Centuries of Childhood
Pimlico, 1996 - 414 oldal
In this pioneering and important book, Philippe Aries surveys children and their place in family life from the Middle Ages to the end of the eighteenth century. The first section of the book explores the gradual change from the medieval attitude to children, looked upon as small adults as soon as they were past infancy, to the seventeenth and eighteenth century awareness of the child as the focal point of family life. Aries goes on to examine the schooling of children and the development of modern educational methods. In the second section, he describes the metamorphosis of the family: at first the family was a unit in which everything was open and public and children mingled with adults in the social life of the community; eventually the family become a closed or private society, within which children had a unique and important status.
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Theology ceased to be taught in the same schools as the arts. This led to a
remarkable system of specialization which was to last until the nineteenth century
: from the thirteenth century on, there was separate instruction in the arts, which in
Donat, and a smattering of the liberal arts. He came to Paris to complete his
education at the feet of famous masters. These could be, as in the thirteenth
century, specialists in certain branches of the arts - one master teaching grammar
, another ...
In France the teaching of the arts in two stages did not survive the thirteenth
century. The Paris university schools must have had a proportion of pupils aged
over fourteen who raised the average age-level, students attracted by the fame of
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LibraryThing ReviewFelhasználói ismertető - LisaMaria_C - LibraryThing
I can't remember when I first picked up this book, but it's one that made a deep impression on me because back in my teens I had little appreciation for how deeply alien the past can be. This book is ... Teljes értékelés elolvasása
The Discovery of Childhood
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