a singer. She made her first appearance in Lon-| are still black and blue froin the squeeze on the don in December, 1806, on the opening of the first night of the lady's appearance in trousers.” King's Theatre, in Portagallo's grand serious The famous Italian buffo singer, Sebastiano Naldi, opera of “ Semiramide.” The great fame she here mentioned, was a prominent member of the had acquired attracted a crowded audience, who company at the King's Theatre, when Madame received her with the utmost enthusiasm. Her Catalani was prima donna. He was accidentally voice was extremely rich and powerful, and of killed at Paris, in 1819, by the explosion of an great compass and flexibility. She sang with as- apparatus which had been invented for cooking by tonishing ease, and in rapidity of execution she steam. was only exceeded by her most celebrated prede- Her second benefit for the season of 1808 took cessor, Mrs. Billington. She appeared for the place on the 25th June, when in “ Il Fanatico per second time on the 3d of January, 1807, in the la Musica,” she introduced, for the first time, the same opera, with increased effect. Her first ben- popular English air of “Hope told a flattering efit took place on the 15th of the following April, tale," composed upwards of thirty years before, when she performed in “ La Morte di Mitridate,” expressly for Madame Mara, by Mazzinghi. with extraordinary success. Her acting was as On the opening of the King's Theatre, in Jandistinguished as her singing. At her second ben- uary, 1809, Madame Catalani was found not to efit, on the 16th of July, to show the diversity of have been reëngaged, owing to disagreement as her talents, she gave the first act of “Semira- to terms, her demands being so exorbitant that the mide," and the first act of the comic opera “ Il management could not accede to them. She gave Fanatico per la Musico,” in both of which she six concerts by subscription at the Hanover Square proved herself unequalled. During the whole of Rooms, commencing on the 26th of March. In this her first season in London, she experienced announcing these concerts, she intimated that she the public patronage to an unprecedented degree. was about to leave England for the continent. The She also sang at the subscription concerts which ruse had its effect, for she was engaged for the enwere given at the houses of the nobility. suing season for the opera, and her concerts were

On the opening of the King's Theatre in Jan- well attended. On the 11th of March, 1810, she uary, 1808, she appeared in the comic opera of made her first appearance, for two years, at the “ La Freschetana,” and in a favorite song in the King's Theatre. She continued there during the second act she was twice encored. Parke, in his three following seasons ; but in 1814 she was not “ Musical Memoirs,” to which we are mainly in- engaged, owing to the extravagance of her dedebted for these particulars of Catalani's appear-mands-namely, three thousand pounds for the ance in London, says : “ This double encore af- season, with two benefits. In 1809, she had been terwards became fashionable with regard to the engaged by Mr. Harris, the proprietor of the new singers, particularly at the English theatres ; and Covent Garden Theatre, to perform there in Italian as none of the great singers who preceded Cata- operas, in opposition to the King's Theatre, but lani, namely, Mara, Banti, Grassini, and Billing- the public would not permit her to appear; neverton, had ever received a similar compliment, the theless, she exacted the terms of her engagement, fact that Catalani was called forward to sing the three thousand pounds. same song three times, appeared extraordinary, At the York grand musical festival, which took until it came out that, as part of her engage- place in September, 1823, she sang with great ment, she had stipulated to have the privilege of effect. Indeed, wherever she appeared in the fifty orders nightly !”

provinces, as was the case in London, she was reOn the 21st of the following April, her first ben- ceived with the most tumultuous applause. In efit for the season took place ; when, in Nasolini's 1824 she was engaged with Madame Pasta, at the serious opera of “ Le Feste di Iside,” she ap- King's Theatre, for a limited number of nights. peared in male attire, as Sesostris, King of She had, on several occasions, visited the contiEgypt. The receipts of the house on this occa- nent, and wherever she sang in public, she was sion exceeded one thousand pounds. Byron has hailed with the most enthusiastic acclamations of commemorated her appearance in trousers in the her audiences. She preferred England, however, following lines, in his English Bards and Scotch to any other country, for she used frequently to Reviewers :

say that she could get more money by singing in Degenerate Britons! are ye dead to shame,

an English barn than in a continental palace. Or, kind to dulness, do you fear to blame?

Her farewell appearance in public took place Well may the nobles of our present race

in Dublin, in 1827; but, being engaged at the Watch each distortion of a Naldi's face ; musical festival at York, in September, 1828, she Well may they smile on Italy's buffoons, came purposely from Paris to attend it, and for And worship Catalani's pantaloons,

her services received six hundred guineas. She Since their own drama yields no fairer trace

also Of wit than puns, of humor than grimace.

sang at the Manchester musical festival,

which commenced on the 30th of the same month. In a note he says,

" Naldi and Catalani re- Madame Catalani afterwards went to reside in quire little notice ; for the visage of the one and a villa in the neighborhood of Florence, where, the salary of the other will enable us long to for many years, she lived in happy and hospitable recollect these amusing vagabonds. Beside, we retirement, honored for her virtues, and beloved


for her gentle and amiable manners. Like Jenny | Bath. He became colonel of the 51st foot in 1829, Lind, her charity was unbounded. The following and a lieutenant general in 1837. instance of her beneficence while at St. Petersburg has been related. Wishing to leave behind her some marks of gratitude for the reception she had met with in that capital, Madame Catalani ad

Ar London, the Right Hon. Sir Charles R. vertised a concert to be given for the poor of St. VAUGHAN, G. C. H. He

was the sixth son of the Petersburg, at the great theatre, the very night

late John Vaughan, M. D., of Leicester, by the before her departure. In consequence of the num

daughter of Alderman John Smalley, of the same ber of tickets sold, the theatre was found to be too city. His brother, the late Sir Henry Halford, barosmall for the company, and the public exchange iv., and Queen Victoria, assumed the name of Hal

net, physician to George III., George IV., William of the city was, by the emperor's orders, fitted up ford, in lieu of his patronymic, on the extinction of for the ceremony. The concert realized the enormous sum of £4,000 sterling, every farthing of the baronet's family of that name, to whom he was

Another which was generously given by the singer to the distantly related through his mother. various hospitals of the place. The emperor him- brother was the late Sir John Vaughan, one of

Sir self waited on Catalani the next day with thanks the justices of the Court of Common Pleas.

Charles was educated at the Rugby School, which for her generous assistance. He found her in the

he entered in 1788. He was originally designed very act of departure, being already seated in the carriage which was to bear her away. He knelt

for the medical profession, and took the degree of

bachelor of medicine at Oxford. He entered All on one knee upon the lower step, and begged per- Soul's College, and obtained a travelling fellowmission to kiss her hand ; she withdrew her glove ship on the Ratcliffe foundation. In 1809 he was for the purpose, and while he bent over the small appointed by Earl Bathurst private secretary in fingers, he clasped round her wrist a diamond the foreign office. In 1810, he became, under the bracelet, of the same value as the sum which had been realized by her efforts in favor of the poor of

administration of the Marquis Wellesley, secrehis beloved city.

tary of legation and of embassy, in Spain, and

was minister plenipotentiary in that country during Besides being elected member of fourteen dif

the absence of the ambassador, from August, 1815, ferent academies, Madame Catalani had bestowed

to December, 1816. upon her eight gold medals by various sovereigns

In 1820, he was appointed and city corporations.

As a woman, a wife, and secretary of embassy to France ; in 1823, minister a mother, her conduct was throughout life 'irre- plenipotentiary to the confederated States of Swit

zerland ; and in March, 1825, envoy extraordinary proachable.

to the United States of America, having been

sworn a member of the Privy Council. SIR BENJAMIN D'URBAN.

he was called upon to undertake a special mission Ar Montreal, suddenly, on the 25th May, to Constantinople, as envoy, to supply the place of Lieut.-General Sir Benjamin D'URBAN, K. C. H. Lord Ponsonby, during his absence on leave oband G.C. B., commander of her majesty's forces tained. He proceeded no further on his way, howin Canada, aged 72. His death is said to have ever, than Malta, where, after a delay of some been accelerated by his recent fatigues, in con- weeks, he learned that Lord Ponsonby had desequence of the disturbances in Montreal. This cided upon remaining at Constantinople.

In 1833, gallant officer entered the army in 1793, as cornet Sir Charles was made a knight of the grand cross in the 2d dragoon guards. In the following year

of the order of the Guelphs of Hanover. he obtained a troop, and in 1795, he accompanied Sir Ralph Abercromby's expedition to the West Indies, and served in the 29th dragoons in St. Domingo. In 1803, he was appointed superintendent

At Paris, of cholera, the well-known pianist, M.

CHRISTIAN FREDERIC KALKBRENNER. He was the of instruction in the military college at Marlow; and, in 1805, he served as lieutenant-colonel of

son of a musician, and was born at Cassel in 1784. the 89th foot, in the expedition under Lord Cath- About 1806, when residing in Paris, he aequired cart. In 1808, he went to Spain as assistant a high reputation as a brilliant performer on the quarter-master-general with Sir David Baird, and piano-forte, and subsequently made frequent Eu

In 1814, he removed to served with the corps of Sir Robert Wilson, in ropean concert tours.


London, where he remained for nine years. Castile. In 1809, he was appointed quarter-master-general of the Portuguese army; and for his his return to the French capital, in 1823, in conservices, as brigadier-general, at Busaco, Albu

nection with M. Pleyel, he became a manufacturer

of keyed instruments. Till his decease he occuhera, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, the Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, and Toulouse,

pied a prominent position in the musical society

of Paris. he received a cross and five clasps ; and, in 1814, he was nominated a commander of the Tower and Sword. In 1818, he was made a knight commander of the order of the Guelphs of Hanover ; At London, on the 2d June, William Rae and, in 1840, a military knight grand cross of the Wilson, Esq., of Kelvin Bank, LL. D., in the

In 1837,




76th year of his age. He was the author of or, meditating on a Saviour's passion, find utterTravels in Egypt and the Holy Land,” pub- ance in that pensive strain, lished in 1823, a work which was for a long time

'Tis midnight—and on Olive's brow very popular.

The star is dimmed that lately shone ; or, when assembled to pray for the coming of

Christ's kingdom, they raise the triumphant anthem, We are pained to announce that our excellent Wake! isles of the South, your redemption is near ; friend and fellow-citizen, Rev. Wm. B. Tappan, departed this life, at his residence in Grantville, the lay of comfort and hope,

or when in the midst of storms and trials they seize this morning at 3 o'clock, after a sickness of about

There is an hour of hallowed peace, 11 hours. He preached last Sabbath at Mattapoisett, returned to the city yesterday morning, and or, rise exultingly towards that world of “ hallowed spent the forenoon at his office, and returned home peace," in the cars at 2 P. M. At four o'clock, he com

Where purity with love appears, plained of slight indisposition, and took some med

And bliss without alloy ; icine. Soon after he was seized with spasms,

And they who oft have sown in tears accompanied with clammy sweat, cold extremities,

Shall reap again in joy.

N. Y. Independent. and feeble pulse, which continued with increasing violence, baffling all remedies, till, at 3 this morn

From the Examiner, 7th July. ing, his frame, constitutionally feeble, sunk under it. He was sensible of his situation, from the

THE FRENCH IN ROME. first, and expressed quiet resignation. During the M. Mazzini has saved not merely the repulaspasms, his sufferings were very great; but when tion of Rome and of Italians, but of democracy itan involuntary groan escaped him, he would say, self. After the miserable and impracticable con

Understand, I don't complain; it's all right." His duct of the Struves, of the Ledru-Rollins, and the sight and hearing were affected, and he complained Guerazzis, one might have considered it as an of burning thirst, and when his attendants touched axiom that a modern European republican was a his flesh, cold as marble, he would say, O, you visionary and a dolt, not even a match for the burn me !" His end was peace; and “ the mem- dull veterans of court and aristocracy which he ory of the just shall be blessed.” The attending pretended to replace. But Mazzini has disphysicians pronounced the case one of spasmodic played skill, courage, and conduct. He and cholera.- Boston Traveller, 19 June.

Kossuth have alike resisted the most powerful

armies of the most powerful nations, and not only Mr. Tappan was truly a good man, humble, their armies, but their influence and their inaffectionate, sincere, benevolent, devoted. He loved trigues. Kossuth wielded an enthusiastic popuChrist, his people, and his cause. He was partic-lation. Mazzini had to put the enthusiasm of war ularly interested in Sabbath schools, to which he like resistance into a people altogether unused to consecrated, not his time only, but some of the it, and had to direct that enthusiasm in a sensible

This he has done. choicest productions of his genius. At the time and efficient way.

He has of his death he was a general agent of the A. S. S. resisted the French long enough ; and has beaten Union, which office he had held for several years.

them soundly enough, to redeem the Roman charThe impression which Mr. Tappan made upon acter, to make a great compliment of final submisall who knew him was that of quiet, unassuming, sion, and to show that, in surrendering to the but deep and fervent piety. He breathed much of French, the Roman chiefs do not give up mere the spirit of Christ and heaven.

walls and a mere spiritless flock, but a population As a poet he did not hold the first rank even of rights and claims, with arms to defend them and among the poets of his own country and time. His to resent invasion. Nothing is more evident than reputation would have been better if he had written that the Romans could have defied the Pope, and

A ready faculty of improving incidents, whatever aid the Italians could have brought to nints, allusions and affections, betrayed him into a his assistance. The French, therefore, are bound passion of turning everything into rhyme, so that not to render the Romans worse off in the way of instead of clothing the passing event, however triv- freedom and independence, than Roman efforts, but ial, with a rich and shining garb of spiritual philos- for French intervention, would have secured. ophy, he sometimes gave only a jingling narration

And should the French fail of their word, of the event itself. Yet he had in his heart the should Louis Napoleon, as people accuse him, well-spring of poetry, which ever and anon bubbled show himself in league with Austria, and making up and sparkled in the sunlight, and poured forth common cause with Russia, look more to an archlife and sweetest melody. Enough that his mem- duchess for himself than to honor for France or ory will be embalmed in the affections of the church, freedom for Europe, then the Italians will know when at the opening of public worship they sing,

where to look for redemption. It is no longer to

foreign aid or to native princes that either Italians Holy be this, as was the place

or Germans can henceforth turn, if they are now To him of Padan-arain known;

deceived and oppressed. It will be no longer to



the Charles Alberts, or the Frederick Williams, heart and courage.

Whether discernment may if both these monarchs should fail; neither is it still provide him good counsellors, and fortune to the Gagerns or the Vinckes, the Giobertis or good opportunities, remains to be seen. We feel, the Mamianis, that Germans and Italians will however, that the president is on his trial, and that turn. They must depend upon such men as Maz- Italy will be the first witness for or against him. zini and Garibaldi. They at least have shown energy, and achieved a purpose. They have

THE PALLEN STAR. added the last and brightest page to Roman history, which for heroism has been a blank since the

Know ye what it meaneth, days of Rienzi. They have shown what Italians

When looking up on high, would and could have done, had the French not Ye see a star deserting overwhelmed them ; and on France they have

The regions of the sky? completely flung either the obloquy of Rome's op

Those orbs above us, shedding pression, or the task of its liberation.

Their softened light around, Amidst all the difficulties which the French

Are myriad bands of angels, have encountered from the Romans, they have, how

With wreaths of glory crowned. ever, also reaped some facilities and advantages. All true and faithful warders, One of these, if advantage it can be called, is,

Wide scattered through the sky, that the French have been enabled to send a large On earth whatever passes, army to Italy. Had the Romans made no resist

They mark with watchful eye. ance, there would have been no excuse for sending And when, within our borders, more than a corps of 15,000 men ; but now, by

In fervent faith and love, the time all the reinforcements arrive, France A good man, bowed by sorrow, will have an army of 50,000 men in Central Italy.

Looks up for aid above, This is sufficient at once to defy Austria, and to And prays unto the Father, make Neapolitans and Spaniards sink into insig

In agony of woe, nificance. The French general in Rome can as

Then quickly there departeth

A messenger below, sume a high tone, not merely to the Romans, but to the absolutists who threaten Italy.

Who glides with beam so cheering,

Within the silent room, The idea cf M. Barrot is no doubt to erect a

And soothes to gentle slumber juste milieu government in Rome, soinething like

The mourner's heavy gloom. what Rossi meditated, and what Martinez de la Rosa tried in Madrid. This is all very well, if

This, this is what it meaneth,

When looking up on high, the Pope can be got to agree to it; but his holi

Ye see a star deserting ness is in the hands of the Philistines of Gaeta,

The region of the sky.-Lit. World. past, it is to be feared, all the powers of the Duc d'Harcourt to extricate him. He has refused to promise any institution of a liberal color. He

NEW BOOKS. wishes to come into Rome as a conqueror, through The Democracy of Christianity; or an Analysis of the breach. But this is no longer possible ; for

the Bible and its Doctrines in their relation to the the French, of all appellations, dislike the most

principle of Democracy. Vol. I. Cady & Burthat of Soldats du Pape.

gess : New York. No less an important consideration than the History of England, by David Hume. Vol. I. state and feelings of the French army in Paris

Messrs. Phillips, Sampson & Co. of Boston have will be the state and feelings of the French army begun a new and good edition. in Rome. They will be there in contact with the Mr. Sumner's Peace Oration has had the unusual Roman population and the Roman priesthood. distinction of a new edition. We have now more And it is easy to conceive to which the French reason for hoping the early success of these docsoldier will incline. If the region of Vienna and trines, (their final triumph is a portion of divine

revelation,) than thirty years ago we had for lookPresburg be dangerous to the Russian soldier, ing for emancipation from the domination of bank that of Rome, or of any part of Italy, is inimical directors over the currency—or than twenty years to every plan for making French soldiers the ago we had for deliverance from the “Protective prætorians of the Pope, or the allies of Aus- System.” iria. The French general and the French presi

Dr. Bethune's Oration before the Phi Beta Kapdent have much to redeem in their Italian as in

pa Society, at Cambridge, will soon be published. their domestic policy. They have hitherto con- To listen to it was a delightful festivity to us. The tinued to manage both by the army ; but the Duty which Literary Men Owe to their Country army itself requires management; nor will French was his subject, and was urged with inexhaustible soldiers consent to sink into the mere police of fertility of illustration and argument. He denounced

“ Nullifiers of whatever latitudewith vehement inforeign as well as domestic tyrants. Louis Napoleon has done nothing yet for either honor or éclat dignation. He said he had not a drop of New

England blood in his veins." We welcome the in a popular or liberal sense.

He is but a roi infusion of his broad, sound, solid sense and manly faincant, and not a successful one.

But he feeling. We need such a cross more frequently has time to redeem his position, if he has the than we get it.

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1. Chess,

Quarterly Review,

282 2. Story of a Family, Chap. XVI.,

Sharpe's Magazine,

30) 3. History of a Household, (concluded,)

303 4. A Chapter on Balloons,

Frazer's Magazine,

313 5. Edgeworthstown,

Art Journal,

320 6. OBITUARY. — Lady Blessington, Madame Catalini, Sir Benjamin D'Urban, Sir Chas. R. Vaughn, M. Kalk- Tait's Magazine, &c.,

330 brenner, Wm. Rae Wilson, Wm. B. Tappan, 7. The French in Rome,


334 POETRY.–Kingdoms To-day, 298.— Rome ; Stand as an Anvil, 299.-Ode to the Bed; Charles

Lamb leading his Sister, 307. — The Fire of Drist Wood, 312. Day in June, 319. — The

Fallen Star, 335. Short Articles.—British and American Book “ Piracy,” 299. New Books, 335. PROSPECTUS.—This work is conducted in the spirit of now hecomes every intelligent American to be informed Littell's Museum of Foreign Literature, (which was favor of the condition and changes of foreign countries. And ably received by the public for iwenty years,) but as it is this not only hecause of their nearer connection with ourtwice as large, and appears so often, we not only give selves, but because the nations seem to be hastening, spirit and freshness to it by many things which were through a rapid process of change, to some new state of excluded by a month's delay, but while thus extending our things, which the merely political prophet cannot compute scope and gathering a greater and more attractive variety, or foresee. are alle so to increase the solid and substantial part of Geographical Discoveries, the progress of Colonization, our literary, historical, and political harvest, as fully to (which is extending over the whole world,) and Voyages satisfy the wants of the American reader.

and Travels, will be favorite mailer for our selections ; The elaborate and stately Essays of the Edinburgh, and, in general, we shall systematically and very fully Quarterly, and other Reviews; and Blackwood's nolle acquaint our readers with the great depariment of Foreign criticisms on Poetry, his keen political Commentaries, allairs, without entirely neglecting our own. highly wrought Tales, and vivid 'descriptions of rural and While we aspire to make the Living Age desirable to mountain Scenery ; and the contributions to Literature, all who wish to keep themselves informed of the rapid History, and Coininon Life, by the sagacious Spectator, progress of the movement-10 Statesmen, Divines, Low: the sparkling Examiner, the judicious Athenæum, the yers, and Physicians-10 men of business and men oi busy and industrious Literary Gazelle, the sensible and leisure-it is still a stronger object to make it auractive comprehensive Britannia, the sober and respectable Chris- and useful to their Wives and Children. We believe that tian Obserrer; these are intermixed with the Military we can thus do some good in our day and generation ; and and Naval reminiscences of the United Service, and with hope to make the work indispensable in every well-inthe best articles of the Dublin University, New Monthly, formed family. We say indispensable, because in this Fraser's, Tait's, Ainsworth's, Hood's, and Sporting Magday of cheap literature it is not possible to guard against azines, and of Chambers' admirable Journal. We do not the influx of what is bad in taste and vicious in morals, consider it beneath our dignity to borrow wit and wisdom in any other way than by furnishing a sufficient supply from Punch ; and, when we ihink it good enough, make of a healthy character. The mental and moral appetite use of the thunder of The Times. We shall increase our must be gratified. variety by importations from the continent of Europe, and We hope that, by "winnowing the wheat from the from the new growth of the British colonies.

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WASHINGTON, 27 Dec., 1845. Of all the Periodical Journals devoted to literature and science which abound in Europe and in this country, this has appeared to me to be the most useful. It contains indeed the exposition only of the current literature of the English language, but this by its immense extent and comprebension includes a portraiture of the human mind in the utmost expunsion of the present age.


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