« ElőzőTovább »
some knitted, others woven, of amianthus. In the diamonds that produced others at certain times ; Pyrenees, girdles are made of the same substance (why not, if money makes money ?). In the lanintermingled with silver thread. These girdles are guage of iconology, the diamond is the symbol of much esteemed by the women, not only on account constancy, of strength, of innocence, and of other of their beauty, but for certain mysterious proper- heroic virtues.". ties they were believed to possess. Amianthus has This is sufficient to show the stuff of which the also been employed as incombustible wicks; and work is composed ; and such of our readers as deit has been suggested that the perpetual lamps of sire a little amusement blended with a little instructhe ancients were formed of this substance, and con- tion cannot do better than send for the volume itself. stantly supplied by a spontaneous oozing of petroleum. It is also asserted that the Greenlanders use
From the N. Y. Commercial Advertiser. wicks of amianthus. Attempts have been made to The Narrative of the United States Expedition to manufacture incombustible paper of this mineral; and M. Demidoff, a Russian proprietor of great
the River Jordan and the Dead Sea. By Lieut. wealth, even offered to supply all the government
W. S. LYNCH, U. S. N.-Philadelphia : Lea & offices of the empire with this kind of paper; but
Blanchard. up to the present time the attempt has not suc The publication of this work has been looked ceeded.”
for with so much interest, that we expect to gratOn the subject of diamonds we have the follow- ify many readers by giving it an extended notice. ing gossip :-"This diamond, the Sanci, formerly Indeed, the intrinsic merits of the work claim for belonged to Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, who wore it in his hat at the battle of Nancy, where it more than ordinary attention and examination. his army was completely defeated, and where he | The scene of exploration is hallowed by historic lost his life, in 1477. It was found on the field of associations, and possesses other and peculiar feabattle by a Swiss soldier, who sold it to a French tures of interest. The river Jordan and the Dead gentleman of the name of Sanci. The diamond Sea—the one made sacred by the presence of was preserved in the family of this gentleman for Deity incarnate, and the other terrible by the mannearly a hundred years, until Henry III. commis- ifestation of divine wrath—must be regarded with sioned a descendant of that family, who was a captain in the Swiss troops in his service, to raise fresh deep emotion wherever the records of those wonrecruits among the Swiss. Driven from his throne derful events are read and accredited ; and it is by a league which his subjects had formed against quite natural that every intelligent Christian and him, the monarch, without money to pay his troops, philanthropist should await with eager curiosity a borrowed the Sanci diamond, in order to pawn it to narrative of personal observation of the present the Swiss. Sanci charged one of his servants to
appearance of those interesting localities. Such take it to its destination, but both the man and the
a one will be glad of the assurance that in Lieut. diamond disappeared, no one could tell whither. The king reproached Sanci bitterly for having con
Lynch's book he will find a succinct, direct, pleasfided an object of such value to a valet. But Sanci, ing account of those scenes which, under shelter full of confidence in his servant, set out in search, of our national flag, he successfully explored. and discovered that the man had been assassinated The volume is a handsome octavo of five hunby robbers, and that the body was buried in a neigh- dred pages, embellished with about thirty engravboring forest. Thither he went, ordered the body ings and two outline or sketch maps ; one of the to be disinterred and opened, when the diamond
course of the Jordan, and the other of the Dead was discovered in his stomach ; the faithful servant having swallowed it, the more effectually to hide it Sea. The drawings for all the engravings were from the rapacity of the brigands. From that time made upon the spot, by two members of the expeit has always been called the Sanci diamond. It dition, Lieut. Dale and Passed-Midshipman Auultimately came into the possession of an English lick, the former of whom unfortunately did not monarch."
live to see the full fruit and proud result of the Glass is not cut with the point of a glazier's diamond, but with the curved edge formed by the meet- sickness and the exhaustion consequent upon the
He died near Beirut, prostrated by
expedition. ing of two contiguous curved facets of the stone. A pointed diamond ring merely scratches the glass- toils of the journey, when the party were passing it does not cut it; and writing in this way is attended from the ruins of the Baalbec to the sea-coast. with some risk to the ring, as diamonds, though The expedition, it is generally known, sailed hard, are not difficult to break. The diamond was from New York in the storeship Supply, Lieut. supposed to protect from poison, pestilence, panic- Lynch commanding, in November, 1847 ; reached fear, hallucination, enchantments, &c. It likewise the Mediterranean in the following month, arrived calmed anger, maintained affection between man and wife, and was thence called the stone of
at Smyrna in February, and almost immediately ciliation. Mr. Jackson might have added that it embarked in an Austrian steamer for Constantinopossesses these latter virtues to this day. “A tal- ple, the slave market and other peculiarities of ismanic virtue was also attributed to it; when, under which city the author very fully and pleasantly a favorable aspect, and under the planet Mars, the describes. Lieut. Lynch's style is altogether figure of this divinity, or of Hercules surmounted agreeable. It has an imaginative glow and a by a hydra, was engraved upon it, in such case it high poetic tinge, without verboseness or exagsecured the victory to him who wore it, whatever
geration-faults which too commonly accompany might be the number of his enemies. It was even pretended that diamonds engendered other diamonds those qualities. Some of the descriptions of (this is a pendant for the Peruvian emerald men- scenes and incidents at sea are exceedingly beautioned in a former letter ;) and Rueus informs us tiful, and minister to a healthy mental excitement. that a Princess of Luxemburg had some hereditary From Constantinople they passed to the coast of
Syria, and disembarked the expedition at Haifa, to leeward ; threw over some of the fresh water to not far from St. Jean d'Acre ; thence they con- lighten the Fanny Mason, which labored very much, veyed their boats overland, having them drawn by and I began to fear that both boats would founder. camels to Tiberias, on the Sea of Galilee, whence
At 5 40, finding that we were losing every mo
ment, and that with the lapse of each succeeding one they again embarked, descending the Jordan to the the danger increased, kept away for the northern Dead Sea.
shore, in the hope of being yet able to reach it; our The narrative of their entrance upon this part arms, our clothes and skins coated with a greasy salt ; of the expedition commences at the eighth chapter and our eyes, lips and nostrils smarting excessively. of the book, and from this point the reader, to How different was the scene before the submerging speak nautically, may take a fresh “ departure." of the plain, which was“ even as the garden of the
Lord !'' Hitherto the scenes through which the expedi
At times it seemed as if the Dread Almighty tion's party passed were not strictly new; though frowned upon our efforts to navigate a sea, incidents occurred with sufficient frequency to give ation of his wrath. There is a tradition among the novelty and freshness to the narration. Now, the Arabs that no one can venture upon this sea and enterprising travellers approach the main design live. Repeatedly the fates of Costigan and Molyof the expedition. They begin to meet with neau had been cited to deter us. The first one spent wandering Arabs, and have other indications of a few days, the last about twenty hours, and rethe perils and toils of the journey. Now, too, without landing upon its shores. One was found
turned to the place from whence he had embarked the reader begins to find in Lieut. Lynch's jour- dying upon the shore ; the other expired in Novemnal reference to localities and rivers and scenes ber last, immediately after his return, of fever conmentioned in Sacred Writ—the hills of Gilead, tracted upon its waters. the river Jabok, the land of the Ammonites, the But, although the sea had assumed a threatening spot where Jacob wrestled with the angel-and a aspect, and the fretted mountains, sharp and icinethousand interesting associations and memories | rated, loomed terrific on either side, and salt and crowd upon the mind. Finally, the author hav- springs trickled down its ravines, we did not despair.
ashes mingled with its sands, and fætid sulphurous ing encountered difficulties in the navigation of Awestruck, but not terrified ; fearing the worst, yet the Jordan which he did not anticipate, and which hoping for the best, we prepared to spend a dreary were only overcome by the most vigorous and per- night upon the dreariest waste we had ever seen. severing exertions, he reached the borders of the At 5 58, the wind suddenly abated, and with it Dead Sea. We shall now let the adventurous the sea as rapidly fell; the water, from its pondertraveller speak for himself. Under date of April had ceased. Within twenty minutes from tħe time
ous quality, settling as soon as the agitating cause 18, 1848, after describing the bathing of the pil
we bore away from a sea which threatened to engulf grims in the Jordan, he says :
us, we were pulling away, at a rapid rate, over a At 3 25, passed by the extreme western point, placid sheet of water, that scarcely rippled beneath where the river is 180 yards wide and three feet us; and a rain-cloud, which had enveloped the sterdeep, and entered upon the Dead Sea ; the water, ile mountains of the Arabian shore, lifted up, and a nauseous compound of bitters and salts.
left their rugged outlines basking in the light of the The river, where it enters the sea, is inclined to setting sun. At 6 10, a flock of gulls flew over, wards the eastern shore, very much as is represent- while we were passing a small island of mud, a pised on the map of Messrs. Robinson and Smith,which tol shot distant from the northern shore, and half a is the most exact of any we have seen. There is a mile west of the river's mouth. At 6 20, a light considerable bay between the river and the moun- wind sprang up from S. E., and huge clouds drifttains of Belka, in Ammon, on the eastern shore of ed over, their western edges gorgeous with light, the sea.
while the great masses were dark and threatening: A fresh north-west wind was blowing as we | The sun went down, leaving beautiful islands of rounded the point. We endeavored to steer a little rose-colored clouds over the coast of Judea ; but to the north of west, to make a true west course, above the yet more sterile mountains of Moab all and threw the patent log overboard to measure the was gloomy and obscure. distance; but the wind rose so rapidly that the boats The northern shore is an extensive mud flat, with could not keep head to wind, and we were obliged a sandy plain beyond, and is the very type of desoto haul the log in. The sea continued to rise with lation ; branches and trunks of trees lay scattered the increasing wind, which gradually freshened to a in every direction ; some charred and blackened as gale, and presented an agitated surface of foaming by fire; others white with an incrustation of salt. brine; the spray, evaporating as it fell, left incrusta- These were collected at high water mark, designattions of salt upon our clothes, our hands and faces; ing the line which the water had reached prior to and while it conveyed a prickly sensation wherever our arrival. On the deep sands of this shore was it touched the skin, was, above all, exceedingly laid the scene of the combat between the Knight of the painful to the eyes. The boats, heavily laden, Leopard and Ilderim the Saracen. The north-western struggled sluggishly at first ; but when the wind shore is an unmixed bed of gravel, coming in a freshened in its fierceness, from the density of the gradual slope from the mountains to the sea. The water it seemed as if their bows were encountering eastern coast is a rugged line of mountains, bare of the sledge-hammers of the Titans, instead of the all vegetation a continuation of the Hauran range, opposing waves of an angry sea.
coming from the north, and extending south beyond At 3 50, passed a piece of drift-wood, and soon the scope of vision, throwing out three marked and after saw three swallows and a gull. At 4 55, the seemingly equi-distant promontories from its southwind blew so fiercely that the boats could make no eastern extremities. headway, not even the Fanny Skinner, which was At 6 25, passed a gravelly point, with many large nearer to the weather shore, and we drifted rapidly stones upon it. It is a peninsula, connected with
From the Boston Post.
the main by a low, narrow isthmus. When the by his countrymen, and will be a lasting memorial latter is overflowed, the peninsula must present the of a great national enterprise skilfully consumappearance of an island, and is doubtless the one mated. to which Stephens, Warburton and Dr. Wilson allude. We were, for some time, apprehensive of missing
A noble volume of 500 beautifully printed pages the place of rendezvous; for the Sheikh of Huteim, never having been afloat before, and scarce recoy- is this, adorned with several excellent maps and ered from his fright during the gale, was bewil- well-drawn and well-executed engravings. Lieut. dered in his mind, and perfectly useless as a guide. Lynch has evidently put his whole soul into his The moon had not risen ; and in the starlight, ob- book, as in time past he put his whole soul into scured by the shadow of the mountains, we pulled the “ expedition,” and finally obtained success, along the shore in some anxiety. At one moment we saw the gleam of a fire upon the beach, to the after a long course of delays, difficulties, hardships southward ; and, firing a gun, made for it with all and dangers. Lieut. Lynch has evidently " done expedition. In a short time it disappeared ; and his possible” for his volume; and if one looks to while resting on the oars, waiting for some signal to the matter only—to what some people, doubtless, direct us, there were the flashes and reports of guns would call the only essential—the reader will be and sounds of voices upon the cliffs, followed by pleasantly satisfied. The volume is interesting other flashes and reports far back upon the shore and instructive, and its author would seem to have which we had passed. Divided between apprehen- been well fitted for his command, in respect both sions of an attack upon our friends and a stratagem for ourselves, we were uncertain where to land. to officer-like and scholar-like qualities. There is Determined, however, to ascertain, we closed in a vast deal of learning scattered through the volwith the shore, and pulled along the beach, sound- ume-old legends, historical allusions, and poeting as we proceeded.
ical quotations—which, if not picked out of the A little before 8 P. M. we came up with our "handy" chambers of the brain, it must have friends, who had stopped at Ain el Feshka, foun- been terribly hard work to gather together. But tain of the stride. The shouts and signals we had heard had been and only refer to the learning sown upon it
with the matter of the work we have no quarrel, from the scouts and caravan, which had been separated from each other, making mutual signals of show that Lieut. Lynch has really “ laid himself recognition. They had likewise responded to ours, out,” to use a common expression, in dressing up which, coming from two points some distance apart, the record of his voyages and travels to the sea of for a time disconcerted us. It was a wild scene up- Sodom and Gomorrah. on an unknown and desolate course—the mysteri
But with the style of the composition there is ous sea, the shadowy mountains, the human voices among the cliffs, the vivid flashes and the loud re- bombastic. The first fifty pages contain many
some fault to find, for it is both grandiloquent and ports reverberating along the shore.
Unable to land near the fountain, we were com- funny specimens of what is ironically termed“ fine pelled to haul the boats upon the beach, about a mile writing ;" and sorry were we to see them thus below; and, placing some Arabs to guard them, emanate from one of genuine ability,"large infortook the men to the camp, pitched in a cane-brake mation and abundant knowledge of all parts of his beside a brackish spring, where, from necessity, we profession. They show bad taste, or, as foreignmade a frugal supper, and then, wet and weary; ers are pleased to call it, American taste, in writthrew ourselves upon a bed of dust, beside a fætid marsh—the dark, fretted mountains behind-the ing, and we regret that such stuff should be seen sea, like a huge caldron, before us—its surface in what may be called a national work, inasmuch shrouded in a lead-colored mist.
as it is the record of an expedition undertaken by Toward midnight, while the moon was rising order of government. An insane desire to use long above the eastern monntains, and the shadows of the words and to invest the most common occurrences clouds were reflected wild and fantastically upon with adjectives and pomposity, seems to be Lieut. the surface of the sombre sea ; and everything, the Lynch's trouble throughout what may be termed mountains, the sea, the clouds, seemed spectre-like and unnatural, the sound of the convent bell of Mar the introduction to the work. After getting fairly Saba struck gratefully upon the ear; for it was the started for the Jordan, his “ohs and ahs,” and deChristian call to prayer, and told of human wants scriptions, are simply trite and verdant.
But beand human sympathies to the wayfarers on the bor- fore giving a few proofs of the correctness of our ders of the Sea of Death.
assertions, we must copy the following specimens On his return Lieut. Lynch “ went up to Jeru- of grammar. On page 49 our author says, salem,” crossed the country to Baalbec, and em- their feet drawn beneath them, they were squatted, barked at Beirut. The work concludes with an like tailors (those who have them) upon rugs, with account of the death of Lieut. Dale, already re- their baggage piled around them,” &c., &c.ferred to, and a brief mention of the places This is the exact printing in the volume, but what touched at on the homeward passage. Early in the sentence means is matter for dispute. December of 1848 the toil-worn but successful
On page 19, the two metallic boats taken by party were greeted with the heart-cheering the expedition are thus described : “ The boats sight of their native land,” their commander hav- · Fanny Mason' and · Fanny Skinner,' of nearly ing conducted them safely through novel dangers equal dimensions, were named after two young and and toils. The record he has given of the scenes blooming children, whose hearts are as spotless as through which they passed will be eagerly perused | their parentage is pure. Their prayers, like
guardian spirits, would shield us in the hour of (more than were warranted by its anticipated reperil ; and I trusted that, whether threading the sults for the benefit of science ; and, hitherto, the rapids of the Jordan or floating on the wondrous curiosity and zeal which have prompted a few bold sea of death, the • Two Fannies' would not dis- spirits to similar researches, have been exercised grace the gentle and artless beings whose names at a sacrifice out of proportion to their value. they proudly bore.”
Lieut. Lynch engaged in the enterprise with a The above was well meant, we suppose, but it distinct perception of its perils and cost ; but, insounds to us fudge-like.
spired by a genuine enthusiasm for its objects, he “A maddened street, instinct with desperation,” devoted himself to its accomplishment with an enas applied to the ocean—" the multitudinous ergy and perseverance that have overcome every waters infringing against the western continent,” obstacle, and enabled him to attain a degree of in describing the course of the Gulf Stream—"ac- success of which no previous traveller in the same celerated by the current half a mile an hour” regions can boast. “ the sea exhibiting in magnificent confusion its He sailed from New York in November, 1847, toppling waves”—“ whales, blowing volumes of arrived at Constantinople in the ensuing February, water from their capacious nostrils,” and “ a dis- and, after obtaining the protection of the Sultan for tinct and prohibitory line of foam”.
'--are expres- his journeyings through the Turkish dominions in sions found among others not quite so tremendous, Syria, came to the Sea of Galilee in April. The on pages 19, 20 and 21.
passage down the Jordan was attended with the On page 23, Lieut. Lynch describes the depart- greatest peril, and a less determined spirit would ure of his vessel from Gibraltar for Port Mahon, have shrunk back in dismay. The progress of one of the officers having fallen sick with the the light metallic boats, which had been constructsmall-pox :
ed expressly for the expedition, was frequently “ The sick man knew, however, that before it retarded by rapids, cataracts and whirlpools in the could be reached, he must pass the ordeal. His river ; at the most dangerous falls, the channel feelings can be better imagined than described. had to be opened by removing large stones; and Prostrate with a disease as malignant as it is it was only by dint of incredible exertions by the loathsome; with a body inflamed and swollen, whole party, that the difficult voyage was at last and a mind so racked with fever, that reason, from accomplished. time to time, fairly tottered on her throne; he must
Our course down the stream was with varied ranaturally have longed to exchange his hard and pidity. At times we were going at the rate of from narrow berth and the stifling atmosphere of a ship, three to four knots the hour, and again we would be soon to be tossed about, the sport of the elements, swept and harried away, dashing and whirling onfor a softer and more spacious couch, a more airy ward with the furious speed of a torrent. At such apartment, and, above all, the quiet and the better moments there was excitement, for we knew not attendance of the shore."
but that the next turn of the stream would plunge We agree with Lieut. Lynch that the sick offi- us down some fearful cataract, or dash us on the must naturally have longed,” &c., &c. But for the reasons I have before stated, the Fanny
sharp rocks that might lurk beneath the surface. we also think that the above is one of the clearest Mason always took the lead, and warned the Fanny examples of bathos, common-place and downright Skinner when danger was to be shunned or encountwattle extant,
tered. When the sound of a rapid was distinct and But it is useless to cite more instances of the near, the compass and the note-book were abandoned, defects to which we have alluded. They exist and, motioning to the Fanny Skinner to check her throughout this long work in any quantity, but not speed, our oars began to move like the antennæ of in the average of grossness, perhaps, of the above which is ever the deepest, part of the current; when
some giant insect, to sweep us into the swiftest, quotations. And yet, as before remarked, the it caught us, the boat's crew and our Arab friend book is really interesting and instructive, and is Jumach leaped into the angry stream, accoutred as really and obviously the work of an able, well ed- they were, and clinging to her sides, assisted in ucated and enlightened man. How such silly de- guiding the graceful Fanny down the perilous fects of style should coëxist with the more essen- descent. In this manner she was whirled on, drivtial merits of the text is almost unintelligible ; and, made her bend and quiver like a rush in a running
ing between rocks and shallows with a force that indeed, were we upon oath for our opinion at this stream ; then, shooting her through the foam and moment, we should say that one man must have the turmoil of the basin below, where, in the seethwritten the twattle, the triteness, the bad gram-ing and effervescing water, she spun and twirled, mar and the bad taste, while another furnished the the men leaped in, and with oars and rudder, she learning and narrated the facts.
was brought to an eddying cove, whence, by word
and gesture, she directed her sister Fanny through From the New York Tribune.
the channel. In this volume, Lieut. Lynch presents a graphic The great depression between the Sea of Galilee and lively description of his adventures, as chief and the Dead Sea is caused by the singularly of the expedition appointed by the United States tortuous course of the river Jordan. In a space government to explore the Dead Sea, and trace the of 60 miles of latitude and 4 or 5 of longitude, it river Jordan to its source. This was a commission traverses the distance of at least 200 miles. Not involving great difficulties and danger; perhaps | less than 27 dangerous rapids were encountered
by Lieut. Lynch and his party, besides a great sea which threatened to engulf them, the party were number of less consequence. The sinuous course gliding at a rapid rate over a placid sheet of water, of the Jordan is not exceeded even by that of the that scarcely rippled beneath them ; and a rain Mississippi.
cloud, which had enveloped the sterile mountains On approaching the Dead Sea, they perceived of the Arabian shore, lifted up, and left their nauseous smells, which proceeded from small rugged outlines basking in the light of the setting streams on each side of the Jordan; birds were sun. seen on the wing-pigeons, a heron, bulbul, snipe, The next day they made an excursion along the and many wild ducks; the river was 70 yards base of the mountain, where they gathered speciwide ; the left bank very low, covered with tam mens of conglomerate and some fresh-water shells arisk, willow, and cane ; the right bank 15 to 18 in the bed of the stream. The shore was covered feet high, red clay, with weeds and shrubs, the mal with small angular fragments of flint, but there a insana, spina Christi, and some of the agnus cas were no round stones or pebbles on it. Two partus, a few tamarisk at the water's edge. When it tridges of a beautiful stone color were started up, enters the sea, the Jordan is 180 yards wide and three so much like the rocks that they could only be feet deep, and inclined toward the eastern shore. distinguished when in motion. They heard the It is represented with great exactness on the map notes of a solitary bird in a cane-brake, which they of Messrs. Robinson and Smith, which, according could not identify. This disproves the common to Lieut. Lynch, is superior to any others. opinion, that nothing can live on the shores of the
The party found great difficulty in making the Dead Sea. For though, as Lieut. Lynch observes, entrance. A fresh north-west wind was blowing " the home and the usual haunt of the partridge as they rounded the extreme western point ; they may be among the cliffs above, the smaller bird endeavored to make a true west course ; but the they heard must have his nest in the thicket." wind rose so rapidly that the boats could not keep The scene was one of unmingled desolation. head to the wind. The sea rose with the breeze, The air, tainted with the vapors of the stream, which increased to a gale, and presented a rough gave a tawny hue even to the foliage of the cane, surface of foaming brine ; the spray evaporated as which is elsewhere of so light a green. Except it fell, and incrusted the clothes, hands and faces the cane-brakes, there was no vegetation ; barren with salt, producing a prickly sensation wherever mountains, fragments of rocks, blackened hy sulit touched the skin, and causing a severe pain to phur, and an unnatural sea, with low, dead trees the eyes. The boats struggled sluggishly at first, on its margin, bore a sad and sombre aspect. but as the wind grew fiercer, it seemed, says Lieut. As they approached the southern extremity of Lynch, " as if their bows were encountering the the sea, they came in sight of the salt mountain sledge-hammers of the Titans, instead of the op- of Usdum ; the beach was bordered with innumerposing waves of an angry sea.
able dead locusts; there was also bitumen in oc
casional lumps, and incrustations of salt and lime. At length, finding that we were losing every The bitumen presented a bright smooth surface moment, and that with the lapse of each succeed when fractured, and looked like a consolidated ing one, the danger increased, we kept away for the
fluid. northern shore, in the hope of being able yet to reach
Near a ravine, on an eminence, they disit; our arms, our clothes and skins coated with a covered the ruins of a building, with square cut greasy salt; and our eyes, lips and nostrils smarting stones—the foundation walls alone remaining, and excessively. How different was the scene before a line of low wall running down to the ravine ; near the submerging of the plain, which was “even as it was a rude canal. There were many remains the garden of the Lord!"
At times, it seemed as of terraces. if the Dread Almighty frowned upon our efforts to found the ruins of Gomorrah. Sounding cautious
Here ('ostigan thought that he had navigate a sea, the creation of his wrath. There is a tradition among the Arabs that no one can venture ly along the coast, they passed the extreme point upon this sea and live. Repeatedly the fates of of Usdum, which is a broad, flat, marshy delta Costigan and Molyneaux, had been cited to deter coated with salt and bitumen, and soon after dis.
The first one spent a few days, the last about covered on its eastern side a lofty, round pillar, twenty hours, and returned to the place whence he apparently detached from the general mass, at the had embarked, without landing upon its shores. head of a deep, narrow and abrupt chasm. ProOne was found dying upon the shore ; the other expired in November last, immediately after his ceeding to the shore to examine this new phenomreturn, of fever contracted upon its waters. But-enon, they found the beach a soft, slimy mud enalthough the sea had assumed a threatening aspect, crusted with salt, and at a short distance from the and the fretted mountains, sharp and incinerated, water, covered with saline fragments and bleaks loomed terrific on either side, and salt and ashes, of bitumen. The pillar was of solid salt, capped mingled with its sands, and fetid, sulphurous streams, with carbonate of lime, cylindrical in front and trickled down its ravines—we did not despair ; awe pyramidal behind. The upper part was about 40 struck, but not terrified-fearing the worst, yet feet high, resting on an oval pedestal from 40 to hoping for the best—we prepared to spend a dreary | 60 feet above the level of the sea. A similar night upon the dreariest waste we had ever seen.
pillar is mentioned by Josephus, by Clement of In less than half an hour, however, the wind | Rome, and by Irenaeus, who do not hesitate to abated instantaneously; the sea fell as rapidly as express the belief of its being the identical one it had risen ; and instead of bearing away from a l into which Lot's wife was transformed. Lieut.