Centuries of Childhood
Pimlico, 1996 - 414 oldal
In this pioneering and important book, Philippe Aries surveys children and their place in family life from the Middle Ages to the end of the eighteenth century. The first section of the book explores the gradual change from the medieval attitude to children, looked upon as small adults as soon as they were past infancy, to the seventeenth and eighteenth century awareness of the child as the focal point of family life. Aries goes on to examine the schooling of children and the development of modern educational methods. In the second section, he describes the metamorphosis of the family: at first the family was a unit in which everything was open and public and children mingled with adults in the social life of the community; eventually the family become a closed or private society, within which children had a unique and important status.
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Another type of child portraiture unknown to the Middle Ages is the putto, the
naked child. The putto made its appearance at the end of the fourteenth century
and obviously represented a revival of the Hellenistic Eros. The theme of the
In the sixteenth century the putto invaded the world of painting and became an
ornamental motif which was repeated ad nauseam. Titian in particular used or
rather abused it : witness the 'Triumph of Venus' in the Prado. The seventeenth ...
In a picture by Titian of 1571 or 1575,15 Philip II in a dedicatory gesture is shown
holding out to Victory his son, the child Ferdinand, who is completely naked : he
looks like Titian's usual putto, and he seems to be finding the situation extremely
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LibraryThing ReviewFelhasználói ismertető - LisaMaria_C - LibraryThing
I can't remember when I first picked up this book, but it's one that made a deep impression on me because back in my teens I had little appreciation for how deeply alien the past can be. This book is ... Teljes értékelés elolvasása
The Discovery of Childhood
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