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1.- SAINT REMIGIUS. REMIGIUS was born at Landen, where he so closely pursued his studies, that he was supposed to lead a monastic life. After the death of Bennadius, he was, on account of his exemplary piety and extraordinary learning, chosen Bishop of Rheims. He converted to Christianity not only King Clodoveus, but also a considerable part of his subjects; hence he is hónoured by some devotees with the title of the French Apostle. After he held his bishopric 74 years, he died at 96 years of age, A.D. 535. The cruise which he used was preserved in France, their kings being formerly anointed from it at their coronation.
6.–SAINT FAITH. ' This virgin saint was born at Pais de Gavre in France. She suffered many cruel torments, and was afterwards martyred, under Dacianus, about the year 290.
9.-SAINT DENYS. Saint Denys, or Dionysius, the Areopagite, was converted to Christianity by St. Paul. See Acts xvii. He was, at first, one of the Judges of the celebrated court of the Areopagus, but was afterwards made Bishop of Athens, where he suffered martyrdom for the sake of the gospel. There are several books which bear his name; but they are, no doubt, forgeries of the sixth century. The French say, that he was the first that preached the gospel among them, and for that reason consider him their tutelar saint; but for this supposition there is no ground, as Christianity was never preached in France until long after his decease. Among the thousand idle tales related of Denys, the following is perhaps the most ridicuJous and incoherent: he is said to have been beheaded by Fescennius, the Roman governor at Paris ;
all spurs were repber of mirapeter's
and at the time of his martyrdom he took up his head after it was severed from his body, and walked two miles with it in his hands, to a place called the Martyr's-hill, and there laid down to rest. 13.-'IRANSLATION OF KING EDWARD THE
CONFESSOR. He was the youngest son of King Ethelred; but as all his elder brothers were either dead, or had filed away, he succeeded to the crown of England in the year 1042, He collected all the most useful laws made by the Saxon and Danish kings. The additional title of Confessor was probably given him by the pope, for settling what was then called Rome-Scot, but now is better known by the name of Peter's Pence. The monks ascribed a number of miracles to him: even his vestinents were reputed holy. His crown, chair, staff, spurs, &c. are still used at the coronation of our English kings.
17.-SAINT ETHELDREDA. She was a princess of distinguished piety, daughter of Anna, king of the East-Angles, and Hereswitha his queen, and was born about the year 630, at Ixning, a small village in Suffolk. She was educated at home under the care and inspection of her illustrious parents; and, in her childhood, her mildness of temper and innocence of behaviour, added to the beauty of her person, rendered her the delight of all about her. Etheldreda early devoted herself to the service of God, and resolved to remain single; at the earnest solicitation of her parents, however, she at length, in the year 652, married Tonbert, a principal nobleman among the East. Angles, and had the Isle of Ely settled on her as a dower. Her husband died in about three years, and she becoming possessed of the whole of this property, and wishing to give herself up entirely to the exercise of devotion, retired into the Isle of Ely. The place she had chosen seemed very proper for her purpose, for, as an island, it was separated as it were from the rest of the world; and the deepness of the waters, and extensiveness of the fens which encompassed it, rendered it very difficult of access ; so that nature seemed to have formed it for solitude and contemplation.'
But Etheldreda was not doomed to live for a long time in this recluse state ; another husband was in reserve for her, and, however unwilling she might be to enter again into connubial bonds, she was, after much persuasion from King Ethelwolf, married to Prince Egfrid, at York, with great pomp and solemnity. Egfrid was not more than fifteen or sixteen years old. In the year 670, Oswy, the father of this young man, died, and Etheldreda was now queen of the greatest of the Saxon kings. Her exalted station, however, made no change in her sentiments, and she solicited permission from her husband to retire into a monastery ; who, wearied with her importunities, at last granted her request, and she accordingly took the veil at Coldingham Abbey, in Yorkshire, over which Ebba, the king's aunt, then presided. After some time, Egfrid was advised to take his wife by force from this retirement; but the queen being informed of it, fled into the Isle of Ely, where, in the year 673, she founded the conventual church of Ely, with the adjoining convent. Of this monastery she was constituted abbess, the monks and nuns living in society and regular order : it fourished for nearly two hundred years, but was destroyed, with its inhabitants, by the Danes, in 870. In Bentham's History of Ely, (4to, Lond. 1771, pp. 46-59) from which the above narrative has been collected, there are three curious plates relative to St. Etheldreda. The first (Plate VIII) is the effigies of the saint, in which she is pourtrayed with a pastoral staff in one hand, and is looking earnestly on a book which lies open in the other. The second (Plate IX) represents her marriage with Egfrid, and the ceremony of her taking the veil. The third (Plate X) contains the history of some miraculous events which happened
on belovee lived a ut the ye
to Etheldreda in her travels from York to Ely ; particularly the budding of her pilgrim's staff, which she had fixed in the ground while she slept.
18.–SAINT LUKE THE EVANGELIST. Luke was born at Antioch, the metropolis of Syria, a place celebrated for the study of the liberal arts. He was probably converted by Paul, during his abode at Antioch: after visiting Macedonia, he appears to have been a constant companion of his travels and sufferings, and is frequently mentioned as such in the epistles. The notion that Saint Luke was a painter is without foundation, as it is not countenanced by antient writers. Dr. Lardner thinks that he might have been by profession a physician, as the expression beloved physician,' Col. iv, 14, seems to intimate. Luke lived a single life, and died in the 84th year of his age, about the year of Christ 70; probably a natural death, because none of the antient writers say any thing of his martyrdom. Philostorgius informs us, that, in the reign of the Emperor Constantius, the reliques of Saint Luke were translated from Achaia to Constantinople; and, therefore, it must have been a general persuasion in those times that St. Luke had died and had been buried in Achaia.
25.-ACCESSION OF KING GEORGE III. : Upon the death of George II, his present Majesty came to the throne, on the 22d of September 1760.
. 25.-SAINT CRISPIN. Two brothers, Crispinus and Crispianus, were born at Rome; whence they travelled" to Soissons in ;France, about the year 303, to propagate the Chris
tian religion. Being desirous, however, of rendering themselves independent, they gained a subsistence by shoe-making. It having been discovered that they privately embraced the Christian faith, and endeavoured to make proselytes of the inhabitants, the governor of the town immediately ordered them to
rest at himself that, havipe, cyrenez his vipel and
be beheaded, about the year 308. From this time the shoe-makers chose them for their tutelar saints.
26.---PROCLAMATION OF KING GEORGE III. His present Majesty was proclaimed King on the 26th of October 1760, the day after his accession to the throne.
28.-SAINT SIMON AND SAINT JUDE, Apostles..
Simon is called the Canaanite, from the Hebrew word Cana, to be zealous : hence his name of Simon Zelotes, or the Zealot, Luke vi, 15. Simon being invested with the apostolic office, continued with the rest of the apostles till their dispersion, and then applied himself to the execution of his charge. Nicephorus says, that, having received the Holy Spirit, he travelled through Egypt, Cyrene, Mauritania, and Libya. Some traditions mention his visiting Britain, where he continued to preach the Gospel and perform many miracles'; and afterwards, enduring various troubles and afflictions, he, with great cheerfulness, suffered death on the cross.
Jude is called both by the name of Thaddæus and Libbæus : Mait. x, 3, and Mark ii, 18. Jude, the brother of James: Jude, verse 1. And Judas, not Iscariot. John xiv, 22. He was of our Lord's kindred; Is not his mother called Mary, and his brethren James and Joses, and Simon and Judas ? Matt. xiii, 55. After our Lord's ascension to heaven, Eusebius says, that Thomas, one of the twelve apostles, despatched Thaddæus, one of the seventy disciples, to Abgarus, Governor of Edessa, where he healed diseases, wrought many miracles, expounded the doctrines of Christianity, and converted Abgarus and his people to the faith, refusing the presents of gold and silver that were offered to him by the governor. Cave observes that he is acknowledged by many writers of the Latin church to have travelled into Persia, where, after great success in his apostolic ministry, he was at last, for a free and open reproof of the superstitious rites of the Magi, cruelly