Centuries of Childhood
Pimlico, 1996 - 414 oldal
In this pioneering and important book, Philippe Aries surveys children and their place in family life from the Middle Ages to the end of the eighteenth century. The first section of the book explores the gradual change from the medieval attitude to children, looked upon as small adults as soon as they were past infancy, to the seventeenth and eighteenth century awareness of the child as the focal point of family life. Aries goes on to examine the schooling of children and the development of modern educational methods. In the second section, he describes the metamorphosis of the family: at first the family was a unit in which everything was open and public and children mingled with adults in the social life of the community; eventually the family become a closed or private society, within which children had a unique and important status.
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Linked with the system of supervision and informing was an increasingly strict
penal code, based on corporal punishment. In the associations and colleges of
the Middle Ages, and as late as the fourteenth century (sometimes later still, but
Certain statutes of the early sixteenth century specify that the traditional fines are
not applicable to the parvuli - e.g. at Tours College, 1540: 'These pecuniary
punishments do not concern the parvuli; instead of these pecuniary punishments,
servile punishment, which degrades the soul even when it corrects, if indeed it
corrects, for its usual effect is to harden.' Thus the servile and degrading
character of corporal punishment was no longer regarded as suitable for the
weakness of ...
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LibraryThing ReviewFelhasználói ismertető - LisaMaria_C - LibraryThing
I can't remember when I first picked up this book, but it's one that made a deep impression on me because back in my teens I had little appreciation for how deeply alien the past can be. This book is ... Teljes értékelés elolvasása
The Discovery of Childhood
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