« ElőzőTovább »
after all, the Emperor of Russia is but a man occasionally peep out somewhat thinly clothed, but one man in an empire containing above sixty though they are generally well wrapped up, millions of people. He is the greatest, no doubt, we should infer that the “ancien ministre de the most powerful, perhaps the ablest and wisest France en Russie” does not consider his connec—the presiding and the guiding mind, with author- tion with the court of St. Petersburg as finally ity apparently absolute—but they little know the terminated; and we do not doubt that he has good details of an autocratic government, who suppose warrant for all he says of the history of this methat he is uninfluenced by the will of the nation, moir. or has power to follow out his own intentions. But, whether or not we may be disposed to asHe must see with other men's eyes, he must hear sign to it a character of so much authority as M. with other men's ears, he must speak with the Bourgoing attributes to that document, we cannot tongues of other men. How much of what is said but regard it as a curious illustration of the and done in his name, in his vast empire, and in kind of memoirs that Russian diplomatists, "les every foreign country, is it possible that he can plus habils et les plus instruits,” present to the ever know? How much of his general policy emperor, and that the Russian government “ tacitmust, from time to time, be directed by events ly consents” to have transmitted to a German capprepared or consummated in furtherance of their ital to be printed “sur-le-champ." own views, by his servants, and without his knowl The Russian memoir commences with the foledge! How often must he be guided by the form lowing general propositionin which facts are placed before him, and by the
In order to understand what constitutes the great views of those who furnish them! It is impor-crisis into which Europe is about to enter, it is neces. tant, therefore, to inquire what are the feelings sary to state that for a long time there have existed and opinions, not of the emperor only, but of his in Europe only two real powers : Revolution and servants and guides—of the men who pioneer for Russia. These two powers have now come face to him, and prepare the roads on which per force he face, and to-morrow they may be at blows. Bemust travel.
tween them there can be no treaty-no communion. Shortly after the French revolution of Febru- The life of the one is the death of the other. Upon
the issue of the contest between them—the greatest ary, 1848, a Russian diplomatic memoir was struggle which the world has seen —will depend for handed about with an air of mystery in certain ages the future politics and religion of humanity. circles in Paris. M. de Bourgoing, formerly French Russia is, beyond all others, a Christian empire. minister at St. Petersburg, and author of a recent The Russians are Christian, not merely as orthodox work, entitled, Les guerres d'idiome et de nation- in their belief, but by something still deeper than alité, has published a commentary upon the Rus-creeds. They are so by the giving up of self-by sian memoir, which he tells us was prepared by their nature.
self-sacrifice-which is at the very foundation of one of the ablest and best-informed employés in
Fortunately, there is upon their throne a soverthe Russian Chancellerie, after the events of Feb-eign in whom the Russian mind is embodied; and, ruary. He further informs us that it was pre- in the present state of the world, the Russian mind sented to the Emperor of Russia, and with the is the only one far enough from the revolutionary tacit consent of the Russian government, was sent centre, to be able to form a sound opinion upon to be printed in a German capital, (the impres
what takes place there.
All of true national life which remains in Bohesion being limited to twelve copies,) under the mia, consists of those Hussite opinions, that evertitle of “Politique et moyens d'action de la Russie living protest of her oppressed Sclave nationality impartialement apprécié.” The object of M. Bour-against the usurpation of the Church of Rome, as going's commentary, as well as of his previous well as against the domination of Germany. That publication, appears to be to remove exaggerated is the link which unites her to past strife and glory. apprehensions of the aggressive power and tenden- and that may be the means hereafter of uniting cies of Russia, and the fears of a general war in the Tcheque of Bohemia to his Oriental brethren. Europe, which her anticipated intervention in Aus
We cannot enough insist upon this point, for it
is just these sympathetic reminiscences of the Easttria, and the occupation in force of Wallachia and ern Church- These returns to the old faith, of which Moldavia by her troops, had excited in France. Hussism was in its time only an imperfect and disHis fundamental position appears to be, that the figured expression—which make a profound differwars of 1848 and 1849 are essentially wars of lan-ence between Poland and Bohemia; between Boguage and race; that France has therefore noth- hemia which bears, only because she cannot help ing to fear from them; and that Russia has neither it, the yoke of the West, and Poland, factiously a sufficient disposable force, nor the slightest de traitor to her own family.
Romanist, seat of western fanaticism, and always sire to interfere, in a manner injurious to France,
We add a few more extracts :in the affairs of Western Europe. With this view he combats, with a gentle opposition, the reason
What will Bohemia do with the peoples who ing of the Russian memoir, which he represents surround her, Moravians, Slovacks, that is to say, une déclaration où l'on est autorisé à voir with seven or eight millions of men of the same
It is une espèce de manifeste envoyé sans éclat par
race and language with herself? la
worth while to notice the steady favor which RusRussie à ce qu'elle intitule la révolution.” From sia-The Russian name, glory, and destiny-always the tendencies of M. Bourgoing's writings, which find among the national leaders al Prague.
Further on, we find the following observations | see, rising like a holy ark, this empire stronger than upon Hungary
ever, who then can doubt its mission ? And shall
we, its children, show ourselves doubtful or cowThis enemy is Hungary-I mean Magyar Hun- ardly? gary. Of all the enemies of Russia it is this one which hates her with the most furious hatred. The
Such then, it appears, are the sentiments of Magyar people, in whom the revolutionary fervor some of the most enlightened of the Russian diploassociates itself, by the strangest combination, matists—such are the opinions and views prewith the brutality of an Asiatic horde—and of whom sented to the emperor by the men on whose reports we may say, as truly as of the Turks, that they only and statements his foreign policy must of necessity encamp in Europe-exists surrounded by Śclave be chiefly founded—such, above all, are the feelnations who are equally hateful to it. Personal ings and aspirations, the enmities and the means enemies of this race, it finds itself, after ages of agi- of action, which the nation fosters and on which tation and turbulence, still imprisoned in the midst of them. All the nations which surround it, Serbes,
it relies. Croats, Slovacks, Transylvanians, even to the Lit.
It has been said that, in attacking the Hungatle Russians of the Carpathians, are the links of a rians, Russia is but fighting her own battle against chain which it wrongly believes forever broken. the Poles, who are said to compose a large proporAnd yet it feels above it a hand which, when it tion of the Hungarian army; and those who desire pleases, can reünite those links, and draw together to throw discredit on the Hungarian movement ihe chain at pleasure. This is what causes its in- have nicknamed it a Polo-Majjar revolution. They stinctive hatred of Russia.
On the other side, believing in foreign journalism, must have been ignorant or regardless of the facts. the actual party leaders have seriously persuaded Whatever the Austrian journals or proclamations themselves, that the Magyars have a great mission may assert, Russia must know full well that in to fulfil in orthodox Europe—in one word, that it the Hungarian army there are not more than five belongs to them to hold in check the destiny of thousand Poles, and only two Polish general Russia.
officers, Dembinsk and Bem. If these are the mutual sentiments of Russians
That the Poles may think they see in a war and Majjars, we may form some idea of the kind between Russia and Hungary a favorable opporof warfare that is about to be waged in Hungary. tunity to revolt, is not improbable, and that, if the
It is curious to observe the confidence with Poles should rise, they will find sympathy and which the Russian diplomatist assumes that the support in the nation that Russia is attacking, influence of his master over all the Sclavonic tribes must be inevitable. of Hungary is completely established, and points
In the mean time, the Hungarians are preparto the Emperor of Russia, not to their sovereign, ing for the unequal contest. They have a wellas the hand that is to clench the chain by which equipped army of 160,000 men in the field, and a the Majjars are enclosed. When it is remembered levy of 200,000 more has been ordered. Such is that this memoir was circulated at Paris before the national enthusiasm, that this whole number any differences had arisen between Austria and may probably be raised. This feeling is not conHungary—that the first movement hostile to the fined to the Majjars, but extends to the Sclavonic Majjars was made by Sclavonic tribes of the Greek population also.
The Church, headed by the patriarch—that Austria
ing extracts from a letter received on long hesitated before she resolved to break faith the 14th May, by one of his correspondents, from and peace with Hungary—that her own resources
an intelligent English merchant who has just rewere inadequate to the enterprise she undertook--turned from a visit to the Sclavonic districts of that her own interest appeared to forbid her under- northern Hungary, on his commercial affairs, gives taking it—one is forced to ponder and reflect on the latest authentic intelligence we have seen of the means and influences by which she may have the state of things in the Slovack counties, the been led into so fatal an error.
only part of the country which the writer visited We cannot refrain from giving one other extract I am just returned from Hungary. I was exfrom the Russian memoir, which is too pungent to ceedingly surprised to see so much enthusiasm. My be omitted :
candid opinion is that, even if the Russians join
against them, the Hungarians will be victorious, Into what horrible confusion the nations of the They are certainly short of arms; if they could West would fall, in their revolutionary struggles, procure one or two hundred thousand muskets, the if the legitimate sovereign, the orthodox Emperor of affair would be closed immediately. In the mounthe East, should long delay to appear among them! tains the cultivation of the land proceeds as usual,
The West is going !--it shakes; the whole of although the whole neighborhood was full of conit buries itself in a general conflagration. The tending troops. As I came out of Hungary, the EUROPE OF CHARLEMAGNE as well as the Europe advanced guards were only two German miles of the treaties of 1815; The PAPACY of Rome, apart. However, I found no inconvenience; the and all the kingdoms of the West; Catholicism and roads were quite safe ; and if it were not for the Protestantism ; faith long lost, and reason reduced guerillas, whom one expects every minute to issue to absurdity; order hereafter impossible, liberty from the woods, the thing would go on, for a hereafter impossible ; and upon all this ruin heaped stranger, comfortably enough. The new paper up by her, civilization destroying herself by her own money (Kossuth’s) is taken everywhere, not only hands!
for the common necessaries of life, but also for And when, above the unbounded shipwreck, wel large business transactions—the idea being that
there is about equal security for Hungarian as for From my lips a plaintive cry the Austrian bank-notes.
Sadly mounts to heaven's King,
But a whisper comes from high, It must be confessed, that in circumstances cal
“ Thy vocation bem-to sing.” culated to try her prudence, Russia has acted with singular composure and wisdom. She abstained
Wealth, in gilded chariot borne, from interfering in the affairs of western Europe
Spurns me as I pace
I am withered by the scorn while the tide of republican frenzy was in flood. Of the rich, the proud, the great ; She contented herself with carefully and diligently From their sneers 't is vain to fly, increasing and organizing her army--then, proba Everywhere they leave their sting; bly, in a more inefficient state than at any time dur Yet the whisper comes from high, ing the last thirty years—and gradually concentrated “ Thy vocation be—to sing.” her disposable troops on her western frontier, where Life's uncertain path I tread, magazines have been prepared for it. While con Sore perplexed, in doubt, in fear; tinental Europe was convulsed by revolutions, she
Would I earn my daily bread, made no aggression—the occupation of Wallachia
Slavery's fetters I must wear.
Though oppressed by poverty, and Moldavia was her only move in advance. She
Fain I'd soar on freedom's wing, avoided giving umbrage to the people, to the sov
When the whisper comes from high, ereigns, or to the successive governments, that
Thy vocation be—to sing." were formed, and established a right to demand confidence in her moderation and forbearance. She
Pitying a heart thus seared,
Love vouchsafed his healing ray, came to the aid of Austria at first with a small
But when trembling age appeared, force in a distant province, just sufficient to show
That sweet vision passed away; that the Austrian government had her support, and
Beauty's presence wakes a sigh, not enough to excite the jealousy of Germany. None responsive echoing, Now that her military preparations are completed, While the whisper comes from high, she comes to protect Austria, not until she is called, · Thy vocation be—10 sing.” and at a time when the most formidable dangers Yes, to sing is my vocation, she has to encounter are such as the friends of
While my footsteps linger here; order, triumphant in the west, and we trust domi Will not man smile approbation nant everywhere, would be the last to evoke. Yet When his cares with song I cheer? it is impossible to deny that the successful execu Though to pleasure's board I fly, tion of her present project would be a great revolu
Though my friends the goblet bring,
Still that whisper comes from high, tion—that it would more seriously derange the
“ Thy vocation bemto sing." relative positions of nations, and the balance of
E. A.B. power, than any or all of those revolutions which
Fraser's Magazine. the two last eventful years have witnessed. The adjustment of the differences between Aus
From the Anglo-Saxou. tria and Hungary would avert this danger-would
PRESENTIMENTS. remove all hazard of throwing the power of Hungary into the scale with the enemies of monarchy Dark boding shadows, auguries of ill, -would reëstablish the Austrian empire upon the
Unwelcome visitants, though duly bidden ; only basis on which, as it appears to us, it is possi- Grief's ministers most real when darkliest hidden :
Drear omens, conjured by my own sad will, ble to reconstruct it as an independent empire ; and Words cannot name the images ye bear, would be “ a heavy blow and great discouragement” And feeble language leaves your voice unspoken ; to the anarchists, whose element is strife, whose And sober reason calls you things of air, native atmosphere is the whirlwind of evil passions. Night's truthless phantoms, by clear daylight broBut if this may not be—if Austria uses the power
ken! of Russia to enforce injustice, and, with that view, Yet not unreal the burden ye have pressed, is prepared to sacrifice her own independence- Dull weighing on the sad heart inly groaning, we should refuse to identify the cause of monarchy When the pent pangs of anguish unconfessed and order—the cause of constitutional liberty, mo- To silent night entrust their stifled moaningrality, and public faith—with the dishonest conduct When painful memories kindle fresh remorse of Austria, or the national antipathies and danger. When hope despairs, and faith hath scarce the force
For shame and sorrow past-not self-forgiven ; ous aspirations of Russia.
To pierce the gloom and keep her hold of heaven.
Ah, fools ! that search the mysteries of man,
Body, soul, spirit, fearfully combining ;-
Joy is not sin and sorrow not repining.
Hence, dark presentiments! no more I 'll heed Wasted, feeble, in distress,
Your subtle bodings of the uncertain morrow; Trampled under foot by all,
Let good or ill betide-help comes with need; Conscious of my nothingness ;
Sufficient to the day its own appointed sorrow!
FROM THE FRENCH OF BERANGER.
SOWING AND REAPING. —ENGLISH BROTHERS. -- DEATH OF MISS EDGEWORTH.
SOWING AND REAPING.
Only not to sordid gain
Be the angrier sirife perverted ; Sometimes the heart grows weary with the load
Greedy getting parts again
Every bond that peace asserted.
Oh, for chivalry in love !
Oh, for hearts that care for others! Sometimes the heart grows weary with the sight
Oh, for harmony to prove Of those whom God made men with living souls, England's sons are English brothers ! Grovelling, if not in crime, in vice-if not In vice, in that rank emptiness and sloth That rot souls piecemeal even ere they kill;
Death of Miss Edgeworth.-Maria EdgeSometimes the heart grows weary with the din
worth, the celebrated Irish novelist and the author Of wealth, and cry of want, and sullen laugh
of those delightful juvenile tales, which have made
her name a household word wherever the English Of holy sorrow curdling into hate,
language is spoken, died on the 21st of May at Ay, with that groan of universal woe Wherewith the whole creation, as of yore,
Edgeworth Town, in the county of Longford, Ire
land. She was in her 83d year, and expired after Travaileth in pain together until now; Sometimes the heart grows weary, very weary.
only a few hours' illness. The following notice of
this remarkable woman is from the London MornAnd then the Small Voice saith, “ Sow on in faith ! ing Chronicle : Sow the good secd! another after thee
* The death of one who has done such solid serHas thou not garnered many fruits
vice as Miss Edgeworth rendered to the cause of Of others' sowing, whom thou knewest not? education and social morality, cannot be recorded Canst tell how many struggles, sufferings, tears,
without a passing word of retrospective praise. All unrecorded, unremembered all,
Miss Edgeworth had long since ceased to take an Have gone to build up what thou hast of good ?
active part in life, or in that world of literature of Canst tell how many died, that thou shouldst pray? which she was once so bright an ornament. But All unrecorded, unremembered ... Nay,
she has taken her rank, and will keep it so long as Not unrecorded all, even though forgotten;
youth have to be instructed in the elements of social Not unrecorded He who died for thee .
morality. As a woman of singular intellectual acThe seed thou sowest, is it thine to say,
quirements she takes her place by the side of some • I will or will not sow it,' as it falls
of the most distinguished of her sex who have Ripe with all blessing from that fruitful cross,
adorned the present era.
“Her novels and miscellaneous works, more esThat tree of life, rich with His blood ?
pecially her descriptions of Irish life—which are in “Up, man!
the main as true now as they were some twenty or Up, worthless one! up in God's strength! go forth ! thirty years ago—will always retain for her a high Go! treasure up for joy each smallest woe, place in the literature of her country. But the Each baffled hope, each callous sneer, each threat works in which she especially shone, and for which Of evil undeserved, each idle jest
she will hereafter be remembered, were those deBlunting the point of truth, each cold smooth smile lightful stories, written in so beautifully simple style, Freezing the love that would be! Treasure these, down to the capacity of children, in which the childI say; these be thy precious cross ; by these ish mind is made first to comprehend its part in Bless God if thou canst suffer for His sake! the great drama of social life. Who that has
read in early life her · Harry and Lucy,' 'Early “ Faint not. 'T is much only to sow good seed. Lessons,' • Frank,' • Harrington,' and Ormond,' 'Tis much to sow that which another reapeth. has forgotten the fine moral lessons these conAnd many daily sow, marked well of God,
veyed in such simple incidents and homely lanWho, having sown, do faint, and He forgiveth !
guage and thoughts? But Miss Edgeworth's literYet is it more to sow, and not to faint.
ary talent was not confined to this class of works. • In due time we shall reap, if we faint not ;' A mere list of her different writings shows her verAnd they that sow in tears, shall reap in joy.' satility, and is enough to show that Miss Edgeworth
Fraser's Magazine. was a worker'—that she fairly performed her
share of the duty allotted to us—the more honorFrom the Anglo-Saxon.
able in her because it was for the most part spon
taneous service. ENGLISH BROTHERS.
“Miss Edgeworth was the daughter of Mr. Sons of England !-time and place
Richard Lovell Edgeworth, of Edgeworth Town. Cannot separate forever ;
Her life presents no incidents. It was divided beFaith and language, genius, race
tween literary composition and the performance of These unite-and who shall sever? local duties. She was a woman of a very superior
order-beloved by all who approached her, and reThough the past have wrongs to tell, spected for her talents and accomplishments, by some Kinsmen parted, friendships broken ;
of the first men of the age. Although what is com“Forgive, forget”—the English spell
monly termed a 'blue,' she had none of the charTruly heals when freely spoken.
acteristics which have attached to learned ladies' Think we not on strife gone by,
the reproach of too much learning. She was most Hushed be war's unkindly story,
unaffected and agreeable in private intercourse, and, Peace and kindness will supply
as in her books, never obtruded her knowledge and Worthier venture, nobler glory!
Wednesday. never make me the mother of a son, for if I so JOURNALL, I have nobodie now but you, to see Mr. Milton strike him, I should learn to hate whome to tell my little griefs ; indeede, before I ye father.married, I know not that I had anie ; and even Learning there was like to be companie at Docnow, they are very small, onlie they are soe new, tor Davies', I was avised to put on my brave greene that sometimes my heart is like to burst. satin gown; and my husband sayd it became me
-I know not whether 't is safe to put them well, and that I onlie needed some primroses and alle on paper, onlie it relieves for yo time, and it cowslips in my lap, to look like May ;-and somekills time, and perhaps a little while hence I may what he added about mine eyes' “clear shining aflooke back and see how small they were, and how ter rain," which avised me he had perceived I had they mighte have beene shunned, or better borne. beene crying in the morning, which I had hoped 'T is worth ye triall.
he had not. - Yesterday morn,
very wearinesse, I looked Arriving at ye Doctor's house, we were shewn alle over my linen and Mr. Milton's, to see could into an emptie chamber ; at least, emptie of com1 finde anie thing to mend; but there was not a panie, but full of everything else ; for there were stitch amiss. I woulde have played on ye spin- books, and globes, and stringed and wind instrunette, but was afrayd he should hear my indiffer- ments, and stuffed birds and beasts, and things I ent musick. Then, as a last resource, I tooke a know not soe much as ye names of, besides an book-Paul Perrin's Historie of ye Waldenses : easel with a painting by Mrs. Mildred on it, and was, I believe, dozing a little, when I was which she meant to be seene, or she woulde have aware of a continuall whispering and crying. I put it away. Subject, “ Brutus' Judgment :" thought ’t was some child in ye street ; and, hav- which I thought a strange, unfeeling one for a ing some comfits in my pocket, I stept softlie out woman ; and did not wish to be her son. Soone to yo house-door and lookt forth, but no child could she came in, drest with studdied and puritanicall
Coming back, ye door of my husband's plainnesse ; in brown taffeta, guarded with black studdy being ajar, I was avised to look in ; and velvet, which became her well enough, but was saw him with awfulle brow, raising his hand in scarce suited for ye season. She had much to say y very act to strike y® youngest Phillips. I could about limning, in which my husband could follow never endure to see a child struck, soe hastilie her better than 1; and then they went to y globes, cryed out “ Oh, don't !!!—whereon he rose, and, and Copernicus, and Galileo Galilei, whom she as if not seeing me, gently closed ye door, and, called a martyr, but I do not. For, is a martyr before I reached my chamber, I hearde soe loud one who is unwillinglie imprisoned, or who fora crying that I began to cry too. Soon, alle was mally recants ? even tho' he affecteth afterwards quiet ; and my husband, coming in, stept gently to say 't was but a forin, and cries “
eppure, si up to me, and putting his arm about my neck, muove ?" The earlier Christians might have sayd, “My dearest lise, never agayn, I beseech sayd ’t was but a form to burn a handfull of inyou, interfere between me and the boys ; 't is as cense before Jove's statue ; Pliny woulde have let unseemlie as tho' I shoulde interfere between you them goe. and your maids—when you have any—and will Afterwards, when yo Doctor came in and enweaken my hands, dear Moll, more than you have gaged my husband in discourse, Mistress Mildred anie suspicion of.”
devoted herselle to me, and askt what progresse I I replied, kissing that same offending member had made with Bernardo Tasso. I tolde her, none as I spoke, “ Poor Jack would have beene glad, at alle, for I was equallie faultie at Italiques and just now, if I had weakened them.”—“ But that Italian, and onlie knew his best work thro' Mr. is not the question,” he returned, “ for we should Fairfax's translation ; whereat she fell laughing, alle be glad to escape necessary punishment; and sayd she begged my forgivenesse, but I was whereas, it is the power, not the penalty of our confounding ye father with yo sonne ; then laught bad habits, that we shoulde seek to be delivered agayn, but pretended ’t was not at me but at a from.”—“There may," I sayd, “ be necessary, lady I minded her of, who never coulde remember but need not be corporal punishment.” “ That to distinguish betwixt Lionardo da Vinci and Lois as may be," returned he, “and hath alreadie renzo dei Medici. That last name brought up ye been settled by an authoritie to which I submit, recollection of my morning's debate with my husand partly think you will not dispute, and that is, band, which made me feel sad ; and then, Mrs. the word of God. Pain of body is in realitie, or Mildred, seeminge anxious to make me forget her ought to be, sooner over and more safelie borne unmannerliness, commenced “ Can you paint ?". than pain of an ingenuous mind ; and, as to y “ Can you sing ?"—" Can you play the lute ?”– shame—why, as Lorenzo de' Medici sayd to Soc- and, at the last, “ What can you do ?" I mighte cini, “The shame is in the offence rather than in have sayd I coulde comb out my curls smoother the punishment.'"
than she coulde hers, but did not. I replied, Our Robin had never beene beaten came in, and talked so much agaynst prelacy and for his studdies ;” to which he sayd with a smile, y® right divine of kings, that I woulde fain we had that even I must admit Robin to be noe great remained at astronomie and poetry. For supper scholar. And so in good humor left me ; but I there was little meat, and noe strong drinks, onlie was in no good humor, and hoped heaven might a thinnish foreign wine, with cakes, candies,