dimensions a conception purely lyrical; and noth- happy; for he would have been under the observaing so wearisome as an overgrown ode.
lion of those whose opinion he respected—the The ensuing visit to Teviotdale brought him to friends of his youth, and ihe admirers of his reputaa near view of life and manners of which hitherto tion.-Vol. i., p. 374. he had only read and heard, or obtained slight On arriving in London he met Telford, and the and casual glimpses. The impressions which his kind engineer tells the not less affectionate Aliletters acknowledge are probably much what the son
fill it up.
If he will only do as well as we anxiously wish, minds becomes at last fatiguing, because it is unhe may become one of the most important—as he natural and unsatisfactory. Every one of these already is certainly one of the greatest-men of the brilliants goes there to shine ; for conversational age. I am so deeply interested in his welfare and powers are so much the rage in London that no rep fame that I am eternally giving him advice; but he utation is higher than his who exhibits them to adknows it is from a downright affectionate regard. vantage. Where every one tries to instruct there I have asked him to live with me at the Salopian, is but little instruction. Wit, paradox, eccentricity where I may have him constantly in check.-P. -even absurdiiy if delivered rapidly and facetiously 423.
-takes priority of sound reason and delicate taste
I have watched sometimes the devious tide of conCharing-cross was a convenient position for versation, guided by accidental associations, turning Telford, who had to do with parliamentary agents from topic to topic, and satisfactory upon none. and all the substructure of road and bridge bills ; What has one learnt ? has been my general quesbut the poet did not long adhere to it. He says, tion. The mind, it is true, is electrified and quickthe noise of the immense thoroughfare (in those ened, and the spirits are finely exhilarated; but one
their pre-macadamite days) was enough to drive any grand fault pervades the whole institution ; man crazy. It may be possible that the mathe- inquiries are desultory, and all improvement to be matical exactness of Telford's rules and notions reaped must be accidental.—Vol. i., p. 384. proved also somewhat fatiguing to him ; howbeit,
In another page he wonders that Sydney Smith he took a den for himself in dull and dingy South can endure so much of “ the devil's drawing-room Molton street. When Lord Minto came to town
-London." But he does not advert to the other he attended him every morning for an hour or two singularity, namely, that that drawing-room never --as a sort of private secretary ; but whether this tired of Sydney. Peradventure some light may continued during the whole session of Parliament, be thrown on all this by a brief note from the does not appear.
We suppose it had not been worthy historian of the Scotch poets, Dr. David possible for Perry to offer him quite such an en- Irving, who, about the same time, met Campbell gagement with the Chronicle as had been counted under no gilded ceilings, but at the plentiful board on; for he soon accepted one from Dr. Tulloch, of Messrs. Longman and Co., in Paternoster-Row; proprietor of a heavier print, now remembered
a sort of ordinary maintained by that great firm only by the Anti-Jacobin's couplet
for the benefit of its literary allies and subjects. Thou Morning Chronicle, and Morning Post !
The doctor says :Couriers and Stars, Sedition's Evening Host !
Among other individuals, not so easily rememThis doctor was also owner of a Philosophical bered, the company included Walter Scott, Thomas Magazine, and not unwilling to enliven its science Young, Humphrey Davy, and George Ellis ; and with some admixture of general literature ; so
I may add without any hazard of contradiction that Campbell undertook to assist him in that depart. any table in the kingdom. Scott had not then at
such guests as these could not now be assembled at Tulloch, like Perry, was Scotch; and tained the height of his reputation ; but he was at indeed, though Campbell had abandoned his old all times conspicuous for his social powers and country, he always lived very much among his strong practical sense. Upon that occasion he was country folks. We have heard him defend him- full of good humor, and had many stories to tell. self for his truantry, on the ground that there Ellis, possessing an ample fund of elegant literature, were more of them in London than in Edinburgh
was a model of all that is pleasant in society. Young -and, perhaps, fifty years ago this was hardly an Davy, who was so great in his own department,
was alike distinguished in science and erudition. exaggeration. His connection with Tulloch's seemed willing to talk in an easy and unpretending paper and magazine lasted during many years. strain on any topic that was discussed. Among Now and henceforth some part of his day was these men Campbell did not appear to much advanregularly spent in the Star office. But he had tage; he was too ambitious to shine, nor was he by no means dropped his kindly intercourse with successful in any of his attempts. He was much Perry; and occasional verses, and now and then a
inclined to dilate on the subject of Homer, but on prose jeu d'esprit too pungent for grave Dr. Tul- coolness by Dr. Young, who, in all probability, was
various points was opposed with equal decision and loch, were still welcomed by the Chronicle, and familiarly acquainted with Wolf 's Prolegomena—, applauded at Brookes'. His visits to the King which had been published eight years before, and of Clubs were repeated, and he appeared from introduced a new era in criticism. Davy was ready time to time at Holland House, where once at to interpose any remark that occurred to him, least he conversed at leisure with Mr. Fox, and though it may be presumed that his chemical was left a very favorable impression on that excellent superior to his classical analysis. On the subject judge, especially by some criticisms on Virgil. to wax somewhat too earnest ; but, finding that he
of Greek poetry, Scott was silent. Campbell began But feelings not remote from those we have found did not attract all the attention to which he evidentconfessed at Minto Castle come out in the letters ly thought himself entitled, he started from his seat that paint, to old intimates, his morning reflections at an early hour, and quitted the room with a very on the brightest evenings of the highest and most hasty step.-Vol. i., p. 434. accomplished London society.
Dr. Beattie, who only knew Campbell in his Much as the wit and erudition of these men pleases later period, pronounces this scene of May, 1803, an auditor at the first or second visit, the trial of and its exit, “ very characteristic.” We already