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would do him any harm. It clearly never struck recent election for Clarke county, the popular canthem as possible that it could do him any good, or didate admitted the upright character and high qualiaid his chance of success.
fications of his opponent, an old friend of his own, The chief motive, I apprehend, of preferring a and simply dwelt on his riches as a sufficient ground poorer candidate, is the desire of reducing the mem- for distrust. “A rich man, ” he said, “ cannot bers of their legislature to mere delegates. A rich sympathize with the poor.” Even the anecdotes I man would be apt to have an opinion of his own, to heard, which may have been mere inventions, conbe unwilling to make a sacrifice of his free agency; vinced me how intense was this feeling. One, who he would not always identify himself with the ma- had for some time held a seat in the legislature, jority of his electors, condescend to become, like the finding himself in a new canvass deserted by many wires of the electric telegraph, a mere piece of ma- of his former supporters, observed that he had alchinery for conveying to the capital of his State, or ways voted strictly according to his instructions. to Washington, the behests of the multitude. That" Do you think,'' answered a former partisan, “ that there is, besides, a vulgar jealousy of superior they would vote for you after your daughter came wealth, especially in the less educated districts and to ihe ball in thein "fixings?” His daughter, in newer states, I satisfied myself in the course of my fact, having been at Mobile, had had a dress made tour ; but in regard to envy, we must also bear in there with flounces according to the newest Parisian mind, on the other hand, that they who elevate to fashion, and she had thus sided, as it were, with distinction one of their own class in society, have the aristocracy of the city, setting itself up above sometimes to achieve a greater victory over that the democracy of the pine-woods. In the new passion than when they confer the same favor on settlements there the small proprietors, or farmers, one who occupies already, by virtue of great riches, are keenly jealous of thriving lawyers, merchants, a higher position.—Vol. i., pp. 97-99.
One of the candidates for a county America, like some of the old Greek republics, good policy to go everywhere on foot when solicit
in Alabama confessed to me that he had thought it will need a law to compel her best men to take a ing votes, though he could have commanded a part in her affairs.
horse, and the distances were great.
That the The great evil of universal suffrage is the irresist- young lady whose “ fixings” I have alluded to had ible temptation it affords to a needy set of adventur- been ambitiously in the fashion, I make no doubt ; ers to make politics a trade, and to devote all their for my wife found that the cost of making up a time to agitation, electioneering, and flattering the dress at Mobile was twenty dollars, or four times passions of the multitude. The natural aristocracy the ordinary London price! The material costs of a republic consists of the most eminent men in about the same as in London or Paris. At New the liberal professions-lawyers, divines, and phy- Orleans the charge for making a gown is equally sicians of note, merchants in extensive business, high.-Vol. ii., pp. 69-71. literary and scientific men of celebrity ; and men
From Boston we are tempted, indeed compelled of all these classes are apt to set too high a value on their time to be willing to engage in the strife of by our limited space, to make as it were a wide elections perpetually going on, and in which they leap to the farthest south ; we are curious to place expose themselves to much calumny and accusations, in their striking opposition the two extremes of which, however unfounded, are professionally inju- American scenery, society, and civilization ; the rious to them. The richer citizens, who might be height of European culture with the most thoroughmore independent of such attacks, love their ease or ly American wildness, and, we must not say, lawtheir books, and from indolence often abandon the lessness, but that state where every small commufield to the more ignorant ; but I met with many nity of men is a law unto itself. optimists who declared that whenever the country
We pass over at is threatened with any great danger or disgrace, once the author's visits to New York, Philadelphia, there is a right-minded majority whose energies can Washington, Richmond in Virginia, Wilmington be roused effectively into action. Nevertheless, in North Carolina, Charleston, Savannah, Darien. the sacrifices required on such occasions to work We must decline of necessity much curious philoupon the popular mind are so great that the field is sophical disquisition. We have a discussion of in danger of being left open on all ordinary occasions to the demagogue.- Vol. i., p. 101.
some length, and to us extremely satisfactory,
arising out of the exhibition in Boston of that The second volume gives the comic side of this colossal and terrible reptile the sea-serpent, serious evil-its actual workings on the verge of which when alive measured thirty feet in circumcivilized society :
ference—the leviathan of the Book of Job !" I heard many anecdotes, when associating with There is nothing equal to the cool cruelty of men small proprietors in Alabama, which convinced me of science. Not only did Professor Owen ascerthat envy has a much ranker growth among the tain that all which of right belonged to this monaristocratic democracy of a new settled slave-state, ster was the remains of a vast zeuglodon, but it than in any part of New England which I visited.
was likewise discovered that more than one reptile I can scarcely conceive the octracism of wealth or
had contributed his vertebræ to this pic-nic giant, superior attainments being carried further. Let a gentleman who has made a fortune at the bar, in who was supposed to have lain floating many a Mobile or elsewhere, seule in some retired part of rood in the swamps of Alabama ; moreover, its the newly cleared country, his fences are pulled whole serpentine form was due to the ingenuity down, and his cattle left to stray in the woods, and and skilful arrangement of the proprietor. On the various depredations committed, not by thieves, for whole “sea serpent” question* Sir Charles offers none of his property is carried away, but by neighbors who, knowing nothing of him personally, have
* A friend of the highest authority on scientific matters a vulgar jealousy of his riches, and take for granted says, " The sea-serpent now in London is a fish, known to that his pride must be great in proportion. In a Ichthyology for about a century, described by Black and
what appears to us an extremely probable and! When I got to Macon, my attention was forcibly consistent theory, very rigidly reasoned out, from called to the newness of ihings by my friend's the various appearances dignified with that awful pointing out to me the ground where ihere had been Sir Charles Lyell's conclusion, a conclu- and I was told how many Indians had been slaugh
a bloody fight with the Choctaws and Chickasaws, sion which, even if we could follow it out at tered there, and how the present clerk of the Circuit greater length, would be unintelligible without Court was the last survivor of those who had won his engravings, is that, wherever there has been the battle. The memory of General Jackson is a true sea-monster, and some of the relations ap- quite idolized here. It was enough for him to give pear of undoubted veracity, it has been a variety public notice as he passed, that he should have great of the “ basking shark.” We would call especial pleasure in meeting his friends at a given point on attention to an extract from Campbell's Life, as several hundred settlers, armed with rif.es, and pre
a given day, and there was sure to be a ruster of showing the value of unsisted contemporaneous pared for a fight with 5000 or 7000 Indiar.s.-Vol. testimony. We have besides many pages of lively ii., p. 65. description of scenery, which of course Sir Charles beholds rather with the keen and close observation
This cause of General Jackson's popularity is of a naturalist than with the vague and brilliant quite new to us. Macon is now a considerable sight of the painter. We have a great many very amusing facts in natural history. We have much I often rejoiced, in this excursion, that we had about Irish quarters in the great towns ; Irish brought no servants with us from England, so votes, and, we regret to say, indelible Irish hatred strong is the prejudice here against what they term of England. We have a debate in Congress, a white body-servant. Besides, it would be unwith one specimen of eloquence which we cannot reasonable to expect any one, who is not riding his
own hobby, to rough it in the backwoods. In many pass over :
houses I hesitated to ask for water or towels for fear It would be impossible to burlesque or caricature of giving offence, although the yeomen with whom the ambitious style of certain members of Congress, I lodged for the night allowed me to pay a moderespecially some who have risen from humble stations, ate charge for my accommodation. Nor could I and whose schooling has been in the back-woods. venture to beg any one to rub a thick coat of mud A grave report, drawn up in present session by off my boots or trousers, lest I should be thought the member for Illinois, as chairman of a post-office to reflect on the members of the family, who had committee, may serve as an example. After speak- no idea of indulging in such refinements themselves. ing of the American republic as the infant Her- I could have dispensed cheerfully with milk, butter, cules,” and the extension of their imperial dominion and other such luxuries ; but I felt much the want over the “northern continent and oriental seas,” he of a private bed-room. Very soon, however, I exclaims : “ The destiny of our nation has now be came to regard it as no small privilege to be allowed come revealed, and great events, quickening in the to have even a bed to myself. On one occasion, womb of time, reflect their clearly defined shadows when my host had humored my whims so far in reinto our very eye-balls. Oh, why does a cold gen- gard to privacy, I felt almost ashamed to see, in eration frigidly repel ambrosial gifts like these, or consequence, a similar sized bed in the same room, sacrilegiously hesitate to embrace their glowing and occupied by my companion and two others. When resplendent fate? Must this backward pull of the I related these inconveniences afterwards to an government never cease, and the nation tug for- episcopal clergyman, he told me that the bishop and ever beneath a dead weight, which trips its heels some of his clergy, when they travel through these at every stride ?”—Vol. i., p. 263.
woods in summer, and the lawyers, when on the
circuit or canvassing for votes at elections, have, in We have Mr. Webster pleading before the Su- addition to these privations, to endure the bites of preme Court before judges, only one of whom, countless musquitos, fleas and bugs, so that I had such has been the ascendency of the democratic great reason to congratulate myself that it was now party, had been nominated by the whigs.-But so cold. Moreover, there are parties of emigrants we hasten southwards.
in some of these woods, where women delicately Be it remembered that the author is conveyed infants at the breast, may now be seen on their
brought up, accustomed to be waited on, and with along all this wide and desultory route from city way to Texas, camping out, although the ground to city, with occasional divergences for geologi- within their tent is often soaked with heavy rain. cal purposes, by steam-vessel and rail-road. He " If you were here in the hot season," said another, travels with perfect ease, at no great cost, from
“the exuberant growth of the creepers and briars northern Boston to Savannah, and Darien in would render many paths in the woods, through Georgia, to Macon and Milledgeville in Alabama. which you now pass freely, impracticable, and venWe cannot show the change better than by the omous snakes would make the forest dangerous.”
-Vol. ii., p. 72. following extracts :Yarrell under the name of Gymnetrus Hawkenii, and rarely
And yet even here science finds more than libcaptured by reason of its heing a deep sea-fishi, and therefore eral hospitality ; it has its ardent votariesnot taking a bait, or getting in the way of nets; the last species to figure as the surface-swimming python, for its
The different stages of civilization to which famgills are so constructed that it dies very soon after they ilies have attained, who live here on terms of the are exposed to the air.” Some poor Germans, we hear, strictest equality, is often amusing to a stranger, exhibit next door a most beautiful model of Cologne as but must be intolerable to some of those setulers the architect intended it to be--alas ! will it now ever who have been driven by their losses from the more be? They bitterly complain that more people went in one day to see "de nasty stinking fisch, than to their advanced districts of Virginia and South Carolina, model in a month."
having to begin the world again. Sometimes,
in the morning, my host would be of the humblestored race, which would make rapid or irco.siderclass of "crackers," or some low, illiterate Ger- ate emancipation a curse rather than a blessing. man or Irish emigrants, the wife sitting with a No more, on the other hand, does he disguise or pipe in her mouth, doing no work and reading no books. In the evening, I came to a neighbor mitigate the inherent evils of the system ; the barwhose library was well stored with works of French barous laws which in Georgia prohibit the eduand English authors, and whose first question to cation of the negroes; the barbarous jealousy me was, “ Pray tell me, who do you really think which prevents their employment when free as is the author of the Vestiges of Creation?" If it is workmen and mechanics ; the more tarharous, it difficult in Europe, in the country far from towns, should seem indelible antipathy, which will not to select society on a principle of congeniality of allow social intercourse, still less the connection taste and feeling, the reader may conceive what of marriage, with one in whom there can possibly must be the control of geographical circumstances here, exaggerated by ultra-democratic notions of be suspected one drop of black blood. Sir Charles equality and the pride of race. Nevertheless, these Lyell is disposed to take a favorable view of the regions will probably bear no unfavorable compari- capacity of the black, still more of the colored son with such part of our colonies, in Canada, the race, for moral and intellectual cultivation. We Cape, or Australia, as have been settled for an do not doubt this conclusion up to a certain point equally short term of years, and I am bound to say that I passed my time agreeably and profitably in this point it is criminal and unchristian to attempt
—(beyond this, evidence is wanting :) and below Alabama, for every one, as I have usually found in newly peopled districts, was hospitable and obliging
to keep down this race of God's creatures, of our to a stranger. Instead of the ignorant wonder, brethren in Christ. In Virginia the question first very commonly expressed in out-of-the-way dis- presents itself in a practical form ; at Richmond, tricts of England, France, or Italy, at travellers in that province, the rector and the proprietors of who devote money and time to a search for fossil a handsome new church have set apart a side bones and shells, each planter seemed to vie with gallery for people of color. “ This resolution had another in his anxiety to give me information in re, been taken in order that they and their servants gard to the precise spots where organic remains had been discovered. Many were curious to learn my might unite in the worship of the same God, as opinion as to the kind of animal to which the huge they hoped to enter hereafter together into his vertebræ, against which their ploughs sometimes everlasting kingdom if they obeyed his laws." strike, may have belonged. The magnitude, in-|(p. 275.) In this church there were few negroes ; deed, and solidity of these relics of the colossal zeu- but the galleries of the Methodist and Baptist glodon are such as might well excite the astonish-churches are crowded with them. The mixed ment of the most indifferent. Dr. Buckley informed me that on the estate of Judge Creagh, which 1 races, it is allowed, are more intelligent and more visited, he had assisted in digging out one skeleton, agreeable as domestic servants; whether from where the vertebral column, almost unbroken ex- physical causes, or intercourse with the whites, is tended to the length of seventy feet, and Dr. Em- still a matter of controversy :mons afterwards showed me the greater part of this skeleton in the Museum of Albany, New York. On
Several Virginian planters have spoken to me of the same plantation, part of another back-bone, fifty and cheerful, grateful for benefits, and forgiving of
the negro race as naturally warm-hearted, patient, feet long, was dug up, and a third was met with at no great distance. Before I left Alabama, I had injuries. They are also of a religious temperament obtained evidence of so many localities of similar bordering on superstition. Even those who think fossils, chiefly between Macon and Clarkesville, a
they ought forever to remain in servitude give them distance of ten miles, that I concluded they must a character which leads one to the belief that steps have belonged to at least forty distinct individuals. ought long ago to have been taken towards their -Vol. ii., p. 74.
gradual emancipation. Had some legislative pro
vision been made with this view before the annexOur philosopher is here in the south, in the ation of Texas, a period being fixed after which all midst of the slave states. Throughout the Union, the children born in this state should be free, that
new territory would have afforded a useful outlet and here more especially, his object is to inform for the black population of Virginia, and whites himself upon this vital question—the state of would have supplied the vacancies which are now slavery, the condition and prospects of the slaves, filled up by the breeding of negroes. In the abthe hope, the possibility of an early and a peace-sence of such enactments, Texas prolongs the duraful adjustment of this awful feud of races. There tion of negro slavery in Virginia, aggravating one is throughout a quiet dispassionateness, which of its worst consequences, the internal slave-irade, gives great weight to his opinions. He has man
and keeping up the price of negroes at home. ifestly in his heart the true English, Christian ab- each, according to their qualifications. There are
They are now selling for 500, 750, and 1000 dollars horrence of slavery; yet neither, on the one always dealers at Richmond, whose business it is hand, does he close his eyes to the fact that the to collect slaves for the southern market, and, until actual slavery of the present time in many parts a gang is ready to start for the south, they are kept of the country at least-has its compensations in here well fed, and as cheerful as possible. In a the ease, comfort, plenty of food, good lodging, court of the jail, where they are lodged, I see them secure provision for old age, as compared with the every day amusing themselves by playing at quoits. condition of the laboring classes in most parts of who encourage it, is shown by the low social posi
How much this traffic is abhorred, even by those the old world; nor is he blind to the difficulties tion held by the dealer, even when he has made a and perils, perils appallingly serious to the col- large fortune. When they conduct gangs of fifty
slaves at a time across the mountains to the Ohio taint of sin depends mainly on the particular manriver, they usually manacle some of the men, but ner of performing the rite, and the principal charm on reaching the Ohio they have no longer any fear to the black women in the ceremony of total immerof their attempting an escape, and they then un-sion consists in decking themselves out in white shackle them. That the condition of slaves in Vir- robes like brides and having their shoes trimmed ginia is steadily improving, all here seem agreed.- with silver. They well know that the waters of Vol. i., p. 277.
the Alatamaha are chilly, and that they and the There is a great repugnance to the separation cold, but to this penance they most cheerfully sub
officiating minister run no small risk of catching of families; and some persons have been known mit.—Vol. i., p. 363. to make great sacrifices in order to do their duty by their dependants, whom they might profitably
Sir Charles Lyell attended at Savannah first a have thrown on the world, in other words, sent to black Baptist church with a black preacher, and market.
then a black Methodist church with a white At Hopeton, further south in Georgia, Sir preacher. The black preacher delivered an exCharles Lyell had an opportunity of examining tempore sermon, for the most part in good Engthe actual working of the system—as he admits, lish, with only few phrases in “ talkee talkee,” to on a well-regulated estate. There seems to be come more home to his audience :much mutual attachment between the master and
He got very successfully through one flight about the slave. Of 500 blacks on the property, some the gloom of the valley of the shadow of death, and, are old, superannuated, live at their ease in sepa- speaking of the probationary state of a pious man rate houses, in the society of neighbors and kins- left for a while to his own guidance, and when in folk. There is no restraint, rather every encour
danger of failing saved by the grace of God, he comagement, to marriage. The out-door laborers spring to fly by carrying it up high into the air,
pared it to an eagle teaching her newly-fledged offhave separate houses, “as neat as the greater then dropping it, and, if she sees it falling to the part of the cottages in Scotland” — -no flattering earth, darting with the speed of lightning to save it compliment, observes our author, himself a Scot; before it reaches the ground. Whether any eagles their hours of labor are from six in the morning, really teach their young to fly in this manner, I with an interval of an hour, till two or three. In leave the ornithologist to decide ; but when desummer they divide their work, and take a cool scribed in animated and picturesque language, yet siesta in the middle of the day. In the evening lated to keep the attention of his hearers awake.
by no means inflated, the imagery was well calcuthey make merry, chat, pray, and sing psalms. He also inculcated some good practical maxims of There is a hospital. To counterbalance all this morality, and told them they were to look to a futhere is the overseer and his whip, not a heavy ture state of rewards and punishments, in which one, and rarely used—but still there is a whip; God would deal impartially with the poor and though the number of stripes is generally limited, the rich, the black man and the white.” – Vol. ii., its terrors seem to have great effect :
p. 3. The most severe punishment required in the last
In neither of these churches did that odor, which forty years for a body of 500 negroes, at Hopeton, is said to keep the two races apart, at all offend was for the theft of one negro from another. In the sense. At another black Methodist church at that period there has been no criminal act of the Louisville, in Kentucky, built by subscription by highest grade, for which a delinquent could be com- the blacks themselves, and well lighted with gas, mitted to the penitentiary in Georgia, and there have he heard another dark divine, (we regret to say been only six cases of assault and battery. As a that Sir Charles compares him with a white Purace, the negroes are mild and forgiving, and by no means so prone to indulge in drinking as the seyite Episcopalian, not much to the advantage of white man or the Indian. There were more serious the latter.) This preacher was a full black, spoke quarrels and more broken heads among the Irish in good English, and quoted Scripture well. He laid a few years, when they came to dig the Brunswick down, it is true, metaphysical points of doctrine canal, than had been known arnong the negroes in with a confidence which seemed to increase in proall the surrounding plantations for half a century. portion as the subjects transcended human underThe murder of a husband by a black woman, whom he had beat violently, is the greatest crime remem
standing; but in this we discern the sect rather
Our black Chrysostem received bered in this part of Georgia for a great length of than the color. time.-Vol. i., p. 258.
signs of assent-not the riotous clapping of hands
which applauded him of Constantinople, nor the The Baptist and Methodist missionaries were sighs and groans, so well known in other places, for some time the most active in evangelizing the like those which are heard above the torrent's negroes. Since Dr. Elliott has been Bishop brawl on the hill sides in Wales. It was said of of Georgia, the Episcopalians have labored with a celebrated metropolitan preacher of the last genmuch zeal and success. The negroes have no eration, that he had taken lessons of Mr. Kemble ; faith in the efficacy of baptism, except with a our sable brother (as he would be called at Exeter complete washing away of sin ; the bishop has Hall) was a manifest imitator of an eminent Amerwisely adopted the rubric which allows immerican actor who had been playing in those parts. sion :
We must not omit one point more :—from his exIt may be true that the poor negroes cherish a planation of " Whose image and superscription is superstitious belief that the washing out of every this?" it was clear that he supposed that Cæsar
had set his signature to a dollar note. Our author following passage seems to us to give a most imafterwards attended in Philadelphia a free black pressive view of the difficulties of the question :Episcopal church, in which the more solemn and
One of the most reasonable advocates of immedi quiet Anglican service was performed by a black clergyman with great propriety. While on this said to me," You are like many of our politicians,
ate emancipation whom I met with in the north, point we will add that, according to the account who can look on one side only of a great question. of Dr. Walsh, published many years ago, and con- Grant the possibility of these three millions of colfirmed, if we remember right, by later travellers, ored people, or even twelve millions of them fifty the black Roman Catholic priests in Brazil conduct years hence, being capable of amalgamating with the ceremonial of their faith with much greater the whites, such a result might be to you perhaps, impressiveness and dignity than those of European ing experiment; but would not the progress of the
as a philanthropist or physiologist, a very interestdescent.
whites be retarded, and our race deteriorated, nearly But there is much to be set against these hopeful in the same proportion as the negroes would gain? signs of negro improvement, and the better state of The whites constitute nearly six sevenths of our feeling between the twu races By an unfortunate whole population. As a philanthropist, you are schism, called “ the northern and southern split,” bound to look to the greatest good of the two races the black Methodist churches are severed from the collectively, or the advantage of the whole populagreat and powerful communities with whom it might tion of the Union.”—Vol. i., p. 101. have been to their pride as well as to their advan- From Alabama we arrive at New Orleans, a protage to have been in close union. Still, likewise, vincial Paris in the midst of this land of Angloin many parts there is a stern and jealous resistance Saxondom, with its Roman Catholic religion, its to their education ; a resistance which was dying carnival, its theatres open on Sundays, its hotels away, but which has been provoked into life by the with Louis XIV. furniture, its brilliant shops, its life imprudent and fanatic crusade of the Abolitionists. and gayety, but with its black slaves, its voluptuous Sir C. Lyell gives the barbarous law of Georgia, quadroon beauties. This must contrast strangely which we should read with more righteous indig, with the sober, busy, thriving cities of the north, nation but for the compunctious remembrance of the pale and fever-worn “crackers” in the new certain Irish penal statutes, abrogated only in later provinces, the restless pioneers of society pressing days. Yet even in Georgia, Sunday schools arise in on towards Texas. From New Orleans Sir Charles Christian defiance of the law. There is still almost makes his excursion to the delta of the Mississippi everywhere the indelible antipathy of the races ; 1-perhaps the most important of his geological the inextinguishable attainder of blood, on which chapters. The delta he estimates at 14.000 square M. de Beaumont founded his romance, and Miss miles ; the level alluvial plain to the north, which Martineau her tale, which we wish that we could stretches above the junction of the Ohio, is 16,000 believe, like many of her tales, to be romance. square miles—being reached by so gradual a slope Still the thumb-nail without its white crescent, that the junction of the Ohio is but 200 feet above still the heel betrays the lingering drops of black the level of the Bay of Mexico. He calculates by blood ; those drops which annul marriage, even if various processes, and from certain data furnished fruitful in children ; which drive back the most to him by skilful engineers and philosophic observamiable, virtuous, intelligent, accomplished per-ers of the country, that the delta must have taken sons into the proscribed caste. Still slaves are car- 67,000 years; the plain above, assuming a certain ried openly about for sale ; may be stolen like other depth of alluvial matter, 37,000 years more, to acobjects of trade; may be shot by passionate over- cumulate. These vast periods of time, like those seers, without the overseer suffering in social esti- of space in astronomy, alternately depress us with mation (p. 92 ;) are advertised when runaways the most humiliating sense of our insignificance ; exactly like stray horses or dogs here ; still they and next awaken something like proud gratitude to are either, when free, prohibited by law from acting our Divine Maker for the gift of those faculties as mechanics, (they are very clever and ingenious which enable us thus, as it were, to gauge this in some arts,) or by the jealousy of the whites, who overwhelming—this almost boundless-time and will not admit them of their guild. Still writers of space. As regards the Deity, while astronomy the calm humanity of Sir Charles Lyell are obliged vindicates the majesty of space, so does geology 10 waver and hesitate ; at one time eagerly to look that of time. What a comment on the scriptural forward, at another, for the sake of the blacks them- phrase, that to Him a thousand years are but as a selves, io tremble at their immediate even their day! And all this time and space, so measured, is speedy emancipation. The number of negroes in but a brief fragment of his eternity and infinity! the Union is now three millions; and according to Our traveller's return is up the vast Mississiptheir present rate of increase may, by the close of pi, after an excursion to Grenville in Missouri, the century, amount to twelve millions. But for
upon the Ohio, and so across the Alleghany Moundisturbing causes,” he would cherish sanguine tains, back to the land of the older cities, to Philhopes of their ultimate fusion and amalgamation. adelphia and N. York. We must leave our readers But by his own account, are those disturbing causes to complete this immense circuit, feeling confilikely to become less powerful as the two races dent that, having once set forth with Sir Charles show a broader front towards each other? The Lyell, they will not abandon him from weariness,