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divinations are practised by young virgins in the north to discover their future husbands.
On sweet St. Agnes' night
Some of husbands, some of lovers, . .. Which an empty dream discovers.
JONSOY. Upon St. Agnes's night, take a row of pins, and pull out every one, one after another, saying a pater, noster, sticking a pin in your sleeve, and you will dream of him or her you shall marry:'--(Aubrey's Miscell. p. 136.)
22.–SAINT VINCENT. . . : Vincent, a deacon of the church in Spain, was born at Osca, now Huesca in Granada. He was instructed in divinity by Valerius, bishop of that city ; but, on account of an impediment in his speech, never took upon himself the office of preaching. He suffered martyrdom in the Dioclesian persecution, about the year 303, being extended upon burning coals ; and, after his body was broiled there, he was thrown upon heaps of broken tiles.
25.- CONVERSION OF SAINT PAUL. · This day celebrates the miraculous conversion of St. Paul. He suffered martyrdom under the general persecution of Nero. Being a Roman citizen, he could not be crucified by the Roman laws, as his colleague Saint Peter was; he was, therefore, beheaded :-hence the usual representation of him with a sword in his hand. Saint Chrysostom tells us that his picture was preserved by some of the Christians in his time, and that he was but of a low stature, (three cubits) that is, four feet six inches high. Nicephorus describes him as a small man, somewhat crooked, of a pale complexion, and appearing older than he really was.
30.-KING CHARLES I, MARTYR. · The street before Whitehall was the place chosen for the execution of the king. When he had ascended. the scaffold, he addressed himself to the persons near
him, and said, he forgave all his enemies, even the chief instruments of his death; but exhorted them and the whole nation to return to the ways of peace, by paying obedience to their lawful sovereign, his son and successor. When he was preparing himself for the block, Bishop Juxon called to him, There is, Sir, but one stage more, which, though turbulent and troublesome, is yet a very short one. - Consider, it will soon carry you a great way; it will carry you from earth to heaven; and there you shall find, to your great joy, the prize to which you hasten, a crown of glory. I go, replied the king, from a corruptible to an incorruptible crown; where no disturbance can have place. At one blow was his head severed from his body. A man in a vizor performed the office of executioner : another, in a like disguise, held up lo the spectators, the head streaming with blood, and cried aloud, - This is the head of a traitor!'.—Hume.)
The fact of King Charles's burial at Windsor has been for a long time disputed; the most important confirmation of this fact, that of finding the body at Windsor, not having been obtained. In the last year, however, this, circumstance has been placed beyond all doubt; the body being discovered in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, by Sir Henry Halford. On removing the pall, says Sir Henry,' a plain leaden cof. fin, with no appearance of ever having been inclosed in wood, and bearing an inscription, King Charles 1648,' in large legible characters on a scroll of lead, encircling it, immediately presented itself to view.. A square opening was then made in the upper part of the lid, of such dimensions as to admit a clear insight into its contents. These were, an internal wooden coffin very much decayed, and the body carefully wrapped in cerecloth, into the folds of which a quantity of unctuous or greasy matter, mixed with resin, as it seemed, had been melted, so as to exclude, as effectually as possible, the external air. The coffin was completely full; and from the tenacity of the cere;
tid, and was a lone Charles
cloth, great difficulty was experienced in detaching it successfully from the parts which it enveloped.+ Wherever the unctuous matter had insinuated itself, the separation of the cerecloth was easy; and when it came off, a correct impression of the features to which it had been applied was observed in the unctuous substance. At length, the whole face was disengaged from its covering. The complexion of the skin of it was dark and discoloured. The forehead and temples had lost little or nothing of their muscular substance; the cartilage of the nose was gone; but the left eye, in the first moment of exposure, was open and full, though it vanished almost immediately; and the pointed beard, so characteristic of the period of the reign of King Charles, was perfect. The shape of the face was a long oyal ; many of the teeth remained ; and the left ear, in consequence of the interposition of the unctuous matter between it and the cerecloth, was found entire.
"On holding up the head, to examine the place of separation from the body, the muscles of the neck had evidently retracted themselves considerably; and the fourth cervical vertebra was found to be cut through its substance, transversely, leaving the surfaces of the divided portions perfectly smooth and even; an appearance which could have been produced only by a heavy blow, inflicted with a very sharp instrument, and which furnished the last proof wanting to identify King Charles the First. After this examination of the head, which served every purpose in view, and without examining the body below the neck, it was immediately restored to its situation, the coffin sol, dered up again, and the vault closed.':,. . ....
A brutal and unmanly insult to the memory of this martyred sovereign was, some years since, annually offered, on the 30th of January ; but we trust, for the honour of the national character, that this execrable practice is quite extinct: we allude to the disgraceful orgies of the Calves'-Head. CLUB.. This club was instituted by the adherents of Croma
well, to commemorate the beheading of King Charles I; and it is said, by the author of the Republican Unmasked,' to have been formed in opposition to Bishop Juxon, Dr. Sanderson, Dr. Hammond, and some other divines of the Church of England, who met privately every 30th of January, and who had com
piled a private form of service for the day, not very · different from that at present in our liturgy. . .: After the table-cloth was removed (says this au
thor), an anniversary anthem was sung, and a calf's · skull filled with wine or other liquor; and then a
brimmer went about to the pious memory of those worthy patriots that had killed the tyrant, and delivered their country from his arbitrary sway. And, ... lastly, a collection was made for the writer of the an. them, to which every man contributed according to his zeal for the cause, or the ability of his purse. The concluding stanzas of the anthem for the year 1697, . are as follow :
Advance the emblem of the action !
Fill the calf's skull full of wine;
Men and gods adore the vine.
Let's renew the flowing bowl;
Shines, like stars, from pole to pole.
We naturally observe the beginnings and ends of years, and months, and other settled portions of time; we note the occurrences which take place as these intervals elapse ; and we do this wisely and beneficially, although we can tell but little of time in itself, Yet metapbysicians are tempted to speculate on its nature; while astronomers and other men of science define it in its relations to the various subjects which they investigate. GoD only hath true immortality or eternity ; that is to say, 'Continuance in which there grows no difference by the addition of Hereafter unto Now;' whereas other creatures, how noble soever they may be in their nature or their tendencies, have, by reason of their continuance, the time of their former continuance lengthened, and the time of their subsequent continuance (at least in the present state of being) shortened.
Hence the importance of regarding time in its perpetual current, and hence the most obvious of its definitions, as it has been very accurately expressed by Hooker in the following terms: "Time, considered in itself, is but the flux of that very instant wherein the motion of the heaven began; being coupled with other things, it is the quantity of their continuance measured by the distance of two instants. As the time of a man is a man's continuance from the instant of his first breath till the instant of his last gasp.' Thus, time seryes for the measure of other things, while itself is measured by means of motion and number. It is not, however, an effect of motion, nor is it a result of number; for it would be easy to conceive of time, though motion and number were not. Time, regarded as the quantity of continuance, may as well be imagined in reference to a single thing at rest, as to a multitude in motion. Motion, however, is necessary to measure and compare the portions of