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I fain would pass away as dies the sound In the ages long ago,
Of some sweet quivering harp-string – full In some dim enchanted vale,
of rest, You were once a rose I know,
That, hardly lost to earth, its chord hath
found And I was a nightingale,
Within the Great Creator's loving breast. Singing sweet and singing long,
Singing sadly the night through, And the burden of the song,
“Thou wilt not die as dies the sun's last All of you!
Nor as the star departs at early morn; Me your radiance once fell o'er,
Not thine like flower's sweet scent to pass You the moon, and I the tide,
away, Ebbing, flowing, everniore,
Nor like a vapor to be upward borne.
“ Yet thou shalt die, and leave no trace beTroubled was my mighty sea
hind : When your silver glory shone
Yet much of life's best powers grief first Over me.
Nature alone dies softly, poor mankind Once again in ages far
Wears out his heart by suffering ere it Fell a lustre dim and dear Well I knew your evening star,
C. M. AIKMAN. Bending o’er my dusky mere. Ah, but if it ne'er pierced through
Gathering gloom, your pallid glow,
THE EARLIEST CROCUS.
ONE golden flame has cloven
The dingy garden clay,
One golden gleam is woven
Athwart the gloomy day.
And hark! the breeze is bringing
One sudden bird-note, ringing
From far away.
Soon, set in dainty order,
A serried golden line,
The crocuses will shine.
At last the spring is sighted!
One golden lamp is lighted
To give the sign. FROM THE GERMAN OF GEORG HERWEGH.
Longman's Magazine. FRANCES WYNNE. As the last gleams of day give place to night,
As dies the great sun's glory in the west;
Into the bosom of eternal rest!
As fades the star at first approach of day,
Still shining to the end brightly to view;
YE thrilled me once, ye mournful strains,
Ye anthems of plaintive woe,
Ah, sorrowful long-ago!
I have done with proud dismay:
The best of his art is gay.
I fain would die as the flower's fragrance dies,
I fain would pass away as morning dew
Is drunk up by the sun's first thirsty beam; Would God that thus my world-tired soul
might too Be wafted upwards in the sunshine's gleam.
And yet if voices of fancy's choir
Again in mine ear awake
Nor all for memory's sake:
Whose tears are wiped away;
From The Contemporary Review. ulation of Macaulay as to what the career LORD JOHN RUSSELL.
of William III. might not have been if he The life of Lord John Russell illustrates had had accorded to him a degree of physin a peculiar degree the difficulties inher-ical vigor corresponding to his other splenent in writing biography as distinguished did gifts. He was educated at a bad from history. The historian aims at such private school at Sunbury, and afterwards proportion and distribution among the at Westminster. English school life, espersons and events depicted in his pages pecially considering what English school as shall award to each his due prominence life then was, could have had but few atin a general survey of the whole; the bi- tractions for a nature like his. One anecographer, on the other hand, must en. dote illustrating the sort of discipline deavor to bring out some one figure in which reigned in the former institution he strong relief against the crowd, and this would recount with delight, in after years, without artificially dwarfing the surround to any youngster of a later generation who ings, or materially offending a just sense in his presence might chance to complain of unity in the spectator. The former of hard fare and the other misfortunes of may be fitly compared with the painter of school life. An enlightened law ordained events and throngs; the latter concen.
that, whatever food might be placed upon trates his efforts upon an individual and any scholar's plate at dinner, that food an attitude. History is but the biography
should in the course of the meal be enof the social aggregate ; in biography we
tirely consumed by the said scholar, intrace the functions of the individual in cluding all fat. Now, the particular boy history. In a political biography, such as
in question had a strong, and not singular, that recently published by Mr. Walpole, repugnance to mutton fat, and with an this is eminently the case, and the utmost ingenuity, stimulated, no doubt, by the delicacy of judgment is called into play in dictates of a delicate constitution, he suctracing the course of the single thread ceeded for some time in evading the vigthrough the chequered texture of events
ilance of his masters by dropping his to which it imparts brilliancy or gloom. portion of the obnoxious viand on the brick Occasionally, indeed, the figure of a great
floor under the table. All went well, till man entirely dominates a period and ap- the act by his tyrant, who actually com
one unlucky day when he was caught in parently merges the history of his country in that of his own personality. The polit- pelled him to sweep up the cold fal from ical history of England from 1756 to 1762 the floor and eat it, mingled with brickis practically the life of the eider Pitt. dust and dirt, in the presence of the At the commencement of the nineteenth
“ Now, you young century the history of France seems ab- people,” Lord John was wont to conclude, sorbed in that of Napoleon. But these are
never at least had to do that !” * rare and splendid instances of the effect
Westminster at that time, and, indeed, of exceptional genius - doubly excep: School Commission, bore an unenviable
long after, down to the days of the Public tional in countries' regulated by the limited powers of a constitutional ministry. To reputation in regard to such matters as this class of men Lord John Russell, fagging and bullying ; so that while an though he more than once occupied the improvement, no doubt, on Sunbury, it highest position under the crown, did not
could yet hardly appear a terrestial Parabelong. Of all the events of the first half dise to small boys of a delicate constituof the century he might have said Quorum
tion. Nor was the teaching of such a pars magna fui, but he never dominated character as to compensate by superior them as the elder or the younger Pitt
intellectual advantages for the material dominated those of the preceding period.
discomforts of the régime. At that period, Throughout the whole of his long career
in English public schools everything was he is seen under the adverse spell of a
sacrificed to the attempt at combining the physical constitution, tough but not strong, • This anecdote was related to me by Lord John which constantly recalls the favorite spec- Russell.
art of Latin verse with a smattering of time heavy with idleness and sycophancy. Greek Testament, the result being that, To Edinburgh he was sent, following the with few exceptions, the scholars, while example of Palmerston, Henry Petty, acquiring neither proficiency in classical Francis Horner, and others of that gen. versification nor real knowledge of Testa- eration of Whigs. He was received into ment Greek, were yet effectually prevented the house of Professor Playfair, who, from learning anything else, so that even without personally taking part in his in. boys with strong literary instincts, like struction, directed and superintended the Lord John Russell, preferred to take refuge course of his education at the university. in the enjoyment afforded by such specta- Lord Tavistock had been sent to Cam. cles as a prize fight, finding more profit bridge, and it is interesting to compare therein than in the regular school curricu- the results of the respective educations of lum. Lord John in a memorandum dic- the two brothers. While Lord Tavistock tated no less than thirty years later to we are told on his father's authority Lady Russell, put it on record how" the received a “pretended education” only, hard life of a fag – for in those days it Lord John, in the evening of life, declared was a hard life — and the unwholesome that “he had his studies directed and his food disagreed with me so much that (in character developed by one of the best the summer of 1804) my stepmother, the and the noblest, the most upright, the Duchess of Bedford, insisted with my most benevolent, and the most liberal of father that I should be taken away and all philosophers."* sent to a private tutor."* Ill-treatment In the “Speculative Society,” an assotends to produce in a boy one of two very ciation founded originally in 1864 by six distinct results, determined in great part young members of the university, for the by physical causes. With those of a purposes of debate and discussion, he robuster type it not unfrequently turns found an opportunity to anticipate the the victim of today into the tyrant of Parliamentary successes of his after to-morrow. But in a weakly frame it years, and his maiden essay, mysteriously generally sows the seed of a hatred of headed “Whig Register No. 3,” and oppression which lasts through life, and it marked by his own hand as probably may be counted fortunate if it does not, written in 1810, deals at some length with as with Shelley, utterly jaundice the mind the very subject with which his name was and distort the imagination. From any soon to become indissolubly connected such dangers Lord John Russell was pre. Parliamentary Reform. served by a sensible and healthy home The last of three Spanish journeys was life, and by the strong mind contained in to have been followed by a more extended his puny frame; but there was certainly tour, comprising Sicily, Greece, Egypt, not the slightest danger of bis losing, and Syria. But, in the spring of 1813, an either at Sunbury or at Westminster, that event occurred which made his presence love of personal liberty which befitted one necessary in England. The death of Genbrought up in the traditions of Woburn, eral Fitzpatrick, the friend of Fox, one of and in the shadow of the great figures of the last of the old band of Whig statesmen the Russell family.
whose names are familiar to students of the In a letter to his father from Spain, great Parliamentary struggle of 1782–3, the written in 1809, Lord John expressed a author of many brilliant squibs and versstrong dislike to the idea of “an endeavor de-société, which, with the events and the to acquire Scotch knowledge in a Scotch ladies they celebrated, have faded into town!”Yet to a mind so constituted, the dim and distant past, left vacant the the training he received from 1809 to 1812, Parliamentary seat for the borough of at Edinburgh, was more beneficial than a Tavistock, and Lord John Russell, alsojourn at either of the English Universi- though not yet of age, was returned by ties, where the atmosphere was at that the good-natured electors, ever ready to
* Walpole, Life of Lord John Russell, vol. i., p. 10. t Ibid., p. 43.
Walpole, Life of Lord John Russell, vol. i., p. 44.
oblige their friend and patron, the Duke strength in him as a politician, there can of Bedford. This early entry into Parlia. be no doubt. Apart from the social activment did not, however, interrupt his love ity of the great religions denominations, of study, which, from an early age, had and beyond the limits of the political been specially devoted to the history of struggles raging round the rival claims of constitutional liberty in England, and of Church and sect, which filled a great part the many movements, social and religious, of the period between 1832 and 1866, the wbich at various times affected it. These current of religious thought has always studies, which he continued throughout run strong and deep in England, and has his long career, soon tempted him into largely determined the course adopted by. frequent authorship. But with the single the masses of the people on the questions exception of the concluding chapter in his of the day, especially when moral issues now forgotten work on "The European are, or seem to be, at stake. Lord John Politics of the Eighteenth Century," his Russell understood this better than most writings lacked (in all probability owing of his contemporaries. He was a consisto want of sufficient leisure) that lime tent advocate of the perfect civil and politlabor which is essential to true literary ical equality of the Roman Catholics with success. They contain, however, much their Protestant fellow-countrymen; yet valuable information for the historian, and in denouncing him as the most dangerous many striking passages dictated by the enemy of his Church, in educational and author's long experience of affairs. The kindred questions, O'Connell was not far chapter just mentioned deals with the wrong. Nor was it otherwise than natural history of religious movements under the that the zealots of a paler ritualism within two first Georges. Lord Russell's own the precincts of the Anglican Church views, like those of so many of the Whig should have adopted a similar attitude to statesmen of the last century, leant in the that of the great Irish Catholic orator. direction of Unitarianism ; and for such a Since the Revolution of 1688 Liberalism mind the teachings of the Broad Church in politics has, for the most part, been assodivines of the Georgian period had a nat- ciated with breadth in religion. This was ural attraction. His opinions might, per- eminently the case with Lord John Russell. haps, have been aptly expressed in the He knew that, by its very constitution and words of the apothegm which Landor discipline, the Roman Church is essenplaces in the mouth of Sir Samuel Romil- tially hostile to freedom. Were it otherly, Christianity lies not in belief, but in wise, it would, by the very fact, be untrue action.” Yet he also fully realized, as to itself. That able and downright exposwill appear on reference to the passage itor of Roman Catholic claims, M. Louis just cited, that the theology of Broad . Veuillot, once said: “When there is a Church divines, or even of the Unitarian Protestant majority, we claim religious Nonconformists of the eighteenth century, liberty, because such is their principle; however suited to educated minds, failed when we are in a majority we refuse it, - as they ever must fail — to win popular because such is ours.” In the writer of affection; and that the Wesleyan move these words Lord John Russell would ment, in all its complicated developments, have recognized his natural enemy. But amongst a people still seeking vainly in such outspoken antagonists as M. Veuillot the establishment for something to supply and his school he would most undoubtedly the place of the spiritual discipline and have preferred to the insinuating advothrilling ceremonial of the Roman Church cates of that very Fata Morgana of docwas as natural a reaction against the frigid trines, the marriage of Liberty with the observance and scholarly doctrine of the Vatican. day, as the movement of St. Francis Lord John Russell, as we have seen, against the crabbed theology and worldly made his entrance into public life in the apathy of mediæval Italy. That his inti. year 1813. The moment might have mate knowledge of the inner life of reli- seemed singularly unpropitious to a progious England was a great source of fessor of Whig principles; and if the