may be given credit for excellent inten-, in January of 1887 that the parson had tions in organizing this Biblical drama; never contributed more than eigbteen shilbut the contrast between the simple vil. lings' worth in a year. Several times he lagers of Ober-Ammergau and the semi- pretended that he had gone beyond the barbarians of this South Staffordshire pound in order to get a desirable book, hamlet of miners is not sufficietly in our but Mr. Frobisher, the banker, who buys favor to induce us to recommend the peo: a magazine called the Atheneum once ple of Gornal to go a step further and every year (namely, when he takes his trip inaugurate a Passion Play also.

to London), learned therefrom that the parson must have falsified his prices. With the help of a magnifying glass we saw that where, say, “75.” was marked on the parson's books, he had at least added, 6d.," and at worst changed the 7 into 10.

7 From The Speaker.

A letter, beginning “Reverend sir," was OUR VILLAGE BOOK CLUB.

sent him on the subject, and an acrimoni. NEVER have there been more than nine ous meeting was held thereafter, at which members in our book club at a time, and he charged young Mr. Turnbull with buy. at present there are only six. This is ing books from Mudie's at half-price, and less because the village is small than on the Misses Timbs with only reading the account of our unwritten rule against novels. The affair was hushed up, on the trade. The grocer's two sisters would understanding that in future everybody give their ears to join, and so would the should keep a sharper eye than ever on draper's wife, but if they were admitted his fellow-members. we should no longer be select. The All the books, I have said, are bought chemist, it is true, is one of us, but he is in January, and thus the club is perhaps a semi-scientific, and a bachelor; and we little behind the reading public of London. bave also passed (after four meetings of For instance, one of the 1891 books is to committee) young Mr. Turnbull, who, be “In Darkest Africa,” of which we have though himself a lawyer, is son of the old as yet only read in newspapers. It is by wright and undertaker. However, young Mr. H. M. Stanley, the celebrated ex. Mr. Turnbull, to do him justice, is ashamed plorer, and contains a full account of his of his relations, and dodges up back streets travels in search of Emin Pasha. Mr. when he sees his father coming. I need Frobisher and the chemist are to give this not say that we always Mister each other, work between them, rather to the annoyexcept in letters, when we begin, “ Dear ance of the other members, for undoubt. sir." The club has no rooms, but it has edly“ In Darkest Africa ” will be the great a motto, of which we are all proud. The work of 1891, and there is always rivalry motto is, “ Culture : the acquainting our among us as to which should secure - the selves with the best that has been known book of the season." The new book I am and said in the world.” The author of to buy is the “Life of W. E. Forster, this is Mr. Matthew Arnold, and it was M.P.," and the Misses Timbs are down found originally by the chemist on the for novels by Annie S. Swan. Young Mr. back of a prescription.

Turnbull has heard of a book called Each of us buys a pound's worth of " Rudyard Kipling,” by Q, but it is in pabooks in the beginning of January, and by per covers, and if he buys it he must bind the 31st December we have read them all. it in cloth before putting it into the hands They are passed from member to member, of the club. Paper.covered and pasteas the common people of the village are board-covered books are not eligible, as said (but we know little about them) to they have an immoral tendency. Dr. Lit. lend a cradle when required. At the end tlejohn has not yet handed in his list of of the year each member becomes exclu- books. He has written, however, as usual sive owner of his own books, or her own to “ Aunt Christina,” who answers correbooks; for the exciting thing about the spondents in the Parent's Help, and she club is that it is composed of both sexes. will tell him doubtless what to buy. A member may buy one book at a pound The present, of course, is an anxious or several books for a pound, or two mem- time for us for though, as an aid to selecbers may combine for a two-pound book, tion, we read the newspaper reviews, we and decide 'the ultimate ownership be- cannot depend absolutely on them. Young tween themselves. These arrangements Mr. Turnbull once risked buying a work have led to some tremendous scandals, of called “The Egoist” (which he is suswhich perhaps the worst was the discovery | pected of having got cheap) on the recom

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mendation of a respectable journal; and while admitting the power of this lady's of all the books! That was the way we books, think she is too advanced, while spoke of it, for not one of us could dis- the parson cannot read them without cover what it was about. Poor Mr. Turn- being agitated violently, and it is well bull, who sat up three nights with it, known that they changed the religious exchanged it and one-and-six, euce for views of John James Paterson, an excelMiss Swan's new work; but the parson lent young man of weak intellect. took him to task severely for the bargain, The question of oaths in books is a the other party to it being a poor though yearly trouble ; indeed, what is to be made honest person who soon afterwards com- of a certain word beginning with d and mitted suicide. Another dreadful novel ending with n, has been more discussed was one called “A Pair of Blue Eyes,” among us than any other topic. Young by, I think, Mr. Thomas Besant, in which Mr. Turnbull, who would never have got the heroine, after having allowed one man into the club bad he asserted himself as to kiss her repeatedly, allows herself to audaciously in his pre-membership days become engaged to another. This also as now, maintains that this word is justiwas introduced into the club by young Mr. fiable in certain cases. How to print it, Turnbull, and nearly led to the resignation however, is the chief difficulty. Young of the Misses Timbs. It is credited by Mr. Turnbull, who is without a supporter some that young Mr. Turnbull still has in this matter, says, perhaps merely from this book in his possession, and that he a malicious desire to frighten the ladies, keeps it in a drawer, except when bor. that it should be spelt, as pronounced, rowed by the brothers McCallummore, DAMN. A middle course is favored by the who take it home in the leg of their trou chemist, who has been courting the secsers, or by Miss Jay, a frightfully fast girl, ond Miss Timbs since 1876. He holds who carries it about openly. The novel that we should taboo books which print ist, who, on the whole, gives us most that word in all its naked horror, but satisfaction is Miss Annie S. Swan, whom make allowance for authors who veil it the Misses Timbs consider very like thus : “d-n.” The parson is naturally George Eliot. Some of the male mem- more particular. He has corresponded on bers of the club do not care so much for the subject with the editors of all the magMiss Swan's stories, but they know that azines, and insists that the only Christian she is the most distinguished novelist of way of spelling damn is " -" In this the day, and that to speak slightingly of way, he is confident, ladies may encounter her would be a reflection on their own the word without trembling; indeed, the literary taste. Another popular novelist Misses Timbs have told him this is so, and with us is Miss Edna Lyall, whom both that when they find the word thus spelled, Mr. Frobisher and the chemist consider they read Oh, stroke it," or You be helpful. The Misses Timbs, however, stroked !”

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THE wren is generally supposed to be a orange-colored crests - such a pretty sight. gentle little bird; yet on occasion it seems After they had been talking big at each other capable of displaying anything but an amiable for some minutes, the hen arrived on the scene, temper. In the current number of the Sel- and a desperate fight ensued, the two cocks borne Society's magazine, Mr. Aubrey Ed- falling to the ground in fierce embrace, rolling wards gives from his note-book the following over each other occasionally, but for the most account of what he calls “a disgraceful part lying still on the ground with their claws scene" between two male wrens: April 15, buried in each other's feathers for about a 1889. I have just been watching two golden- minute. The hen was close by them on the crested wrens fighting. They first attracted ground, moving about and looking very much my attention by getting up from the ground concerned at the affray. Her pale yellow almost under my feet, and engaging again and crest contrasted notably with the rich orange falling to the ground. Then rising again one of the males. After getting up, renewing the chased the other into a yew-tree near, where I combat in a currant bush, falling again and had a good close view of them as they chal- struggling on the ground, they rose and had a lenged each other, ruffling their'feathers, shak- chase round the yew-trees, the hen following ing their bodies, singing and dancing about to see the fun, and presently went off and were with crests erected, the sun shining on the lost to view.”


Fifth Series, Volume LXXIV.


No. 2443.- April 25, 1891.


From Beginning,

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Nineteenth Century, II. MY OLD DRAWING-MASTER,

Macmillan's Magazine, III. A SUFFOLK PARSON,

Blackwood's Magazine,


Contemporary Review,

Gentleman's Magazine,

· Blackwood's Magazine,

Macmillan's Magazine, IX. THE BABOO'S ENGLISH,

St. James's Gazette,


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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For Eight DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the Living Age will be punctuaily forwarded for a year, free of postage

Remittantes should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks, and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTELL & Co.

Single Numbers of The LIVING AGB, 18 cents.




I've seen! I've seen!
(The swallow cries.)
Is What have you seen

'Neath Spring's cold skies?”
The children in the fields at play,
The flowers coming up this way,
The gay green things, more green each day,

I've seen! I've seen !

What will the new year bring, lassie,

What will the new year bring? To a smiling wife a new young life

In the cottage 'mang the ling, lassie.
What will the new year bring, laddie,

What will the new year bring?
On a favoring gale a home-bound sail,

While aside the waters fling, laddie.
What will the new year bring, father,

What will the new year bring? Time does not come to the heavenly home

Where the joy-bélls ever ring, dearie.
What will the new year bring, mother,

What will the new year bring?
A year nearer rest with him I love best,

In the presence of our king, dearie.
Longman's Magazine.


I've seen! I've seen!
(The swallow said.)
- What have you seen?
Last year is dead,

And clouds are driving overhead.”
I've seen the birdies line their nests
With yellow catkins' silken crests,
And warm their dear eggs 'neath their breasts.

I've seen! I've seen!

I've seen! I've seen !
(Comes twitteringly.)
“What have you seen?

I cannot see.
The deserts where tall palm-trees rise,
The wide blue water; and the skies
Where warmth of summer ever lies;

I've seen! I've seen!

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I've seen! I've seen!
“Oh, glad true song!
I've nothing seen

My whole life long.
A child I've been with blinded eyes;
Teach me, O birdie, to be wise ;
To know that after cold and rain,
The sweet green gladness comes again,
And even during winter's reign

Love's law is strong.
Cassell's Magazine.


IN vain we call to youth, “ Return!”
In vain to fires, “ Waste not, yet burn!"
In vain to all life's happy things,
“Give the days song – give the hours wings !
Let us lose naught-yet always learn!
The tongue must lose youth, as it sings -
New knowledge still new sorrow brings:
Oh, sweet lost youth, for which we yearn

In vain !
But even this hour from which ye turn
Impatient — o'er its funeral urn
Your soul with mad importunings
“Come back, lost hourl"

So rings Ever the cry of those who yearn

In vain. Argosy.


Will cry,




What did the old year bring, lassie,

What did the old year bring? A well-loved youth with a heart of truth

And a golden marriage-ring, lassie.
What did the old year bring, laddie,

What did the old year bring?
A vessel tight, with sails snow-white,

Like a seagull on the wing, laddie.
What did the old year bring, father,

What did the old year bring? Six feet of sod in the acre of God,

Where the robins sweetly sing, dearie. What did the old year bring, mother,

What did the old year bring?
A silent hearth and á saddened path,

With the loss of everything, dearie.


How much of precious joy, that leaves no pain,

Lives in the simple memory of a face

Once seen, and only for a little space,
And never after to be seen again:
A face as fair as, on an altar pane,

A pictured window in some holy place

The glowing lineaments of immortal grace, In many a vague ideal sought in vain. Such face was yours, and such the joy to me, Who saw you once, once only, and by

chance, And cherished evermore in memory

The noble beauty of your countenance The poet's natural language in your looks, Sweet as the wondrous sweetness of your

books. Argosy.



From The Nineteenth Century, swiftly and on so gigantic a scale. I hapJOHN WESLEY.

pened once to express my surprise to the DURING the first week of March, the late Mark Pattison, when he was rector of well-known Wesleyan Methodist Chapel Lincoln College, that even his college had and burial-ground in City Road, London, no adequate memorial of the most illustriwill be the scenes of such representative ous fellow that ever adorned its common Christian gatherings as have never previ- room. What other fellow of Lincoln, I ously been witnessed in this island since added, or indeed of any Oxford college, the outward urity of the Western Church had twenty millions of avowed disciples was shattered ai the Reformation. The in all parts of the world, within less than Established Episcopal Church will be a century of his death? “Twenty mil. represented by the Ven. Archdeacon lions !” exclaimed Mi. Pattison, with a Farrar, chaplain of the House of Com start; "twenty millions ! you mean twenty

The Presbyterian Churches of thousand ? " And I had to repeat it three Great Britain will speak through the lips times over, before I could persuade him of Principal Rainy and Principal Cairns. that I meant it. "I had not the faintest Dr. Dale and Dr. Allon on behalf of the conception,” said the illustrious rector of Congregationalists, Dr. Clifford on behalf Lincoln, positively gasping with astonishof the Baptists, and Mr. J. B. Braithwaite ment, “ that there were so many Meth. on behalf of the Society of Friends, will odists.” As a matter of fact, the figures I represent the ancient Dissenting commu- gave him were much below the mark. In nities of the realm. The Rev. W. Taylor, 1881 the first Ecumenical Methodist Cona bishop of the Moravian Church, the Rev. ference met in City Road. It represented J. B. Figgis, of the Countess of Hunting- every branch of Methodism throughout don's Connection, and the presidents of all the world, and included among its apthe Methodist Churches in Great Britain pointed delegates a yellow Chinaman from and Ireland, will complete the representa- the far East and a Red Indian from the tion of Evangelical Christendom. Every far West. Advantage was taken of this variety of Christian theology, and every unique opportunity to form an approxiform of ecclesiastical polity, except Ro. mate estimate of the total number of man Catholicism and Oriental Catholi. Methodist adherents; and those who had cism, will for the first time heartily most carefully collected statistics from all combine in an octave of public services. lands were of opinion that “the people What is the occasion of this unprecedented called Methodists” numbered at least exhibition of Evangelical Catholicism? twenty-five million. Whitaker's invalua. On the second of March, 1791, John Wes- ble “ Almanack” is the statistical vade ley, at the great age of eighty-eight, after mecum of the British citizen, and I am exclaiming : " The best of all is, God is therefore glad to have this conspicuous. with us,” fell asleep in the house adjoining opportunity of correcting a gross inaccuCity Road Chapel, and on the following racy which Mr. Whitaker unconsciously Wednesday was laid in the burial-ground reprints year after year, and which I have bebind the chapel. A hundred years, the seen quoted again and again. In giving most wonderful hundred in human history, the “estimated numbers of religious de. bave passed away, and the representatives nominations among English-speaking comof all the Evangelical Churches meet munities throughout the world,” he puts around the dust of John Wesley to pay an the Episcopalians at the head of the poll almost unparalleled tribute to his memory. with twenty-three million, the Methodists Similar services will be held in every part second with sixteen million, nine hundred of the world. It is very astonishing that and sixty thousand, and the Roman Cathso little is yet known, even by educated olics third with fifteen million two hundred men, about one of the most influential thousand. I do not know by what process Englishmen that ever lived. The Univer- Mr. Whitaker makes out that there are sity of Oxford has not yet realized that no twenty-three million Episcopalians. Does son of hers ever “made history” so he include those who, like a famous lord

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