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the former name of Lenet monat be long since lost, and the name of March borrowed in stead thereof.' (Verstegan, pp. 59, 60.) March, various, fierce and wild, with wind-crackt cheeks, By wilder Welshmen led, and crowned with leeks.
1.-SAINT DAVID. Saint David, in Welsh Dafydd, was descended from the royal family of the Britons, being uncle to the great Arthur, and son of Xantus, prince of Ceretica, now Cardiganshire. Being ordained a priest, he retired into the Isle of Wight, and embraced an ascetic life; hut after a long course of study, he emerged from his solitude, and preached the gospel to the Britons. He built a chapel at Glastonbury, and founded twelve monasteries, the principal of which was in the vale of Ross, near Menevia. He compelled all his monks to assiduous manual labour, and did not allow them any cattle to assist them in their agricultural work. They were never suffered to speak but on occasions of absolute necessity, and they never ceased to pray, at least mentally, during their labour. They returned late in the day to the monastery, to read, write, and pray. Their food was only bread and vegetables with a little salt, and they never drank any thing better than a little milk mingled with water. After their repast they spent three hours in prayer and adoration į then took a little rest, rose at cockcrowing, and continued in prayer till they went out to work. Their habit was of the skins of beasts. When any one partitioned to be admitted, he waited
ten days at the door, during which time he was tried · by harsh words, repeated refusals, and painful labours, that he might learn to die to himself. When he was admitted, he left all his worldly substance behind him,
for the monastery never received any thing on the score of admission. All the monks discovered their most secret thoughts and temptations to the abbot.
The Pelagian heresy springing up a second time in Britain, the bishops, in order to suppress it, held a synod, at Brevy in Cardiganshire, in the year 519, and Saint David was invited to this venerable assembly. At the close of the synod, St. Dubritius, the Archbishop of Caerleon, resigned his see to St. David, whose tears and opposition were only to be overcome by the absolute command of the synod; which however allowed him, at his request, the liberty to transfer his see from Caerleon, then a populous city, to Menevia, now called St. David's, a retired place, formed by nature for solitude.
Gyraldus adds, that St. David was the great ornament and pattern of his age. He spoke with much force and energy, but his example was more powerful than his eloquence; and he has in all succeeding ages been the glory of the British church. He continued in his last see many years; and having founded several monasteries, and been the spiritual father of many saints both British and Irish, died about the year 544, at a very advanced age. He was buried in the church of Saint Andrew, which, with the town and whole diocess, are named after him. Near the church stand several chapels, formerly resorted to with great devotion: the principal is that of St. Nun, mother of St. David, near which is a beautiful well still frequented by pilgrims. Another chapel is sacred to St. Lily, surnamed Gwas-Dafydd, that is, St. David's man; for he was his beloved disciple and companion in his retirement. He is honoured there on The third, and St. Nun, who lived and died the spiritual mother of many religious women, on the second of March. The three first days of March were formerly holidays in South Wales in honour of these three saints; at present only the first is kept a festival throughout the principality,
The leek worn on this day by Welshmen is said to be in memory of a great victory obtained by them over the Saxons; they, during the battle, having leeks in their hats, to distinguish theniselves, by order of Saint David. Another account adds, that they were fighting under their king Cadwallo, near a field that was replenished with that vegetable.
I like the Leeke above all herbes and flowers;
The Leeke the fairest emblyn that is worne. Mr. Owen supposes that the wearing of the leek originated in the custom of cymortha, still observed among the farmers of the country, where, in assisting one another in ploughing their land, they bring each their leeks to the common repast of the whole party.
2.-SAINT CHAD. Saint Céadda or Chad was educated in the monástery of Lindisfarne, under Saint Aidan. To improve hiinself in sacred literature he went into Ireland, and spent some time with Saint Egbert, till recalled by his brother, Saint Cedd, to assist him in arranging the concerns of the monastery of Lestingay, which he had founded in the mountains of the Deiri, or Woulds of Yorkshire. Saint Cedd being made bishop of London or of the East Saxons, left to him the entire government of this house. Oswi having yielded up Bernicia, or the northern part of his kingdom, to his son Alcfrid, this prince sent St. Wilfrid into France, that he might be consecrated to the bishopric of the Northumbrian kingdom, or of York; but he staid so long abroad, that Oswi himself nominated St. Chad to the dignity, who was ordained by Wini, Bishop of Winchester, assisted by two Brilish prelates, in 666. Bede assures us that he zealously devoted himself to all the laborious functions of his charge, visiting his diocess on foot, preaching the gospel, and seeking
ent of the East Cedd be the Deimany, whic
out the poorest and most abandoned persons to instruct and comfort, in the meanest cottages and in the fields.
Our saint afterwards left the see of York, and retired to the monastery of Lestingay, but was not suf. fered to bury himself long in that solitude. Jaruman, bishop of the Mercians, dying, St. Chad was called upon to take upon him the charge of that most extensive diocess. He was the fifth bishop of the Mercians, and first fixed that see at Lichfield, so called from a great number of martyrs slain and buried there under Maximianus Herculeus; the name signifying the Field of Carcases. Hence this city bears for its arms, a landscape covered with the bodies of martyrs. St. Theodorus considering St. Chad's old age, and the great extent of his diocess, absolutely forbad him to make his visitations on foot, as he used to do at York. Saint Chad remained in the diocess of Lichfield for two years and a half, dying in the great pestilence in 673.
. 2.- EMBER WEEK. · Dr. Mareschal derives ember from the Saxon word importing a circuit or course; so that these fasts being not occasional, but returning every year in certain courses, may properly be said to be Ember days, because fasts in course. The Ember days are the Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday after the first Sun. day in Lent, and after the 13th of December. It is enjoined by a canon of the church, that Deacons and Ministers be ordained, or made, but only on the Sundays immediately following these Ember feasts.'(Nelson.) .
7.PERPETUA. Perpetua, a noble lady of Carthage, only 22 years of age, suffered martyrdom in 203, by order of Mi
nutius Firmianus, under the persecution of the Em. peror Severus. In the amphitheatre, Perpetua was
exposed to the attacks of a wild cow, and, after being much gored by this animal, she languished for some time under the wounds given her by a young and unskilful gladiator.
12.-SAINT GREGORY. - Saint Gregory, surnamed the Great, was born about the year 540. Gadianus, his father, enjoyed the dignity of a senator, and was very wealthy. Our saint, in his youth, applied himself to the study of grammar, rhetoric, and philosophy; and afterwards to the civil law, and the canons of the church, in which he was well skilled. He was consecrated pope about the year 590, and died in 604. Before bis advance, ment to the see, Gregory projected the conversion of the English nation. Happening one day to walk through the slave-market, and taking notice that some youths of fine features and complexion were exposed to sale, he inquired what countrymen they were, and was answered that they came from Britain. He asked if the people of that country were christians or hea. thens, and was told they were still heathens. Then Gregory fetching a deep sigh, said, it was a lamentable consideration that the prince of darkness should be master, of so much beauty, and have so comely persons in his possession; and that so fine an outside should have nothing of God's grace to furnish it within.
Bede adus, that Gregory again asked, what was the name of that nation, and was answered, that they were called Angli or Angles. Right,' said he ; for they have angelical faces, and it becomes such to be companions with the angels in heaven. "What is the name,' proceeded he, of the province from which they are brought ?' It was replied, that the natives of that were called Deiri. • Truly Deiri, because withdrawn from wrath, and called to the mercy of Christ,' said he; alluding to the Latin, De irâ Dei eruti. He asked farther, “How is the king of that province called ?' They told him his name was Alle ; and he, making an allusion to the word, said, 'Alleluiah, the praise of God the Creator, must be sung in