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trying to discover the way the caravan hadcovery of volcanic regions. On December taken. On December 31, at a height of 22, 1889, they observed on the plateau they more than five thousand metres, a terrible were crossing a coulée of lava; and, lookstorm caused them to lose sight of the ing towards the horizon, they saw in the marks by which they had been guided; west an isolated volcano, to which they whereupon they journeyed along the nine- gave the name of Mount Reclus, in honor tieth degree of longitude. They found of the well-known geographer. Further great chains of mountains, vast lakes, ex- on, they came to other volcanoes, pear tinct volcanoes, geysers, and a pass at an which they saw great blocks of lava, which altitude of six thousand metres. Below at a distance they took for yaks. One five thousand metres they met with herds small chain reminded them of the moun. of wild yaks, antelopes, and other animals. tains of Auvergne. Birds had wholly disappeared, and there In the great chain of Dupleix they found was no vegetation. The only water they fossils (bivalves), belonging to tertiary could obtain was melted ice, and cooking strata, at a height of five thousand eight was impossible. Two men died, and the hundred metres. In the same region they animals perished one after another. At discovered various minerals, especially last the traces of the route were discovered, iron and lead. At the foot of the Dupleix and the expedition arrived at Lake Ten' chain, among rocks, they met with grey gri-Nor, where they met certain Tibetan monkeys, with rather long hair and short authorities, who were accompanied by tails. These creatures appeared to be numerous horsemen. They had great isolated, as they had not been seen before, difficulty in proving that they were French- and were not seen afterwards. men, but after forty-five days of negotiation, at Dam, near Lhassa, the Tibetans At a recent meeting of the Royal Geoprovided them with the means of continu-graphical Society, Mr. E. G. Ravenstein ing their journey, as they had lost all their gave some account of the British East own means of transport.
Africa Company's Expedition, under Mr. The travellers followed what is called F. J. Jackson, from Mombassa to Uganda. " the little route” from Tibet to China The route up to Machako's, about two a route still unexplored. They crossed hundred and fifty miles north-west of Momthe territory of independent tribes, who, in bassa, is already pretty well known from accordance with the wishes of the Llama, the narratives of Mr. Joseph Thomson and furnished them with yaks and horses. others. The portion between Machako's They were now in a region of valleys, and and Uganda had also been traversed to of wooded grounds well supplied with some extent by Mr. Thomson, as well as game and with large wild animals. In by Count Teleki and the late Dr. Fischer. the course of three days they saw twenty- Captain Lugard found that the plateau, two bears. Some of the valleys are culti- which rises to about six thousand feet at vated and occupied by villages. The Machako's, is much broken up by ravines, expedition followed the upper courses of while there
numerous waterless the Salouen and the Mékong, and that of stretches, where, however, water can genthe Yang-tse kiang, the sources of which erally be found by digging. There are they thought they recognized on the south. numerous valleys and glades, with abun. ern side of a colossal chain of mountains dant vegetation; many patches of forest, which they called Monts Dupleix. mostly of soft-wood trees, and even several
At Batang, which they reached on June perennial streams. Iron and copper are 7, 1890, they met with Chinamen. They abundant in some places, and indications rested for a month at Ta-Tsien-Lou, on of gold were found by Captain Lugard. the Chinese frontier, where they received From Machako's, Mr. Jackson's caravan a cordial welcome from French mission had to make its way up the steep face of aries; and on July 29, they started for the Kinangop escarpment, pine thousand Tonkin, arriving at Yunnan on September feet in altitude, below which, in the valley 5, where they found a letter from Europe, between that and the equally steep and dated September 5, 1889. Reaching high Mau escarpment lay Lake Naivasha, Manghao, on the Red River, they hired and several other lakes, all without outlets, Chinese junks, and entered Tonkin at Lao- and yet all fresh. A descent of some three Kaï. Soon afterwards they were at Hanoï. thousand feet has to be made to the lakes. Altogether, they had traversed twenty-five These two escarpments, which may be hundred kilometres on an unknown route. said to extend more or less continuously
Among the more important of the geo- from Abyssinia to Ugogo, are, Mr. Ravengraphical results of the journey is the dis-. stein pointed out, two of the most remark
BY THE REV. 1. R. HAWEIS.
able physical phenomena on any continent. | Africa. In the Mount Elgon region types The plateau between Machako's and Lake are found similar to those of Abyssinia Victoria Nyanza is even more broken up on the one hand and the Cape on the other ; by deep ravines than that between Ma. and Mr. Sharpe stated that the region chako's and the coast, so that travelling most resembling that of Elgon is that of becomes of the most trying character. the Cameroons Mountains in west Africa ; While the country here is to a large ex- but this is based mainly on the ornithology tent of a steppe character, still there are of the two regions, the entomology leading some districts of the highest fertility. In to somewhat different conclusions. On
cases the forest has been cleared the whole, the geographical and natural away, and the country cultivated by the history results of the expedition are of natives, some tribes being great cattle- high importance, and credit is due to the rearers. Many of the gorges are still British East Africa Company for encourdensely clad with forests, and beyond the aging work of this kind. Mau escarpment is a perfect network of rivers. Game was plentiful and buffaloes were seen in large herds. The north-east corner of Lake Victoria Nyanza has been
From The Graphic. laid down more accurately than on existing maps, and the contour given to it by Mr. Stanley is in all essential respects confirmed. Usogo, where the expedition re- WHEN Artemus Ward selected a soliceived a cordial welcome, is evidently one tary rock in the Atlantic Ocean upon which of the richest countries in Africa; a no man ever landed, and which very few marked contrast to Uganda, which, owing ships even sighted, and placarded his to the strife which has prevailed since the show there in big letters, the world death of Mtesa, has been converted into a laughed, and owed him no grudge. Time wilderness. Before entering Usogo, Mr. has long since effaced the letters and the Jacksoo made a detour to the north-east rock is no worse. The quacks who plaster of Mount Elgon, but did not succeed in the precipices of Niagara with their nosreaching Lake Rudolph, visited by Count trums are hardly able to mar the imposing Teleki. The country in this direction is effect of the big cataract — well, we may of a barren steppe character, sparsely covdeprecate but pardon the vandalism of ered with bush, and with a few heights trade, for its effects are transitory; but rising above the general level. On his the vandalism of the tourist is frequently way back, Mr. Jackson and his caravan irreparable. Who are the people who travelled right across the summit of Mount chip the Pyramids, and gouge out the moElgon, one of the most remarkable moun- saics of St. Mark's, and scribble on the tains in Africa. It is an extinct volcano, frescoes of Lucca Signorelli at Pisa? No the crater of which is eight miles in diam-doubt they belong to the class of imbe. eter, its appearance reminding one of the ciles who slash railway cushions at home, great craters seen in lunar photographs. and strike out the “S” in “To Seat This mountain is over fourteen thousand Five.” Would they might be locked up feet high, and, taken in combination with forever in third-class railway carriages, Kilimanjaro, Kenia, and Ruwenzori, seems without return tickets, or even tickets-ofto indicate that at one period this must leave, and only let out to be locked up in have been a region of intense volcanic ac- Bedlam. Phrenologists tell us that there tivity. High up on the face of this moun. is a bump of destruction in every human tain Mr. Jackson came upon the caves of head — just behind the ear, we believe which Mr. Thomson told us. These he and no doubt the biggest bumps are befound to be entirely natural, and not the hind the longest ears. History seems to work of man. One is so large that on its show that there is a certain strain of Vanfloor has been built a village of huts; for dalism, a senseless love of demolition, in the caves are inhabited by natives who most races even civilized ones. What have been compelled to take refuge here monsters the French were in China ! from their enemies in the plains. Mr. What a shameful page in European his. Jackson's natural history collections are tory is the sack of the summer palace at very, extensive ; very many new species Pekin! How bitterly and wickedly the of birds and insects have been sent home. same atrocious instinct hid its degraded Mr. Bowdler Sharpe stated that these col. lust of ruin under the cloak of religion at lections have revolutionized existing no- the Reformation, and wrecked the art tions as to the zoological geography of miracles of the Middle Ages in every
cathedral throughout England, just as the it might rot at last in the remote nine. barbarians and Turks smashed and burnt teenth century on the banks of the foggy for a time the statues of Phidias and Thames, - happily, I say, those sands Praxiteles centuries before. “ That's so," still veil and cherish untold relics of ines.
as our American friends say well, timable value; may they long continue to but whilst we denounce the Vandalism of do so until a generation arises which the past what is to be done with those new knows how to conserve them above ground Vandals, Tom, Dick, and Harry, who better than the blind and apathetic rulers purchase Cook's “ Circulars” and swoop of to-day. Meanwhile, can nothing be down, with hammer, clasp-knife, and pen- done to rouse some public opinion ? Could cil, upon the Spain and Italy of to-day ? no question be asked in Parliament about That Tom was born in 1863 need not be the alleged facts of wanton depredation recorded in the palaces of the Cæsars, practised by English Goths and others, at that Dick was born a few years later, and least in Egypt- to which such pathetic has, unhappily for the race, survived to attention has lately been called by Mr. cut the appouncement on the last exca. Loftie and other literary antiquarians ? vated room in Pompeii, is a lamentable Surely under a decent administration such fact; and that 'Arry bet on a horse last as we now boast of having given to Egypt, Derby Day which did not happen to win, something like reliable inspectors of excamay be interesting to Harry's friends who vations, summary chastisement of Goths, got his money, but he has no business to native and foreign, and effective discourregister it on the delicate stone net-work agement of wholesale robbery of tombs of Strassburg Cathedral spire. The stupid and temples might be expected! The mutilations which seem now. going on, French, with all their faults and their reck. chiefly at the hands of our own apprecia- less demolitions in battle, crisis, and rev. tive and ingenious countrymen, at the olutions, have shown themselves, both at Alhambra may be the latest recorded out- Rome and at Cairo, fifty times better con. rages of the kind; but even more serious servators of art and antiquity than the because more constant and apparently British. The fact is, we are neither an unchecked, is the havoc and ruin wrought artistic nor a musical people; we have in Egypt under British “protection not got the art passions and instincts in protection, certainly not of Egyptian mon. the blood; but the scandal has become at uments. In so far as England has any length a little too great even for Jobn Bull power in the land of the Pharaohs she to give it the usual blunt go-by; and Joho ought to remember that she holds that Bull must either reform his ways and open land with its priceless treasures in trust his eyes to the delinquencies of his gross for the world. Happily the desert sands boys or come under the well-merited conwhich protected for centuries at least one tempt and reprobation of the rest of the side of Cleopatra's Needle in order that I civilized world.
A JEWISH ESTIMATE OF THE SALVATION | which belong to no particular sect and which ARMY. However one may differ from the members of all creeds honor wherever they theology of the Salvation Army, there can be find them. From this point of view Mrs. no question of the great value of its work Booth is entitled to a tribute from every deamong the poor, and of the enormous suco nomination in the country. Jewish World. cess which has attended its operations. In the organization of this vast humanitarian enterprise the late Mrs. Booth was a leading spirit. Her faith, her enthusiasm, her mod. esty, and her devotion, formed the standard of conduct for the whole army. There can The saltest piece of water upon earth is, be no doubt that in Mrs. Booth a very re- according to Consul General Stewart, the markable woman has gone to rest. Those of Lake of Urumia, in Persia, situated more us in the Jewish community who, in the effort than four thousand feet above the sea level. to relieve and reclaim Jewish poverty and It is much salter than the Dead Sea, the water vice, are frequently brought into contact with being found on analysis to contain nearly the many miseries of the East End, will not twenty-two per cent of salt. The lake is need to be told how practically beneficial has eighty-four miles long and twenty-four miles been the work she inspired. The Salvation broad, and its northern coasts are encrusted Army has proved a real civilizing force among with a border of salt glittering wbite in the a section of the population where civilizing sun. It is said that no living thing can sur. work was most required. Enthusiasm, self- vive in it, except a very small species of jelly denial, and practical philanthropy are qualities | fish. It is very shallow.
CONTENTS. 1. TALLEYRAND'S MEMOIRS,
Nineteenth Century, II. EIGHT DAYS. Part XVII.,
Cornhill Magazine, III. AMOURS DE VOYAGE,
Fortnightly Review, IV. ON QUIET RIVERS IN CEYLON,
Cornhill Magazine, V. HENRY SCHLIEMANN,
Macmillan's Magazine, Vl. A LEARNED LADY: ELIZABETH CARTER, Blackwood's Magazine, VII. AN APRIL FOLLY,
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Single Numbers of The LIVING AGB, 18 cents.
THE DREAD TO-MORROW.
But now, when smug acquaintance hails
set that would be “smart,” but fails,
Another principle prevails.
The arm, in lifted curve displayed,
Droops limply o'er the shoulder-blade, It pauses at the door!
As needing some chirurgeon's aid:
The wrist is wrenched of Jones and Brown, The eagle's shadow warns the huddled flock; Those ornaments of London Town; The tempest sends chill breezes through the Their listless fingers dribble down:
sky, Its harbingers: on man disaster's shock Brown reaches to the knuckle-bones Swoops all too suddenly,
Of thus-excruciated Jones;
Brown's hand the same affliction owns.
The fingers of his Jones distressed:
Both curvatures then sink to rest. Sinks ! — and the stream flows on.
A sort of anguish lisped proceeds
From either's mouth, but neither heeds
Exhausted, neither much can say;
Complacent, each pursues his way; No sign foretells the near approach of sorrow,
And Jones and Brown have lived to-day. No note, no breath of warning in the air; Still on each sweetest dream the dread to-To demonstrate, in face of pain,
For both have sought by strenuous strain Hath broken unaware.
That friends they were, and friends remain. Haply 'twas so ordained by wiser powers,
Ah, wonderful! Can poets deem Who in the draught of suffering man must
Self-sacrifice a fading dream?
Are salutations what they seem? drain Infused the memory of careless hours
Is Brown some Altruist in disguise, As anodyne to pain.
And Jones an Ibsenite likewise,
That thus they flop and agonize?
Who catch by rote the silly rules
Punch Accept the proffered boon with thankful
heart, Nor listen for the tramp of troublous years; Remembered joy shall soothe when sorrow's
APOLOGIA MEA. Turns thy sweet past to tears.
To the wife of his bosom, who chideth his too Cornhill Magazine.
Of half a hundred loves,
Of Chloe's fans and gloves;
This is a mercenary time,
And these degenerate days,
And so your spouse must sling his rhyme, IN healthier times, when friends would meet
because it pays. Their friends in chamber, park, or street, Each, as hereunder, each would greet.
Think him not fickle as the wind,
Nor deem his heart untrue,
And not one verse to you; 'f roughly, neither friend was rasped.
Leave him to turn them as he will
A wife such homage spurns; Such was the good old-fashioned cue
You have his heart, and, better still, Of honest British “How d've do?"
The guineas that he earns ! I think it manly still — don't you?
FREDERIC E. WEATHERLY.