Centuries of Childhood
Pimlico, 1996 - 414 oldal
In this pioneering and important book, Philippe Aries surveys children and their place in family life from the Middle Ages to the end of the eighteenth century. The first section of the book explores the gradual change from the medieval attitude to children, looked upon as small adults as soon as they were past infancy, to the seventeenth and eighteenth century awareness of the child as the focal point of family life. Aries goes on to examine the schooling of children and the development of modern educational methods. In the second section, he describes the metamorphosis of the family: at first the family was a unit in which everything was open and public and children mingled with adults in the social life of the community; eventually the family become a closed or private society, within which children had a unique and important status.
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For centuries it was taught as a living language rather than as a cultural
language, a language as necessary to the clerk as to the man of law and the
administrator. It was only at the beginning of the eighteenth century that its
modern function ...
Generally speaking, the same master taught all the arts, laying special emphasis
on a favourite discipline. Thus in the sixteenth century Odon de Tournai, who was
in charge of two hundred pupils, taught all the arts, although 'praecipue tamen ...
Many in the fifteenth century consisted of two masters, one of whom taught
singing and the rudiments of grammar while the other taught the liberal arts.
Some consisted of a single master who taught both singing and the rudiments.
We can ...
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LibraryThing ReviewFelhasználói ismertető - LisaMaria_C - LibraryThing
I can't remember when I first picked up this book, but it's one that made a deep impression on me because back in my teens I had little appreciation for how deeply alien the past can be. This book is ... Teljes értékelés elolvasása
The Discovery of Childhood
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